Discovering
Computers 2011
Living in a Digital World
Objectives Overview

Differentiate between storage
devices and storage media

Describe the characteristics of an
internal ...
Objectives Overview

Describe cloud storage and
explain its advantages

Describe the characteristics
of optical discs

Dif...
Storage
Storage holds data, instructions, and
information for future use
A storage medium is the physical
material on whic...
Storage

Pages 352 – 353
Figure 7-1

Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World
Chapter 7

5
Storage
• Capacity is the number of bytes a storage medium
can hold

Page 354
Figure 7-2

Discovering Computers 2011: Livi...
Storage
• A storage device is the computer hardware that
records and/or retrieves items to and from
storage media
Reading ...
Storage
• Access time measures:
– The amount of time it
takes a storage device to
locate an item on a
storage medium
– The...
Hard Disks
• A hard disk contains one or more inflexible, circular platters
that use magnetic particles to store data, ins...
Hard Disks
• Hard disks can
store data using
longitudinal
recording or
perpendicular
recording

Click to view Web Link,
cl...
Hard Disks
• Characteristics of a hard disk
include:
Capacity

Platters

Read/Write
Heads

Cylinders

Sectors and
Tracks

...
Hard Disks
• Formatting is the process of dividing the disk into tracks
and sectors so that the operating system can store...
Hard Disks

Page 358
Figure 7-9

Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World
Chapter 7

13
Hard Disks
• The hard disk arms
move the read/write
head, which reads items
and writes items in the
drive
– Location often...
Hard Disks
• A head crash occurs when a read/write head
touches the surface of a platter
• Always keep a backup of your ha...
Hard Disks

Page 359
Figure 7-12

Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World
Chapter 7

16
Hard Disks
• RAID (redundant array of independent disks) is a
group of two or more integrated hard disks
• A network attac...
Hard Disks
An external hard disk is a separate freestanding hard disk that connects to your
computer with a cable or wirel...
Hard Disks
• A disk controller consists of a special-purpose chip and
electronic circuits that control the transfer of
dat...
Flash Memory Storage
• Flash memory chips are a type of solid state
media and contain no moving parts
• Solid state drives...
Flash Memory Storage

Click to view Web Link,
click Chapter 7, Click Web
Link from left navigation,
then click Solid State...
Flash Memory Storage
• A memory card is a removable flash memory
device that you insert and remove from a slot in a
comput...
Flash Memory Storage

Click to view Web Link,
click Chapter 7, Click Web
Link from left navigation,
then click SDHC Cards
...
Flash Memory Storage

Page 366
Figure 7-20

Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World
Chapter 7

24
Flash Memory Storage
• USB flash drives plug into a USB port on a
computer or mobile device

Page 367
Figure 7-21

Discove...
Video: Thumb Drive (USB Flash
Drive) Encryption

CLICK TO START
Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World
Chap...
Flash Memory Storage
• An ExpressCard module
is a removable device
that fits in an
ExpressCard slot
• Developed by the
PCM...
Cloud Storage
• Cloud storage is an Internet service that provides
storage to computer users

Page 368
Figure 7-23

Discov...
Cloud Storage

Page 368
Figure 7-24

Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World
Chapter 7

29
Cloud Storage
• Users subscribe to cloud storage for a variety of
reasons:
Access files from any computer

Store large fil...
Optical Discs
• An optical disc consists of a flat, round, portable
disc made of metal, plastic, and lacquer that is
writt...
Optical Discs

Page 370
Figure 7-26

Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World
Chapter 7

32
Optical Discs
• Optical discs commonly
store items in a single
track that spirals from
the center of the disc to
the edge
...
Optical Discs
• Care of optical discs

Page 371
Figure 7-28

Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World
Chapter...
Optical Discs
A CD-ROM can be read from but not written to
• Read from a CD-ROM drive or CD-ROM player

A CD-R is a multis...
Optical Discs
Archive disc
• Stores photos from an
online photo center
• Resolution usually is
7200 pixels per photo
• Cos...
Optical Discs

Page 374
Figure 7-31

Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World
Chapter 7

37
Optical Discs
A DVD-ROM is a high-capacity optical disc
on which users can read but not write or
erase
• Requires a DVD-RO...
Other Types of Storage

Page 376

Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World
Chapter 7

39
Other Types of Storage
• Tape is a magnetically coated ribbon of plastic capable of
storing large amounts of data and info...
Other Types of Storage
• A magnetic stripe card
contains a magnetic
stripe that stores
information
• A smart card stores
d...
Other Types of Storage
• Microfilm and microfiche store microscopic
images of documents on a roll or sheet film

Page 378
...
Other Types of Storage

Page 378
Figure 7-38

Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World
Chapter 7

43
Other Types of Storage
• Enterprise storage stores huge volumes of data
and information for large businesses
– Uses specia...
Putting It All Together

Home user
• 500 GB hard disk

Small Office/Home Office
user

Mobile
• 250 GB hard disk

• Cloud s...
Putting It All Together

Power User
• 2.5 TB hard disk

Enterprise User
(desktop computer)

