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WHAT HAPPENS AFTER
WE DIE
6 POPULAR VIEWS
DEATH
1. Naturalist view: Man has a body, no soul > die> put in grave > Enjoy life to the utmost when you have time:
Hedonist: pleasure seeker
2. Universalist: After you die > everybody will go to heaven > because Jesus paid for them all >
no accountability
3. Reincarnationist: Hindu view > neo pagan view > modern thinking: what you do/karma/based on works > reborn to
something good or worst > later attain Nirvana > bliss
4. Purgatory: Catholic view > your soul and spirit come to an intermediate place > whether you go to heaven or hell depends on
masses attended, sins are purged, priests and Pope > Heaven and Hell > AD 593, nothing to do with Christianity
5. Annihilationist view that all things will ultimately annihilate
6. Soul sleep view (an intermediate state of conscious being until the general resurrection of the dead at the return of Christ) of
a) Mormons
b) Jehovah Witness
c) 7th Day Adventist
“What you believe is what you will become”
CHRISTIAN VIEW
MAN IS A COMPLETE BEING
 Body: External being > Outer man
 Spirit: Inner most, God communicates > Inner man
 Soul: Emotional, Soul will live forever. Soul is given by God at the time of conception
May God himself, the God of peace, sanctify you through and through. May your whole
spirit, soul and body be kept blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.
1 Thessalonians 5:23
Soul + Spirit = Our Personality
This is the word of the LORD concerning Israel. The LORD, who stretches out the heavens, who lays the
foundation of the earth, and who forms the spirit of man within him, declares:
Zechariah 12:1
the LORD God formed the man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life,
and the man became a living being.
Genesis 2:7
and the dust returns to the ground it came from, and the spirit returns to God who gave it.
Ecclesiastes 12:7
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE ACCORDING TO BIBLE
DEATH
 Death is a Reality
 Death is a Certainty
 Death is a Transition  Earthly tent is my body
 Eternal house is my soul and spirit, a glorified body
Now we know that if the earthly tent we live in is destroyed, we have a
building from God, an eternal house in heaven, not built by human hands.
2 Corinthians 5:1
We are confident, I say, and would prefer to be away from the body and at
home with the Lord.
2 Corinthians 5:8
 Transition from earthly tent to a heavenly tent (eternal)
 Change of residence
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE
DEATH AS A DOOR TO ETERNITY
 Various ways to enter the door
 Where we are going to go? That is very important
Just as man is destined to die once, and after that to face judgment.
Hebrews 9:27
 Eternal hell or Eternal heaven
I am torn between the two: I desire to depart and be with Christ, which is better by far;
Philippians 1:23
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE
DEATH IS A DEPARTURE
 Leaving from earthly life to heavenly life
Two men, Moses and Elijah, appeared in glorious splendor, talking with Jesus. They spoke about
his departure, which he was about to bring to fulfillment at Jerusalem.;
Luke 9:30-31
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE
DEATH IS A PLACE OF REST
 Time of rest
 Place of rest
Then I heard a voice from heaven say, “Write: Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord from now on.”
“Yes,” says the Spirit, “they will rest from their labor, for their deeds will follow them.”
Revelation 14:13
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE
DEATH IS A TIME OF RELEASE
 Release our body from oppressions, diseases, sufferings
 Time of release
Never again will they hunger; never again will they thirst. The sun will not beat upon them, nor any
scorching heat. For the Lamb at the center of the throne will be their shepherd; he will lead them to
springs of living water. And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes.”
Revelation 7:16-17
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE
DEATH IS AN APPOINTMENT
 All have to stand before the judgement seat of Christ
For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one may receive what is due him
for the things done while in the body, whether good or bad.
2 Corinthians 5:10
And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Another
book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged according to what they had done as
recorded in the books.
Revelation 20:12
Precious in the sight of the LORD is the death of his saints.
Psalms 116:15
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE
DEATH IS AN APPOINTMENT
 Death is a reality, separation of the body
 Inner person is going to live (eternal being)
16Therefore we do not lose heart. Though outwardly we are wasting away, yet inwardly we are being
renewed day by day. 17For our light and momentary troubles are achieving for us an eternal glory
that far outweighs them all. 18So we fix our eyes not on what is seen, but on what is unseen. For what
is seen is temporary, but what is unseen is eternal.
