Survival, Evolution
and Beauty in a
Net-zero World:
Exploring a Living
Systems Paradigm
in Design
Redefining High
Performa...
Beauty, Survival, Net-Zero
Photo by John Fowler / CC-BY-2.0
Photo modified by Disenyo from photo by Paul
Kempeneers / CC-B...
economy, energy, environment, equity & population
Global Challenges & Our Buildings & Community s Impacts
photo	
  by	
  O...
What is Design, Aesthetics & Beauty
1.  What is good design?
2.  How do we do it?
3.  Where does it come from?
Public	
  D...
What is Design?
Creating New Worlds / Envisioning & Evolving the Future
“We shape our buildings, and afterwards
our buildi...
What is Beauty?
Beauty in Living and Evolving
Photo	
  by	
  cyclonebill	
  /	
  CC	
  BY-­‐SA	
  2.0	
  
Image	
  by	
  L...
Energy Generates Our World & Future
Population
ENERGY
Climate
Change
Ecosystem
Destruction
Lifestyle
Social
Inequity
photo...
Sun	
  /	
  Villages	
  &	
  Towns	
   Coal	
  /	
  Urbaniza6on	
   Oil	
  /	
  Suburbaniza6on	
  
Evolution of Energy & L...
Evolution of Beauty & Aesthetics
1800 1900 2000
Renewable Coal Oil Renewable & Other
The Energy Transition
The Non Net-Zero Tradition
Exploring a New Paradigm of Design
•  Living Systems Based
•  Renewably Powered
•  Community Life Style
“The world we have...
Living Systems Based
Organizational Ecology / Living Building
Seventh Generation
OWNER
Seventh Generation
DESIGN TEAM
Architects – Maclay Architect
Mechanical , Electrical & Fire Prote...
Seventh Generation


BUILDING TYPE: Healthy, collaborative, model workplace
SCOPE: Tenant Fit-Up
PROCESS: Community Design...
Workplace	
  by	
  Design:	
  Mapping	
  the	
  High-­‐Performance	
  
Workspace	
  by	
  Franklin	
  Becker	
  and	
  Fri...
HEART
NEIGHBORHOODS
COMMON MEETING/
PROJECT SPACE
PRIVATE
MEETING
SPACE
street street
Hearts, Streets & Neighborhoods
Mezzanine Plan – Phase 2
Green Roof Concept – Phase 2
Green Roof
Looking into the Heart
A Green Heart
Part of the Heart – Cafe, Kitchen, Meeting
Green Roof Gathering Area
Neighborhoods (Phase 1)
Nooks for Informal Meeting and Quiet Work
NRG Systems
OWNER
Wind NRG Partners, LLC
DESIGN TEAM
Architects – Maclay Architects
Mechanical , Electrical & Fire Protect...
NRG Systems 

BUILDING TYPE: Model Renewable-Powered Workplace
SCOPE: Two new buildings and masterplan
PROJECT SIZE: Phase...
Integrated Environmental Design & Systems
Energy conservation
Daylighting
Renewable energy usage
Pond for cooling
Storm water management
Building 2
Integrated Envir...
Pond – Cooling, Storm Water Retention, Recreation
Entrance, Cafe Terrace &
Board Room Balcony
View towards fireplace & hearth from café
Warehouse Connection
Building 1 – Central Heart
Street & Office
Recreation
Energy Conservation
Phase 2 Building Improvements
Enhanced energy conservation
Simplified mechanical systems
Hybrid steel/wood structure
View into the café Library and Floor Art on 2nd Floor
Building 2 – Central Heart
Earth, Air, and Water Theme
Building 2 – Art Floor
The Putney School Field House
OWNER
The Putney School
DESIGN TEAM
Architects – Maclay Architect
Mechanical & Fire Protecti...
 OWNER’S	
  PROJECT	
  GOALS	
  
