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Aspects of authorship
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  1. 1. And it all happened in the autumn…
  2. 2. A story about a man who began everything later in his life: • to writer books (after 50 years old); • to know his great love (63 years old); • to win the Nobel of Literature (after 70); • to travel all the world releasing his books (between 70 and 86 years old). He came to Brazil with 86 years old. He said the Portuguese Language is the most beautiful language of the world...
  3. 3. José Saramago He was: • Writer • Argumentator • Journalist • Short story writer • Novelist • Portuguese poet
  4. 4. • a family of parents and grandparents farmers; economic difficulties prevent him from entering the university; • His life is spent largely in Lisbon, where the family moved in 1924 – he was a boy of only two years old; • He graduated from a technical school. His first job was a mechanic; • Fascinated by the books, visited at night, with great frequency, the Central Public Library -Galveias Palace. The village Azinhaga in the Ribatejo Province, Portugal On 1922,November 16
  5. 5. • At age 25, publishes first novel, “Terra do pecado” (Land of Sin -1947); • At that time, Saramago was a government official. • In 1955 to increase his income, began to make translations of Hegel, Tolstoy and Baudelaire, among others; • He was a member of the Portuguese Communist Party; • Like journalist was director of the News Daily and Lisbon Daily, but he was fired by the military (1975).
  6. 6. "(…) Estava à espera de que as pedras do puzzle do destino – supondo-se que haja destino, não creio que haja – se organizassem. É preciso que cada um de nós ponha a sua própria pedra, e a que eu pus foi esta: "Não vou procurar trabalho", Dismissed, Saramago decides to dedicate himself solely to the literature, replacing the journalist by the novelist: "(...) I was waiting for the stones of the puzzle of the fate were to organize itself - assuming there is fate, do not think there is. It’s necessary that each one of us put his own stone, and that I put was this: "I'm not looking for work," Saramago said in an interview with Playboy magazine in 1995.
  7. 7. Great love In 1988, he married a Spanish journalist and translator Maria del Pilar del Río Sánchez, who met in 1986 and lived until his death.
  8. 8. Books (and others)
  9. 9. In the book “O Evangelho segundo Jesus Cristo” (1991) Saramago rewrites the holy book from the perspective of a Christ is not God and rebels against his fate . Christ is human and has carnal relations with Maria Madalena. He denounces the religions, all religions. He uses hard words: the religions are noxious to humanity. The book was considered offensive by many sectors of the Catholic community; he suffered religious persecution in his own country; The Portuguese government , pressured by the Catholic Church, vetoed this book from a list of candidates for a novel Portuguese European literary prize for "undermining Christian morality."
  10. 10. In response to this act of the Secretary of State, which he considered censorious, Saramago abandoned Portugal, moved to the island of Lanzarote, Canary Islands, where he remained until his death.
  11. 11. • He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1998.; • He also won the Camões Prize, the most important literary prize of the Portuguese language. • Saramago was considered responsible for the effective international recognition of prose in Portuguese language.
  12. 12. • José Saramago was known for using an oral style, where communication is more important than the correction of a written language. • He uses long phrases and sentences, using punctuation in an unconventional way; • The dialogues of the characters are inserted in individual paragraphs, no indents on its books. • Many of his sentences occupy more than one page, using commas where most writers would end points. • Therefore, if the reader becomes used to his style, his reading is very nice because its pace is very close to oral eloquence of the Portuguese people.
  13. 13. ("My daughter and future queen, don’t take the time which should be of prayer, time in vain thoughts, such are those, the real will of your father and Our Lord wanted that raised the convent, the same real will want that you go to Spain and convent don't see, only the will of The King prevails, the rest is nothing. So this infant is nothing, nothing the men who go to the front, nothing this cart leads us, nothing that officer who goes to rain and look at me, nothing. This is so, my daughter and more for extending your life, better you will see that the world is like a big shadow that is going on inside of our hearts, so the world becomes empty and the heart cannot resist. Oh, my mother, what it is to be born? To be born is to die, Maria Barbara. The best of these long trips are philosophical discussions.”) Minha filha e futura rainha, não retires ao tempo o que deve ser de oração, o tempo de vãos pensamentos, tais são esses, a real vontade de teu pai e senhor nosso quis que se levantasse o convento, a mesma real vontade quer que vás para a Espanha e o convento não vejas, só a vontade de El rei prevalece , o resto é nada. Então é nada esta infante que sou, nada os homens que vão além, nada este coche que nos leva, nada aquele oficial que ali vai à chuva e olha para mim, nada. Assim é minha filha e quando mais se for prolongando a tua vida, melhor verás que o mundo é como uma grande sombra que vai passando para dentro do nosso coração, por isso o mundo se torna vazio e o coração não resiste. Oh, minha mãe, que é nascer. Nascer é morrer, Maria Barbara. O melhor das viagens longas são estes filosóficos debates." My sin is greater than Saramago!
  14. 14. • Saramago died on June 18, 2010 with 87 years old, at his home in Lanzarote where he lived with his wife Pilar del Rio, a victim of chronic leukemia; • His funeral has honors of state, having his body was cremated at the cemetery of St. John's High in Lisbon.

Editor's Notes

  • This story tells about the autumn of life
  • Like an old tree, this story tells about a man... Sure he was a Portuguese Man. I am talking José Saramago, the great portuguese writer
  • He was born in the village
  • But this book and others in this time no success
  • His last books published were ....... O Evangelho ( gospel) was the most controversial book. His book Blindness was adapted for film and released in 2008, produced in Japan, Brazil, Uruguay and Canada, directed by Fernando Meirelles (director of The Constant Gardener and City of God).
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