Liu Haifang - Centre for African Studies – PkU - China
& Allan Cain - Development Workshop Angola
Presented to the

Africa...
AFRICA-CHINA URBAN INITIATIVE

•

Promotes Innovation and Knowledge
Sharing for Smart and Inclusive Cities

•

Joint intia...
The Challenge
• Cities in both Africa and China are seeing growth
rates that far exceed the global average.
• Rapid urbani...
The Opportunity
• China’s trading and investment in Africa reached
a record USD $160 billion in 2011.
• Chinese investment...
The Initiative
• In July 2012, with support from the Bill & Melinda
Gates Foundation, Development Workshop Angola
and the ...
Objectives
• Provide access to high-quality, relevant, and accessible
information and knowledge resources on identified
pr...
Objectives
• Develop learning tools, training and education
programs to help urban development practitioners
respond more ...
Urban Growth Rates in
Africa & Asia
China & Africa Urban
& Economic Growth
Africa & Asia Urban
Poverty Reduction
Reduction of Slums
between 1990 & 2010

1990

2010
Reduction of Slums
between 1990 - 2010
Economic Exclusion &
Gini Coefficients
The Gini coefficient measures the inequality of wealth within a group
such as a cit...
The World’s most Unequal Cities
Who benefits from urban growth?

How do women fare?
Urban Challenges

75% of Africa’s urban
population lives in informal
settlements
Financing urban development
• Large-scale investment is needed in bulk
provision, such as mains water supply and
treatment...
The Case of Angola & China
• Angola is China’s principal African trading
partner
• 25% of China’s African commerce and 15%...
Chinese Economic Cooperation
Contracts of Chinese Companies in Angola (2003 – 2009), US$ millions
One million house programme

115,000 houses to be supplied by
State

685,000 houses to be self-built
Chinese Finance for
African Housing
• Chinese investment in urban development in
Africa has grown significantly in recent ...
Chinese Finance for
African Housing
• Real-estate investments in the upper-end-housing
projects have in recent years been ...
Chinese Finance for
African Housing
• The Africa-China Urban Initiative aims to provide a
overview of the extent of Chines...
KixiCasa
Micro-Credit is be offered to clients for
improving their houses or building phased upgradable houses over severa...
HabiTerra land
management and housing
HabiTerra responds to the untapped market for services is the
owner built and low-co...
Obrigado
African Union for Housing Finance Conference: Africa China Urban Initiative
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

African Union for Housing Finance Conference: Africa China Urban Initiative

724 views

Published on

With more than 46 cities in Africa swelling to populations of a million people or more — and 17 of the world's 100 fastest-growing cities located in Africa — there is an acute need to develop housing solutions for so many urban residents. But raising the capital to meet that growing demand for housing remains a significant challenge. In 2013, the African Union for Housing Finance (AUHF) will host a conference under the theme "Raising Capital for Housing Finance.” The Africa-China Urban Initiative will organize a conference panel discussion on "Understanding (and harnessing) Chinese investment interest." Chinese investment in residential development in Africa is increasingly having an impact and demonstrating a track record of opportunity and experience. Panelists invited include Chinese investors setting out their experiences and expectations for the market and an African corporation that has received Chinese financing.

http://urban-africa-china.angonet.org/content/29th-annual-conference-mobilising-capital-housing-finance


