BIOFUELS What are biofuels? Biofuels are a new and efficient way of creating a renewable fuel source through the recombination of different genes in different bacteria.
STEPS IN MAKING BIOFUELS When making genetically modified biofuels using bacteria, there are some important steps to be followed: 1. First, it is important to understand that when making biofuels using bacterial gene modification, seaweed is used because it contains the sugar, alginate. Alginate can be converted into ethanol to be used as fuels. 2. E. coli is used as the main bacteria because it likes to eat the alginate, but can’t digest it. 3. So, the E. coli is then inserted with genes from a Vibrio splendidus bacteria, a bacteria that can digest the alginate. 4. These genes allow the E. coli to now have the ability to digest the alginate and turn it into ethanol, which we can use in our daily lives.
BIOFUELS AND SCIENCE How do biofuels contribute to science? Biofuels play an important role in science because it allows genetic engineers to think of new ways to use bacterial genetic engineering to help improve our daily lives. Biofuels also provide a new, more efficient and environmentally friendly method to create fuel.
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGESOF BIOFUELS Biofuels are a great and efficient way to create fuel, but some people have their worries and doubts. Genetically modified biofuels are beneficial to our society because they will allow us to have a reliable and cheaper fuel source than we currently have because it won’t need to be imported and it won’t run out. Because this technology is new, not much is known about it. So it’s not really known is this E. coli/Vibrio s. bacteria has the potential to create a deadly pathogen or not. However, the genes in the E. coli responsible for it’s dangerous, virulent factors is not in any way related to the genes from the Vibrio s. that were placed in it. After all, there are trillions or E. coli bacteria currently living in peace inside your body.
BIOFUELS AND THE FUTURE Biofuels have the potential to play a huge role in our future. The discovery of how to create bacterially modified biofuels will create the inspiration to create new ways to improve life using genetic engineering. Biofuels will play a significant role in our economy’s future, guaranteed. Biofuels are renewable so, unlike petroleum, our source will not run out. Also, biofuels will be cheaper than our current fuel source because won’t have to import anything.
EXAMPLE OF BIOFUELS This video uses the same basic process, it just converts sugars from wood instead of from seaweed into ethanol. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PbLdw5NvdnI
INFORMATION BIBLIOGRAPHY Biello, David. "Genetically Engineered Stomach Microbe Converts Seaweed into Ethanol: Scientific American." Genetically Engineered Stomach Microbe Converts Seaweed into Ethanol: Scientific American. Scientific American, 19 Jan. 2012. Web. 21 May 2012. <http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=genetically-engineered- stomach-microbe-turns-seaweed-into-ethanol>. GAIA Health Administration. "Disease Producing Bacteria Genetically Engineered to Make Biofuel from Algae." Disease Producing Bacteria Genetically Engineered to Make Biofuel from Algae. GAIA Heath, 20 Jan. 2012. Web. 21 May 2012. <http://gaia-health.com/gaia-blog/2012-01- 20/disease-producing-bacteria-genetically-engineered-to-make-biofuel-from- algae/>. Niemeyer, Kyle. "Engineered E. Coli Produce Biofuel from Seaweed." Ars Techinca. Ars Techinca, 1 Feb. 2012. Web. 21 May 2012. <http://arstechnica.com/science/2012/02/engineered-e-coli-produces-ethanol- from-seaweed/>.