• Human being were nomads.
• They lived by hunting and fishing
and by gathering plant products
(fruits, seed, nuts and roots).
• They learned to use fire and to
make tools from stone, bone and
• Paleolithic people started
speakeing and developed
religious beleifs and forms of arts.
• Altamira caves and Atapuerca.
• Began about 10,000 years
• They learned to cultivate
plants and raise animals.
• They became more
• Neolithic peoples built large
• They manufactured
products like cloth, baskets
THE METAL AGES
• It began about 6,000 years ago.
• People started using metals like
copper, tin, bronze and weapons.
• They heated and shape metals in hot
• They used precious metals like god
and silver to make jewerelly.
• They invented sail to make their
boats faster and used wheels to
create new forms of land transport.
• They started building the first cities.
• In spain, El Argar became prosperous
during this period.
• People started using large blocks of
stone called magaliths to build
monuments. They are also called
dolmens in Spain.
IBERIANS AND CELTS
• Iberians lived along the
Mediterranean coast. The
Celts occupied the nothern
and the central areas of the
• Both lived in small twons and
cities thet were built on hills,
with walls around them for
• Most of them lived by growing
crops and raising animals.
• They are also mechants and
PHOENICIANS, GREEKS AND
• They established colonies along the
eastern and southern coast of the
• They became originally from the
eastern Mediterranen and began
trading with the Iberians and Celts.
They are especially interested in
buying metals, such as silver, tin and
• Thay founded cities such as
Ampurias, Cartagena and Cádiz.
• They also introduced the Iberians and
Celts new gods and new customs, like
the use of money.
• Greeks invented democracy and
were famous for their interest in
philosophy, science and art.
• The romans invaded the Iberian
Peninsula and conquered the
Iberians, the Celts and the
• The named the territory Hispania.
• They occupied Hipania for more than
• They have a powerful army with
many legions of soldier.
• During that time, people in Hispania
spoke Latin and followed Roman laws
• They built monuments in Spain, such
as aqueduct in Segovia, the theatre in
Mérida and amphitheatre in Itálica.
They also built temples, roads,
bridges, homes, baths and circuses.
• Chalemagne was the head
of the Frankish Kingdom.
• He established a new
empire that included part of
the old wetern Roman
territories. The capital was
• They spoke Latin, followed
many traditional Germanic
customs, were Christians.
The head of their church
was the Pope in Rome.
• The Byzantine Empire was the old
Eastern Roman empire and lived
loger because it resisted the attacks
of the invaders. (until 1453C.E.)
• The capital city was Constantinople.
• Justinian was the most important
• They spoke Greek.
• They kept many customs from roman
• The Byzantines were Cristians but the
Pope was not the head of their
• Religious mosaics and icons. They
built Hagia Sophia.
• Islam is a religion that began on
the arabian peninsula in the 7th
century C.E. they are called
Muslims and follow the teaching
of the prophet Mohammed. They
believe in Allah and the sacred
book is the Koran.
• During Middle Ages formed a
grated civilization with its own
laws, customs and form of arts.
• Thet spoke Arabic
• The empire was divided in
caliphates ruled by leader called