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Matter, Mass, & Volume
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Matter, Mass, & Volume

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  • 1. What is Matter? Matter is everything around you!
  • 2. All matter has……
    • Mass
    Volume &
  • 3. Examples of Matter
    • Pencil, book, car, etc.
    • That includes you 
    • Anything that has mass & volume
  • 4. What is Volume?
    • The amount of space taken up or occupied by an object
  • 5. How do we measure the volume of LIQUIDS?
    • Use a graduated cylinder
      • *Make sure you look at the bottom of the meniscus
    • We need to measure how much water was displaced
    • Measured in mL (milliliters)
    Meniscus
  • 6. How do we measure the volume of SOLIDS?
    • For irregularly shaped objects, use a graduated cylinder to see how much water is displaced (mL)
      • We can use a formula to calculate the volume of certain objects
      • Ex: L x W x H for a rectangular prism
      • (Measured in cm 3 or m 3 )
  • 7. How do we measure the volume of Gases?
    • A gas expands to fill its container; so, if you find the volume of the container the gas is in, then you know the volume of gas
  • 8. What is mass and how is it measured?
    • Mass is the amount of matter that something is made of.
    Example: Elephant = A LOT of matter = LARGE MASS Paperclip = very little matter = SMALL MASS *Make sure the balance is calibrated to 0 before you begin! We measure mass with a triple beam balance. Add the value of the riders to find the mass in grams (g)