2 Corinthians 4:16-18
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE: UNSAVED PERSON
TWO DESTINATIONS OF ETERNITY
1. Graveyard, burials, tomb, sepulchre: place of burial where body is disintegrated
2. Sheol Hebrew word, Old testament word
3. Hades Greek word, New testament word
16Therefore we do not lose heart. Though outwardly we are wasting away, yet inwardly we are being
renewed day by day. 17For our light and momentary troubles are achieving for us an eternal glory
that far outweighs them all. 18So we fix our eyes not on what is seen, but on what is unseen. For what
is seen is temporary, but what is unseen is eternal.
2 Corinthians 4:16-18
Unbeliever do not go to hell immediately when he/she dies.
He/she go to the place or the departed of the dead soul +
spirit (inner person) / abode of the dead. This is not hell.
Sheol 25 times in Old testament
Hades 11 times in New testament
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE: UNSAVED PERSON
TWO DESTINATIONS OF ETERNITY
22“The time came when the beggar died and the angels carried him to Abraham’s side. The rich man
also died and was buried. 23In hell, a where he was in torment, he looked up and saw Abraham far
away, with Lazarus by his side. 24So he called to him, ‘Father Abraham, have pity on me and send
Lazarus to dip the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue, because I am in agony in this fire.’
25“But Abraham replied, ‘Son, remember that in your lifetime you received your good things, while
Lazarus received bad things, but now he is comforted here and you are in agony. 26And besides all
this, between us and you a great chasm has been fixed, so that those who want to go from here to you
cannot, nor can anyone cross over from there to us.’
Luke 16:22-26
Sheol / Hades is a place of torment where rich man was in constant thirst, consciousness will be there
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE: SAVED PERSON
TWO DESTINATIONS OF ETERNITY
Paradise / Abraham’s Abode or Bosom /Third heaven:
It’s a place where the abode of the dead goes
When Believer dies, he goes to paradise where Jesus is
If we die in Christ, we are with Him
Fallen wicked sinner, wretched /rotten sinner> committed to Jesus Christ > By Grace we are Saved> continue as a Redeemed
sinner > Victorious in Christ > Glorified to be in Christ
Righteous are in Paradise and Wicked are in Hades/Sheol
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE
RAPTURE
Here comes the King of King Jesus Christ > Trumpet blast> Dead in Christ, all the saints in the Church age since Pentecost
will be brought to life first and all living will be caught up in the mid air in twinkling of an eye> To meet with Jesus Christ
17After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to
meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord forever.
1 Thessalonians 4:17
Hope of the believer: Rapture: to be caught up in the air
Physical body in grave is decomposed and in dust.
God is going to raise in such a way that Souls + Spirit that are in Paradise with Jesus will be united to form
a Glorified Body
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE
GLORIFIED BODY
Incorruptible body
The moment we die, our soul will be at the Paradise with the Lord
So will it be with the resurrection of the dead. The body that is sown is perishable, it is raised imperishable;
1 Corinthians 15:42
Glorious body like the body of Jesus Christ
21who, by the power that enables him to bring everything under his control, will transform our lowly
bodies so that they will be like his glorious body.
Philippians 3:21
Powerful body
it is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory; it is sown in weakness, it is raised in power;
1 Corinthians 15:43
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE
GLORIFIED BODY
Spirit body
it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body.
1 Corinthians 15:44
Immortal body
For the perishable must clothe itself with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality.
1 Corinthians 15:53
Transformed body
Heavenly body
Identifiable body
1 Corinthians 15:35-58
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE
RESURRECTION
First resurrection: Rapture: dead in Christ
Second coming of Jesus Christ: Old testament saints and tribulation saints are raised
End of millennium: New Jerusalem: Revelation 21, 22
Reign in Christ forever in the New Kingdom
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE
WHAT IS HELL?
Tartarus means bottomless pit, special place for fallen angels
Revelations 20: Death and Hades: ultimate lake of fire
10He desecrated Topheth, which was in the Valley of Ben Hinnom, so no one could use it to sacrifice his son
or daughter in the fire to Molech.
2 Kings 23:10
Topheth/Gehenna means valley of slaughter
Valley of Ben Hinnom, detestable place where garbage, criminal bodies were burnt, where fire always burn
For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but sent them to hell, putting them into gloomy dungeons to
be held for judgment;
2 Peter 2:4
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE
WHAT IS HELL?
