CHAPTER 2
Application software might be described as end user software.
Application software
Basic application or General-purpose application are widely used in nearly
all career areas.
Basic application
A communication device is piece of equipment or hardware designed to
move information or data from one place to another, ...
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format. The
format was originally developed to store and play so...
Computer competency is a process whereby a student demonstrates his
or her ability to perform college level basic computi...
computer network is a group of computers connected to each other
electronically. This means that the computers can "talk"...
Connectivity, allows computers to connect and to share information.
Connectivity
The raw, unprocessed facts, including text , numbers , images and
sounds are called data.
Data
A database file is an organized collection of data. The data are typically
organized to model aspects of reality in a way...
In computing, a device driver (commonly referred to as simply a driver) is
a computer program that operates or controls a...
A desktop computer is a personal computer in a form intended for
regular use at a single location desk/table due to its s...
DVD (sometimes explained as "digital video disc" or "digital versatile
disc"[5][6]) is a digital optical disc storage for...
DVD (sometimes explained as "digital video disc" or "digital versatile
disc"[5][6]) is a digital optical disc storage for...
A document file format is a text or binary file format for storing
documents on a storage media, especially for use by co...
people, end users like you, more productive.
End user
A floppy disk, or diskette, is a disk storage medium composed of a disk of
thin and flexible magnetic storage medium, sea...
Basic application or General-purpose application are widely used in nearly
all career areas. They are the kinds of progra...
A handheld PC, or H/PC for short, is a computer built around a form
factor which is smaller than any standard laptop comp...
A hard disk drive (HDD)[b] is a data storage device used for storing and
retrieving digital information using rapidly rot...
The equipment that processes the data to create information is called
hardware
Hardware
The purpose of software is to convert data into information.
Information
An information system has five parts : people , procedures , software ,
hardware and data.
Information system
Information technology (IT), including software , hardware and data
Information technology (IT)
Translate data and program that humans can understand into a form that
the computer can process.
Input device
The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use
the standard Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP...
Translate data and program that humans can understand into a form that
the computer can process. The most common input de...
Alternatively referred to as a notebook, a laptop is a portable computer
that with the same abilities as a desktop, but i...
Mainframe computers (colloquially referred to as "big iron"[1]) are
computers used primarily by corporate and governmenta...
Memory, also known as primary storage or random access memory
(RAM)
Memory
A microcomputer is a small, relatively inexpensive computer with a
microprocessor as its central processing unit (CPU).[2...
The microprocessor controls and manipulates data to produce
information.
Microprocessor
Midrange computers, or midrange systems, are a class of computer systems
which fall in between mainframe computers and mi...
A minicomputer, or colloquially mini, is a class of smaller computers that
evolved in the mid-1960s and sold for much les...
A modem (modulator-demodulator) is a device that modulates an analog
carrier signal to encode digital information and dem...
The most common output devices are monitors.
Monitor
A network consists of two or more computers that are linked in order to
share resources (such as printers and CDs), excha...
A laptop is a portable personal computer with a clamshell form factor,
suitable for mobile use.[1] They are also sometime...
Operating system are programs that coordinate computer resources,
provide an interface between users and the computer, an...
In computing and optical disc recording technologies, an optical disc
(OD) is a flat, usually circular disc which encodes...
Translate the processed information from the computer into a form that
humans can understand.
Output device
Palm handhelds were Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) that ran the
Palm OS.On 28 April 2010 it was announced that Hewlet...
It is easy to overlook people as one of the five parts of an information
system.
People
A personal digital assistant (PDA), also known as a palmtop computer, or
personal data assistant is a mobile device that ...
A presentation is the process of presenting a topic to an audience. It is
typically a demonstration, lecture, or speech m...
Memory, also known as primary storage or random access memory,
holds data and program instructions for processing the dat...
The most common output devices are printers.
Printer
The rules or guidelines for people to follow when using software ,
hardware and data are procedures.
Procedures
A program consists of the step-by-step instructions that tell the
computer how to do its work.
Program
Memory, also known as primary storage or random access memory,
holds data and program instructions for processing the dat...