Net-­‐Zero	
  
LEED	
  Pla6num	
  
Community	
  Collabora6on	
  
Healthy	
  Building	
  
The Putney School Field House


BUILDING	
  TYPE:	
  Net-­‐zero	
  wellness	
  center	
  
SCOPE:	
  New	
  Building	
  
PR...
Energy Choices
Field	
  House	
  Energy	
  Analysis	
  
Site Analysis / Context
Yoga Room
Social Space
Campus Connections
The George D. Aiken Center
OWNER Team
Owner - University of Vermont
Envelope Commissioning – Efficiency Innovations LLC (A...
George D. Aiken Center
BUILDING TYPE: Model, living building
SCOPE: Renovation & Addition
PROJECT SIZE: Phase 42,000 sf, 2...
“We see a retrofitted and expanded Aiken
Center that provides needed space but has a
smaller ecological footprint, uses
na...
Collaborative, Integrated Process
Existing Conditions
Daylighting Strategy
WALL	
  SECTION	
  AT	
  FLOOR	
  SLAB	
  -­‐	
  RENOVATED	
  WALL	
  SECTION	
  AT	
  FLOOR	
  SLAB	
  -­‐	
  EXISTING	
 ...
Interior air & moisture barrier connection
Exterior air & moisture barrier
installation
Air & moisture barrier sealing of
...
Notes: disaggregation of existing electric use very approximate
existing building has no air conditioning
0
100,000
200,00...
EcoMachine
Green Conference Room
Open Offices
The Bosarge Family Education Center
OWNER
The Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens
DESIGN TEAM
Architects – Maclay Architect & ...
The Bosarge Family Educational Center

BUILDING TYPE: Net-Zero Educational Center
SCOPE: New Building
PROJECT SIZE: 8,200 ...
Solar Considerations
Water Considerations
Design Charrettes
Building Section
Building Section
Net-Zero Metrics
•  R-40 Walls,
•  R-60 Roof,
•  R-5 Windows
•  10-20 kBtus
•  Max 0.1 cfm50/SF infiltration
•  EUI Goal –...
Panelized Construction System
•  Heavily insulated envelope
•  Minimal air infiltration
•  Maximize winter solar gain & daylight
•  Minimize water consu...
North Façade from Gardens
Classroom Wing with PVs on Roof
Office Wing
Main Entry
Entrance Gallery
Classroom Wing
Office Wing
Water Scupper Detail
A Net-Zero New England
Thank You & Questions
Bill Maclay, Design principal Maclay Architects
bill@maclayarchitects.com
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design
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Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design

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Examine how creativity and innovation in energy design invigorate the evolution of architectural traditions in New England. Project examples offer a diversity of aesthetic responses in high performance commercial and institutional buildings, including how design, practices, and processes are incorporated into regional traditions and ecologically-driven design solutions

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Survival, evolution and beauty in a net zero world - exploring a living systems paradigm in design