‘The people of Judah have done evil in my eyes, declares the LORD. They have set up their detestable idols
in the house that bears my Name and have defiled it. 31They have built the high places of Topheth in the
Valley of Ben Hinnom to burn their sons and daughters in the fire—something I did not command, nor did
it enter my mind. 32So beware, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when people will no longer call it
Topheth or the Valley of Ben Hinnom, but the Valley of Slaughter, for they will bury the dead in Topheth
until there is no more room.
Jeremiah 7:30-32
They built high places for Baal in the Valley of Ben Hinnom to sacrifice their sons and daughters c to Molech,
though I never commanded, nor did it enter my mind, that they should do such a detestable thing and so make
Judah sin.
Jeremiah 32:35
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE
WHAT IS HELL?
20They were proud of their beautiful jewelry and used it to make their detestable idols and vile
images. Therefore I will turn these into an unclean thing for them. 21I will hand it all over as plunder
to foreigners and as loot to the wicked of the earth, and they will defile it. 22I will turn my face away
from them, and they will desecrate my treasured place; robbers will enter it and desecrate it.
Ezekiel 7:20-22
Greek word Gehenna: ultimate eternal state of every unbeliever who dies without Christ
Before Great White Throne Judgement: they will be at Hades. God of Wrath
Book of Life: Ultimate judgement: eternal state of every unbeliever who dies without Christ
Consciousness in hell > no second chance > weeping and gnashing of teeth of wasted opportunities
First inhabitants of hell: Antichrist and false prophets
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE
OUR ULTIMATE DESTINATION MATTERS
Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.
John 14:6
Therefore, my brothers, be all the more eager to make your calling and election sure. For if you do these
things, you will never fall, and you will receive a rich welcome into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior
Jesus Christ.
2 Peter 1:10
Our life today matters
Our destiny matters
Our decisions matters
Our lifestyle matters
Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to men by which we must be
saved.”
Acts 4:12
Holy, spotless and pure
Continue to walk the narrow path > our hope that there is a better place
called paradise. Nothing unholy will enter
Our hope is Maranatha means “come, our Lord!”

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6 VIEWS OF LIFE AFTER DEATH

  • 2. 6 POPULAR VIEWS DEATH 1. Naturalist view: Man has a body, no soul > die> put in grave > Enjoy life to the utmost when you have time: Hedonist: pleasure seeker 2. Universalist: After you die > everybody will go to heaven > because Jesus paid for them all > no accountability 3. Reincarnationist: Hindu view > neo pagan view > modern thinking: what you do/karma/based on works > reborn to something good or worst > later attain Nirvana > bliss 4. Purgatory: Catholic view > your soul and spirit come to an intermediate place > whether you go to heaven or hell depends on masses attended, sins are purged, priests and Pope > Heaven and Hell > AD 593, nothing to do with Christianity 5. Annihilationist view that all things will ultimately annihilate 6. Soul sleep view (an intermediate state of conscious being until the general resurrection of the dead at the return of Christ) of a) Mormons b) Jehovah Witness c) 7th Day Adventist “What you believe is what you will become”
  • 3. CHRISTIAN VIEW MAN IS A COMPLETE BEING  Body: External being > Outer man  Spirit: Inner most, God communicates > Inner man  Soul: Emotional, Soul will live forever. Soul is given by God at the time of conception May God himself, the God of peace, sanctify you through and through. May your whole spirit, soul and body be kept blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. 1 Thessalonians 5:23 Soul + Spirit = Our Personality This is the word of the LORD concerning Israel. The LORD, who stretches out the heavens, who lays the foundation of the earth, and who forms the spirit of man within him, declares: Zechariah 12:1 the LORD God formed the man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being. Genesis 2:7 and the dust returns to the ground it came from, and the spirit returns to God who gave it. Ecclesiastes 12:7
  • 4. WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE ACCORDING TO BIBLE DEATH  Death is a Reality  Death is a Certainty  Death is a Transition  Earthly tent is my body  Eternal house is my soul and spirit, a glorified body Now we know that if the earthly tent we live in is destroyed, we have a building from God, an eternal house in heaven, not built by human hands. 2 Corinthians 5:1 We are confident, I say, and would prefer to be away from the body and at home with the Lord. 2 Corinthians 5:8  Transition from earthly tent to a heavenly tent (eternal)  Change of residence
