Plagiarism & Academic Dishonesty


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Presented at Fayetteville State University's Chesnutt Library Fellows Information Literacy Program on December 15, 2009 by Courtney Mack, MLS

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Plagiarism & Academic Dishonesty

  1. 1. Presented by: Courtney Mack, MLS Instructional Services Librarian Methodist University
  2. 2. <ul><li>The core set of values and principles that underwrites the very mission of the University itself: integrity, honesty, hard work, and the determination to translate personal & professional principles into behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>University of Missouri – Office of Student Rights & Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>ACADEMIC DISHONESTY </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism </li></ul><ul><li>Fabrication </li></ul><ul><li>Deception </li></ul><ul><li>Cheating </li></ul><ul><li>Sabotage </li></ul><ul><li>Professional misconduct </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The rise of cyber plagiarism & paper mills has Colleges & Universities around the world addressing academic dishonesty at an ALARMING rate. </li></ul><ul><li>Why is there a continued misperception & misunderstanding of plagiarism amongst students? </li></ul><ul><li>Librarian and faculty collaboration can serve as a deterrence. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>To steal or pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one’s own </li></ul><ul><li>To use (another’s production) without crediting the source </li></ul><ul><li>To commit literary theft: present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ If you steal from one author, it’s plagiarism; if you steal from many, it’s research.’ </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson Mizner </li></ul>Merriam-Webster Dictionary
  5. 5. <ul><li>Unintentional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plagiarism resulting from the disregard for proper scholarly procedures. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intentional / Deliberate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Claiming sole authorship of a work that you know to have been largely written by someone else. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Lack of research skills </li></ul><ul><li>Problems evaluating Internet sources </li></ul><ul><li>Poor organizational skills </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion about plagiarism & paraphrasing </li></ul><ul><li>Poor time-management skills </li></ul><ul><li>Different cultural understanding of plagiarism </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure to succeed </li></ul><ul><li>Out to get a degree, not an education </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Citing sources within your paper </li></ul><ul><li>Assembling a list of Works cited </li></ul><ul><li>Links to Citing Sources in different formats & styles should be available on various web pages of the College or University. </li></ul><ul><li>Utilizing and becoming aware of Reference Management Software, such as: EndNote, RefWorks, Zotero, CiteULike, Connotea, ProCite, etc. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>“ Website no longer exist” or “The link is currently unavailable </li></ul><ul><li> Internet error message </li></ul><ul><li>“ We’re sorry this video is no longer available ” </li></ul><ul><li>YouTube error message. </li></ul><ul><li>How to cite from Google Earth , YouTube , Facebook , Twitter , etc. are becoming frequently asked questions on the Internet and in the classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>ACCESSIBILITY </li></ul><ul><li>Chelsea Lee </li></ul><ul><li>Senior Manuscript Editor </li></ul><ul><li>American Psychological Association </li></ul><ul><li>HOW TO CITE FACEBOOK AND TWITTER </li></ul><ul><li>Barack Obama. (2009b, October 9). Humbled. [Facebook update]. Retrieved from id=6815841748&share_id=154954250775&comments=1#s154954250775 </li></ul><ul><li>President Obama uses Twitter ( and Facebook ( to keep citizens up to speed on his initiatives, especially health care reform and Supreme Court nominations. </li></ul><ul><li>BarackObama. (2009a, July 15). Launched American Graduation Initiative to help additional 5 mill. Americans graduate college by 2020: [Twitter post]. Retrieved from </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Faculty </li></ul><ul><li>Provide expanded definitions and examples of plagiarism for students to refer to and study. </li></ul><ul><li>Include warning and/or repercussions in your course syllabus. </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate expectations of academic integrity and have open class discussions about plagiarism. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop exercises that deepen students’ understanding of correct and incorrect uses of sources. </li></ul><ul><li>Use detection services to identify plagiarized work. </li></ul><ul><li>Procedural steps in addressing students suspected of intentional AND unintentional plagiarism. </li></ul><ul><li>Librarians </li></ul><ul><li>Scope of information and format available </li></ul><ul><li>Thoroughly explain the research process </li></ul><ul><li>Citing sources: how and when? </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate Internet resources </li></ul><ul><li>Store and manage sources </li></ul><ul><li>Educate the campus regarding scholarly communication, intellectual property, copyright, and fair use. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a ‘toolkit’ of resources regarding plagiarism for faculty and students in print and electronic format. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Many faculty members are requiring students to sign Plagiarism Contracts to accompany their work submitted. </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforces the College or Universities commitment of academic integrity. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Faculty </li></ul><ul><li>Create assignments that have students respond to an article, book or essay . </li></ul><ul><li>Require oral presentations, answer questions and defend positions. </li></ul><ul><li>Have students relate a concept to their own experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Assign a multimedia presentation instead of a traditional paper. </li></ul><ul><li>Compare ideas or concepts in different sources. </li></ul><ul><li>Limit sources required for papers: 1 Internet source, 2 books, 3 journal articles, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Require a research log. </li></ul><ul><li>Have students show where they received their source . </li></ul><ul><li>Librarians </li></ul><ul><li>Have students evaluate Internet websites in library sessions. </li></ul><ul><li>Assign students to read an editorial related to their course subject and find facts to support it. </li></ul><ul><li>Create assignments that evaluate and utilizes Wikipedia. </li></ul><ul><li>Citation Hunt : assign students an article or book chapter, and assign each student the task of tracking down an original article listed in the bibliography. </li></ul><ul><li>Internet vs. Scholarly Database : have students find information on a topic by searching the Internet and a scholarly (&quot;subscription&quot;) database, and compare the authority and content. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Duke University Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism.Org Learning Center </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Office clip art </li></ul><ul><li>University of Alberta Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Yale University Libraries </li></ul><ul><li> – Wilson Mizner </li></ul><ul><li>American Psychological Association – Chelsea Lee </li></ul>