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WORLD BANK/IFC 6TH
GLOBAL HOUSING FINANCE CONFERENCE,
28-29 MAY, 2014, WASHINGTON DC, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
PRESENTATION ON
AFFORDABLE HOUSING FINANCE:
THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT
BY:
MRS AKON EYAKENYI
HONOURABLE MINISTER, LANDS, HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT,
FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA
28TH MAY, 2014
1
 Appreciation
 Background Information
 The Four Issues of Concern:
(i) How housing and housing finance fit into poverty
reduction and the shared prosperity agenda;
(ii) The progress being made;
(iii) Some of the most innovative new initiatives being
undertaken; and
(iv) How to meet the growing needs of urban cities in
emerging markets.
OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION
2
 With a population of 167 million people (2011), Nigeria is
one of the most rapidly urbanizing countries in Africa.
 From 56 cities in 1953, currently Nigeria is estimated
to have over 1,000 urban areas, with no fewer than 19
cities having a population of 1 million people and
above.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
3
Lagos, Nigeria
• Housing deficit in the country is estimated at
about 17 million units.
• About one (1) million housing units per annum
are required to achieve significant reduction in
the national deficit, and eventually eliminate
it by the year 2043, at a unit cost of
USD10,000 .
• An investment of at least US$300 billion
(minimum) is required over the next 30 years
for housing construction costs alone.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION..CONT’D
4
•Housing is universally accepted as the second most important human need
after food;
•The 1999 Constitution enjoins the Nigerian Government to provide
suitable and adequate shelter for all citizens, to guarantee the well-being and
productivity of the Nigerian people.
•The most important constraints to inadequate housing or homelessness is
lack of access to serviced/ titled land and sustainable long-term
housing finance. Accordingly, the removal of these two barriers is one of the most
effective strategies for reducing poverty and achieving sustainable development
•The shared prosperity agenda is about removing imbalances, ensuring
equal opportunities, equitable and inclusive growth and enhanced
security for improved quality of life and reduction of human misery.
•provision of affordable housing and urban basic services is a
veritable policy instrument for ensuring that the prosperity of the society
is shared more rationally and beneficially by the citizenry.
HOW HOUSING AND HOUSING FINANCE FIT INTO THE
POVERTY REDUCTION AND SHARED PROSPERITY AGENDA
5
 On the whole, through the approved National Policy on Housing and the National
Policy on Urban Development (2012) progress has been made but a great deal still
needs to be done.
 Provision of a favourable macro-economic, political and social environment for both
local investment and foreign direct investment, including incentives for cost recovery
and repatriation of fund and profits, etc,
 Assistance to developers in the supply of unencumbered land and promotion of the
use of alternative building materials and new technologies in housing delivery.
 Partnering with strong and competent non-government actors for community
mobilization in the delivery of mass housing projects and ensuring amicable resolution
of conflicts.
 Creating institutional interventions, including: the Infrastructure Concession
Regulatory Commission (ICRC) for the promotion of Public-Private Partnerships
(PPPs);
 Strengthening the Federal Mortgage Bank of Nigeria for enhanced mortgage
penetration;
 Launch of the Nigeria Mortgage Refinance Company, in January 2014, with a target
to grow the mortgage portfolio ten-fold over the next five years;
 Undertaking reforms to strengthen and reposition the Federal Housing Authority,
including the on-going process of commercializing the Authority; and
 Development of a Social Housing Bill, awaiting passage in the National Assembly.
PROGRESS BEING MADE
6
 Launch of the Nigeria Mortgage Refinance Company (NMRC) (off-take
guarantee for the FGN 10, 000 new housing units for low and middle
income, earners, to be delivered by the end of 2014).
 Transforming the Primary Mortgage Institutions (PMIs) into Primary
Mortgage Banks (PMBs) through recapitalization and strengthening.
(license fee for State operation is N2.5 billion Naira; at the national
level, it is N5 billion. Currently, there are about 40 strong PMBs in
the country).