  • 5. WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE DEATH AS A DOOR TO ETERNITY  Various ways to enter the door  Where we are going to go? That is very important Just as man is destined to die once, and after that to face judgment. Hebrews 9:27  Eternal hell or Eternal heaven I am torn between the two: I desire to depart and be with Christ, which is better by far; Philippians 1:23
  • 6. WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE DEATH IS A DEPARTURE  Leaving from earthly life to heavenly life Two men, Moses and Elijah, appeared in glorious splendor, talking with Jesus. They spoke about his departure, which he was about to bring to fulfillment at Jerusalem.; Luke 9:30-31
  • 7. WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE DEATH IS A PLACE OF REST  Time of rest  Place of rest Then I heard a voice from heaven say, “Write: Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord from now on.” “Yes,” says the Spirit, “they will rest from their labor, for their deeds will follow them.” Revelation 14:13
  • 8. WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE DEATH IS A TIME OF RELEASE  Release our body from oppressions, diseases, sufferings  Time of release Never again will they hunger; never again will they thirst. The sun will not beat upon them, nor any scorching heat. For the Lamb at the center of the throne will be their shepherd; he will lead them to springs of living water. And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes.” Revelation 7:16-17
  • 9. WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE DEATH IS AN APPOINTMENT  All have to stand before the judgement seat of Christ For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one may receive what is due him for the things done while in the body, whether good or bad. 2 Corinthians 5:10 And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Another book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged according to what they had done as recorded in the books. Revelation 20:12 Precious in the sight of the LORD is the death of his saints. Psalms 116:15
  • 10. WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE DEATH IS AN APPOINTMENT  Death is a reality, separation of the body  Inner person is going to live (eternal being) 16Therefore we do not lose heart. Though outwardly we are wasting away, yet inwardly we are being renewed day by day. 17For our light and momentary troubles are achieving for us an eternal glory that far outweighs them all. 18So we fix our eyes not on what is seen, but on what is unseen. For what is seen is temporary, but what is unseen is eternal. 2 Corinthians 4:16-18
  • 11. WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE: UNSAVED PERSON TWO DESTINATIONS OF ETERNITY 1. Graveyard, burials, tomb, sepulchre: place of burial where body is disintegrated 2. Sheol Hebrew word, Old testament word 3. Hades Greek word, New testament word 16Therefore we do not lose heart. Though outwardly we are wasting away, yet inwardly we are being renewed day by day. 17For our light and momentary troubles are achieving for us an eternal glory that far outweighs them all. 18So we fix our eyes not on what is seen, but on what is unseen. For what is seen is temporary, but what is unseen is eternal. 2 Corinthians 4:16-18 Unbeliever do not go to hell immediately when he/she dies. He/she go to the place or the departed of the dead soul + spirit (inner person) / abode of the dead. This is not hell. Sheol 25 times in Old testament Hades 11 times in New testament
  • 12. WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE: UNSAVED PERSON TWO DESTINATIONS OF ETERNITY 22“The time came when the beggar died and the angels carried him to Abraham’s side. The rich man also died and was buried. 23In hell, a where he was in torment, he looked up and saw Abraham far away, with Lazarus by his side. 24So he called to him, ‘Father Abraham, have pity on me and send Lazarus to dip the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue, because I am in agony in this fire.’ 25“But Abraham replied, ‘Son, remember that in your lifetime you received your good things, while Lazarus received bad things, but now he is comforted here and you are in agony. 26And besides all this, between us and you a great chasm has been fixed, so that those who want to go from here to you cannot, nor can anyone cross over from there to us.’ Luke 16:22-26 Sheol / Hades is a place of torment where rich man was in constant thirst, consciousness will be there
  • 13. WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE: SAVED PERSON TWO DESTINATIONS OF ETERNITY Paradise / Abraham’s Abode or Bosom /Third heaven: It’s a place where the abode of the dead goes When Believer dies, he goes to paradise where Jesus is If we die in Christ, we are with Him Fallen wicked sinner, wretched /rotten sinner> committed to Jesus Christ > By Grace we are Saved> continue as a Redeemed sinner > Victorious in Christ > Glorified to be in Christ Righteous are in Paradise and Wicked are in Hades/Sheol