Enterprise User
(server or mai...
Summary

Various storage media and storage
devices

Page 381

Internal hard disks, external and
removable hard disks, soli...
Discovering
Computers 2011
Living in a Digital World

Chapter 7 Complete
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Topic 5 storage component

  1. 1. Discovering Computers 2011 Living in a Digital World
  2. 2. Objectives Overview Differentiate between storage devices and storage media Describe the characteristics of an internal hard disk including capacity, platters, read/write heads, cylinders, sectors and tracks, revolutions per minute, transfer rate, and access time Discuss the purpose of network attached storage devices, external and removable hard disks, and hard disk controllers Describe the various types of flash memory storage See Page 351 for Detailed Objectives Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 2
  3. 3. Objectives Overview Describe cloud storage and explain its advantages Describe the characteristics of optical discs Differentiate among various types of optical discs: CDs, archive discs and Picture CDs, DVDs, and Bluray Discs Identify the uses of tape, magnetic stripe cards, smart cards, microfilm and microfiche, and enterprise storage See Page 351 for Detailed Objectives Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 3
  4. 4. Storage Storage holds data, instructions, and information for future use A storage medium is the physical material on which a computer keeps data, instructions, and information Pages 352 - 353 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 4
  5. 5. Storage Pages 352 – 353 Figure 7-1 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 5
  6. 6. Storage • Capacity is the number of bytes a storage medium can hold Page 354 Figure 7-2 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 6
  7. 7. Storage • A storage device is the computer hardware that records and/or retrieves items to and from storage media Reading is the process of transferring items from a storage medium into memory Writing is the process of transferring items from memory to a storage medium Page 354 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 7
  8. 8. Storage • Access time measures: – The amount of time it takes a storage device to locate an item on a storage medium – The time required to deliver an item from memory to the processor Page 355 Figure 7-4 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 8
  9. 9. Hard Disks • A hard disk contains one or more inflexible, circular platters that use magnetic particles to store data, instructions, and information Page 355 Figure 7-5 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 9
  10. 10. Hard Disks • Hard disks can store data using longitudinal recording or perpendicular recording Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 7, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Perpendicular Recording below Chapter 7 Page 356 Figure 7-6 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 10
  11. 11. Hard Disks • Characteristics of a hard disk include: Capacity Platters Read/Write Heads Cylinders Sectors and Tracks Revolutions per Minute Transfer Rate Page 357 Figure 7-8 Access Time Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 11
  12. 12. Hard Disks • Formatting is the process of dividing the disk into tracks and sectors so that the operating system can store and locate data and information on the disk Page 357 Figure 7-7 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 12
  13. 13. Hard Disks Page 358 Figure 7-9 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 13
  14. 14. Hard Disks • The hard disk arms move the read/write head, which reads items and writes items in the drive – Location often is referred to by its cylinder Page 358 Figure 7-10 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 14
  15. 15. Hard Disks • A head crash occurs when a read/write head touches the surface of a platter • Always keep a backup of your hard disk Pages 358 – 359 Figure 7-11 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 15
  16. 16. Hard Disks Page 359 Figure 7-12 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 16
  17. 17. Hard Disks • RAID (redundant array of independent disks) is a group of two or more integrated hard disks • A network attached storage (NAS) device is a server connected to a network with the sole purpose of providing storage Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 7, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Network Attached Storage below Chapter 7 Page 360 Figure 7-13 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 17
  18. 18. Hard Disks An external hard disk is a separate freestanding hard disk that connects to your computer with a cable or wirelessly A removable hard disk is a hard disk that you insert and remove from a drive Internal and external hard disks are available in miniature sizes (miniature hard disks) Pages 360 – 361 Figures 7-14 – 7-15 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 18
  19. 19. Hard Disks • A disk controller consists of a special-purpose chip and electronic circuits that control the transfer of data, instructions, and information from a disk to and from the system bus and other components of the computer SATA Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 7, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click eSATA below Chapter 7 Pages 361 - 362 EIDE SCSI SAS Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 19
  20. 20. Flash Memory Storage • Flash memory chips are a type of solid state media and contain no moving parts • Solid state drives (SSDs) have several advantages over magnetic hard disks: Faster access time Pages 362 - 363 Faster transfer rates Generate less heat and consume less power Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 Last longer 20
  21. 21. Flash Memory Storage Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 7, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Solid State Drives below Chapter 7 Page 363 Figure 7-17 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 21
  22. 22. Flash Memory Storage • A memory card is a removable flash memory device that you insert and remove from a slot in a computer, mobile device, or card reader/writer CompactFlash (CF) Secure Digital (SD) Secure Digital High Capacity (SDHC) microSDHC xD Picture Card Memory Stick Page 364 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 microSD Memory Stick Micro (M2) 22
  23. 23. Flash Memory Storage Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 7, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click SDHC Cards below Chapter 7 Pages 364 – 365 Figures 7-18 – 7-19 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 23
