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Matter, Mass, & Volume

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Matter, Mass, & Volume

  1. 1. What is Matter? Matter is everything around you!
  2. 2. All matter has…… <ul><li>Mass </li></ul>Volume &
  3. 3. Examples of Matter <ul><li>Pencil, book, car, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>That includes you  </li></ul><ul><li>Anything that has mass & volume </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is Volume? <ul><li>The amount of space taken up or occupied by an object </li></ul>
  5. 5. How do we measure the volume of LIQUIDS? <ul><li>Use a graduated cylinder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>*Make sure you look at the bottom of the meniscus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We need to measure how much water was displaced </li></ul><ul><li>Measured in mL (milliliters) </li></ul>Meniscus
  6. 6. How do we measure the volume of SOLIDS? <ul><li>For irregularly shaped objects, use a graduated cylinder to see how much water is displaced (mL) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We can use a formula to calculate the volume of certain objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: L x W x H for a rectangular prism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Measured in cm 3 or m 3 ) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. How do we measure the volume of Gases? <ul><li>A gas expands to fill its container; so, if you find the volume of the container the gas is in, then you know the volume of gas </li></ul>
  8. 8. What is mass and how is it measured? <ul><li>Mass is the amount of matter that something is made of. </li></ul>Example: Elephant = A LOT of matter = LARGE MASS Paperclip = very little matter = SMALL MASS *Make sure the balance is calibrated to 0 before you begin! We measure mass with a triple beam balance. Add the value of the riders to find the mass in grams (g)
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