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EFFECTIVE APPROACHES TO CORRUPTION CONTROL ALINA MUNGIU PIPPIDI HERTIE SCHOOL OF GOVERNANCE www.againstcorruption.eu www.a...
www.againstcorruption.eu 100 % CORRUPTION =  ALL ALLOCATION  IS PARTICULAR 100 % CONTROL OF CORRUPTION =  ALL ALLOCATION I...
<ul><li>We need to evolve from a situation when allocation norm is particular (most developing countries, post-communist E...
Klitgaard 1978 Corruption = Monopoly + Discretion– Accountability  Mungiu-Pippidi 2010 Corruption/control of corruption  =...
www.againstcorruption.eu POWER DISCRETION  (accountability mechanisms) MATERIAL RESOURCES (reduce funds which can be alloc...
The impact of FOIAs www.againstcorruption.eu
<ul><li>Also tested, insignificant </li></ul><ul><li>UNCAC </li></ul><ul><li>-ACA </li></ul><ul><li>-Ombudsman </li></ul><...
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Effective approaches to corruption control

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Regional Conference on Fighting Corruption in Education in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, 24-25 November, Bratislava
Alina Mungiu-Pippidi

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Effective approaches to corruption control

  1. 1. EFFECTIVE APPROACHES TO CORRUPTION CONTROL ALINA MUNGIU PIPPIDI HERTIE SCHOOL OF GOVERNANCE www.againstcorruption.eu www.againstcorruption.eu
  2. 2. www.againstcorruption.eu 100 % CORRUPTION = ALL ALLOCATION IS PARTICULAR 100 % CONTROL OF CORRUPTION = ALL ALLOCATION IS IMPARTIAL AND BASED ON ETHICAL UNIVERSALISM Public integrity Systemic corruption
  3. 3. <ul><li>We need to evolve from a situation when allocation norm is particular (most developing countries, post-communist Europe) to one where distribution of public goods/services is based on ethical universalism (public integrity) </li></ul><ul><li>Anticorruption involves a change in the governance regime, therefore in the power equilibrium </li></ul><ul><li>For this we have to map/measure practices (understand what the norm is) and how they change (change-sensitive instruments) </li></ul>Public integrity building presumes… www.againstcorruption.eu
  4. 4. Klitgaard 1978 Corruption = Monopoly + Discretion– Accountability Mungiu-Pippidi 2010 Corruption/control of corruption = Resources (Power + Material resources) – Constraints (Legal + Normative) ) Governance regimes= equilibria www.againstcorruption.eu
  5. 5. www.againstcorruption.eu POWER DISCRETION (accountability mechanisms) MATERIAL RESOURCES (reduce funds which can be allocated discretionarily) NORMATIVE CONSTRAINTS ( Civil society and media) LEGAL CONSTRAINTS (Courts, prosecutors) resources constraints GOVERNMENT DONORS
  6. 6. The impact of FOIAs www.againstcorruption.eu
  7. 7. <ul><li>Also tested, insignificant </li></ul><ul><li>UNCAC </li></ul><ul><li>-ACA </li></ul><ul><li>-Ombudsman </li></ul><ul><li>-Presidentialism </li></ul><ul><li>Unicamerailism </li></ul><ul><li>Electoral system-----Constitutional Courts </li></ul><ul><li>Tested, sign in diff versions: </li></ul><ul><li>FOIA - Media freedom </li></ul><ul><li>-Ethnicity </li></ul><ul><li>Mineral resources </li></ul>www.againstcorruption.eu   MODE;L EXPLAINING CONTROL OF CORRUPTION MATERIAL RESOURCES   Informal Economy (% of GDP) -0.017*** (-0.004) Ease of Doing Business (1-183; 1 is best environment) -0.004** (-0.001) Fuel Exports   (% of merchandise exports) 0.001 (-0.002) POWER RESOURCES   Number of Years Ranked 'Free' (0-38; 38 is most ‘Free’ years) -0.006 (-0.006) NORMATIVE CONSTRAINTS   Internet Users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.013*** (-0.003) Protestant Religion (% of population in 1980) 0.004 (-0.002) Civil Society Organizations (per 100.000 inhabitants) 0.007* (-0.003) Personal Autonomy and Ind. Rights (0-16; 16 is most autonomy) 0.073** (-0.027) LEGAL CONSTRAINTS   Independent Judiciary   (0-2; 2 is most independent) 0.188* (-0.077) CONTROL   HDI   (0-1; 1 is most developed) -0.39 (-0.568) Constant -0.091 (-0.397) N 114 R2 0.839

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