Secondary storage technology refers to storage devices and storage
media that are not always directly accessible by a com...
Service program, perform specific tasks related to managing computer
resources.
Service program
Software is another name for a program or programs.
Software
Specialized applications, also known as special-purpose application,
include thousands of other programs that are more na...
Specialized applications, also known as special-purpose application,
include thousands of other programs that are more na...
A supercomputer is a computer at the frontline of contemporary
processing capacity – particularly speed of calculation wh...
System cabinet or chassis, is a container that houses most of the
electronic components that make up a computer system.
S...
System software enables the application software to interact with the
computer hardware.
System software
System unit, also known as the system cabinet or chassis, is a container
that houses most of the electronic components th...
a kind of mobile computer, usually having a touchscreen or pen-enabled
interface.
Tablet PC
Memory is sometimes referred to as temporary storage because its
contents will typically be lost if the electrical power ...
Utility, also known as service program, perform specific tasks related to
managing computer resources.
Utility
The most common output devices are video display screen.
Video display screen
The World Wide Web (abbreviated as WWW or W3,[1] commonly known
as the Web) is a system of interlinked hypertext document...
The best way to explain the wireless revolution is that it is when Internet
and networking was breaking free of the const...
A worksheet generator is a software program that generates problems,
particularly in mathematics or numeracy. Such softwa...
The World Wide Web (abbreviated as WWW or W3,[1] commonly known
as the Web) is a system of interlinked hypertext document...
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  1. 1. CHAPTER 2
  2. 2. Application software might be described as end user software. Application software
  3. 3. Basic application or General-purpose application are widely used in nearly all career areas. Basic application
  4. 4. A communication device is piece of equipment or hardware designed to move information or data from one place to another, in other words, allowing one computer device Communication device
  5. 5. Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format. The format was originally developed to store and play sound recordings only (CD-DA), but was later adapted for storage of data (CD-ROM). Compact disc (CD)
  6. 6. Computer competency is a process whereby a student demonstrates his or her ability to perform college level basic computing work. This process includes the successful completion of a Computer Competency Exam or the completion of a specified computer course. Computer competency
  7. 7. computer network is a group of computers connected to each other electronically. This means that the computers can "talk" to each other and that every computer in the network can send information to the others. Computer network
  8. 8. Connectivity, allows computers to connect and to share information. Connectivity
  9. 9. The raw, unprocessed facts, including text , numbers , images and sounds are called data. Data
  10. 10. A database file is an organized collection of data. The data are typically organized to model aspects of reality in a way that supports processes requiring this information. Database file
  11. 11. In computing, a device driver (commonly referred to as simply a driver) is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer. Device driver
  12. 12. A desktop computer is a personal computer in a form intended for regular use at a single location desk/table due to its size and power requirements, as opposed to a laptop whose rechargeable battery and compact dimensions allow it to be regularly carried and used in different locations. Desktop computer
  13. 13. DVD (sometimes explained as "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc"[5][6]) is a digital optical disc storage format, invented and developed by Philips, Sony, Toshiba, and Panasonic in 1995. DVDs can be played in many types of players, including DVD players. DVDs offer higher storage capacity than compact discs while having the same dimensions. Digital versatile disc (DVD)
  14. 14. DVD (sometimes explained as "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc"[5][6]) is a digital optical disc storage format, invented and developed by Philips, Sony, Toshiba, and Panasonic in 1995. DVDs can be played in many types of players, including DVD players. DVDs offer higher storage capacity than compact discs while having the same dimensions. Digital video disc (DVD)
  15. 15. A document file format is a text or binary file format for storing documents on a storage media, especially for use by computers. There currently exists a multitude of incompatible document file formats. Document file
  16. 16. people, end users like you, more productive. End user
  17. 17. A floppy disk, or diskette, is a disk storage medium composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium, sealed in a rectangular plastic carrier lined with fabric that removes dust particles. Floppy disks are read and written by a floppy disk drive (FDD). Floppy disk
