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Name: Sunidhi Agarwal
Class: X-B
Subject: politics
Board Registration No:
B1140814140104
Roll No: 47
Topic: Popular
strugg...


when Bolivian President
Evo Morales arrived at the
new Uyuni airport last
August and found no
water running from the
ta...
1799
Cochabamba 2000. Credit: thehealthculture.com
In April 2000, a popular struggle against water privatization
in Cochab...
Water Rights
The Morales government has sought to develop a new institutional framework
that positions the state as a dire...
Name:Sunidhi Agarwal
Class: X-B
Subject: Economics
Board Registration
No: B1140814140104
Roll No: 47
Topic: Sustainability...


Water has emerged as one of the
primary environmental concerns
for the 21st century. Many parts
of the world are curren...


An indicator is something that
helps you understand where you
are, which way you are going and
how far you are from whe...


Pakistan is a water stressed country
and unsustainable water use and poor
water management and governance
practices are...
GEOGRAPHY
CONSERVATION
OF WATER


Water conservation
encompasses the policies,
strategies and activities to
manage fresh water as a
sustainable resource ...


Rainwater harvesting is a
technology used for collecting and
storing rainwater from
rooftops, the land surface or rock
...


Watershed management is the study of
the relevant characteristics of a
watershed aimed at the sustainable
distribution ...
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Social studies

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Social studies

  1. 1. Name: Sunidhi Agarwal Class: X-B Subject: politics Board Registration No: B1140814140104 Roll No: 47 Topic: Popular struggles based on water
  2. 2.  when Bolivian President Evo Morales arrived at the new Uyuni airport last August and found no water running from the tap, he publicly reprimanded and promptly dismissed his Minister of Water. As it happened, the pipes were merely frozen. The incident underscores the critical—and highly symbolic—role of water in the politics of this landlocked Andean nation.
  3. 3. 1799 Cochabamba 2000. Credit: thehealthculture.com In April 2000, a popular struggle against water privatization in Cochabamba, Bolivia’s third largest city, ignited a chain of events that profoundly altered the nation’s political landscape. The Water War was precipitated when SEMAPA, Cochabamba’s municipal water company, was sold to a transnational consortium controlled by U.S.-based Bechtel in exchange for debt relief for the Bolivian government and new World Bank loans to expand the water system.
  4. 4. Water Rights The Morales government has sought to develop a new institutional framework that positions the state as a direct protagonist in providing and regulating water and sanitation services.[1] The Water Ministry, created in 2006 to integrate the functions of water supply and sanitation, water resource management, and environmental protection, is the first of its kind in Latin America. It has a mandate to end water privatization, including the creation of a public water company to replace the temporary utility established for La Paz-El Alto after the exit of Suez. Water Scarcity The model of decentralized social-public water management may prove to be more viable than either the private or the state-centric model for countries like Bolivia, with major geographic barriers to centralized service provision, a weak state sector, and a strong culture of community participation. Still, regardless of the management model, the major challenge facing Bolivia’s water sector today is the need for significant resources to upgrade and expand the existing infrastructure and develop new water sources.
  5. 5. Name:Sunidhi Agarwal Class: X-B Subject: Economics Board Registration No: B1140814140104 Roll No: 47 Topic: Sustainability Of Water
  6. 6.  Water has emerged as one of the primary environmental concerns for the 21st century. Many parts of the world are currently facing water shortages, while others must contend with severe water pollution. The consequences are bleak: social, economic and political instability leading, in the worst case scenario, to violence over dwindling water resources. Immediate action is needed to stall the emerging crisis and to begin reversing many of the trends we have set over time.
  7. 7.  An indicator is something that helps you understand where you are, which way you are going and how far you are from where you want to be. A good indicator alerts you to a problem before it gets too bad and helps you recognize what needs to be done to fix the problem. Indicators of a sustainable community point to areas where the links between the economy, environment and society are weak. They allow you to see where the problem areas are and help show the way to fix those problems.
  8. 8.  Pakistan is a water stressed country and unsustainable water use and poor water management and governance practices are causing increasing water scarcity. Pakistan’s population is expected to double to around 350 million by 2025 and this growth will put further pressure on water resources, particularly in urban areas, with consequent impacts on people’s health, wellbeing, livelihoods and environmental sustainability more widely.  The project aims to promote water efficient production and consumption. By 2015, 300 processing and manufacturing SMEs in the target area have enhanced understanding of Better Water Management Practices (BWMPs). 6,75 high water using SMEs have increased water management capacity, and 25 SMEs are implementing BWMPs, supported by a multi-stakeholder city level water partnership.
  9. 9. GEOGRAPHY CONSERVATION OF WATER
  10. 10.  Water conservation encompasses the policies, strategies and activities to manage fresh water as a sustainable resource to protect the water environment and to meet current and future human demand. Population, household size and growth and affluence all affect how much water is used. Factors such as climate change will increase pressures on natural water resources especially in manufacturing and agricultural irrigation
  11. 11.  Rainwater harvesting is a technology used for collecting and storing rainwater from rooftops, the land surface or rock catchments using simple techniques such as jars and pots as well as more complex techniques such as underground check dams. The techniques usually found in Asia and Africa arise from practices employed by ancient civilizations within these regions and still serve as a major source of drinking water supply in rural areas. Commonly used systems are constructed of three principal components; namely, the catchment area, the collection device, and the conveyance system.
  12. 12.  Watershed management is the study of the relevant characteristics of a watershed aimed at the sustainable distribution of its resources and the process of creating and implementing plans, programs, and projects to sustain and enhance watershed functions that affect the plant, animal, and human communities within a watershed boundary. Features of a watershed that agencies seek to manage include water supply, water quality, drainage, stormwater runoff, water rights, and the overall planning and utilization of watersheds. Landowners, land use agencies, stormwater management experts, environmental specialists, water use surveyors and communities all play an integral part in the management of a watershed.

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