  24. 24. Flash Memory Storage Page 366 Figure 7-20 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 24
  25. 25. Flash Memory Storage • USB flash drives plug into a USB port on a computer or mobile device Page 367 Figure 7-21 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 25
  26. 26. Video: Thumb Drive (USB Flash Drive) Encryption CLICK TO START Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 26
  27. 27. Flash Memory Storage • An ExpressCard module is a removable device that fits in an ExpressCard slot • Developed by the PCMCIA • Commonly used in notebook computers Page 367 Figure 7-22 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 27
  28. 28. Cloud Storage • Cloud storage is an Internet service that provides storage to computer users Page 368 Figure 7-23 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 28
  29. 29. Cloud Storage Page 368 Figure 7-24 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 29
  30. 30. Cloud Storage • Users subscribe to cloud storage for a variety of reasons: Access files from any computer Store large files instantaneously Allow others to access their files View time-critical data and images immediately Store offsite backups Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 7, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Cloud Storage below Chapter 7 Page 369 Provide data center functions Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 30
  31. 31. Optical Discs • An optical disc consists of a flat, round, portable disc made of metal, plastic, and lacquer that is written and read by a laser • Typically store software, data, digital photos, movies, and music • Read only vs. rewritable Page 370 Figure 7-25 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 31
  32. 32. Optical Discs Page 370 Figure 7-26 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 32
  33. 33. Optical Discs • Optical discs commonly store items in a single track that spirals from the center of the disc to the edge • Track is divided into evenly sized sectors Page 371 Figure 7-27 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 33
  34. 34. Optical Discs • Care of optical discs Page 371 Figure 7-28 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 34
  35. 35. Optical Discs A CD-ROM can be read from but not written to • Read from a CD-ROM drive or CD-ROM player A CD-R is a multisession optical disc on which users can write, but not erase A CD-RW is an erasable multisession disc • Must have a CD-RW drive Pages 372 – 373 Figure 7-29 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 35
  36. 36. Optical Discs Archive disc • Stores photos from an online photo center • Resolution usually is 7200 pixels per photo • Cost is determined by the number of photos being stored Page 374 Picture CD • Single-session CD-ROM that stores digital versions of film • Typically uses a 1024 x 1536 resolution • Many photo centers offer Picture CD services Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 36
  37. 37. Optical Discs Page 374 Figure 7-31 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 37
  38. 38. Optical Discs A DVD-ROM is a high-capacity optical disc on which users can read but not write or erase • Requires a DVD-ROM drive A Blu-ray Disc-ROM (BD-ROM) has a storage capacity of 100 GB Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 7, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Blu-ray below Chapter 7 Pages 375 – 376 Figure 7-29 DVD-RW, DVD+RW, and DVD+RAM are high-capacity rewritable DVD formats Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 38
  39. 39. Other Types of Storage Page 376 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 39
  40. 40. Other Types of Storage • Tape is a magnetically coated ribbon of plastic capable of storing large amounts of data and information • A tape drive reads and writes data and information on a tape Page 376 Figure 7-35 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 40
  41. 41. Other Types of Storage • A magnetic stripe card contains a magnetic stripe that stores information • A smart card stores data on a thin microprocessor embedded in the card Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 7, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Smart Cards below Chapter 7 Page 377 Figure 7-36 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 41
  42. 42. Other Types of Storage • Microfilm and microfiche store microscopic images of documents on a roll or sheet film Page 378 Figure 7-37 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 42
  43. 43. Other Types of Storage Page 378 Figure 7-38 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 43
  44. 44. Other Types of Storage • Enterprise storage stores huge volumes of data and information for large businesses – Uses special hardware for heavy use, maximum availability, and maximum efficiency Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 7, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Enterprise Storage below Chapter 7 Page 379 Figure 7-39 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 44
  45. 45. Putting It All Together Home user • 500 GB hard disk Small Office/Home Office user Mobile • 250 GB hard disk • Cloud storage • 1 TB hard disk • Cloud storage • Optical disc drive • Cloud storage • Optical disc drive • Card reader/writer • Optical disc drive • Card reader/writer • USB flash drive • External hard disk for backup • Portable hard disk for backup • USB flash drive • USB flash drive Page 380 Figure 7-40 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 45
  46. 46. Putting It All Together Power User • 2.5 TB hard disk Enterprise User (desktop computer) Enterprise User (server or mainframe) • Cloud storage • 1 TB hard disk • Network storage server • Optical disc drive • Optical disc drive • 40 TB hard disk system • Portable hard disk for backup • Smart card reader • Optical disc server • Tape drive • Microfilm or microfiche • USB flash drive • USB flash drive Page 380 Figure 7-40 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 46
  47. 47. Summary Various storage media and storage devices Page 381 Internal hard disks, external and removable hard disks, solid state drives, memory cards, USB flash drives, ExpressCard modules, cloud storage, CDs, DVDs, and Blu-ray Discs, tape, smart cards, and microfilm and microfiche Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 47
  48. 48. Discovering Computers 2011 Living in a Digital World Chapter 7 Complete
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