Objects, which represent Bulgarian World Heritage contribution in the six topics: (Handouts) 1. History – The Feather- Palisiy Hilendarski’s Istoria Slavyanobalgarskaya 2. Literature – The Pottery - Ivan Vasov’s Novel the Under Yoke 3. Technology – The Punch Cards - John Atanassov’s ABC computer 4. Science – The Dried Snowdrop - Paskov’s Invention: the NIvalin in the Snowdrop 5. Art – The Disk with Valya Balkanska’s Song Izlel e Delyu Haidutin 6. Sport –The medal - Maria Gigiova and her gold medals in Rhythmic Gimnastics
Ivan Vazov (1850 – 1921) Ivan Vazov was a Bulgarian poet, novelist and playwright. He was born in Sopot, a town in the Rose Valley. He graduated Naiden Gerov College in Plovdiv, where he made his first steps as a poet. Vazov was probably heavily influenced by Hristo Botev – Bulgarian poet, who was the ideological leader of the Bulgarian revolutionary movement. First Vazov started writing poems and after thatnovels and playwrights.He moved to Sofia in 1889 were he published some of his works.Vazov’s famous novel Under the Yoke was published in 1889.UNDER THE YOKEUnder the Yoke is a novel by Ivan Vazov, written in 1888. It depicts the Ottoman oppression of Bulgaria and is the mostfamous piece of classic Bulgarian literature. Under the Yokehas been translated into 30 languages.The tranquility in Bulgarian village under the Ottoman yoke isostensible because the people are quietly preparing for anuprising. The educated part of the population desperatelywants change. Their enthusiasm is enormous, but they soonfind that the rebellion is beyond their powers. The Turks breakdown the resistance and the April uprising is crushed in thevillage, as well as the rest of the country.The sanguinary uprising is the reason for the Russian-Turkishwar, in which Russia liberates Bulgaria with the help of local
volunteers. John Atanasoff The man who invented the computerThe Atanasoff–Berry Computer (ABC) was the first electronic digital computing device. Conceivedin 1937, the machine was not programmable, being designed only to solve systems of linearequations. It was successfully tested in 1942.The principles of John Atanasoffs computer, though seemingly outdated today, are the basis of thethousands of millions of computers, without which modern society cannot exist. Every Bulgarianknows and prides in the holy brothers, St. Cyrile and St. Methodius, who created the alphabet ofall Slavonic peoples. Similarly, John Atanasoff, a man of Bulgarian extraction, opened the road tothe world information society.To my Fatherland: “I have always felt that the heritage of the two people in my blood has kept my spirit. And now, as I am here I am even happier for my good fortune. My father’s people have met me warmly and have given me award Cyrile and Metodius Order.I was elected a foreign member of the Bulgarian Academy of Science I am in touch with manyfriends in Bulgaria.”
GALANTHUS SNOWDROP Galanthus nivalis (snowdrops) is the best- known and most widespread representative of the genus Galanthus.It is native to a large area of Europe, stretching from the Pyrenees in the west, through France and Germany to Poland in the north, Italy, Northern Greece and Bulgaria.NIVALIN is an original Bulgarian product developed byprof. Paskov in 1956 in Bulgaria. Later on theSofarma’s LD team produced with an originaltechnology for extraction of the alkaloid Galantaminefrom the bulbs of the plant snowdrops the activeingredient in NIVALIN.
NIVALIN can cure: cerebral paralysis in childhood,neuritis, progressive muscular dystrophy, myopathiesetc.
Valya Balkanska is one of the most famous BulgarianFolklore Singers. She is from the Rodope mountain area and well-known for singing the song IZLEL JE DELYUHAYDUTIN, part of the VOYGER golden record selection of music included in the two VOYAGER spacecraft launched in 1977. Maria Gigova (Rhythmic gymnastics) The first real star to emerge from the rhythmic scene was Maria Gigova. Gigova’s astonishing achievements during the formative years of the sport
have given her a firm foothold as one of the top 10rhythmic gymnasts of all time. Maria Gigova became world champion in 1969,1971, and 1973.