  • 14. WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE RAPTURE Here comes the King of King Jesus Christ > Trumpet blast> Dead in Christ, all the saints in the Church age since Pentecost will be brought to life first and all living will be caught up in the mid air in twinkling of an eye> To meet with Jesus Christ 17After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord forever. 1 Thessalonians 4:17 Hope of the believer: Rapture: to be caught up in the air Physical body in grave is decomposed and in dust. God is going to raise in such a way that Souls + Spirit that are in Paradise with Jesus will be united to form a Glorified Body
  • 15. WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE GLORIFIED BODY Incorruptible body The moment we die, our soul will be at the Paradise with the Lord So will it be with the resurrection of the dead. The body that is sown is perishable, it is raised imperishable; 1 Corinthians 15:42 Glorious body like the body of Jesus Christ 21who, by the power that enables him to bring everything under his control, will transform our lowly bodies so that they will be like his glorious body. Philippians 3:21 Powerful body it is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory; it is sown in weakness, it is raised in power; 1 Corinthians 15:43
  • 16. WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE GLORIFIED BODY Spirit body it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body. 1 Corinthians 15:44 Immortal body For the perishable must clothe itself with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality. 1 Corinthians 15:53 Transformed body Heavenly body Identifiable body 1 Corinthians 15:35-58
  • 17. WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE RESURRECTION First resurrection: Rapture: dead in Christ Second coming of Jesus Christ: Old testament saints and tribulation saints are raised End of millennium: New Jerusalem: Revelation 21, 22 Reign in Christ forever in the New Kingdom
  • 18. WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE WHAT IS HELL? Tartarus means bottomless pit, special place for fallen angels Revelations 20: Death and Hades: ultimate lake of fire 10He desecrated Topheth, which was in the Valley of Ben Hinnom, so no one could use it to sacrifice his son or daughter in the fire to Molech. 2 Kings 23:10 Topheth/Gehenna means valley of slaughter Valley of Ben Hinnom, detestable place where garbage, criminal bodies were burnt, where fire always burn For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but sent them to hell, putting them into gloomy dungeons to be held for judgment; 2 Peter 2:4
  • 19. WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE WHAT IS HELL? ‘The people of Judah have done evil in my eyes, declares the LORD. They have set up their detestable idols in the house that bears my Name and have defiled it. 31They have built the high places of Topheth in the Valley of Ben Hinnom to burn their sons and daughters in the fire—something I did not command, nor did it enter my mind. 32So beware, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when people will no longer call it Topheth or the Valley of Ben Hinnom, but the Valley of Slaughter, for they will bury the dead in Topheth until there is no more room. Jeremiah 7:30-32 They built high places for Baal in the Valley of Ben Hinnom to sacrifice their sons and daughters c to Molech, though I never commanded, nor did it enter my mind, that they should do such a detestable thing and so make Judah sin. Jeremiah 32:35
  • 20. WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE WHAT IS HELL? 20They were proud of their beautiful jewelry and used it to make their detestable idols and vile images. Therefore I will turn these into an unclean thing for them. 21I will hand it all over as plunder to foreigners and as loot to the wicked of the earth, and they will defile it. 22I will turn my face away from them, and they will desecrate my treasured place; robbers will enter it and desecrate it. Ezekiel 7:20-22 Greek word Gehenna: ultimate eternal state of every unbeliever who dies without Christ Before Great White Throne Judgement: they will be at Hades. God of Wrath Book of Life: Ultimate judgement: eternal state of every unbeliever who dies without Christ Consciousness in hell > no second chance > weeping and gnashing of teeth of wasted opportunities First inhabitants of hell: Antichrist and false prophets
  • 21. WHAT HAPPENS AFTER WE DIE OUR ULTIMATE DESTINATION MATTERS Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. John 14:6 Therefore, my brothers, be all the more eager to make your calling and election sure. For if you do these things, you will never fall, and you will receive a rich welcome into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. 2 Peter 1:10 Our life today matters Our destiny matters Our decisions matters Our lifestyle matters Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to men by which we must be saved.” Acts 4:12 Holy, spotless and pure Continue to walk the narrow path > our hope that there is a better place called paradise. Nothing unholy will enter Our hope is Maranatha means “come, our Lord!”