Philorum, Gaelic Club, Surry Hills16 July 2008
   Cliches       “Sounds great in theory ...”       “The test of the pudding is in the tasting ...”   Integral to Unde...
   Not to take sides for or against Catholics   To understand the theory & practice of two    interesting historical gen...
•   Military campaign of a religious nature    –   Union of all states under Papal direction•   Official term in the 11th ...
   Originated from the Catholic Church   The system in the judgment of heresy   Ecclesiastical tribunal or institution ...
   Prior Peace, Intellectual Exchange, Thriving    Trade & a Growing Pilgrimage       Pilgrims, scholars & traders were ...
   Personal Level: Why Be a Crusader?       Chivalry/Service/Knighthood       Salvation of Self & of Others (Loved Ones...
Mongol Empire 1206-1405
   Inquisition means, at its simplest, inquiry.   Heretic comes from αιρεσις = choice       Choose God or the Devil    ...
   Crush the Foes Within       Promote the Faith, Convert a Pagan, Catch a Witch       Inquisitor Immunity from Prosecu...
   Pope Gregory IX, 1235   Carried out by Dominicans & Franciscans   Torture Legitimized by Pope Innocent IV, 1242   T...
   Hierarchy       Pope – Grand Inquisitor – Local Inquisitor       No military force necessary   Partnership with the...
   Knights Templar (f. 1096CE, Papal endorsed,    1129CE), security forces for pilgrims   Became a favoured & wealthy or...
   Weakened by the Growing Strength of Ottoman    Turks   Charges: corruption, Satanism & “ritualised    homosexuality”...
http://www.edumedia-share.com/uploaded/1300/1364.gif
IBERIAN                            ROMAN   Expansion & Conquest             Counter-Reformation:    by Spain & Portugal ...
   Consejo de la Suprema y General Inquisicion       Headed by Tomas de Torquemada (1420-1498)       Sanctioned but not...
   Galileo Galilei       Ban (1633) on Dialogue Concerning Two Chief        World Systems & Heliocentric Works       Re...
EUROPEAN IN-FIGHTING                 PRE & POST WORLD WARS   Spain vs. England vs. The            Zionist Movement    Ne...
POLITICAL                       CATHOLIC   Reformation                      Pope Paul III (1908):   Salem Witch Hunts  ...
   Content: Words vs. Actions       Premeditated & Random Acts of Violence       Misappropriation & Abuse of Authority...
TYRANNY = MASS HYSTERIA         DEMOCRACY = INFORMED DECISION   Prejudicial, Competing Belief       Justice, Development...
SOCIAL REFORMERS’ CREED         IMPARTIALIST’S CREED   If You Can’t Change the        Don’t Make the Existence of    Wor...
If I have annoyed anyone,please feel free to annoy me back.
A Theory & Practice of the Crusades & the Inquisition
A Theory & Practice of the Crusades & the Inquisition
A Theory & Practice of the Crusades & the Inquisition
A Theory & Practice of the Crusades & the Inquisition
A Theory & Practice of the Crusades & the Inquisition
A Theory & Practice of the Crusades & the Inquisition
A Theory & Practice of the Crusades & the Inquisition
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A Theory & Practice of the Crusades & the Inquisition

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Not meant to specifically address Catholicism other than purely a purely historical perspective. The plot can be applied to various settings & characters. however, the lessons are basically the same.

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A Theory & Practice of the Crusades & the Inquisition

