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Prehistory and History of Spain

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Prehistory and History of Spain

  1. 1. PREHISTORIC
  2. 2. PREHISTORIC
  3. 3. PREHISTORIC
  4. 4. PALEOLITHIC PERIOD • Human being were nomads. • They lived by hunting and fishing and by gathering plant products (fruits, seed, nuts and roots). • They learned to use fire and to make tools from stone, bone and wood. • Paleolithic people started speakeing and developed religious beleifs and forms of arts. • Altamira caves and Atapuerca.
  5. 5. NEOLITHIC PERIOD • Began about 10,000 years ago. • They learned to cultivate plants and raise animals. • They became more sedentary. • Neolithic peoples built large settlements. • They manufactured products like cloth, baskets and pottery.
  6. 6. THE METAL AGES • It began about 6,000 years ago. • People started using metals like copper, tin, bronze and weapons. • They heated and shape metals in hot furnaces. • They used precious metals like god and silver to make jewerelly. • They invented sail to make their boats faster and used wheels to create new forms of land transport. • They started building the first cities. • In spain, El Argar became prosperous during this period. • People started using large blocks of stone called magaliths to build monuments. They are also called dolmens in Spain.
  7. 7. ANCIENT TIMES
  8. 8. IBERIANS AND CELTS • Iberians lived along the Mediterranean coast. The Celts occupied the nothern and the central areas of the peninsula. • Both lived in small twons and cities thet were built on hills, with walls around them for protection. • Most of them lived by growing crops and raising animals. • They are also mechants and artisans.
  9. 9. ANCIENT TIMES
  10. 10. ANCIENT TIMES
  11. 11. PHOENICIANS, GREEKS AND CARTHAGINIANS. • They established colonies along the eastern and southern coast of the Iberian Peninsula. • They became originally from the eastern Mediterranen and began trading with the Iberians and Celts. They are especially interested in buying metals, such as silver, tin and copper. • Thay founded cities such as Ampurias, Cartagena and Cádiz. • They also introduced the Iberians and Celts new gods and new customs, like the use of money. • Greeks invented democracy and were famous for their interest in philosophy, science and art.
  12. 12. ANCIENT TIMES
  13. 13. ANCIENT TIMES
  14. 14. ROMAN HISPANIA • The romans invaded the Iberian Peninsula and conquered the Iberians, the Celts and the Carthaginians. • The named the territory Hispania. • They occupied Hipania for more than 500 years. • They have a powerful army with many legions of soldier. • During that time, people in Hispania spoke Latin and followed Roman laws and customs. • They built monuments in Spain, such as aqueduct in Segovia, the theatre in Mérida and amphitheatre in Itálica. They also built temples, roads, bridges, homes, baths and circuses.
  15. 15. ANCIENT TIMES
  16. 16. MIDDLE AGES
  17. 17. MIDDLE AGE
  18. 18. CAROLIGIAN, BYZANTINE AND ISLAMIC EMPIRES
  19. 19. CAROLINGIAN EMPIRE • Chalemagne was the head of the Frankish Kingdom. • He established a new empire that included part of the old wetern Roman territories. The capital was Aquisgranum. • They spoke Latin, followed many traditional Germanic customs, were Christians. The head of their church was the Pope in Rome.
  20. 20. BYZANTINE EMPIRE • The Byzantine Empire was the old Eastern Roman empire and lived loger because it resisted the attacks of the invaders. (until 1453C.E.) • The capital city was Constantinople. • Justinian was the most important emperor. • They spoke Greek. • They kept many customs from roman times. • The Byzantines were Cristians but the Pope was not the head of their church. • Religious mosaics and icons. They built Hagia Sophia.
  21. 21. ISLAMIC CALIPHATES • Islam is a religion that began on the arabian peninsula in the 7th century C.E. they are called Muslims and follow the teaching of the prophet Mohammed. They believe in Allah and the sacred book is the Koran. • During Middle Ages formed a grated civilization with its own laws, customs and form of arts. • Thet spoke Arabic • The empire was divided in caliphates ruled by leader called caliphs. • Mecca.
  22. 22. MIDDLE AGE
  23. 23. MIDDLE AGE-MODERN AGE
  24. 24. MODERN AGE
  25. 25. MODERN AGE
  26. 26. MODERN AGE

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