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Aisi and Nici - Policy Doc2


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Aisi and Nici - Policy Doc2

  1. 1. AISI – NICI - RICI Alain Nkoyock, Addis Ababa, 1st October 2005 1
  2. 2. ICT, ECA & AISI: Historical Steps• PADIS (Pan African Development Information System): 1979 -> Objective: Establishment of a centralized development information Db at ECA (AA) with national development information Dbs at national participating centres in Africa countries• CABECA (Capacity Building for Electronic Communication in Africa: 1992 -> Objective: Establishment of electronic communication nodes in 24 African countries.• AISI (African Information Society Initiative): 1996 -> Development of National Information and Communications Infrastructure (NICI) in Africa (among others). 2
  3. 3. What is AISI?– An Action Framework to Build Africas Information and Communication Infrastructure– Aims at supporting and accelerating socio- economic development imperatives of African countries– Focuses on priority strategies, programmes and projects (information networks, regional databases, etc)– Main e-strategies: NICI, RICI, SICI and VICI 3
  4. 4. What is an NICI Plan?• An instrument to implement the global AISI visions of developing the information infrastructure, human resources and content at national level;• An African response to facilitate the digital inclusion of Africa and integration of the continent into the globalization process;• An exercise aiming at developing national ICT policies, strategies and plans which serve as roadmap for the countries participation in the knowledge economy. 4
  5. 5. Aims of a NICI Plan• Improve the nations Information and communication infrastructure;• Improve the nations ICT policies and regulatory frameworks;• Improve the nations Human resources;• Improve the nations Infostructure. 5
  6. 6. NICI Plan Components– The policy;– The Framework;– The implementation plan. 6
  7. 7. NICI Process 7
  8. 8. NICI Plans in Africa, 2005 8
  9. 9. Lessons learnt• Long-term Vision• - is absolutely Essential• Short-term prioritization• -(start small, scale fast)• Human resource development• - for all sectors of society• Private-sector funding model• -is not yet mature• Donors need to fund• -beyond “pilots” 9
  10. 10. Lessons Learnt• Incoherence between NICI Plans - UNDAF & PRSP• ICT- led Development Vision Vs. MDG• Projects identified in NEPAD STAP are those identified by RECs• Implementation phase awaited• Many initiatives with mitigated results 10
  11. 11. AISI: ECA’s Subsidiary Bodies• ATAC:• PICTA:• CODI:• African Stakeholders Network (ASN) of the UN ICT Task Force:• African regional EPolNet Node: – Launched in 2003 (CODI III); – Mission: channel demand from African institutions and individuals, such as policy experts, programme managers and legislative drafters seeking e-strategy expertise;• GKP: Network of networks – 2002: GKP annual meeting held in ECA – Mission: develop GKP strategy for 2005: global and regional networks and partnership mechanisms in Africa 11
  12. 12. What is RICI?• A facility for harmonizing national strategies at the sub- regional levels by RECs for consistency in regional economic integration goals in the area of ICTs• Allows for harmonization of national regulatory frameworks as countries deregulate and liberalize their telecommunication markets• Provides a framework for the development of information and communication infrastructure that can facilitate regional economic integration goals of the African continent.• Provides an impetus for strengthening capacity at the sub- regional level in ICT for development and building a critical mass to facilitate regional integration through ICTs 12
  13. 13. Benefits of RICI• Policy and Regulatory Integration: – The creation of regional strategies would enable Africa to build economy of scale for developing its infrastructure and content and increase Africas ability to negotiate globally.• Regulatory integration at the regional level: – would create and strengthen the community/associations of regulators to facilitate cross-boarder interaction, market enlargement and harmonization policies at the sub- regional and regional levels.• Strengthen regional institutions: – to participate effectively in global ICT, as well as of decision-making bodies such as ICANN, WTO, WIPO, ISOC etc.• Infrastructure Development: – This will include the setting up of sub-regional backbones, exchange and interconnection points, with human resource development requirements.• Mechanisms for sharing bandwidth within the sub-regions: – should be looked into as part of the facilitation of sub-regional and regional interconnectivity.• Economic Policies: – Establishing common tariffs for ICT products and services across borders as a key component of the harmonization process at sub-regional and regional levels.• Potential for cost sharing in executing joint projects at sub-regional and regional levels: – particularly the financing and strengthening of sub-regional and regional backbones to enhance connectivity in the region. 13