Pompeii: a city buried under ashesAlmost 2,000 years ago, in Ancient Rome, the volcano Vesuvius erupted.Vesuvius buried the nearby town of Pompeii under six metres of volcanicash and pumice.In 1592, archaeolgists discovered this buried town. Surprisingly, most ofPompoii remained intact.Today, you can walk through the ruins of Pompeii and imagine what life was like2,000 years ago. Thanks to this discovery, we know that temples ,palaces, public baths and shops existed thousands of years ago.
WHAT DO YOU REMEMBER?FAMILY HISTORYFamily history is made up of memories. Our grandparents andparents have memories about their lives. We also havememories of when we were younger. These memories help usfind out about the history of our family.THE PASSING OF TIMEEverything chages with time: people, customs, objects and thelandscape. History helps us to know how people lived manyyears ago.
HOW PRIMITIVE HUMAN BEINGS LIVEDLife in primitive timesMany thousands of years ago, human beings to lived in small groups calledtribes. They ate plants and hunted animls for food. Tribes travelled fromplace to place to find fresh food. They lived near rivers to obtain fresh water.They made simple huts from branches and animal skins, or they lived incaves.Later, human beings learned to cultivate plants and domesticate animals. Theybuilt permanent villages with simple houses and stables for their animals.They built storehouses to keep their harvests in.Life was very hardmanythousands ofyears ago.Clay pots were used forstoring,transporting andcooking food.
TRAVELLING IN PRIMITIVE TIMES• The first human beings travelled on foot.• They carried all their belongings on their backs.• They travelled very slow.• They domesticated animals, such as horses and dogs.• They invented the wheel and they made the first carts.• They built the first sailing boats.• Humans could transport more people and more merchandise.• Travelling became easier and faster.
ANCIENT REMAINS• The first human beings decorated cave walls with paintings. They deciptedthe animals they hunted , such as deer and bison.• Tools were very simple. Humans shaped knives and arrowheads. Theyalso made spears and harpoons from wood or bone.• To made clay pots they shaped the fresh clay. Then, they cooked the potsover a fire.Cave painting in Altamira, CantabriaThe artists used different colours. Theuneve surface of the cave wallsgives volume to the paintings.Primitive toolsThey were used for hunting and fishig.
ROMAN TIMESLIFE IN ANCIENT ROMEOver 2,000 years ago, the Romans built many cities. They lived in differenttypes of houses:-Domus were private houses for rich people. They were large homes with anatrium, or patio, in the centre to let in light.-INSULAE were apartament for the poorer people. They had three or fourstoreys. Most Romans lived in an insulae. These buildings were crowed anduncomfortable.-VILLAS were luxury Roman country houses where rich land owners lived.Domus. The atrium had a pool tocollect rainwater.
TRAVELLING IN ANCIENT ROMANRoman cities were linked by straight roads made of stone. The Romans usedthe roads to travel on foot, on horseback and in horse-drawn carriages.They built many road bridges over rivers.Sailing boats were used for carry food and merchandise to other Roman cities.For this reason, the Romans built large seaports.
Roman remainsThe Romans were excelent builders. In fact, many of their contructions are stillstanding today. They built:• Theatres for performing plays.• Amphiteatres for watching gladiator fights.• Circuses for wathing chariot races.• Temples for worshipping their gods.• Bath houses, called thermae, for bathing and relaxing.• Aqueducts for transporting water to the cities.The Romans decorated their houses with works of art:• Frescos were beautiful wall paintins.• Mosaics were elaborate floor decorations made from thousands of tiny,coloured tiles.
MEDIEVAL TIMESLife in medieval times1,000 years ago, noblemen lived in castles with their family, servants andsoldiers.To