  1. 1. Survival, Evolution and Beauty in a Net-zero World: Exploring a Living Systems Paradigm in Design Redefining High Performance Commercial and Institutional Projects in New England Bill Maclay, Principal, AIA, LEED-AP
  2. 2. Beauty, Survival, Net-Zero Photo by John Fowler / CC-BY-2.0 Photo modified by Disenyo from photo by Paul Kempeneers / CC-BY-SA-2.5 Photo by Martin St-Amant / CC-BY-SA-3.0 Photo by Bill Maclay Photo  derived  from  photo  by  Hans  Ollermann  /  CC-­‐BY-­‐2.0     Public  Domain   Photo  by  Pascal  Reusch  /  CC-­‐BY-­‐SA-­‐3.0  
  3. 3. economy, energy, environment, equity & population Global Challenges & Our Buildings & Community s Impacts photo  by  Olsen  Dave,  U.S.  Fish  and  Wildlife  Service  /  Public  Domain   Photo by Ahron de Leeuw / CC-BY-2.0 Public Domain Photo by Perpetual Tourist / CC-BY-2.0 Photo by John Hill / CC-BY-SA-3.0
  4. 4. What is Design, Aesthetics & Beauty 1.  What is good design? 2.  How do we do it? 3.  Where does it come from? Public  Domain   Image  by  Al  Ravenna  /  Public  Domain   Photo  by  Joi  Ito  /  CC  BY  2.0   Image  by  Nicola  /  CC  BY-­‐SA  3.0   Photo  by  Adam  Smok  /  CC  BY-­‐SA  2.0  
  5. 5. What is Design? Creating New Worlds / Envisioning & Evolving the Future “We shape our buildings, and afterwards our buildings shape us.” - Winston Churchill Photo  by  Steve  Swayne  /  CC  BY  2.0   Image  by  Al  Jazeera  English  /  CC  BY-­‐SA  2.0   Image  by  Ville  MieTnen  /  CC  BY  2.0   PainUng  by  Pieter  Bruegel  /  Public  Domain   Photo  by  Steve  Swayne  /  CC  BY  2.0   Image  by  Michel_r  /  CC  BY-­‐SA  2.5   Photo  by  Hans  A.  Rosbach  /  CC  BY-­‐SA  3.0  
  6. 6. What is Beauty? Beauty in Living and Evolving Photo  by  cyclonebill  /  CC  BY-­‐SA  2.0   Image  by  Luc  Viatour  /  www.Lucnix.be  /  CC  BY-­‐SA  3.0    
  7. 7. Energy Generates Our World & Future Population ENERGY Climate Change Ecosystem Destruction Lifestyle Social Inequity photo  by  Agrant141  /  CC  BY-­‐SA  3.0  
  8. 8. Sun  /  Villages  &  Towns   Coal  /  Urbaniza6on   Oil  /  Suburbaniza6on   Evolution of Energy & Lifestyle 1800 1900 2000 Renewable Coal Oil Renewable & Other
  9. 9. Evolution of Beauty & Aesthetics 1800 1900 2000 Renewable Coal Oil Renewable & Other
  10. 10. The Energy Transition
  11. 11. The Non Net-Zero Tradition
  12. 12. Exploring a New Paradigm of Design •  Living Systems Based •  Renewably Powered •  Community Life Style “The world we have created today as a result of our thinking thus far has problems that cannot be solved by thinking the way we thought when we created them.” -Albert Einstein Regenera6ve   Restora6ve   Evolving   Green   Sustainable   Ecological   Portrait  by  Doris  Ulmann  /  Public  Domain  
  13. 13. Living Systems Based Organizational Ecology / Living Building
  14. 14. Seventh Generation OWNER Seventh Generation DESIGN TEAM Architects – Maclay Architect Mechanical , Electrical & Fire Protection – Salem Engineering Structural – Engineering Ventures Preconstruction Services – Erickson Consulting Energy Consultant – Energy Balance Lighting Design – Naomi Miller Lighting Design CONSTRUCTION TEAM General Contractor – Engelberth Construction    
  15. 15. Seventh Generation 
 BUILDING TYPE: Healthy, collaborative, model workplace SCOPE: Tenant Fit-Up PROCESS: Community Design PROJECT SIZE: Phase 1 – 20,000 SF, Phase 2 – 10,000 SF PROJECT COST: Phase 1 – $2,555,028 COST/SQFT: $136/SF LIGHTING INTENSITY: 0.92 Watts/SF LEED RATING: LEED-CI Gold
  16. 16. Workplace  by  Design:  Mapping  the  High-­‐Performance   Workspace  by  Franklin  Becker  and  Fritz  Steele   Organizational Ecology
  17. 17. HEART NEIGHBORHOODS COMMON MEETING/ PROJECT SPACE PRIVATE MEETING SPACE street street Hearts, Streets & Neighborhoods
