Information literacy “allows us to cope by giving us the skills to know when we need information and where to locate it effectively and efficiently”. http://www.ala.org/acrl/issues/infolit/overview/intro
Commercial publishing houses like Macmillan, Time/Warner, or Knopf. University Presses , like the University of Washington Press or Michigan State University Press. Associations, societies, businesses, industries , and services that publish their own periodicals, newsletters, staff training documents, operating schedules, brochures, etc. Governments and intergovernmental bodies, such as the United Nations. Web publishers , which includes anyone with access to a computer network and a host computer to store and deliver their publications, including the &quot;traditional&quot; publishing houses. Publisher's Credibility Similar to judging an author's credentials, knowing more about a publishing company can help you understand their potential biases. Keep in mind that publishing standards vary for each publishing house. XYZ Publishing may print anything that will bring a profit, whereas H. University Press may screen all information they publish to ensure the validity of the content, protecting their reputation.
Woolridge LIS 640 Information Literacy Tutorial
Introduction to Information Literacy
In this tutorial, you will learn the basics of:• What information literacy is and why it is important.• How information is analyzed.• How to develop a topic for research.• How to evaluate information.
What is Information Literacy? According to the American Library Association (ALA), information literacy is “the set of skills needed to find, retrieve, analyze, and use information.”
Why is Information Literacy Important?• Not all information is accurate, authoritative, current, and reliable.• Some information is biased, misleading, out-of-date, or false.
Categorizing Information• Information can be organized by subject matter, format, or both.• Information can be categorized by when it was produced, or who produced it and for whom.
Information Formats• Print • Multimedia• Digital • Microform• Audio/Video • Personal Communication
PublicationsPopular publications-Publications to inform and entertain the general public.Scholarly publications-Publications that disseminate research and academic discussions among professionals.Trade-Publications that allow practitioners in specific industries to share market and product information.
Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary SourcesPrimary Source:Words, images, or other materials created by a person (or persons) directlyinvolved in an activity or event.Secondary Source:Words, images, or other materials created as an analysis of events or ideas.Tertiary Source:Materials that compile secondary sources together.
Which of the following would bean example of a primary source? A. Movie Review B. Encyclopedia C. Chemist’s Lab Notes D. Newspaper Article
What is research?According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is “a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding.”
Determining a Research TopicFirst step is to understand the basic requirements of the project, paper, or presentation.
Research Project, Paper, or Presentation Requirements• Description?• Analysis?• Scope?
Refining a Research Topic• Choose one aspect of a topic that is of interest to narrow research.• Examine encyclopedia articles or other reference materials for ideas and possible subtopics.• State topic as a question to answer.
Background Information• Once a research topic/question has been established, the next step is to find background information on that topic.• There are many different types of resources that can be used to find basic, background information on a research topic.
Information Desired Where to Find InformationStatistics Data books/HandbooksDefinitions DictionariesBrief articles/explanations EncyclopediaEvents/Dates ChronologiesBibliography Formatting Style Guides
Which of the following will helpyou choose a topic for research? A. Project Requirements B. Scope of Project, Paper, or Presentation C. General Sources D. All of the above
Why is evaluation important?• Not all information is credible.• Not all information is appropriate for each project, research paper, or presentation.
Elements to examine to evaluate information:• Author’s credibility • Objectivity• Publisher’s credibility • Currency• Intended audience • Overall quality• Scholarship
Author’s Credibility• What are the author’s credentials?• What are the author’s other works?• Is the author associated with any institution?
PublishersTypes of publishers:• Commercial• University Presses• Associations, Societies, Businesses, and Industries• Government Bodies• Web Publishers
Objectivity• Is the goal or objective of the publication clearly stated?• Does the information seem to exhibit a particular bias?
Currency• When was the information published?• Has the information been updated or revised?• Does the information update other sources?
Overall Quality• Is the information • Are any charts, accurate and pictures, tables, or complete? diagrams clearly• Is the information presented? organized in a clear, well-organized manner?
In considering an author’s credentials, one should: A. Try to determine the author’s affiliations. B. Determine if the author has written anything else on the topic. C. Only read the most recent publications by the author. D. Determine whether the author has written on at least three different subjects.
I’m sorry, that’s not correct. Please try again!
Great job! The correct answer isA. Try to determine the author’s affiliations.