Techno-Cheating: What's a Librarian to Do?

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A look at how students are cheating in today's technology and web rich environment, plus how can we discourage or prevent it.

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Techno-Cheating: What's a Librarian to Do?

  1. 1. Techno-Cheating: What's a Librarian to Do? Brian C. Gray, Head of Reference Librarian - Engineering, Math, & Statistics Kelvin Smith Library Case Western Reserve University NOCCLA September 27, 2007
  2. 2. Expectations for Today <ul><li>How people are cheating, plagiarizing, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention & reduction of opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for instruction </li></ul>
  3. 3. My Personal Interest in Web Technologies <ul><li>RSS workshop & help with 3 blogs at KSL </li></ul><ul><li>ALA Library 2.0 participant </li></ul><ul><li>ALA LAMA Web Coordinator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs, RSS, Wiki, Communities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teach workshop for KSU SLIS </li></ul><ul><li>Regular IM user </li></ul><ul><li>Non-IT trained person that likes to “play” </li></ul>
  4. 4. My Instruction Experience <ul><li>Past Adjunct Instructor at Bryant & Stratton College </li></ul><ul><li>Current Adjunct Instructor at Kent State University School of Library & Information Science </li></ul><ul><li>Various opportunities at Case Western Reserve University </li></ul><ul><li>Assisted my wife in her 8 years of instructing 4 th and 5 th graders </li></ul>
  5. 5. My Environment <ul><li>College campus </li></ul><ul><li>Cell phones and/or iPods attached to everyone </li></ul><ul><li>People talking to themselves (earpieces) </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Laptops </li></ul><ul><li>Many “techie” students </li></ul>
  6. 6. USA Today (May 21, 2004) <ul><li>“ Almost a third of students admit to cheating — the percentage jumps to more than 40% when you ask 16 and 17 year olds” </li></ul>Andrew Kantor, http://www.usatoday.com/tech/columnist/andrewkantor/2004-05-21-kantor_x.htm
  7. 7. New York Times (May 18, 2006) <ul><li>“ In a survey of nearly 62,000 undergraduates on 96 campuses over the past four years, two-thirds of the students admitted to cheating.” </li></ul><ul><li>Don McCabe, Rutgers </li></ul>JONATHAN D. GLATER, http://www.nytimes.com/2006/05/18/education/18cheating.html?_r=1&hp&ex=1148011200&en=d71bdd428e279963&ei=5094&partner=homepage&oref=slogin
  8. 8. Inside Higher Ed (Sept. 17, 2007) <ul><li>60.9% college students believe technology improves their learning </li></ul><ul><li>73.7% have laptops (1/2 never brought to class, ¼ bring it once a week) </li></ul><ul><li>98.4% own a computer of some kind </li></ul><ul><li>Internet usage: Average of about 18 hours a week </li></ul>Andy Guess, http://insidehighered.com/news/2007/09/17/it
  9. 9. The Christian Science Monitor (June 9, 2006) <ul><li>Looked at cheating in Asia and India </li></ul><ul><li>“ sew a tiny microphone and speaker inside a shirt cuff” </li></ul><ul><li>Hired test takers </li></ul><ul><li>Various solutions: Scrambling cell phone signals, surveillance, & metal detectors </li></ul>Simon Montlake, http://www.csmonitor.com/2006/0609/p01s02-woap.html
  10. 10. The New York Times (June 12, 2006) <ul><li>Ring tone that adults cannot hear </li></ul><ul><li>“ The principle behind it is a biological reality that hearing experts refer to as presbycusis, or aging ear…most adults over 40 or 50 seem to have some symptoms, scientists say.” </li></ul>PAUL VITELLO, http://www.nytimes.com/2006/06/12/technology/12ring.html
  11. 11. San Diego Union-Tribune (6/20/05) <ul><li>Camera phones: Send image of test, save notes, text message, or Internet access </li></ul><ul><li>MP3 players: Hold verbal notes and/or data </li></ul>James A. Fussell; http://www.signonsandiego.com/uniontrib/20050620/news_mz1b20hitech.html
  12. 12. San Diego Union-Tribune (6/20/05) <ul><li>Scanners/printers: Create cheat sheets on candy labels, water bottles, or bracelets </li></ul><ul><li>Keystroke decoders: Steal information typed to USB device or Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Graphing calculators: Can store data and some transmit to other calculators </li></ul>James A. Fussell; http://www.signonsandiego.com/uniontrib/20050620/news_mz1b20hitech.html
  13. 13. San Diego Union-Tribune (6/20/05) <ul><li>Laser pointers: Student circles answer somewhere in the room </li></ul><ul><li>PDAs: all capabilities of camera phones and/or computers </li></ul>James A. Fussell; http://www.signonsandiego.com/uniontrib/20050620/news_mz1b20hitech.html
