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Profile of the Disabled Population in Albania

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Profile of the Disabled Population in Albania

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Profile of the Disabled Population in Albania

  1. 1. PROFILE OF THE DISABLED POPULATION IN ALBANIA Céline Ferré, Emira Galanxhi Olgeta Dhono
  2. 2. KEY FINDINGS  6.2% of the adult population in Albania is disabled  Disabled working-age adults are 2 times more likely to be out of the labor force than non-disabled adults  1 in 5 youth (15-64 year-old) with vision restriction is looking for a job but cannot find one  Disability prevalence does NOT vary across income quintiles  Disabled persons from the bottom quintile are 2 times more likely to experience or more disabilities than the top quintile 2
  3. 3. DATA AND DEFINITIONS  Washington Group (WG) general measure on disability  Represent the most commonly occurring limitations in basic activity functioning  Set of 6 questions asked in the census: seeing, hearing, mobility, self-care, cognition, and communication  Two datasets  Census 2011  LSMS 2012 with similar questions on disability (seeing, hearing, body deformation, limbs, cognition, communication and other) 3
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  6. 6. 6.2% OF THE ADULT POPULATION IN ALBANIA SUFFERS FROM SOME SORT OF DISABILITY  2,084,137 individuals aged 15 and above  Disability prevalence:  Most common = movement restrictions (3.7%)  Least common = hearing and communication (1.7% and 1.%)  Vision, learning and self-care fall somewhere in between  Results are consistent with the evidence form other Eastern European and Central Asian countries (Mete, 2008)  22% of the population thus reports having some difficulty, strong difficulty or inability to perform daily tasks 6
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  8. 8. GEOGRAPHIC BREAKDOWN  Results don’t vary much across regions  Tirana displays the lowest incidence of disability (less than 5%)  Gjirokaster has the highest incidence with 8% of the population  Disability incidence is higher in less connected areas…  … but concentrated – in terms of absolute numbers – around the biggest agglomerations: Tirane, Durres, Shkodra, Elbasan 8
  9. 9. DISABILITY DISTRIBUTION, CENSUS 2011 9 Number of persons 15 year and over who reported at least disability / Total population aged 15 years and over Ratio calculated for each commune and municipality
  10. 10. OLDER AGE COHORTS ARE MORE AFFECTED BY DIFFICULTIES IN PERFORMING DAILY TASKS… 10
  11. 11. … ESPECIALLY PHYSICAL DIFFICULTIES 11
  12. 12. INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES ARE CONCENTRATED IN LARGER HOUSEHOLDS 12
  13. 13. DISABILITY IS CORRELATED WITH LOWER EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT  Disabled children are overrepresented in the category of primary-school-aged children not attending school  75% only of children with some disabilities are enrolled  The picture varies greatly by type of disability faced by children  more than 2/3 of the children with eyesight, communication, cognition and self-care impairments are enrolled in school  only 1/2 of children with hearing difficulties or mobility difficulties are attending schools 13
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  15. 15. THE EDUCATION GAP IS PARTICULARLY LARGE FOR YOUTH AND ELDERS 15
  16. 16. DISABLED ADULTS ARE 5 TIMES LESS LIKELY TO BE WORKING THAN THE NON-DISABLED POPULATION 16
  17. 17. THOSE WITH COGNITIVE, SELF-CARE AND COMMUNICATION RESTRICTIONS EMERGE AS THE MOST DISADVANTAGED IN TERMS OF EMPLOYMENT PROSPECTS 17
  18. 18. WORKING-AGE VALID MEMBERS OF HOUSEHOLDS WITH AT LEAST ONE DISABLED HOUSEHOLD MEMBER ARE LESS LIKELY TO BE EMPLOYED 18
  19. 19. DISABILITY AND INCOME  No higher prevalence of disability among lower expenditure groups  Yet the population in the top quintile appears to suffer more from partial limitations 19
  20. 20. SOCIAL TRANSFERS  Households with disabled members are quite dependent on social protection  79% of all households with a disabled member are covered by at least one social assistance transfer  But half of the households who receive the disability assistance have no disabled member 20
  21. 21. GROUPING DISABLED POPULATION INTO GROUPS  We use a Latent Class Analysis method to group individuals with disabilities  Each group is made of people who look most like one another  Each group looks least like one another 21

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