  18. 18. Basic application or General-purpose application are widely used in nearly all career areas. They are the kinds of programs you have to know to be considcareer areas. General-purpose application
  19. 19. A handheld PC, or H/PC for short, is a computer built around a form factor which is smaller than any standard laptop computer. It is sometimes referred to as a palmtop. The first hand-held device compatible with desktop IBM personal computers of the time was the Atari Portfolio of 1989. Other early models were the Poqet PC of 1989 and the Hewlett Packard HP 95LX of 1991. Other DOS-compatible hand- held computers also existed. Handheld computer
  20. 20. A hard disk drive (HDD)[b] is a data storage device used for storing and retrieving digital information using rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.[2] An HDD retains its data even when powered off. Data is read in a random-access manner, meaning individual blocks of data can be stored or retrieved in any order rather than sequentially. An HDD consists of one or more rigid ("hard") rapidly rotating disks (platters) with magnetic heads arranged on a moving actuator arm to read and write data to the surfaces. Hard disk
  21. 21. The equipment that processes the data to create information is called hardware Hardware
  22. 22. The purpose of software is to convert data into information. Information
  23. 23. An information system has five parts : people , procedures , software , hardware and data. Information system
  24. 24. Information technology (IT), including software , hardware and data Information technology (IT)
  25. 25. Translate data and program that humans can understand into a form that the computer can process. Input device
  26. 26. The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link several billion devices worldwide. It is an international network of networks that consists of millions of private, public, academic, business, and government packet switched networks, linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless, and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries an extensive range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents and applications of the World Wide Web (WWW), the infrastructure to support email, and peer-to-peer networks for file sharing and telephony. Internet
  27. 27. Translate data and program that humans can understand into a form that the computer can process. The most common input devices are the keyboard. Keyboard
  28. 28. Alternatively referred to as a notebook, a laptop is a portable computer that with the same abilities as a desktop, but is small enough for easy mobility. Portable computers run off AC power or batteries, such as NiMH or NiCad packs, for a few hours. Laptop computer
  29. 29. Mainframe computers (colloquially referred to as "big iron"[1]) are computers used primarily by corporate and governmental organizations for critical applications, bulk data processing such as census, industry and consumer statistics, enterprise resource planning and transaction processing. Mainframe computer
  30. 30. Memory, also known as primary storage or random access memory (RAM) Memory
  31. 31. A microcomputer is a small, relatively inexpensive computer with a microprocessor as its central processing unit (CPU).[2] It includes a microprocessor, memory, and input/output (I/O) facilities. Microcomputer
  32. 32. The microprocessor controls and manipulates data to produce information. Microprocessor
  33. 33. Midrange computers, or midrange systems, are a class of computer systems which fall in between mainframe computers and microcomputers. The class emerged in the 1960s and machines were generally known at the time as minicomputers - especially models from Digital Equipment Corporation (PDP line), Data General, Hewlett-Packard (HP3000 line and successors), and Sun Microsystems (SPARC Enterprise). These were widely used in science and research as well as for business. Midrange computer
  34. 34. A minicomputer, or colloquially mini, is a class of smaller computers that evolved in the mid-1960s and sold for much less than mainframeand mid- size computers from IBM and its direct competitors. Minicomputer
  35. 35. A modem (modulator-demodulator) is a device that modulates an analog carrier signal to encode digital information and demodulates the signal to decode the transmitted information. Modem
  36. 36. The most common output devices are monitors. Monitor
  37. 37. A network consists of two or more computers that are linked in order to share resources (such as printers and CDs), exchange files, or allow electronic communications. The computers on a network may be linked through cables, telephone lines, radio waves, satellites, or infrared light beams. Network
  38. 38. A laptop is a portable personal computer with a clamshell form factor, suitable for mobile use.[1] They are also sometimes called notebook computers or notebooks. Laptops are commonly used in a variety of settings, including work, education, and personal multimedia. Notebook computer
  39. 39. Operating system are programs that coordinate computer resources, provide an interface between users and the computer, and run application. Operating system
