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Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
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Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design

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Examine how creativity and innovation in energy design invigorate the evolution of architectural traditions in New England. Project examples offer a diversity of aesthetic responses in high …

Examine how creativity and innovation in energy design invigorate the evolution of architectural traditions in New England. Project examples offer a diversity of aesthetic responses in high performance commercial and institutional buildings, including how design, practices, and processes are incorporated into regional traditions and ecologically-driven design solutions

Published in: Design, Technology, Business
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  • 1. Survival, Evolution and Beauty in a Net-zero World: Exploring a Living Systems Paradigm in Design Redefining High Performance Commercial and Institutional Projects in New England Bill Maclay, Principal, AIA, LEED-AP
  • 2. Beauty, Survival, Net-Zero Photo by John Fowler / CC-BY-2.0 Photo modified by Disenyo from photo by Paul Kempeneers / CC-BY-SA-2.5 Photo by Martin St-Amant / CC-BY-SA-3.0 Photo by Bill Maclay Photo  derived  from  photo  by  Hans  Ollermann  /  CC-­‐BY-­‐2.0     Public  Domain   Photo  by  Pascal  Reusch  /  CC-­‐BY-­‐SA-­‐3.0  
  • 3. economy, energy, environment, equity & population Global Challenges & Our Buildings & Community s Impacts photo  by  Olsen  Dave,  U.S.  Fish  and  Wildlife  Service  /  Public  Domain   Photo by Ahron de Leeuw / CC-BY-2.0 Public Domain Photo by Perpetual Tourist / CC-BY-2.0 Photo by John Hill / CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • 4. What is Design, Aesthetics & Beauty 1.  What is good design? 2.  How do we do it? 3.  Where does it come from? Public  Domain   Image  by  Al  Ravenna  /  Public  Domain   Photo  by  Joi  Ito  /  CC  BY  2.0   Image  by  Nicola  /  CC  BY-­‐SA  3.0   Photo  by  Adam  Smok  /  CC  BY-­‐SA  2.0  
  • 5. What is Design? Creating New Worlds / Envisioning & Evolving the Future “We shape our buildings, and afterwards our buildings shape us.” - Winston Churchill Photo  by  Steve  Swayne  /  CC  BY  2.0   Image  by  Al  Jazeera  English  /  CC  BY-­‐SA  2.0   Image  by  Ville  MieTnen  /  CC  BY  2.0   PainUng  by  Pieter  Bruegel  /  Public  Domain   Photo  by  Steve  Swayne  /  CC  BY  2.0   Image  by  Michel_r  /  CC  BY-­‐SA  2.5   Photo  by  Hans  A.  Rosbach  /  CC  BY-­‐SA  3.0  
  • 6. What is Beauty? Beauty in Living and Evolving Photo  by  cyclonebill  /  CC  BY-­‐SA  2.0   Image  by  Luc  Viatour  /  www.Lucnix.be  /  CC  BY-­‐SA  3.0    
  • 7. Energy Generates Our World & Future Population ENERGY Climate Change Ecosystem Destruction Lifestyle Social Inequity photo  by  Agrant141  /  CC  BY-­‐SA  3.0  
  • 8. Sun  /  Villages  &  Towns   Coal  /  Urbaniza6on   Oil  /  Suburbaniza6on   Evolution of Energy & Lifestyle 1800 1900 2000 Renewable Coal Oil Renewable & Other
  • 9. Evolution of Beauty & Aesthetics 1800 1900 2000 Renewable Coal Oil Renewable & Other
  • 10. The Energy Transition
  • 11. The Non Net-Zero Tradition
  • 12. Exploring a New Paradigm of Design •  Living Systems Based •  Renewably Powered •  Community Life Style “The world we have created today as a result of our thinking thus far has problems that cannot be solved by thinking the way we thought when we created them.” -Albert Einstein Regenera6ve   Restora6ve   Evolving   Green   Sustainable   Ecological   Portrait  by  Doris  Ulmann  /  Public  Domain  
  • 13. Living Systems Based Organizational Ecology / Living Building
  • 14. Seventh Generation OWNER Seventh Generation DESIGN TEAM Architects – Maclay Architect Mechanical , Electrical & Fire Protection – Salem Engineering Structural – Engineering Ventures Preconstruction Services – Erickson Consulting Energy Consultant – Energy Balance Lighting Design – Naomi Miller Lighting Design CONSTRUCTION TEAM General Contractor – Engelberth Construction    
  • 15. Seventh Generation 
