Africa China Urban Initiative at AUHF Mauritius - Allan Cain, 12/09/2013

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DW's Director Allan Cain presented this powerpoint on the Africa China Urban Initiative during a panel session at the 2013 African Union for Housing Finance (AUHF) conference in Mauritius, September 11-13.

DW co-hosted the panel session, titled "Understanding (and harnessing) Chinese investment interest", with the Centre for African Studies at Peking University.

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  • SISTEMA NACIONAL DE INFORMAÇÃO TERRITORIAL
  • SISTEMA NACIONAL DE INFORMAÇÃO TERRITORIAL
  • SISTEMA NACIONAL DE INFORMAÇÃO TERRITORIAL
  • SISTEMA NACIONAL DE INFORMAÇÃO TERRITORIAL
  • SISTEMA NACIONAL DE INFORMAÇÃO TERRITORIAL
  • SISTEMA NACIONAL DE INFORMAÇÃO TERRITORIAL
  • SISTEMA NACIONAL DE INFORMAÇÃO TERRITORIAL
  • SISTEMA NACIONAL DE INFORMAÇÃO TERRITORIAL
  • Africa China Urban Initiative at AUHF Mauritius - Allan Cain, 12/09/2013

    1. 1. Liu Haifang - Centre for African Studies – PkU - China & Allan Cain - Development Workshop Angola Presented to the African Union of Housing Finance Mauritius 11 - 13 September 2013
    2. 2. AFRICA-CHINA URBAN INITIATIVE • Promotes Innovation and Knowledge Sharing for Smart and Inclusive Cities • Joint intiative of African and Chinese academic and research institutions, non governmental organizations (NGOs), and urban development practitioners. • Seeks to increase positive outcomes of Chinese urban development projects in Africa by contributing to better-informed policy and decision-making and sharing best practices on pro-poor urban development.
    3. 3. The Challenge • Cities in both Africa and China are seeing growth rates that far exceed the global average. • Rapid urbanization and dealing with its development challenges: unregulated expansion; inadequate infrastructure and basic services; environmental degradation, and increasing poverty and inequality. • Cities in these regions are also generating new ideas and innovations in governance, finance, service delivery, transport solutions and use of technologies in managing urban development. • Urban growth presents challenges. It also presents opportunities for a better quality of life.
    4. 4. The Opportunity • China’s trading and investment in Africa reached a record USD $160 billion in 2011. • Chinese investments are now a key influence on the direction of development of African cities and strategic partnerships are being developed with African countries. • There are currently few avenues where the most positive policies, practices, experiences and innovations from both China and Africa can be highlighted, disseminated and learned from. • The Africa-China Urban Initiative aims to fill this gap.
    5. 5. The Initiative • In July 2012, with support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Development Workshop Angola and the Centre for African Studies at Peking University organized a conference in Nairobi on how to stimulate economic growth to be more inclusive and benefit more of poor people • The conference theme was “Pro-Poor Urban Development in China and Africa” . • Priority themes: corporate social responsibility, executive education; housing and finance; urban land access; and urban transport.
    6. 6. Objectives • Provide access to high-quality, relevant, and accessible information and knowledge resources on identified priority themes; • Draw on established institutions, networks, and urban development practitioners in Africa and China and support them to dialogue, share practical experience and knowledge that can feed into policies and projects;
    7. 7. Objectives • Develop learning tools, training and education programs to help urban development practitioners respond more effectively to rapid urbanization. • Stimulate participatory research on key issues including land tenure, housing finance, innovative urban transport and physical infrastructure.
    8. 8. Urban Growth Rates in Africa & Asia
    9. 9. China & Africa Urban & Economic Growth
    10. 10. Africa & Asia Urban Poverty Reduction
    11. 11. Reduction of Slums between 1990 & 2010 1990 2010
    12. 12. Reduction of Slums between 1990 - 2010
    13. 13. Economic Exclusion & Gini Coefficients The Gini coefficient measures the inequality of wealth within a group such as a city. A Gini coefficient of ‘zero’ expresses perfect equality while ‘one’ expresses maximal inequality
    14. 14. The World’s most Unequal Cities
    15. 15. Who benefits from urban growth? How do women fare?
    16. 16. Urban Challenges 75% of Africa’s urban population lives in informal settlements
    17. 17. Financing urban development • Large-scale investment is needed in bulk provision, such as mains water supply and treatment, final rubbish disposal sites and mains sewerage. • Financing urban development in a cities, that have a low fiscal base, is a severe challenge. • This is due partly to the poverty of the majority of the inhabitants and weak taxation regimes. • Financing is required at a scale that even the state cannot afford. • Partnerships with private sector and international lenders are necessary. • China has been the principal financer of urban reconstruction in African cites.
    18. 18. The Case of Angola & China • Angola is China’s principal African trading partner • 25% of China’s African commerce and 15% of China’s petroleum imports are from Angola • Angola and China are two of the fastest urbanising countries in the world. • At 7% growth Luanda is the fastest growing city in Southern Africa. • Much of Angola’s post-war reconstruction is financed by Chinese credit lines. • Chinese – Angolan economic cooperation is estimated to be about US$ 25 billion over the last decade.
    19. 19. Contracts of Chinese Companies in Angola (2003 – 2009), US$ millions Chinese Economic Cooperation
    20. 20. One million house programme 115,000 houses to be supplied by State 685,000 houses to be self-built
    21. 21. Chinese Finance for African Housing • Chinese investment in urban development in Africa has grown significantly in recent years and has become a major influence shaping the growth of African cities today. • Chinese real estate investments have reached a significant scale across the continent. • As investment grows, opportunities should be created to adequately address housing and urban infrastructural needs of the urban poor.
    22. 22. • Real-estate investments in the upper-end-housing projects have in recent years been over- subscribed and, pose risks of market bubbles. • The housing demands for those living lower down the economic pyramid have been neglected but provide attractive opportunities for large-scale investment. • Innovative but proven African solutions to serviced land development, housing microfinance and urban upgrading offer private and public investors the opportunity to participate in the large-scale transformation of African cities. Chinese Finance for African Housing
    23. 23. Chinese Finance for African Housing • The Africa-China Urban Initiative aims to provide a overview of the extent of Chinese involvement in urban, residential development in Africa, and to use this to empower players, both Chinese and African, to pursue viable investment opportunities on a sustainable basis into the future. • By documenting and tracking levels of investment and key investment initiatives, it becomes possible to understand both the opportunities and challenges that such investments involve, and to direct them towards the pro-poor objectives of this initiative.
    24. 24. KixiCasa Micro-Credit is be offered to clients for improving their houses or building phased up- gradable houses over several loan cycles.
    25. 25. HabiTerra land management and housing HabiTerra responds to the untapped market for services is the owner built and low-cost housing sector providing low-cost housing delivery, participatory urban planning (peri-urban and neighbourhood level) and land cadatre and secure tenure.
    26. 26. www.urban-africa-china.angonet.org

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