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Chicago style research paper gorbachev relationship with margaret thatcher and ronald regan

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Chicago style research paper gorbachev relationship with margaret thatcher and ronald regan

Chicago style research paper gorbachev relationship with margaret thatcher and ronald regan

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  • 1. Gorbachev relationship 1GORBACHEV RELATIONSHIP WITH MARGARET THATCHER AND RONALD REAGAN Name: Grade Course: Tutor’s Name: (March 20, 2011)
  • 2. Gorbachev relationship 2 Gorbachev relationship with Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan Gorbachev, Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan having served at the same time of theCold War between the US and the Russians even though Margaret Thatcher came in late. Theyboth had a common interest in their political career; this was to end the Cold war1. A part fromending the Cold War, economically, they both had one goal, reviving the economy of theircountries to its best and preaching war against drugs. Socially both were in forefront of fighting each other. Ronald Reagan and MargaretThatcher fought for Capitalisms while Gorbachev fought for Communisms.Gorbachev, born 2 March 1931, took over the General Secretary of the Central Union Committeeof the Soviet Union from Chernenko who died in office after serving the union for 13 months inMarch 11, 19852.This was a time when the government’s system was unsystematic despite its efforts to improvein industrialization and economic growth so as to reach the western standards. So Gorbachev sethis goal of reviving the Soviet economy after remaining stagnant for many years under the ruleof Brezhnev. To achieve his goals, he proposed a vague programme of reforms which wasadopted later in April Plenum of the Central Committee. After adaptation, he insisted on fastmodernization from inside the country and also increased the productivity in industrializationand agriculture wise.By doing so, in the mid-to-late 1980s, he introduced a program called Perestroika, Glasnost,Demokratizatsiya, Uskoreniye3. Perestroika’s main purpose was to restructure itself andovercome the economic problems, the Glasnost purpose was to lets its citizens to freely give out1 Thatcher, Margaret. "Conservative Party Manifesto 1979". Foreword. conservativemanifesto.com. (1979)http://www.conservativemanifesto.com/1979/1979-conservative-manifesto.shtml (accessed March 20, 2011)2 Kuhn, Jim A Memoir of My Years in the White House, Ronald Reagan in Private, (1990),http://www.enotalone.com/article/6266.html (accessed March 20, 2011)3 Kuhn, Jim
  • 3. Gorbachev relationship 3their opinions, Demokratizatsiya was to encourage democracy within the nation whileUskoreniye was to improve the economy of the Soviet Union all this was launched on 27thCongress of the CPSU in February 19864.Gorbachev created good relations with Western leaders such as West German Chancellor HelmutKohl, U.S. President Ronald Reagan, and British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher,underscoring the common interests of Soviets and Europeans by discussing missile reductions.So he used this opportunity to try to end the Cold War.On the other hand, Ronald Reagan, the 40th President of the United States of America who wasknown to be a conservative, was also busy trying his best to improve the economy of the US byaiming to lower the federal regulations and taxes. By 1984, the economy of the US was stillstrong despite the recession in 1980’s. Like Gorbachev who came up with Perestroika, Glasnost,Demokratizatsiya, Uskoreniye, Reagan came up with his policy of “Reagonomic” which wasbased on the idea of cutting taxes in order to encourage savings and investment. His economicidea was based on libertarian idea of Chicago School of Economics and Milton Friedman whomhis idea was also borrowed by Margaret Thatcher5.Being in office in 1981, he issued National Security Decision Directive 11-82, (NSDD11-82). Itsmain target was to make sure that there was economic spending warfare against the Soviet. To bestronger, he aided those nations whom were seen to have conflicts with the Soviet Union such asthe Mujahideen of Afghanistan by giving them anti-aircraft missiles to fight the Soviet invaders.An educated man he was, Gorbachev knew very well that if the two nations, the United Statesand the Russians continued to pile up their weapons, the situation could be worse leading toaccidents or foreseen circumstances. He based this new argument on Richard Nixon when the4 Margaret Thatcher foundation, Cold War: The Gorbachevs visit Chequers [memoirs extract] (2000)http://www.margaretthatcher.org/archive/us-reagan.asp (accessed March 20, 2011)5 Margaret Thatcher foundation,
