Prehistoric Arts

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Prehistoric Arts

  1. 1. Prehistoric arts<br />
  2. 2. Prehistoric (Stone Age) art<br />is first known period of prehistoric human culture, during which work was done with stone tools. <br />The period began with the earliest human development, about 2 million years ago. <br />It is divided into three periods:<br /> 1. Paleolithic – Old Stone Age<br /> 2. Mesolithic – Middle Stone Age<br /> 3. Neolithic – New Stone Age<br />
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  4. 4. Paleolithic (OLD stone)<br />the longest phase of human history. <br />Its most outstanding feature was the development of the human species-- Homo sapiens. <br />
  5. 5. Paleolithic (OLD stone)<br />Paleolithic peoples were generally <br />nomadic hunters and gatherers <br />who sheltered in caves, <br />used fire, and fashioned stone tools. <br />Their cultures are identified by distinctive stone-tool industries. <br />
  6. 6. Paleolithic (OLD stone)<br />By the Upper Paleolithic there is evidence of communal hunting, <br />constructed shelters, <br />and belief systems centering on magic and the supernatural. <br />Rock carving and paintings reached their peak in the Magdalenian culture of Cro-Magnon man.<br />
  7. 7. Cro-magnon man<br />
  8. 8. Mesolithic (middle Stone)<br />The Mesolithic period, or Middle Stone Age, began at the end of the last glacial era, over 10,000 years ago. <br />Cultures included gradual domestication of plants and animals, <br />formation of settled communities, <br />use of the bow, <br />and development of delicate stone microliths and pottery.<br />
  9. 9. Microlith<br /> Small stone tool<br />
  10. 10. Neolithic (new stone)<br />The time periods and cultural content of the Neolithic period, or New Stone Age, vary with geographic location. <br />The earliest known Neolithic culture developed from the Natufian in Southwestern Asia between 9000 and 7000 BCE. <br />In Southeast Asia a distinct type of Neolithic culture cultivated rice before 2000 BCE. <br />and by 1500 BCE Neolithic cultures existed in Mesoamerica that led to the Aztec and Inca civilizations.<br />
  11. 11. People lived in settled villages, <br />cultivated grains and domesticated animals, <br />developed pottery, spinning, and weaving, <br />and evolved into the urban civilizations of the Bronze Age. <br />New World peoples independently domesticated plants and animals, <br />Neolithic (new stone)<br />
  12. 12. cave paintings<br />
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  18. 18. PALEOLITHIC ART40,000 – 8,000 BCE<br />
  19. 19. Name:Human with Feline Head <br />Date:c. 30,000–26,000 BCE<br />Medium:Mammoth ivory<br />Size:height 11⅝" (29.6 cm)<br />Source/Museum:Hohlenstein-Stadel, Germany / Ulmer Museum, Ulm, Germany<br />
  20. 20. Namee:Venus of Willendorf<br />Date:c. 28,000 – 24,000 BCE<br />Medium:Limestone<br />Size:height 4⅜" (11 cm)<br />Source/Museum:Austria. Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna<br />
  21. 21. “Venus” – the ideal woman<br />Venus de Milo, 130-120 BC, marble, 6 ½ ft, Ancient Greece<br />The Birth of Venus, Sandro Botticelli, 1485, oil on canvas<br />
  22. 22. Woman from Ostrava PetrkoviceCzech Republic. C. 23,000 BCEHermatite, height 1 ¾”<br />
  23. 23. Name:Two BisonDate:c. 15,000 – 10,000 BCEMedium:Unbaked claySize:length 25" ( 63.5 cm) and 24" (60.9 cm)Source/Museum:Le Tucd’Audoubert, France<br />
  24. 24. Title:Spotted Horses and Human Hands<br />Date:Horses 25,000–24,000 BCE; hands c 15,000 BCE<br />Medium:Paint on limestone<br />Size:individual horses are over 5' (1.5 m) in length.<br />Source/Museum:Pech-Merle Cave, Dordogne, France <br />
  25. 25. Name:Hall of Bulls<br />Date:c. 15,000 BCE<br />Medium:Paint on limestone<br />Size:length of the largest auroch (bull) 18' (5.50 m)<br />Source/Museum:Lascaux Cave, Dordogne, France<br />
  26. 26. Name:Bison <br />Medium:Paint on limestone<br />Size:length approx. 8'3" (2.5 m)<br />Date:c. 12,500 BCE<br />Source/Museum:Ceiling of a cave at Altamira, Spain<br />
  27. 27. Title:Lamp with Ibex Design<br />Medium:Engraved stone<br />Date:c. 15,000–13,000 BCE<br />Source/Museum:La Mouthe Cave, Dordogne, France<br />
  28. 28. ABORIGINAL PREHISTORIC ART<br />Title:Mimis and Kangaroo<br />Medium:Red and yellow ocher and white pipe clay<br />Date:Older painting 16,000–7000 BCE<br />Source/Museum:Prehistoric rock art, Oenpelli, Arnhem Land, Australia <br />
  29. 29. NEOLITHIC ART8,000 – 1,500 BCE<br />
  30. 30. Jericho<br />Human Skull<br />6,000-5,500 BCE<br />Great Stone Tower<br />
  31. 31. ChatalHuyuk6500-5500 BCE<br />
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  33. 33. Title:Tomb interior with corbeling and engraved stones<br />Medium:n/a<br />Size:n/a<br />Date:c. 3000–2500 BCE<br />Source/Museum:New Grange, Ireland<br />
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  35. 35. Title:Stonehenge<br />Date:c. 2750–1500 BCE<br />Source/Museum:Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire England<br />
  36. 36. Sun TunnelsNancy Holt, 1974, Utah<br />
  37. 37. THE END<br />Prepared by: JC de Egurrola<br />jeelchristine@i.ph<br />

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