  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

African Union for Housing Finance Conference: Africa China Urban Initiative

  1. 1. Liu Haifang - Centre for African Studies – PkU - China & Allan Cain - Development Workshop Angola Presented to the African Union of Housing Finance Mauritius 11 - 13 September 2013
  2. 2. AFRICA-CHINA URBAN INITIATIVE • Promotes Innovation and Knowledge Sharing for Smart and Inclusive Cities • Joint intiative of African and Chinese academic and research institutions, non governmental organizations (NGOs), and urban development practitioners. • Seeks to increase positive outcomes of Chinese urban development projects in Africa by contributing to better-informed policy and decision-making and sharing best practices on pro-poor urban development.
  3. 3. The Challenge • Cities in both Africa and China are seeing growth rates that far exceed the global average. • Rapid urbanization and dealing with its development challenges: unregulated expansion; inadequate infrastructure and basic services; environmental degradation, and increasing poverty and inequality. • Cities in these regions are also generating new ideas and innovations in governance, finance, service delivery, transport solutions and use of technologies in managing urban development. • Urban growth presents challenges. It also presents opportunities for a better quality of life.
  4. 4. The Opportunity • China’s trading and investment in Africa reached a record USD $160 billion in 2011. • Chinese investments are now a key influence on the direction of development of African cities and strategic partnerships are being developed with African countries. • There are currently few avenues where the most positive policies, practices, experiences and innovations from both China and Africa can be highlighted, disseminated and learned from. • The Africa-China Urban Initiative aims to fill this gap.
  5. 5. The Initiative • In July 2012, with support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Development Workshop Angola and the Centre for African Studies at Peking University organized a conference in Nairobi on how to stimulate economic growth to be more inclusive and benefit more of poor people • The conference theme was “Pro-Poor Urban Development in China and Africa” . • Priority themes: corporate social responsibility, executive education; housing and finance; urban land access; and urban transport.
  6. 6. Objectives • Provide access to high-quality, relevant, and accessible information and knowledge resources on identified priority themes; • Draw on established institutions, networks, and urban development practitioners in Africa and China and support them to dialogue, share practical experience and knowledge that can feed into policies and projects;
  7. 7. Objectives • Develop learning tools, training and education programs to help urban development practitioners respond more effectively to rapid urbanization. • Stimulate participatory research on key issues including land tenure, housing finance, innovative urban transport and physical infrastructure.
  8. 8. Urban Growth Rates in Africa & Asia
  9. 9. China & Africa Urban & Economic Growth
  10. 10. Africa & Asia Urban Poverty Reduction
  11. 11. Reduction of Slums between 1990 & 2010 1990 2010
  12. 12. Reduction of Slums between 1990 - 2010
  13. 13. Economic Exclusion & Gini Coefficients The Gini coefficient measures the inequality of wealth within a group such as a city. A Gini coefficient of ‘zero’ expresses perfect equality while ‘one’ expresses maximal inequality
  14. 14. The World’s most Unequal Cities
  15. 15. Who benefits from urban growth? How do women fare?
  16. 16. Urban Challenges 75% of Africa’s urban population lives in informal settlements
  17. 17. Financing urban development • Large-scale investment is needed in bulk provision, such as mains water supply and treatment, final rubbish disposal sites and mains sewerage. • Financing urban development in a cities, that have a low fiscal base, is a severe challenge. • This is due partly to the poverty of the majority of the inhabitants and weak taxation regimes. • Financing is required at a scale that even the state cannot afford. • Partnerships with private sector and international lenders are necessary. • China has been the principal financer of urban reconstruction in African cites.
  18. 18. The Case of Angola & China • Angola is China’s principal African trading partner • 25% of China’s African commerce and 15% of China’s petroleum imports are from Angola • Angola and China are two of the fastest urbanising countries in the world. • At 7% growth Luanda is the fastest growing city in Southern Africa. • Much of Angola’s post-war reconstruction is financed by Chinese credit lines. • Chinese – Angolan economic cooperation is estimated to be about US$ 25 billion over the last decade.
  19. 19. Chinese Economic Cooperation Contracts of Chinese Companies in Angola (2003 – 2009), US$ millions
  20. 20. One million house programme 115,000 houses to be supplied by State 685,000 houses to be self-built
  21. 21. Chinese Finance for African Housing • Chinese investment in urban development in Africa has grown significantly in recent years and has become a major influence shaping the growth of African cities today. • Chinese real estate investments have reached a significant scale across the continent. • As investment grows, opportunities should be created to adequately address housing and urban infrastructural needs of the urban poor.
  22. 22. Chinese Finance for African Housing • Real-estate investments in the upper-end-housing projects have in recent years been oversubscribed and, pose risks of market bubbles. • The housing demands for those living lower down the economic pyramid have been neglected but provide attractive opportunities for large-scale investment. • Innovative but proven African solutions to serviced land development, housing microfinance and urban upgrading offer private and public investors the opportunity to participate in the large-scale transformation of African cities.
  23. 23. Chinese Finance for African Housing • The Africa-China Urban Initiative aims to provide a overview of the extent of Chinese involvement in urban, residential development in Africa, and to use this to empower players, both Chinese and African, to pursue viable investment opportunities on a sustainable basis into the future. • By documenting and tracking levels of investment and key investment initiatives, it becomes possible to understand both the opportunities and challenges that such investments involve, and to direct them towards the pro-poor objectives of this initiative.
  24. 24. KixiCasa Micro-Credit is be offered to clients for improving their houses or building phased upgradable houses over several loan cycles.
  25. 25. HabiTerra land management and housing HabiTerra responds to the untapped market for services is the owner built and low-cost housing sector providing low-cost housing delivery, participatory urban planning (peri-urban and neighbourhood level) and land cadatre and secure tenure.
  26. 26. Obrigado

×