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Contemporary policing

Contemporary policing






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    Contemporary policing Contemporary policing Presentation Transcript

    • Contemporary Police in America Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2006 Ackerman
    • Contemporary Policing
      • One of the most distinctive characteristics of U.S. policing is that there are thousands of police agencies each with their own jurisdiction.
      • Generally, the jurisdiction of policing can be divided into local, state, and federal police.
      • The media and policing
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2006
    • Who Are the Police?
      • 17,000 fragmented, semi-autonomous law enforcement agencies
      • Over 12,000 are under the control of a city government
      • Over 3,000 are sheriff’s departments
      • There are approximately 1,700 special police and 49 state police agencies
      • There are less than 100 federal law enforcement agencies, and only 6 are well known to the public
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2006
    • Federal Law Enforcement
      • Three types of federal law enforcement agencies: military, civilian, and Indian Tribal police. Civilian law enforcement agencies, particularly the FBI, have been reorganized to respond to terrorist threats
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2006
    • Civilian Federal Law Enforcement
      • U.S. does not have a national police agency
      • Instead, the nation has adopted a system of approximately 50 semi-autonomous agencies under the command of various departments in the federal government
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2006
    • Figure 7.3: Responsibilities of Civilian Federal Law Enforcement Agencies Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2006
    • Other Federal Law Enforcement Agencies
      • U.S. Marshals Service
      • U.S. Postal Investigation Service
      • U.S. Secret Service
      • Federal Bureau of Investigation
      • Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms
      • Drug Enforcement Agency
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2006
    • Reorganization of the FBI Following September 11, 2001
      • Protect the U.S. from terrorist attack
      • Protect the U.S. against foreign intelligence operations and espionage
      • Protect the U.S. against cyber-based attacks and high-technology crimes
      • Combat public corruption at all levels
      • Protect civil rights
      • Combat transnational and national criminal organizations
      • Combat major white-collar crime
      • Combat significant violent crime
      • Support federal, state, local, and international partners
      • Upgrade technology to successfully perform the FBI’s mission
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2006
    • The State Police
      • State police agencies enforce traffic laws and investigate criminal activities.
      • Investigations – “any state bureau of investigation”
      • Traffic enforcement – State Highway Patrol
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2006 Ackerman
    • The Sheriff
      • The chief law enforcement officer of the county
      • Responsibilities include: law enforcement, court service and protection, and jail operations
      • The only elected chief executive officer of a law enforcement agency
      • Officers are called deputy sheriffs and usually wear the traditional star-shaped badge
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2006
    • Municipal Police
      • The most visible and numerous of the police agencies
      • Have the broadest legal jurisdiction
      • Chief of Police is appointed by the mayor, city council, or police commission and does not have civil service job protection
      • Deputy Chief, or assistant chief, is selected by the chief from among the higher-ranking police administrators
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2006
    • Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2006
    • Special Police
      • Special police agencies have limited jurisdictions, responsibilities, and powers.
      • Policing on major college campuses
      • Little impact on the development of the criminal justice system
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2006 Ackerman
    • Technology and Policing
      • National Crime Information Center (NCIC)
        • Data mining
      • Gun detector technology
      • Crime mapping
      • http://www.crimemapping.com/map.aspx?aid=0052826e-f7db-48e6-8622-121fd4c4c2ff
      • http://spotcrime.com/wa/tacoma
      • Biometrics
      • Automated fingerprint identification (AFIS)
      • DNA testing