 Development of Regulations for the Effective Implementation of Section
46 of the Land Use Act, Cap L5 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 2004.
 Implementation of Land Swap Policy.
 Development of a National Integrated Infrastructure Master Plan (NIIMP)
2013-2043, with a strong Housing and Urban Development Component.
 Development of a Roadmap for the Housing and Urban Development
Sector; and
 Adoption of the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) for the delivery of
affordable mass housing.
MOST INNOVATIVE NEW INITIATIVES
7
provision of affordable housing on a sustainable and unprecedented
scale through a variety of schemes including the development of new
towns, cooperative housing, rental housing, social housing, slum
upgrading, regeneration and completion of abandoned houses.
Utilizing planning approvals to mandate the private housing developers
and Government to set aside a stipulated percentage (20%) of their
developments for social housing to meet the needs of low-income
earners.
Sustaining the concept of funding of site and services to improve access
of the low-income group to serviced plots at affordable prices.
Providing long-term mortgage finance for No-income and low-income
groups under housing delivery schemes in order to address the supply side.
Addressing the supply side through provision of construction finance and
sovereign guarantees.
MEETING THE GROWING NEEDS OF URBAN CITIES IN
EMERGING MARKETS WITH INCLUSIVE HOUSING SOLUTIONS
Promoting the concept of inclusive planning and people-centered
approach in housing development, including enhanced provision of
mixes of housing and job creating commercial business sites.
Paying particular attention to the needs of the youth, women, the
aged and people living with disabilities in home design and delivery.
Increasing investment, especially in basic infrastructure and services.
Increased provision of more multi-storey/high rise buildings in
place of bungalows and one-storey housing units for more efficient
use of urban space, less spending on infrastructure and for compact
cities.
Increased deployment of new technological solutions for mass
housing development.
MEETING THE GROWING NEEDS OF URBAN CITIES IN
EMERGING MARKETS WITH INCLUSIVE HOUSING SOLUTIONS
CONCLUSION
10

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Session2 akon eyakenyi_affordable housing finance

  • 1. WORLD BANK/IFC 6TH GLOBAL HOUSING FINANCE CONFERENCE, 28-29 MAY, 2014, WASHINGTON DC, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. PRESENTATION ON AFFORDABLE HOUSING FINANCE: THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT BY: MRS AKON EYAKENYI HONOURABLE MINISTER, LANDS, HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT, FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA 28TH MAY, 2014 1
  • 2.  Appreciation  Background Information  The Four Issues of Concern: (i) How housing and housing finance fit into poverty reduction and the shared prosperity agenda; (ii) The progress being made; (iii) Some of the most innovative new initiatives being undertaken; and (iv) How to meet the growing needs of urban cities in emerging markets. OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION 2
  • 3.  With a population of 167 million people (2011), Nigeria is one of the most rapidly urbanizing countries in Africa.  From 56 cities in 1953, currently Nigeria is estimated to have over 1,000 urban areas, with no fewer than 19 cities having a population of 1 million people and above. BACKGROUND INFORMATION 3 Lagos, Nigeria
  • 4. • Housing deficit in the country is estimated at about 17 million units. • About one (1) million housing units per annum are required to achieve significant reduction in the national deficit, and eventually eliminate it by the year 2043, at a unit cost of USD10,000 . • An investment of at least US$300 billion (minimum) is required over the next 30 years for housing construction costs alone. BACKGROUND INFORMATION..CONT’D 4
  • 5. •Housing is universally accepted as the second most important human need after food; •The 1999 Constitution enjoins the Nigerian Government to provide suitable and adequate shelter for all citizens, to guarantee the well-being and productivity of the Nigerian people. •The most important constraints to inadequate housing or homelessness is lack of access to serviced/ titled land and sustainable long-term housing finance. Accordingly, the removal of these two barriers is one of the most effective strategies for reducing poverty and achieving sustainable development •The shared prosperity agenda is about removing imbalances, ensuring equal opportunities, equitable and inclusive growth and enhanced security for improved quality of life and reduction of human misery. •provision of affordable housing and urban basic services is a veritable policy instrument for ensuring that the prosperity of the society is shared more rationally and beneficially by the citizenry. HOW HOUSING AND HOUSING FINANCE FIT INTO THE POVERTY REDUCTION AND SHARED PROSPERITY AGENDA 5