  14. 14. Finding Others To Do Your Work <ul><li>Yahoo! Answers </li></ul><ul><li>eBay (try it, you will be surprised) </li></ul><ul><li>Library chat services, instant messaging, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia or other collections of data </li></ul><ul><li>Any website with content (i.e. cut-n-paste generation) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Using Others Research <ul><li>Not really cheating, but leads to lower quality projects and papers if used incorrectly </li></ul><ul><li>Citation keepers: CiteULike, Connotea </li></ul><ul><li>Social bookmarking & tagging: del.icio.us, Digg, Furl </li></ul><ul><li>Social cataloging: LibraryThing </li></ul><ul><li>Social sites: MySpace, Facebook </li></ul>
  16. 16. Paper Mills <ul><li>Free Essay Network </li></ul><ul><li>Essay World </li></ul><ul><li>Planet Papers </li></ul><ul><li>Cheat House </li></ul><ul><li>Other People’s Papers </li></ul><ul><li>ResearchPaper.com </li></ul>
  17. 17. Coastal Carolina University Library <ul><li>Internet Paper Mills: http://www.coastal.edu/library/presentations/mills2.html </li></ul><ul><li>November 2006, there are over 250 general sites </li></ul><ul><li>Another several dozen on a 2 nd page that are subject specific </li></ul><ul><li>Updated about every 6 months </li></ul>
  18. 18. Coastal Carolina University Library <ul><li>Cheating 101: Detecting Plagiarized Papers: http://www.coastal.edu/library/presentations/plagiarz.html </li></ul><ul><li>Cheating 101: Plagiarism Detection Sites: http://www.coastal.edu/library/presentations/mills3.html </li></ul><ul><li>Various other resources and instructional materials available in their online collection </li></ul>
  19. 19. SafeAssign (Blackboard) <ul><li>http://www.safeassign.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism prevention service </li></ul><ul><li>Features includes resources to aid in educating students about plagiarism and importance of proper attribution of any borrowed content </li></ul><ul><li>Internet, ProQuest, and other resources </li></ul>
  20. 20. Paper Checkers <ul><li>turnitin.com </li></ul><ul><li>iThenticate.com (corporate product) </li></ul><ul><li>plagiarism.com </li></ul><ul><li>CopyCatch </li></ul><ul><li>EVE, Essay Verification Engine </li></ul>
  21. 21. Paper Checkers <ul><li>Web-based or computer installed </li></ul><ul><li>Student or teacher submit </li></ul><ul><li>Various levels of prices and/or services </li></ul>
  22. 22. Students Are Suing Paper Checkers <ul><li>Students are taking these paper sites to courts for violations to copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Students agree to submit paper to please teacher’s requirements but do not agree to storage of their paper </li></ul><ul><li>Paper was retrieved at a later date </li></ul>
  23. 23. Search Engines <ul><li>Search for a phrase that appears not to be written by a student </li></ul><ul><li>Learn best ways to use your favorite search engine(s) </li></ul><ul><li>For example, do you know how to search for an exact phrase? </li></ul>
  24. 24. Solutions <ul><li>Assign “personal” topics first so you can learn each student’s style </li></ul><ul><li>Break up assignments into smaller portions that force proper research techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Explain plagiarism & consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Explain copyright & consequences </li></ul>
  25. 25. Solutions <ul><li>Video surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>No cell phones </li></ul><ul><li>Turn off wireless Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Clear calculator memory </li></ul><ul><li>Computer surveillance during tests </li></ul><ul><li>Write test questions that cannot be answered with a standard answer </li></ul>
  26. 26. Prevention <ul><li>Teach about copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Teach about creating proper citations </li></ul><ul><li>Provide & promote resources that the library offers </li></ul><ul><li>Make yourself as available as possible (in-person, telephone, & online) </li></ul>
  27. 27. Other Ideas <ul><li>Monitor organizationally sponsored blogs and/or forums </li></ul><ul><li>Assistant instructors in creating assignments: Does not always have to be “use 5 books”. What if instead they are required to consult with a librarian? </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of technologies even if you do not need them or use them regularly </li></ul>
  28. 28. Other Ideas <ul><li>As librarians can we get one class session to teach about copyright, plagiarism, and/or research skills </li></ul><ul><li>Even better can we follow it with a assignment we design that allows for us to provide additional suggestions and tips </li></ul>
  29. 29. Final Thoughts <ul><li>Why is the librarian, library, and/or its resources not considered first in research and instruction? </li></ul><ul><li>Students cheat for convenience, fear, being unprepared, pressure of others, or being unaware of what “cheating” is </li></ul><ul><li>ANSWER: Librarian </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>http://blog.case.edu/bcg8/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.squidoo.com/library2point0/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.slideshare.net/bcg8 </li></ul><ul><li>THANK YOU! </li></ul>Brian C. Gray

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