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Housing considerations for_people_with_autism


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  • This diagram shows how the various aspects of the Triad interact
    All flow from the underlying impairment in Imagination- the core cognitive deficit rooted in brain development
    Key points
    Although not part of the triad of impairments, anxiety present in almost all subjects
    Key intervention is to reduce anxiety
  • Transcript

    • 1. Housing Considerations for People with Autism Helen Leigh NickHaake Andrew Hole
    • 2. Objectives • To explore how to develop a design brief for an individual who has complex needs
    • 3. The Triad of Impairments Wing and Gould 1979 SOCIAL BEHAVIOURSOCIAL BEHAVIOUR Sensory processing problems AnxietyRituals and compulsions COMMUNICATIONCOMMUNICATION IMAGINATIONIMAGINATION PersonalityLearning disability
    • 4. Designing the Right Environment • Reduce anxiety- low arousal settings. • Enhance motivation, confidence and self esteem • Reduce behaviours which inhibit progress or impair quality of life • Enhance concentration/ remove distraction • Bespoke design meeting individual needs • Keep people safe by providing safe environments
    • 5. Planning Features Compulsions and obsessions Compulsions and obsessions Known Likes/Dislikes Known Likes/Dislikes Challenging Behaviour & Risks Challenging Behaviour & Risks HypersensitivityHypersensitivity PhobiasPhobias Living Space Living Space
    • 6. Case Study S
    • 7. WORKSHOPSESSION • 2 new building dwellings of 5no. Apartments with shared accommodation and communal accommodation including lounge, dining room, kitchen, activity room, utility room and W.C. • Covered verandah to front and rear of buildings. • Accommodation to DDA Standard, fully compliant with current Building Regulation requirements. • Heavy duty doors and linings. • Free swing door closers. • Building fabric insulation above current building regulation standards from sustainable natural resources. • Extensive provision of natural light with triple glazing and sun pipes. • Solar water heating panels. • Staff accommodation with en-suite shower room facilities. • The gardens are fully landscaped and contain features that are appropriate for the client group. These features include a secure boundary, flower beds and areas to stimulate the clients’ senses • External finishes assist access awareness providing a fully accessible building • Fully secure scheme to South Wales Police Secured by Design Standards.
    • 8. WORKSHOPSESSION ST KITCHEN ACTIVITY ROOM KITCHEN LOUNGE/ DINING ST ST BATH BEDROOM BEDROOM BATH W.C KITCHEN ST LOUNGE UTILITY ST ST ST ST KITCHEN DINING ROOM HALLWAY LOUNGE/ DINING STAIRS VERANDAH VERANDAH W.C Ground FloorPlan (Plot 1) • High internal space and volume standards. • Principle rooms have double aspect windows. • Thermal and acoustic laminated double glazed performance windows, which also reduce glare. • Glazing to suit special light transmissions and reflectance. • Internal sandwiched solar control glazing blinds which also provide privacy. • Enhanced U-Values to all thermal elements. • Excellent Air Tightness Values (4.7 – 4.8) far exceeding the Building Regulation Requirement (<10.0). • Integrated fire alarm/emergency lighting installations where fitting appearance matches normal domestic appearance. • Substantial levels of sound reduction built into proposals from sustainable natural resource • Energy management under floor heating installations. Efficient boilers heating source with weather compensated controls. • Internal building environment with continuous background air movement throughout the whole scheme. • Installation of shut off controls to individual flats. • Staff accommodation with en-suite shower room facilities.
    • 9. Some ideas • Separate accommodation • Robust • Personalised equipment • Water sensors • Place for staff stuff / storage • Lighting issues
    • 10. Ideas continued • Behaviours – How – Space • Windows – Light – Sunshield film – Blinds • Noise – acoustic issues • Controls into kitchen – Robust fittings – drainage