20th C Lang.


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20th C Lang.

  1. 1. Twentieth and Twenty-First Century Language Language in Society • The term ‘Ms’ was conceived by Sheila Michaels in 1961, and was deemed as non-sexist language in the 1970s. ‘Ms’ is acceptable today in society when a woman wants to be called thus, or when her marital status is unknown. • Neologisms such as ‘womyn’ have been created for gender- neutralisation. • Professions such as the police, or businesses, use the suffix ‘person’ instead of ‘man’, e.g.: “businessperson”, “Policeperson” • In the late 1800s and early 1900s, it was considered sinful or unorthodox to swear, or mention bodily parts in a sexual way. In the second half of the twentieth century, however, there was a freeing up in attitudes towards sexuality, and the words “fuck” and “cunt” were used in writing, and heard on film, radio, and television. Although they are still regarded by most people as the most offensive words in the language, their increasing public use - particularly a rise in females using it- means that they are losing some of their power to shock. • Over time, words often change their meaning and become less offensive, such as “wanker” (literal meaning, masturbator) and “twat” (literal meaning, vulva), which are used to describe a stupid person. Yes, women do have balls!
  2. 2. Language in Technology The early nineties saw the birth of the SMS, and the first text message was sent in 1993, saying “Merry Christmas.” ‘Txt tlk’ language is often abbreviated, or words are deliberately excluded. Often, letters or numbers are used instead of words, and neologisms are included, mainly because of the limited amount of space, or the cost of the message. A fictional example of a text message: “Hey, ows u? u cumn 2 da cinema l8a? fone me 2nyt 2 arrnge it.tb.ttylxx” Internet Language Internet language, primarily used on IM (instant message) sites, or programs such as MSN messenger, is similar to txt tlk, but is more formal. MSN messenger was created in 1999, and has over 226 users in China alone. Features of Internet language include, orthography change, blends, and increasing number of acronyms, abbreviations, and emoticons. Examples of orthography change commonly found on MySpace: “How are you” – “How are yew?” “I love it”” – “I luffs it!” “That’s so gay”” – “That’s so ghey!” “You are sexy” – “You are shmexy!” “That is the sex!” (meaning, the best) – “That is teh sexsh!” “Soz” (sorry) – “Serz” Examples of blends commonly found on MySpace: “Beautiful” and “Cute” – “Cutiful” “Fuck” and “off” – “foff” “Clash” and “catastrophe” – “Clashtrastrophe” “Fuck” and “Ugly” – “Fugly” Examples of acronyms commonly found on MySpace: ROFL – Roll on the floor laughing LMAO – Laughing my arse off FTW – For the win ILY – I love you IRL – In real life IDK – I don’t know LOL – Laugh out loud PMSL – Pissing myself laughing
  3. 3. KTHXBYE – Ok, thanks, bye. OMG – Oh my God. FOMG – Faye! Oh my God! ZOMG – Zoe! Oh my God! POS – Piece of shit FOAD – Fuck off and die FFS – For fucks sake! WTF – What the fuck?! STFU – Shut the fuck up! JFGI – Just fucking Google it! RTFM – Read the fucking manual BMMAS – Bitch, make me a sandwich! Examples of abbreviations commonly found on MySpace: Obv. – Obviously (e.g. “Two plus two is four obv.”) Blates – Blatantly (e.g. “We are blates better than you”) Tote – Totally (e.g. “That is tote awesome”) Amaze – Amazing (e.g. “That is really amaze”) HTML (hypertext markup language) is the predominant markup language for the creation of web pages, and was created by Tim Berners-Lee in the 1990s. HTML is often used on profile sites, such as MySpace, to create drop-down menus, comment boxes, scroll boxes, and layouts. An example of some random poser's profile layout:
  4. 4. Example of comment box with code: <center><p> <form method=quot;postquot; action=quot;http://comments.myspace.com/index.cfm? fuseaction=user.ConfirmCommentquot;><input name=quot;friendIDquot; value=quot;5867376quot; type=quot;hiddenquot;><textarea name=quot;f_commentsquot; class=quot;Skem9boxquot;>Hey! This is an example of a comment produced with this text box.</textarea><br/><p><input type=quot;submitquot; value=quot;Click here.quot; class=quot;Skem9subquot;><form></form> <p> <style type=quot;text/cssquot;> textarea.Skem9box {width:230px; height:130px; color:000066;font- size:14pt;font-family:candara; background-color:white; border- style:dashed;border-size:3pts; border-color:forestgreen; text-align: center; input.Skem9sub {color:000066;font-size:10pt;font-family:Georgia;background- color:white;} </style><br> Example of drop-down menu with code: <select style=quot;color:black; background-color:hotpink; font-family:Arial; font-size:10px; width:150px;quot;> </select>
  5. 5. Other features of net speak L337 Otherwise known as ‘leet’, ‘leetspeek’ and ‘hakspeak’, is written slang or code, which uses other letters/symbols/numbers to write words. ‘leet’ was derived in the late 1980s/early 1990s on message boards and comes from the word ‘elite’ - as people who used it were allowed to gain access to exclusive games, software, boards and chatrooms. It also allowed people to hack into sites. Common features of leet: Replacement of letters with numbers: ‘l337’ (leet) Transposition of letters: ‘teh’ (the), ‘yuo’ (you) etc. Use of symbols for letters: ‘R’ = |2 CaPiTaLiSiNg Of EvErY oThEr LeTtEr Overuse of exclamation marks: !!!!!! 111!!!!!!11 Advantages Brings Internet geeks together. Makes the people who understand it, feel special, by being part of the ‘elite’ group. It is good for privacy. It is sometimes humorous. Disadvantages Hard to understand. There is no one way of leet, different letters have different symbols or have the same symbols/numbers as another letter. (The use of 7 for either L or T, the use of 2 for either R or Z, the use of £ for either E or L, and the use of 1 for either I, L, or T.) Used for hacking. (tote clashtastrophe!)