  • 6.  On the whole, through the approved National Policy on Housing and the National Policy on Urban Development (2012) progress has been made but a great deal still needs to be done.  Provision of a favourable macro-economic, political and social environment for both local investment and foreign direct investment, including incentives for cost recovery and repatriation of fund and profits, etc,  Assistance to developers in the supply of unencumbered land and promotion of the use of alternative building materials and new technologies in housing delivery.  Partnering with strong and competent non-government actors for community mobilization in the delivery of mass housing projects and ensuring amicable resolution of conflicts.  Creating institutional interventions, including: the Infrastructure Concession Regulatory Commission (ICRC) for the promotion of Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs);  Strengthening the Federal Mortgage Bank of Nigeria for enhanced mortgage penetration;  Launch of the Nigeria Mortgage Refinance Company, in January 2014, with a target to grow the mortgage portfolio ten-fold over the next five years;  Undertaking reforms to strengthen and reposition the Federal Housing Authority, including the on-going process of commercializing the Authority; and  Development of a Social Housing Bill, awaiting passage in the National Assembly. PROGRESS BEING MADE 6
  • 7.  Launch of the Nigeria Mortgage Refinance Company (NMRC) (off-take guarantee for the FGN 10, 000 new housing units for low and middle income, earners, to be delivered by the end of 2014).  Transforming the Primary Mortgage Institutions (PMIs) into Primary Mortgage Banks (PMBs) through recapitalization and strengthening. (license fee for State operation is N2.5 billion Naira; at the national level, it is N5 billion. Currently, there are about 40 strong PMBs in the country).  Development of Regulations for the Effective Implementation of Section 46 of the Land Use Act, Cap L5 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 2004.  Implementation of Land Swap Policy.  Development of a National Integrated Infrastructure Master Plan (NIIMP) 2013-2043, with a strong Housing and Urban Development Component.  Development of a Roadmap for the Housing and Urban Development Sector; and  Adoption of the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) for the delivery of affordable mass housing. MOST INNOVATIVE NEW INITIATIVES 7
  • 8. provision of affordable housing on a sustainable and unprecedented scale through a variety of schemes including the development of new towns, cooperative housing, rental housing, social housing, slum upgrading, regeneration and completion of abandoned houses. Utilizing planning approvals to mandate the private housing developers and Government to set aside a stipulated percentage (20%) of their developments for social housing to meet the needs of low-income earners. Sustaining the concept of funding of site and services to improve access of the low-income group to serviced plots at affordable prices. Providing long-term mortgage finance for No-income and low-income groups under housing delivery schemes in order to address the supply side. Addressing the supply side through provision of construction finance and sovereign guarantees. MEETING THE GROWING NEEDS OF URBAN CITIES IN EMERGING MARKETS WITH INCLUSIVE HOUSING SOLUTIONS
  • 9. Promoting the concept of inclusive planning and people-centered approach in housing development, including enhanced provision of mixes of housing and job creating commercial business sites. Paying particular attention to the needs of the youth, women, the aged and people living with disabilities in home design and delivery. Increasing investment, especially in basic infrastructure and services. Increased provision of more multi-storey/high rise buildings in place of bungalows and one-storey housing units for more efficient use of urban space, less spending on infrastructure and for compact cities. Increased deployment of new technological solutions for mass housing development. MEETING THE GROWING NEEDS OF URBAN CITIES IN EMERGING MARKETS WITH INCLUSIVE HOUSING SOLUTIONS