Chapter 15 Life and Works of Rizal in London

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Chapter 15 Life and Works of Rizal in London

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Chapter 15 Life and Works of Rizal in London

  1. 1. CHAPTER 15 Life and Works in London (1888-89)
  2. 2. ‚I AM DEDICATING MYSELF NIGHT AND DAY TO CERTAIN STUDIES… ABOUT OUR COUNTRY, ITS HISTORY, ITS ADMINISTRATION… THE VERY RICH COLLECTION OF THE BRITISH MUSEUM, A COLLECTION WHICH CANNOT BE FOUND ANYWHERE ELSE IS SERVING MY PURPOSE. FOR THIS REASON, I WILL STAY
  3. 3. “Lived in London May 1888 to March 1889 “3 reasons why he stayed there:  To improve his knowledge of the English Language  To study and annotate Morga’s Sucesos de Las Islas Filipinas  London was a safe place for him to carry on his fight against Spanish Tyranny “engaged deeply in Filipiniana studies “Completed annotating Morga’s books “Wrote many articles in La Solidaridad “Penned Young Women of Malolos “carried his voluminous correspondence with Blumentritt & other friends ad relatives
  4. 4. Trip Across the Atlantic “Made friends in his Atlantic voyage “The American and European passengers were amused of his marvelous skill in using yo-yo (a small wooden disc attached to a string from a finger) as a weapon. “Had a chat with news- papermen but became disappointed “Arrived on Liverpool
  5. 5. Life in London “Went to London May 25, 1888 “Stayed as a guest at Dr. Antonio Ma. Regidor’s home “Became a boarder at the Beckett’s by the end of May “Was called ‚A Pearl of A Man‛ (una perla de hombre) by Dr. Reinhold Rost “Played Cricket and
  6. 6. According to Dr. Ferdinand Blumentritt, the noted Filipinologist, and Rizal’s friend, the Spanish historian Dr. Antonio Morga wrote Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas which was published in Mexico in 1609. Many scholars considered this history of the Philippines a much better and honest description of the conditions in the country pertaining to the Spanish conquest. CRICKET
  7. 7. Good and Bad News from Home Bad News  Persecution of the Filipino patriots who signed the ‚Anti-friar Petition of 1888‛  Persecution of Calamba tenants  Furious attacks on Rizal by Senator Salamanca and Vida in the Spanish Cortes and by Desengaños (Wenseslao E. Retana) and Quioquiap (Pablo Feced) in Spanish newspapers  Rizal’s brother-in-law, Manuel Hidalgo was exiled in Bohol
  8. 8. Good and Bad News from Home Good News The only good news was Rev. Father Vicente Garcia’s defense of the Noli.  Content of the letter We young Filipinos are trying to make over a nation and must not halt in our onward march, but from time to time turn our gaze upon our elders. We shall wish to read in their contenances approval of our actions. We are anxious to learn of the Philippines’ past which we need to understand in order to plan intelligently for the future. We want to know all that
  9. 9. Annotating Morga’s books “his greatest achievement in London “Spent many days in the reading room of the British Museum reading Morga’s books and old stories of the Philippines “For Rizal Dr. Antonio de Morga’s Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas was the best/excellent book.
  10. 10. Dr. Antonio de Morga
  11. 11. Short Visit to Paris and Spain “September 1888 he visited Paris “ he stayed here for a week to study more historical materials in the Bibliotheque Nationale “Entertained in a gay French Metropolis by Juan Luna and his wife “He returned to London
  12. 12. “Met Marcelo H. del Pilar and Mariano Ponce “he first met Mariano Ponce andMarcelo H. del Pilar “started to be involved officially in the Propaganda Movement.
  13. 13. Christmas in London “Rizal returned to London on Dec. 24, 1888 and spent his Christmas and new year ‘s day with the Becketts. “ his first Christmas on English soil. “ Rizal reflected on the true meaning of Christmas, not as a mere holiday but a remarkable day to remember Christ’s birth.
  14. 14. Rizal becomes leader of Filipinos in Europe “Chosen to be honorary president “Wrote a letter of thanks adressed to the members of Asociacion La Solidaridad on Jan. 28, 1889 Letter content  When defeated never surrender
  15. 15. Rizal and the La Solidaridad paper “Graciano Lopez Jaena founded La Solidaridad on Feb.15,1889 at Barcelona “Marcelo H. del Pilar about their newspaper “Rizal congratulated Lopez Jaena and the associates
  16. 16. Romance with Gertrude Beckett “Gertrude Beckett  Buxom English girl with brown hair, blue eyes, and pinkcheeks  Eldest of the three sisters  She was attracted to Rizal and had always loved to be with him.  helped him in his painting and sculpture  ‚Gettie‛
  17. 17. “Although he did not pursue his love for Gertrude because he was still in a relationship with Leonor Rivera at the time and would not want to be unfaithful.  “ It was this romantic affair that drove Rizal to Paris in 1889, leaving London for he could
  18. 18. Writings in London • Other than annotating Morga’s work, Rizal wrote a lot in London including articles in La Solidaridad. • La Vision del Fray Rodriguez- a counterattack on the irrational criticisms of Fray Rodriguez on Noli. • Under the pseudonym ‚Dimas Alang,‛ Rizal satirically attacked Fray Rodriquez through presenting a spirited conversation between the friar and St. Augustine.
  19. 19. “Letter to the Women of Maloloswritten in Tagalog. “The Malolos women pursued the establishment of their school despite the opposition of Fr. Felipe Garcia. “The letter’s main points: 1) Filipino mother should teach her children love of God, fatherland and mankind; 2) …should be glad, like Spartan mother to offer her sons in the
  20. 20. 3) Filipino woman should know how to preserve her dignity and honor; 4) …should know how she should educate herself, aside from retaining her good racial values; 5) Faith is not merely reciting long prayers and wearing religious pictures, but rather, it is living the real Christian way, with good morals and good manners.
  21. 21. • His articles: 1)Specimens of Tagalog Folklore and 2)Two Eastern Fables as requested contributions from Rizal in Dr. Rost’s Trubner’s Record. • Specimens of Tagalog Folklore consists of Filipino proverbs and puzzles. •Two Eastern Fables was
  22. 22. Writings in London “Specimens of Tagalog Folklore “Two Eastern Fables Requested by: Dr. Rost
  23. 23. “Rizal became an active contributor to the newspaper (as ‚Laong Laan‛ and ‚Dimas
  24. 24. Adios London • Rizal was forced to leave London because Gertrude’s love for him has turned serious. • He could not take advantage of her affection and she would not be happy because Rizal was in love with Leonor Rivera. •He decided to move to Paris so she may forget him.
  25. 25. Before leaving London, he carved several fine sculptural works: 1.Prometheus Bound 2.The Triumph of Death over Life; 3.The Triumph of Science over Death 4.a composite carving of the heads of the three Beckett sisters. * Later he gave the 2nd and the 3rd
  26. 26. Prometheus Bound
  27. 27. The Triumph of Science over Death (left) Sacred Heart of Jesus (center) The Triumph of Death over Life (right)
  28. 28. In the middle of March, 1889, Rizal departed for Paris. He was sad as he crossed the English Channel for he had many beautiful memories of London.
  29. 29. END. .

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