 BUILDING TYPE: Healthy, collaborative, model workplace SCOPE: Tenant Fit-Up PROCESS: Community Design PROJECT SIZE: Phase 1 – 20,000 SF, Phase 2 – 10,000 SF PROJECT COST: Phase 1 – $2,555,028 COST/SQFT: $136/SF LIGHTING INTENSITY: 0.92 Watts/SF LEED RATING: LEED-CI Gold
  • 16. Workplace  by  Design:  Mapping  the  High-­‐Performance   Workspace  by  Franklin  Becker  and  Fritz  Steele   Organizational Ecology
  • 17. HEART NEIGHBORHOODS COMMON MEETING/ PROJECT SPACE PRIVATE MEETING SPACE street street Hearts, Streets & Neighborhoods
  • 18. Mezzanine Plan – Phase 2
  • 19. Green Roof Concept – Phase 2
  • 20. Green Roof
  • 21. Looking into the Heart
  • 22. A Green Heart
  • 23. Part of the Heart – Cafe, Kitchen, Meeting
  • 24. Green Roof Gathering Area
  • 25. Neighborhoods (Phase 1)
  • 26. Nooks for Informal Meeting and Quiet Work
  • 27. NRG Systems OWNER Wind NRG Partners, LLC DESIGN TEAM Architects – Maclay Architects Mechanical , Electrical & Fire Protection – Salem Engineering / LN Consulting Structural & Civil – Engineering Ventures Preconstruction Services – Erickson Consulting Energy Consultant – Energy Balance Landscape - TJ Boyle and Associates Lighting Design – Naomi Miller Lighting Design Fire Protection - Chase Engineering, PC CONSTRUCTION TEAM General Contractor – Breadloaf Construction / HP Cummings Construction    
  • 28. NRG Systems 
 BUILDING TYPE: Model Renewable-Powered Workplace SCOPE: Two new buildings and masterplan PROJECT SIZE: Phase 46,500 SF, 31,000 SF PROJECT COST: $5,000,000, $6,500,00 COST/SQFT: $107/SF, $212/SF ENERGY INTENSITY: 23 kBtu/SF-yr, 19 kBtu/SF-yr PERCENT RENEWABLE: 89%, 95% AIR INFILTRATION: 0.18 cfm50/SF, 0.092 cfm50/SF NATURAL: 0.08 ACH, winter, 0.05 ACH, winter LEED RATING: LEED-NB Gold both buildings
  • 29. Integrated Environmental Design & Systems
  • 30. Energy conservation Daylighting Renewable energy usage Pond for cooling Storm water management Building 2 Integrated Environmental Design & Systems
  • 31. Pond – Cooling, Storm Water Retention, Recreation
  • 32. Entrance, Cafe Terrace & Board Room Balcony
  • 33. View towards fireplace & hearth from café Warehouse Connection Building 1 – Central Heart
  • 34. Street & Office
  • 35. Recreation
  • 36. Energy Conservation
  • 37. Phase 2 Building Improvements Enhanced energy conservation Simplified mechanical systems Hybrid steel/wood structure
  • 38. View into the café Library and Floor Art on 2nd Floor Building 2 – Central Heart
  • 39. Earth, Air, and Water Theme Building 2 – Art Floor
  • 40. The Putney School Field House OWNER The Putney School DESIGN TEAM Architects – Maclay Architect Mechanical & Fire Protection - Kohler & Lewis Electrical - William Bissell Structural – Engineering Ventures Energy Consultant – Energy Balance Civil – Heindel & Noyes Landscape Architect – Cynthia Knauf Lighting Design – Naomi Miller Lighting Design CONSTRUCTION TEAM General Contractor – DEW Corporation    
  • 41.  OWNER’S  PROJECT  GOALS   Net-­‐Zero   LEED  Pla6num   Community  Collabora6on   Healthy  Building  
  • 42. The Putney School Field House 
 BUILDING  TYPE:  Net-­‐zero  wellness  center   SCOPE:  New  Building   PROCESS:  Community  Design     PROJECT  SIZE:  Phase  16,800  sq.  [.   PROJECT  COST:  $5,106,000   COST/SQFT:  $303/sq.  [.       ENERGY  INTENSITY  (without  renewables):  9.6  kBtu/SF-­‐yr   ENERGY  INTENSITY  (with  renewables):  0  kBtu/SF-­‐yr   PERCENT  RENEWABLE:  100%     AIR  INFILTRATION:  0.065  cfm50/sq.  [.,  1.19  m³/m²-­‐hr   LEED  RATING:  LEED-­‐NC  3.0  Pla6num  
  • 43. Energy Choices
  • 44. Field  House  Energy  Analysis  
  • 45. Site Analysis / Context
  • 46. Yoga Room
  • 47. Social Space
  • 48. Campus Connections
  • 49. The George D. Aiken Center OWNER Team Owner - University of Vermont Envelope Commissioning – Efficiency Innovations LLC (Alan Bullis) Building Durability Consultant – Gale Associates Construction Cost Consultant – Vermeulens, DEW Construction LEED Consultant – Linda Samter DESIGN TEAM Architects – Maclay Architect Energy Consultant – Energy Balance Cost Consultant – DEW Construction Mechanical & Plumbing– Kohler & Lewis Electrical – Pearson & Associates Structural & Civil – Engineering Ventures Fire Protection - Matt Chase CONSTRUCTION TEAM General Contractor – PC Construction Window & Metal Panel - St. Albans Glass Masonry – North Stars Masonry Membrane Roofing – Davco Inc. Wall Coatings & Membranes – Nicom Coatings, Corp.    