  40. 40. In computing and optical disc recording technologies, an optical disc (OD) is a flat, usually circular disc which encodes binary data (bits) in the form of pits (binary value of 0 or off, due to lack of reflection when read) and lands (binary value of 1 or on, due to a reflection when read) on a special material on one of its flat surfaces. Optical disk
  41. 41. Translate the processed information from the computer into a form that humans can understand. Output device
  42. 42. Palm handhelds were Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) that ran the Palm OS.On 28 April 2010 it was announced that Hewlett-Packard would acquire Palm for around US$1.2bn. Although HP kept the Palm brand initially, all new PDA devices announced at press announcement on February 9, 2011, were branded as HP devices, not as Palm devices. Palm computer
  43. 43. It is easy to overlook people as one of the five parts of an information system. People
  44. 44. A personal digital assistant (PDA), also known as a palmtop computer, or personal data assistant is a mobile device that functions as a personal information manager. PDAs are largely considered obsolete with the widespread adoption of smartphones. Personal digital assistant (PDA)
  45. 45. A presentation is the process of presenting a topic to an audience. It is typically a demonstration, lecture, or speech meant to inform, persuade, or build good will. The term can also be used for a formal or ritualized introduction or offering, as with the presentation of a debutante. Presentation file
  46. 46. Memory, also known as primary storage or random access memory, holds data and program instructions for processing the data. Primary storage
  47. 47. The most common output devices are printers. Printer
  48. 48. The rules or guidelines for people to follow when using software , hardware and data are procedures. Procedures
  49. 49. A program consists of the step-by-step instructions that tell the computer how to do its work. Program
  50. 50. Memory, also known as primary storage or random access memory, holds data and program instructions for processing the data. Random access memory (RAM)
  51. 51. Secondary storage technology refers to storage devices and storage media that are not always directly accessible by a computer. This differs from primary storage technology, such as an internal hard drive, which is constantly available. Secondary storage device
  52. 52. Service program, perform specific tasks related to managing computer resources. Service program
  53. 53. Software is another name for a program or programs. Software
  54. 54. Specialized applications, also known as special-purpose application, include thousands of other programs that are more narrowly focused on specific disciplines and occupations. Specialized application
  55. 55. Specialized applications, also known as special-purpose application, include thousands of other programs that are more narrowly focused on specific disciplines and occupations. Special-purpose application
  56. 56. A supercomputer is a computer at the frontline of contemporary processing capacity – particularly speed of calculation which can happen at speeds of nanoseconds. Super computer
  57. 57. System cabinet or chassis, is a container that houses most of the electronic components that make up a computer system. System cabinet
  58. 58. System software enables the application software to interact with the computer hardware. System software
  59. 59. System unit, also known as the system cabinet or chassis, is a container that houses most of the electronic components that make up a computer system. System unit
  60. 60. a kind of mobile computer, usually having a touchscreen or pen-enabled interface. Tablet PC
  61. 61. Memory is sometimes referred to as temporary storage because its contents will typically be lost if the electrical power to the computer is disrupted. Temporary storage
  62. 62. Utility, also known as service program, perform specific tasks related to managing computer resources. Utility
  63. 63. The most common output devices are video display screen. Video display screen
  64. 64. The World Wide Web (abbreviated as WWW or W3,[1] commonly known as the Web) is a system of interlinked hypertext documents that are accessed via the Internet. With a web browser, one can view web pages that may contain text, images, videos, and other multimedia and navigate between them via hyperlinks. WEB
  65. 65. The best way to explain the wireless revolution is that it is when Internet and networking was breaking free of the constraints of cables. For example, many older networks were LAN based. Now most smaller networks have become completely wireless. Wireless revolution
  66. 66. A worksheet generator is a software program that generates problems, particularly in mathematics or numeracy. Such software is often used by teachers to make classroom materials and tests. Worksheet file
  67. 67. The World Wide Web (abbreviated as WWW or W3,[1] commonly known as the Web) is a system of interlinked hypertext documents that are accessed via the Internet. With a web browser, one can view web pages that may contain text, images, videos, and other multimedia and navigate between them via hyperlinks. World wide web (WWW)

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