  1. 1. Philorum, Gaelic Club, Surry Hills16 July 2008
  2. 2.  Cliches  “Sounds great in theory ...”  “The test of the pudding is in the tasting ...” Integral to Understanding History  Many first attempts were embarked -- & many successfully – because there were theories  Many good working theories were debunked  Apologies Over History
  3. 3.  Not to take sides for or against Catholics To understand the theory & practice of two interesting historical genres  Mental Models  Practice & Results  Connect the Dots To share lessons of history To engage
  4. 4. • Military campaign of a religious nature – Union of all states under Papal direction• Official term in the 11th Century – Crusader = soldier of the Church• Came in Waves: Officially Eight; More than Ten• Other Perspectives Then: Western Barbarism – Islamic: Jihad as Just Response – Orthodox Church: Victims – Oriental: News
  5. 5.  Originated from the Catholic Church The system in the judgment of heresy Ecclesiastical tribunal or institution  Relating to the body of knowledge of Divine Revelation & Salvation At least Four Movements
  6. 6.  Prior Peace, Intellectual Exchange, Thriving Trade & a Growing Pilgrimage  Pilgrims, scholars & traders were free to come & go to the Middle East Pope Urban II & the Turkish Threat in 1106 CE  Byzantine Emperor’s S.O.S.  Peter the Hermit’s Vision  Safety of Pilgrims
  7. 7.  Personal Level: Why Be a Crusader?  Chivalry/Service/Knighthood  Salvation of Self & of Others (Loved Ones)  Booty & Plunder Social Level  Return the Holy Land to the Rightful Hands  Protect the Rights & Well Being of Pilgrims  Economic Competition
  8. 8. Mongol Empire 1206-1405
  9. 9.  Inquisition means, at its simplest, inquiry. Heretic comes from αιρεσις = choice  Choose God or the Devil  If you’re not with us ... Defence vs. Enemies of the Faith & the State Use of All Means Necessary for Saving Souls (the faithful & the faith-less) & the State
  10. 10.  Crush the Foes Within  Promote the Faith, Convert a Pagan, Catch a Witch  Inquisitor Immunity from Prosecution All Means Necessary  Fear, Intimidation, GBH  Befriend, bully, buy, threaten, torture, kill Strengthen the State  Recruit Crusaders from Patriots & Disadvantaged  Full Ceremonial Favors
  11. 11.  Pope Gregory IX, 1235 Carried out by Dominicans & Franciscans Torture Legitimized by Pope Innocent IV, 1242 Targets:  Started with “relapsed” Jews & pagans  Cathars, the Spiritual Franciscans and Waldesians, all genuine schismatic reform movements  all involved the denouncement and substitution of the established church hierarchy
  12. 12.  Hierarchy  Pope – Grand Inquisitor – Local Inquisitor  No military force necessary Partnership with the State  Carrot: Rewards of the Crusades  Stick: Mass Excommunication & Invasion Division of Labor/Cleaning of Hands  Church Manages the Process  State Carries Out the Sentence
  13. 13.  Knights Templar (f. 1096CE, Papal endorsed, 1129CE), security forces for pilgrims Became a favoured & wealthy order – probably the earliest MNCs -- until ... King Philip IV was deeply, financially indebted & pressed Pope Clement V to act in 13/10/1307CE
  14. 14.  Weakened by the Growing Strength of Ottoman Turks Charges: corruption, Satanism & “ritualised homosexuality” Arrested, tortured, burned at the stake & properties seized & Philip’s debt cancelled Officially Dissolved 1312 & residual accounted wealth turned over to St. John’s Ambulance GM Jacques De Molay executed 1314
  15. 15. http://www.edumedia-share.com/uploaded/1300/1364.gif
  16. 16. IBERIAN ROMAN Expansion & Conquest  Counter-Reformation: by Spain & Portugal Blasphemy & Heresy  Moors of Granada  Death Paeans of a  “Relapsed” Jews Theocracy  Natives of Africa & the  Politically Manipulated New World (Slavery) Manipulator  Muslims & Hindu Natives  Positive Backlash of of Asia Exposing the Church’s Political & Intellectual Morass in contrast to the Enlightenment & Italian Nationalism
  17. 17.  Consejo de la Suprema y General Inquisicion  Headed by Tomas de Torquemada (1420-1498)  Sanctioned but not Supervised by Pope Sixtus IV  Permission granted to the Royal Spanish Couple Implicitly Allowed the Portuguese to Emulate Because It Was an Equal World Power  Relapsed Jews  Colonies of South America & Asia
  18. 18.  Galileo Galilei  Ban (1633) on Dialogue Concerning Two Chief World Systems & Heliocentric Works  Relaxed in 1741 & removed in 1844  Cleared by Pope John Paul II (1994) Jesuit Expulsion Edicts  1750: The Guarani Wars  1814: Pope Pius XVII
  19. 19. EUROPEAN IN-FIGHTING PRE & POST WORLD WARS Spain vs. England vs. The  Zionist Movement Netherlands  Revival of the Demonization Reformation & Counter- of Islam after the Fall of the reformation Ottoman Empire Territory: intra & extra Europe  Dividing the Colonial & First World-Third World Arabian Spoils of Land & Oil  War on Terror
  20. 20. POLITICAL CATHOLIC Reformation  Pope Paul III (1908): Salem Witch Hunts Congregation of the Holy Holocaust Office of the Inquisition WWII Asian Quarantine  Second Vatican Council (1965): Holy Congregation of Stalinist/Maoist/Pol Pot the Doctrine of the Faith Ideological Purges  Passive Ignoring & Politico-religious Economic Marginalizing Dissent but Fundamentalism Intimidating the Faithful
  21. 21.  Content: Words vs. Actions  Premeditated & Random Acts of Violence  Misappropriation & Abuse of Authority Sincerity: Not Measurable but Actionable Acceptable: To Whom, For Whom, By Whom? Precedents? Best Practices?  Renunciation of Japanese Emperor’s Divinity  Participatory Democracy, a Bottom-Up Church  Greater Involvement & Responsibility of the Laity
  22. 22. TYRANNY = MASS HYSTERIA DEMOCRACY = INFORMED DECISION Prejudicial, Competing Belief  Justice, Development, Peace, Systems Governance  Ascendancy & Legalism  Impartialism; Humanism Labels & Stereotypes  Natural & Universal Rights  Idolatry/Demonization  Common Ancestry, Humanity Covetousness  Common Goods  Attention & Resource  Shared Values, Cooperation Socioeconomic/Political Tacit  Open Society, Continuing Agenda Dialogue & Engagement
  23. 23. SOCIAL REFORMERS’ CREED IMPARTIALIST’S CREED If You Can’t Change the  Don’t Make the Existence of World, Don’t Worry ... the God as a No One Really Has Changed Compassionate, Kind, Loving the World. Parent the Issue. Be the Change You Want to  Strive to Be That Parent or See in the World Become that God
  24. 24. If I have annoyed anyone,please feel free to annoy me back.

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