  18. 18. Mezzanine Plan – Phase 2
  19. 19. Green Roof Concept – Phase 2
  20. 20. Green Roof
  21. 21. Looking into the Heart
  22. 22. A Green Heart
  23. 23. Part of the Heart – Cafe, Kitchen, Meeting
  24. 24. Green Roof Gathering Area
  25. 25. Neighborhoods (Phase 1)
  26. 26. Nooks for Informal Meeting and Quiet Work
  27. 27. NRG Systems OWNER Wind NRG Partners, LLC DESIGN TEAM Architects – Maclay Architects Mechanical , Electrical & Fire Protection – Salem Engineering / LN Consulting Structural & Civil – Engineering Ventures Preconstruction Services – Erickson Consulting Energy Consultant – Energy Balance Landscape - TJ Boyle and Associates Lighting Design – Naomi Miller Lighting Design Fire Protection - Chase Engineering, PC CONSTRUCTION TEAM General Contractor – Breadloaf Construction / HP Cummings Construction    
  28. 28. NRG Systems 
 BUILDING TYPE: Model Renewable-Powered Workplace SCOPE: Two new buildings and masterplan PROJECT SIZE: Phase 46,500 SF, 31,000 SF PROJECT COST: $5,000,000, $6,500,00 COST/SQFT: $107/SF, $212/SF ENERGY INTENSITY: 23 kBtu/SF-yr, 19 kBtu/SF-yr PERCENT RENEWABLE: 89%, 95% AIR INFILTRATION: 0.18 cfm50/SF, 0.092 cfm50/SF NATURAL: 0.08 ACH, winter, 0.05 ACH, winter LEED RATING: LEED-NB Gold both buildings
  29. 29. Integrated Environmental Design & Systems
  30. 30. Energy conservation Daylighting Renewable energy usage Pond for cooling Storm water management Building 2 Integrated Environmental Design & Systems
  31. 31. Pond – Cooling, Storm Water Retention, Recreation
  32. 32. Entrance, Cafe Terrace & Board Room Balcony
  33. 33. View towards fireplace & hearth from café Warehouse Connection Building 1 – Central Heart
  34. 34. Street & Office
  35. 35. Recreation
  36. 36. Energy Conservation
  37. 37. Phase 2 Building Improvements Enhanced energy conservation Simplified mechanical systems Hybrid steel/wood structure
  38. 38. View into the café Library and Floor Art on 2nd Floor Building 2 – Central Heart
  39. 39. Earth, Air, and Water Theme Building 2 – Art Floor
  40. 40. The Putney School Field House OWNER The Putney School DESIGN TEAM Architects – Maclay Architect Mechanical & Fire Protection - Kohler & Lewis Electrical - William Bissell Structural – Engineering Ventures Energy Consultant – Energy Balance Civil – Heindel & Noyes Landscape Architect – Cynthia Knauf Lighting Design – Naomi Miller Lighting Design CONSTRUCTION TEAM General Contractor – DEW Corporation    
  41. 41.  OWNER’S  PROJECT  GOALS   Net-­‐Zero   LEED  Pla6num   Community  Collabora6on   Healthy  Building  
  42. 42. The Putney School Field House 
 BUILDING  TYPE:  Net-­‐zero  wellness  center   SCOPE:  New  Building   PROCESS:  Community  Design     PROJECT  SIZE:  Phase  16,800  sq.  [.   PROJECT  COST:  $5,106,000   COST/SQFT:  $303/sq.  [.       ENERGY  INTENSITY  (without  renewables):  9.6  kBtu/SF-­‐yr   ENERGY  INTENSITY  (with  renewables):  0  kBtu/SF-­‐yr   PERCENT  RENEWABLE:  100%     AIR  INFILTRATION:  0.065  cfm50/sq.  [.,  1.19  m³/m²-­‐hr   LEED  RATING:  LEED-­‐NC  3.0  Pla6num  
  43. 43. Energy Choices
  44. 44. Field  House  Energy  Analysis  
  45. 45. Site Analysis / Context
  46. 46. Yoga Room
  47. 47. Social Space
  48. 48. Campus Connections
  49. 49. The George D. Aiken Center OWNER Team Owner - University of Vermont Envelope Commissioning – Efficiency Innovations LLC (Alan Bullis) Building Durability Consultant – Gale Associates Construction Cost Consultant – Vermeulens, DEW Construction LEED Consultant – Linda Samter DESIGN TEAM Architects – Maclay Architect Energy Consultant – Energy Balance Cost Consultant – DEW Construction Mechanical & Plumbing– Kohler & Lewis Electrical – Pearson & Associates Structural & Civil – Engineering Ventures Fire Protection - Matt Chase CONSTRUCTION TEAM General Contractor – PC Construction Window & Metal Panel - St. Albans Glass Masonry – North Stars Masonry Membrane Roofing – Davco Inc. Wall Coatings & Membranes – Nicom Coatings, Corp.    