  • 50. George D. Aiken Center BUILDING TYPE: Model, living building SCOPE: Renovation & Addition PROJECT SIZE: Phase 42,000 sf, 2% new construction PROJECT COST (estimate): $7,750,000 COST/SQFT: $184/SF ENERGY INTENSITY (existing): 89 kBtu/SF-yr ENERGY INTENSITY (modeled): 23 kBtu/SF-yr
  • 51. “We see a retrofitted and expanded Aiken Center that provides needed space but has a smaller ecological footprint, uses natural lighting, and has pure air and ecological elements, including water and plants, in its corridors. The Aiken Center should be the first institutional building at UVM that beautifully celebrates life within. We envision a year-round greenhouse and native landscaping, with state- of-the-art energy and water conservation and air circulation. The Aiken Center will be a place like no other and represent a harbinger for our future.” The Greening of Aiken
  • 52. Collaborative, Integrated Process
  • 53. Existing Conditions
  • 54. Daylighting Strategy
  • 55. WALL  SECTION  AT  FLOOR  SLAB  -­‐  RENOVATED  WALL  SECTION  AT  FLOOR  SLAB  -­‐  EXISTING   Wall / Floor Connection - Design Solutions
  • 56. Interior air & moisture barrier connection Exterior air & moisture barrier installation Air & moisture barrier sealing of penetrations Window Mockup Construction Process
  • 57. Notes: disaggregation of existing electric use very approximate existing building has no air conditioning 0 100,000 200,000 300,000 400,000 500,000 600,000 700,000 800,000 900,000 1,000,000 Existing Proposed kWh Aiken -- Annual Energy Use Actual Existing and Modeled Proposed Elec other lighting heating cooling
  • 58. EcoMachine
  • 59. Green Conference Room
  • 60. Open Offices
  • 61. The Bosarge Family Education Center OWNER The Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens DESIGN TEAM Architects – Maclay Architect & Scott Simons Architects Mechanical & Electrical – Allied Engineering Inc. Structural – Becker Structural Engineers Inc. Civil – Knickerbocker Group Energy Consultant – Energy Balance Sustainability Consultant – Fore Solutions Lighting Designer – J&M Lighting Designs Landscape Architect – AECOM Inc. CONSTRUCTION TEAM Construction Manager – HP Cummings Building Systems Fabricator – Bensonwood    
  • 62. The Bosarge Family Educational Center
 BUILDING TYPE: Net-Zero Educational Center SCOPE: New Building PROJECT SIZE: 8,200 SF PROJECT COST: $3,200,000 COST/SQFT: $390/SF ENERGY INTENSITY: 19 kBtu/SF-yr (modeled) 15 kBtu/SF-yr (actual – 1 year of data) PERCENT RENEWABLE: 129% INSTALLED PV: 45 kW LEED RATING: LEED-Platinum
  • 63. Solar Considerations
  • 64. Water Considerations
  • 65. Design Charrettes
  • 66. Building Section
  • 67. Building Section
  • 68. Net-Zero Metrics •  R-40 Walls, •  R-60 Roof, •  R-5 Windows •  10-20 kBtus •  Max 0.1 cfm50/SF infiltration •  EUI Goal – 19 kBtu/SF-yr •  EUI Actual – 15 kBtu/SF-yr
  • 69. Panelized Construction System
  • 70. •  Heavily insulated envelope •  Minimal air infiltration •  Maximize winter solar gain & daylight •  Minimize water consumption •  Maximize water reuse •  Simple air source heat pumps •  Minimal mechanical distribution Integrated Design Strategies
  • 71. North Façade from Gardens
  • 72. Classroom Wing with PVs on Roof
  • 73. Office Wing
  • 74. Main Entry
  • 75. Entrance Gallery
  • 76. Classroom Wing
  • 77. Office Wing
  • 78. Water Scupper Detail
  • 79. A Net-Zero New England Thank You & Questions Bill Maclay, Design principal Maclay Architects bill@maclayarchitects.com

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