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Provost – Librarian
Collaborations
John Vaughn
Executive Vice President
Association of American Universities
AAU Organization and Operation
• Founded in 1900 by 14 universities that offered
the PhD
• Initial purpose: improve, stand...
AAU Universities’ Impact on Research and Education
• 58% of all federal research funds to colleges and
universities
• 15% ...
2009-2010 -- Scholarly Publishing Roundtable
• Created by Chairman of the Science and Technology
Committee of US House of ...
Academic
Administrators

Librarians

Publishers

David Campbell
(Boston)

Paul Courant
(Michigan)

Y.S. Chi
(Elsevier)

Ri...
Core Recommendation of Report
Each federal research funding agency should
expeditiously but carefully develop and implemen...
OSTP Public Access Directive
• Federal agencies with annual R&D funding of
$100 million or more provide the public with
ab...
OSTP Public Access Directive
• In devising its final plan, each agency should use
a transparent process for soliciting vie...
Response to OSTP Directive
• SHARE (SHared Access to Research Ecosystem)
– Cross-institutional network of digital reposito...
Response to OSTP Directive
• CHORUS (Clearinghouse for the Open
Research of the United States)
– “A multi-agency, multi-pu...
SHARE and/or CHORUS
• SHARE
– Early stages of development, but final network
promises to make research articles, data and ...
Legislative Battles
• FASTR (Fair Access to Science and Technology Research
Act)
– reduce embargo period to 6 months

• FI...
AAU/ARL Task Force on Scholarly Communication
AAU Provosts

ARL Library Deans/Directors

Steve Goldstein
Brandeis Universi...
AAU/ARL Task Force on Scholarly Communication
Focus on three areas: university presses, scholarly
journals, institutional ...
AAU/ARL Task Force on Scholarly Communication
• Scholarly journals: university collaboration with society
publishers
– Uni...
What the Provost Seeks from
the Librarian

What the Librarian Seeks from
the Provost

•
•
•
•

• Be a good listener
• Valu...
Looking to the Future in Scholarly Communication
• Provosts and librarians as a team working with other
administrators, fa...
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What Provosts Want Librarians to Know, John Vaughn, AAU

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Thursday, 11/8/13, 8:45 am

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  • Note: charge is not whether but how to expand public access, but Committee also made clear: how to expand access in ways that address the needs of all stakeholders and preserve the critical aspects of scholarly publishing
    Participants selected from key stakeholder groups based on their interest and expertise in scholarly publishing, drawn from but not serving as representatives of their organizations
  • This a big step to take, one AAP and others oppose, partly recognition of inevitability but more so a recognition that this can and should be done if accompanied by other critical steps, delineated in the following recommendations
  • Transcript of "What Provosts Want Librarians to Know, John Vaughn, AAU"

