Afrl risk assessment

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Afrl risk assessment

  1. 1. An Air Force Research Laboratory Approach To ESOH Risk Management Ashwani Vij (PhD), Tuong Chu & Debra Fuller Environment, Safety & Occupational Health (ESOH) Air Force Research Laboratory, Detachment 7 Edwards Air Force Base, CA 93524 DISTRIBUTION  STATEMENT  A.  Approved  for  public  release;  distribu4on  unlimited.    PA  #______________     1  
  2. 2. Living in Mojave can be hazardous DISTRIBUTION  STATEMENT  A.    Approved  for  public  release;  distribu4on  unlimited.   2  
  3. 3. Chemical safety in academiaTexas  Tech  Accident   UCLA  Accident   DISTRIBUTION  STATEMENT  A.    Approved  for  public  release;  distribu4on  unlimited.   3  
  4. 4. UCLA Accident Consequences•  Charges first of its kind in US –  Potential 4.5 years in prison –  Potential $4.5 million fine to institution•  Reference: –  Antelope Valley Press, Thursday, December 29, 2011 Poten4al  Liability   DISTRIBUTION  STATEMENT  A.    Approved  for  public  release;  distribu4on  unlimited.   4  
  5. 5. Research approval process Research     RISK   Y   Project   SAFETY  REVIEW   APPROVED   EXECUTE   INTERNAL   N INDEPENDENT   PEER  REVIEW   CHANGE  •   Senior  Scien4sts   Safety  •   Independent           Environmental  MGT  Experts   Occupa4onal  Health  MGT   INTERNAL   INDEPENDENT   Fire  Department   PEER  REVIEW     DISTRIBUTION  STATEMENT  A.    Approved  for  public  release;  distribu4on  unlimited.   5  
  6. 6. Risk Management•  Identify hazards•  Assess risk•  Develop & make control decision•  Implement risk controls•  Accept risk by appropriate authority•  Supervise and manage the change DISTRIBUTION  STATEMENT  A.    Approved  for  public  release;  distribu4on  unlimited.   6  
  7. 7. Hazard Assessment •  Hazard Assessment – a deeper insight into dangers –  Health (Carcinogens, mutagens, teratogens, irritants etc.) –  Flammability –  Reactivity (explosives, peroxide formers, etc.) –  Special Properties (corrosives, pyrophoric, water-reactive etc.) –  Cryogenics (cold burns etc.) –  Rupture (Over pressure, glass vs. metal reactors etc.) •  Have you considered any hazards not listed above? –  Unintentional oversight, complacency, overconfidence in subjectConsider  Hazard  consequences,  your  control  measures  and  residual  risk  –  Low/Med/High   DISTRIBUTION  STATEMENT  A.    Approved  for  public  release;  distribu4on  unlimited.   7  
  8. 8. Facility Evaluation•  Evaluate Facility for: –  Electrical safety –  Fire safety –  Chemical safety –  Hazardous Waste –  Lab structure•  Do you have effective Engineering Controls? –  Fume/bio hoods –  Eye wash/showers –  Fire extinguishers/suppression devices –  Warning lights/signs –  Emergency signs DISTRIBUTION  STATEMENT  A.    Approved  for  public  release;  distribu4on  unlimited.   8  
  9. 9. PPE Evaluation•  Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and Clothing –  Face/Eyes (safety glasses, goggles, shields) –  Body protection (shield, apron, fire retardant coverall/labcoat) –  Respiratory system protection –  Feet protection (absolutely NO sandals and flip flops, hard-toe if needed) –  Hand protection (type of gloves – know the limitation of glove materials) –  Hearing protection (ear plugs, mugs, etc.)Resources: MSDS, NFPA, OSHA, ERG, Experts DISTRIBUTION  STATEMENT  A.    Approved  for  public  release;  distribu4on  unlimited.   9  
  10. 10. Procedures & Training•  Procedures –  Lab Manual –  Standard –  Operating Instruction –  Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP) –  Emergency and protocols•  Class room training and CBTs –  CPR/AED/First aid –  Fire extinguisher –  LOTO –  Confined Space –  Safe handling of chemicals –  Emergency evacuation/disaster management DISTRIBUTION  STATEMENT  A.    Approved  for  public  release;  distribu4on  unlimited.   10  
  11. 11. Risk Assessment Matrix HAZARD  SEVERITY   HAZARD   Catastrophic-­‐I CriCcal-­‐II Marginal-­‐III Negligible-­‐IVPROBABILITY Frequent-­‐A 1 3 7 13 Probable-­‐B 2 5 9 16Occasional-­‐C 4 6 11 18 Remote-­‐D 8 10 14 19Improbable-­‐E 12 15 17 20 HIGH  RISK             Requires  HQ  AFRL/CC  Commander’s  approval        (RHI  1-­‐4) (Ins4tu4on  Owner)   MEDIUM  RISK     Requires  no  lower  than  Division  Chief’s  approval     (RHI  5-­‐9) (Ins4tu4on  Manager)   LOW  RISK                 Requires  no  lower  than  Branch  Chief’s    approval     (RHI  10-­‐20) (Department  Head)   DISTRIBUTION  STATEMENT  A.    Approved  for  public  release;  distribu4on  unlimited.   11  
  12. 12. Research approval processResearch     RISK   Y   Project   SAFETY  REVIEW   APPROVED   EXECUTE   N CHANGE   Safety   Quality  Assurance   INTERNAL   •   Senior  Scien4st   Environmental  MGT   INDEPENDENT   •   Independent           Occupa4onal  Health  MGT   PEER  REVIEW   Experts   Fire  Department     DISTRIBUTION  STATEMENT  A.    Approved  for  public  release;  distribu4on  unlimited.   12  
  13. 13. Managing Change•  Track hazards and validate risk•  Changes Human  Factor   –  Process • Time  is  pressing   –  Equipment •   Budget  is  low   –  Location •   Outcome   product  is  almost   –  Personnel there   –  Chemical CHAS:    Abstr.  No.  22,  this  session,  3:20  PM  •  Manage Change is a process –  Important and Challenging –  Oversight/Supervision CHEMICAL  MANAGEMENT  PROCESS   –  Establish Internal Protocols•  Annual review and safety permit expires DISTRIBUTION  STATEMENT  A.    Approved  for  public  release;  distribu4on  unlimited.   13  
  14. 14. Lesson Learned•  Potential liability to individual and institution•  Establish safety practices and processes –  Evaluation of PPE –  Training –  Procedures/Manuals –  Management Oversight/Supervision•  ESOH is an Institution/Management’s Program•  Risk management is part of the research culture. DISTRIBUTION  STATEMENT  A.    Approved  for  public  release;  distribu4on  unlimited.   14  
  15. 15. Acknowledgments  Col.  Michael  Plai,  Commander  AFRL  Det  7    Mr.  Michael  Huggins,  Division  Chief      Dr.  Shawn  Phillips,  Deputy  Division  Chief    Tim  Auyeung,  Det  7  System  Safety  Engineer    Reggie  Ching,  Senior  Systems  Safety  Engineer    DISTRIBUTION  STATEMENT  A.    Approved  for  public  release;  distribu4on  unlimited.   15  
  16. 16. QUESTIONS?   243rd  ACS  Na4onal  Mee4ng,  San  Diego,  California,  March  27,  2012  DISTRIBUTION  STATEMENT  A.    Approved  for  public  release;  distribu4on  unlimited.   16  

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