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Plagiarism & Academic Dishonesty

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Presented at Fayetteville State University's Chesnutt Library Fellows Information Literacy Program on December 15, 2009 by Courtney Mack, MLS

Presented at Fayetteville State University's Chesnutt Library Fellows Information Literacy Program on December 15, 2009 by Courtney Mack, MLS

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  • 1. Presented by: Courtney Mack, MLS Instructional Services Librarian Methodist University
  • 2.
    • The core set of values and principles that underwrites the very mission of the University itself: integrity, honesty, hard work, and the determination to translate personal & professional principles into behavior.
    • University of Missouri – Office of Student Rights & Responsibilities
    • ACADEMIC DISHONESTY
    • Plagiarism
    • Fabrication
    • Deception
    • Cheating
    • Sabotage
    • Professional misconduct
  • 3.
    • The rise of cyber plagiarism & paper mills has Colleges & Universities around the world addressing academic dishonesty at an ALARMING rate.
    • Why is there a continued misperception & misunderstanding of plagiarism amongst students?
    • Librarian and faculty collaboration can serve as a deterrence.
  • 4.
    • To steal or pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one’s own
    • To use (another’s production) without crediting the source
    • To commit literary theft: present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source.
    • ‘ If you steal from one author, it’s plagiarism; if you steal from many, it’s research.’
    • Wilson Mizner
    Merriam-Webster Dictionary
  • 5.
    • Unintentional
      • Plagiarism resulting from the disregard for proper scholarly procedures.
    • Intentional / Deliberate
      • Claiming sole authorship of a work that you know to have been largely written by someone else.
  • 6.
    • Lack of research skills
    • Problems evaluating Internet sources
    • Poor organizational skills
    • Confusion about plagiarism & paraphrasing
    • Poor time-management skills
    • Different cultural understanding of plagiarism
    • Pressure to succeed
    • Out to get a degree, not an education
  • 7.
    • Citing sources within your paper
    • Assembling a list of Works cited
    • Links to Citing Sources in different formats & styles should be available on various web pages of the College or University.
    • Utilizing and becoming aware of Reference Management Software, such as: EndNote, RefWorks, Zotero, CiteULike, Connotea, ProCite, etc.
  • 8.
    • “ Website no longer exist” or “The link is currently unavailable
    • Internet error message
    • “ We’re sorry this video is no longer available ”
    • YouTube error message.
    • How to cite from Google Earth , YouTube , Facebook , Twitter , etc. are becoming frequently asked questions on the Internet and in the classroom.
    • ACCESSIBILITY
    • Chelsea Lee
    • Senior Manuscript Editor
    • American Psychological Association
    • HOW TO CITE FACEBOOK AND TWITTER
    • Barack Obama. (2009b, October 9). Humbled. http://my.barackobama.com/page/community/post/obamaforamerica/gGM45m [Facebook update]. Retrieved from http://www.facebook.com/posted.php? id=6815841748&share_id=154954250775&comments=1#s154954250775
    • President Obama uses Twitter (http://www.twitter.com/barackobama) and Facebook (http://www.facebook.com/barackobama) to keep citizens up to speed on his initiatives, especially health care reform and Supreme Court nominations.
    • BarackObama. (2009a, July 15). Launched American Graduation Initiative to help additional 5 mill. Americans graduate college by 2020: http://bit.ly/gcTX7 [Twitter post]. Retrieved from http://twitter.com/BarackObama/status/2651151366
  • 9.
    • Faculty
    • Provide expanded definitions and examples of plagiarism for students to refer to and study.
    • Include warning and/or repercussions in your course syllabus.
    • Communicate expectations of academic integrity and have open class discussions about plagiarism.
    • Develop exercises that deepen students’ understanding of correct and incorrect uses of sources.
    • Use detection services to identify plagiarized work.
    • Procedural steps in addressing students suspected of intentional AND unintentional plagiarism.
    • Librarians
    • Scope of information and format available
    • Thoroughly explain the research process
    • Citing sources: how and when?
    • Evaluate Internet resources
    • Store and manage sources
    • Educate the campus regarding scholarly communication, intellectual property, copyright, and fair use.
    • Provide a ‘toolkit’ of resources regarding plagiarism for faculty and students in print and electronic format.
  • 10.
    • Many faculty members are requiring students to sign Plagiarism Contracts to accompany their work submitted.
    • Reinforces the College or Universities commitment of academic integrity.
  • 11.
    • Faculty
    • Create assignments that have students respond to an article, book or essay .
    • Require oral presentations, answer questions and defend positions.
    • Have students relate a concept to their own experience.
    • Assign a multimedia presentation instead of a traditional paper.
    • Compare ideas or concepts in different sources.
    • Limit sources required for papers: 1 Internet source, 2 books, 3 journal articles, etc.
    • Require a research log.
    • Have students show where they received their source .
    • Librarians
    • Have students evaluate Internet websites in library sessions.
    • Assign students to read an editorial related to their course subject and find facts to support it.
    • Create assignments that evaluate and utilizes Wikipedia.
    • Citation Hunt : assign students an article or book chapter, and assign each student the task of tracking down an original article listed in the bibliography.
    • Internet vs. Scholarly Database : have students find information on a topic by searching the Internet and a scholarly ("subscription") database, and compare the authority and content.
  • 12.
    • Duke University Libraries
    • Plagiarism.Org Learning Center
    • Microsoft Office clip art
    • University of Alberta Libraries
    • Yale University Libraries
    • Wikipedia.org – Wilson Mizner
    • American Psychological Association – Chelsea Lee