    1. 1. Provost – Librarian Collaborations John Vaughn Executive Vice President Association of American Universities
    2. 2. AAU Organization and Operation • Founded in 1900 by 14 universities that offered the PhD • Initial purpose: improve, standardize PhD education • Current Membership: 60 US, 2 Canadian universities – 36 public, 26 private
    3. 3. AAU Universities’ Impact on Research and Education • 58% of all federal research funds to colleges and universities • 15% of bachelor’s degrees, 45% of research doctorate degrees, 65% of postdoctoral positions • 75% of members of the National Academy of Sciences • From 2007-2011: − 1.13 million publications, 67% of US total, 19% of world total − 10.6 million citations, 89% of US total, 35% of world total
    4. 4. 2009-2010 -- Scholarly Publishing Roundtable • Created by Chairman of the Science and Technology Committee of US House of Representatives in June 2009 • Charge: develop consensus policies for expanding public access to journal articles arising from federally funded research • Congressional Committee convened a diverse set of participants from key stakeholder groups: librarians, publishers, university administrators
    5. 5. Academic Administrators Librarians Publishers David Campbell (Boston) Paul Courant (Michigan) Y.S. Chi (Elsevier) Richard McCarty (Vanderbilt) Ann Okerson (Yale) Fred Dylla (AIP) Jim O’Donnell (Georgetown) Scott Plutchak (Alabama) Mark Patterson (PLoS) John Vaughn (AAU, Chair) Crispin Taylor (ASPB) Researchers: Phil Davis (Cornell), Don King (UNC) and Carol Tenopir (Tennessee)
    6. 6. Core Recommendation of Report Each federal research funding agency should expeditiously but carefully develop and implement an explicit public access policy that brings about free public access to the results of the research that it funds as soon as possible after those results have been published in a peer-reviewed journal.
    7. 7. OSTP Public Access Directive • Federal agencies with annual R&D funding of $100 million or more provide the public with ability to freely access, search, retrieve, and analyze peer-reviewed publications and data resulting from federally funded research • Research manuscripts made available using 12 month post-publication embargo period as a guide
    8. 8. OSTP Public Access Directive • In devising its final plan, each agency should use a transparent process for soliciting views from stakeholders, and take such views into account • Agencies submitted draft plans in August, OSTP and OMB now reviewing, will return plans with guidance to the agencies for development of final plans
    9. 9. Response to OSTP Directive • SHARE (SHared Access to Research Ecosystem) – Cross-institutional network of digital repositories – Enable university researchers to submit research articles to federal agency-designated repositories using a single, common user interface – Consistent with knowledge creation, dissemination, and preservation as a core mission of universities
    10. 10. Response to OSTP Directive • CHORUS (Clearinghouse for the Open Research of the United States) – “A multi-agency, multi-publisher, portal and information bridge that identifies, provides access, enhances search capabilities and longterm preservation to journal articles resulting from agency funding”
    11. 11. SHARE and/or CHORUS • SHARE – Early stages of development, but final network promises to make research articles, data and their associated metadata freely accessible for reuse, text mining, data mining and machine reading • CHORUS – Basic structure and capacity in place, no cost to the government and researcher submission compliance provided, but uncertainty about terms of use for postembargo content
    12. 12. Legislative Battles • FASTR (Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act) – reduce embargo period to 6 months • FIRST (Frontiers in Innovative Research, Science, and Technology – a successor to The America COMPETES (Creating Opportunities to Meaningfully Promote Excellence in Technology, Education, and Science) Act!) – increase embargo period to 2 years, with provisions to extend 6 to 12 months more
    13. 13. AAU/ARL Task Force on Scholarly Communication AAU Provosts ARL Library Deans/Directors Steve Goldstein Brandeis University Paul Courant University of Michigan Mark Kamlet Carnegie Mellon University Barbara Dewey The Pennsylvania State University Richard McCarty Vanderbilt University Lorraine Harricombe University of Kansas George McLendon Rice University Tom Leonard University of California, Berkeley Peter Salovey Yale University Carol Mandel New York University Kim Wilcox Michigan State University Ann Wolpert Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    14. 14. AAU/ARL Task Force on Scholarly Communication Focus on three areas: university presses, scholarly journals, institutional repositories •Presses: books crowded out of library budgets by journals, reduced subsidies from host universities – Consolidation of digital production – University subsidization of first books, with open access to those books – greatly expanded dissemination of scholarship
    15. 15. AAU/ARL Task Force on Scholarly Communication • Scholarly journals: university collaboration with society publishers – University funding of author publishing charges (APCs) in hybrid journals as a transition to open access – Avoid “double-dipping”: APCs reduce subscription prices • Institutional repositories – Increase intra-institutional submissions, increase interinstitutional interoperability – Collaborate with research funding agencies on public access repositories → SHARE
    16. 16. What the Provost Seeks from the Librarian What the Librarian Seeks from the Provost • • • • • Be a good listener • Value students as well as faculty • Support innovation ventures Innovation Customer focus Advice and counsel Public presence
    17. 17. Looking to the Future in Scholarly Communication • Provosts and librarians as a team working with other administrators, faculty and students to advance institutional capacity • Need for collective action within the academy • Policies, practices -- including pricing – should reflect the public purposes and public financing of higher education research and education programs
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