  50. 50. George D. Aiken Center BUILDING TYPE: Model, living building SCOPE: Renovation & Addition PROJECT SIZE: Phase 42,000 sf, 2% new construction PROJECT COST (estimate): $7,750,000 COST/SQFT: $184/SF ENERGY INTENSITY (existing): 89 kBtu/SF-yr ENERGY INTENSITY (modeled): 23 kBtu/SF-yr
  51. 51. “We see a retrofitted and expanded Aiken Center that provides needed space but has a smaller ecological footprint, uses natural lighting, and has pure air and ecological elements, including water and plants, in its corridors. The Aiken Center should be the first institutional building at UVM that beautifully celebrates life within. We envision a year-round greenhouse and native landscaping, with state- of-the-art energy and water conservation and air circulation. The Aiken Center will be a place like no other and represent a harbinger for our future.” The Greening of Aiken
  52. 52. Collaborative, Integrated Process
  53. 53. Existing Conditions
  54. 54. Daylighting Strategy
  55. 55. WALL  SECTION  AT  FLOOR  SLAB  -­‐  RENOVATED  WALL  SECTION  AT  FLOOR  SLAB  -­‐  EXISTING   Wall / Floor Connection - Design Solutions
  56. 56. Interior air & moisture barrier connection Exterior air & moisture barrier installation Air & moisture barrier sealing of penetrations Window Mockup Construction Process
  57. 57. Notes: disaggregation of existing electric use very approximate existing building has no air conditioning 0 100,000 200,000 300,000 400,000 500,000 600,000 700,000 800,000 900,000 1,000,000 Existing Proposed kWh Aiken -- Annual Energy Use Actual Existing and Modeled Proposed Elec other lighting heating cooling
  58. 58. EcoMachine
  59. 59. Green Conference Room
  60. 60. Open Offices
  61. 61. The Bosarge Family Education Center OWNER The Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens DESIGN TEAM Architects – Maclay Architect & Scott Simons Architects Mechanical & Electrical – Allied Engineering Inc. Structural – Becker Structural Engineers Inc. Civil – Knickerbocker Group Energy Consultant – Energy Balance Sustainability Consultant – Fore Solutions Lighting Designer – J&M Lighting Designs Landscape Architect – AECOM Inc. CONSTRUCTION TEAM Construction Manager – HP Cummings Building Systems Fabricator – Bensonwood    
  62. 62. The Bosarge Family Educational Center
 BUILDING TYPE: Net-Zero Educational Center SCOPE: New Building PROJECT SIZE: 8,200 SF PROJECT COST: $3,200,000 COST/SQFT: $390/SF ENERGY INTENSITY: 19 kBtu/SF-yr (modeled) 15 kBtu/SF-yr (actual – 1 year of data) PERCENT RENEWABLE: 129% INSTALLED PV: 45 kW LEED RATING: LEED-Platinum
  63. 63. Solar Considerations
  64. 64. Water Considerations
  65. 65. Design Charrettes
  66. 66. Building Section
  67. 67. Building Section
  68. 68. Net-Zero Metrics •  R-40 Walls, •  R-60 Roof, •  R-5 Windows •  10-20 kBtus •  Max 0.1 cfm50/SF infiltration •  EUI Goal – 19 kBtu/SF-yr •  EUI Actual – 15 kBtu/SF-yr
  69. 69. Panelized Construction System
  70. 70. •  Heavily insulated envelope •  Minimal air infiltration •  Maximize winter solar gain & daylight •  Minimize water consumption •  Maximize water reuse •  Simple air source heat pumps •  Minimal mechanical distribution Integrated Design Strategies
  71. 71. North Façade from Gardens
  72. 72. Classroom Wing with PVs on Roof
  73. 73. Office Wing
  74. 74. Main Entry
  75. 75. Entrance Gallery
  76. 76. Classroom Wing
  77. 77. Office Wing
  78. 78. Water Scupper Detail
  79. 79. A Net-Zero New England Thank You & Questions Bill Maclay, Design principal Maclay Architects bill@maclayarchitects.com

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