  • 4. Gorbachev relationship 4former president visited Moscow: "Even if one country would constantly be arming itself, andthe other would do nothing, then this first country still would gain nothing. For the weak sidemay simply detonate all its nuclear devices, even on its own territory, and it would mean suicidefor it and a slow killing for the adversary."Gorbachev made a request for a summit with Reagan so as to discuss the impact the Reaganregime that had affected the Soviet Military spending and economy.Like Reagan, Margaret Thatcher was also very active in the economy of the British and was avery close ally of President Reagan and these was evidenced by the way he defended ReaganAdministration with their plans of Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) known by the media as“Star Wars”6. Margaret Thatcher fully supported the SDI even though at some point, shecontradicted with the Reagan’s view of moving the world entirely of nuclear weapons.Gorbachev did not like the idea and Margaret Thatcher realized that and knew with the stand ofGorbachev, she could end up being used as a weapon to President Reagan hence creatingenemies between the two nations so she stressed on having a good relationship with theAmericans.In December 22, 1984, Margaret Thatcher paid Reagan a visit at Camp David whereby theydiscussed so many agendas of which she also told Reagan about Gorbachev of whom she praisedto be a charming and open minded unlike other earlier Russian leaders7. She then briefed himabout Russians concerns and the implications of the “Star Wars” for the NATO doctrine of thenuclear deterrence.Through this discussion with Margaret Thatcher, Reagan who had labeled the Soviet Union as“The evil empire” had their first summit meeting with Gorbachev in November 1985. What they6 Margaret Thatcher foundation,7 Maureen Johnson. "Bible-Quoting Thatcher Stirs Furious Debate". Associated Press (May, 1988)
  • 5. Gorbachev relationship 5were to discuss about was the Arms even though some other issues came up like how to put to anend to the Cold War.Each times the US and Soviet had contacts, Margaret Thatcher had closer look on theirhappenings and negotiations getting some private briefings from Reagan’s National SecurityAdviser. Through these meetings, there was hope of ending the Cold War and both developedsome warm relationships.In October 1986, the summit between Reagan and Gorbachev in Reykjavik ended in a stalemate.Margaret Thatcher decided to visit Camp David for the second time in 1986 giving in herdeclaration affirming the doctrine of deterrence8.In June 12, 1987, during his speech at the Brandenburg Gate commemorating the 750thanniversary of Berlin, Reagan gave a challenge to the Gorbachev, then the General Secretary ofthe Communist Party of the Soviet Union the American terms which were meant to end the ColdWar which were, “General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for theSoviet Union and Eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization, come here to this gate! Mr.Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!” This remarks led to the Sovietbeing forced to agree as they watched their empire collapse that night in 1989.8 Thatcher, Margaret. "Conservative Party Manifesto 1979". Foreword. conservativemanifesto.com. (1979)http://www.conservativemanifesto.com/1979/1979-conservative-manifesto.shtml
  • 6. Gorbachev relationship 6 BibliographyKuhn, Jim. A Memoir of My Years in the White House, Ronald Reagan in Private, (1990), http:// www.enotalone.com/article/6266.html (accessed March 20, 2011)Margaret Thatcher foundation, Cold War: The Gorbachevs visit Chequers [memoirs extract] (2000) http://www.margaretthatcher.org/archive/us-reagan.asp (accessed March 20, 2011)Maureen Johnson. "Bible-Quoting Thatcher Stirs Furious Debate". Associated Press (May, 1988)Thatcher, Margaret. "Conservative Party Manifesto 1979". Foreword conservativemanifesto.com (1979) http://www.conservativemanifesto.com/1979/1979-conservative-manifesto.shtml (accessed March 20, 2011)

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