Events Leading To The Civil War


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  • Napoleon forced Spain to give him control in 1800. Devastated in Haiti, Napoleon largely gave up on the New World, focusing on Europe It also assured the US’s status as a nation. It would lead to problems in the future as new states wrestled with the slavery issue.
  • 3/5 th clause set up a fight for new territories. The cotton industry was booming (cotton Gin), the North was benefiting too. Missouri was admitted as a slave state, but slavery would not be allowed anywhere north of MO’s southern border.
  • Inspired by Haitian rev. He was a mystic and preacher, who had visions and built an aura. In 1831, he lead a rebellion in Virginia. Started with owners, but spread. Many whites fled the state. Fear gripped the south Turner was a sort of bogeyman. No one was spared on either side. Up to 60 killed with farm tools – like farmer’s had used on their own slaves. Rebellion put down by a militia. The rebellion left the South with a major sense of unease.
  • California was admitted as a free state. New Mexico and Utah were recognized as territories, with no restrictions on slavery. Slavery was ended in DC Fugitive Slave Act – Fugitives were accused, not given trials, on the strength of only an affidavit (written Declaration) claiming ownership. Citizens who helped fugitive slaves were harshly punished with fines and imprisonment.
  • Portrayed slaves as husbands and wives, parents, siblings and relatives. Made to draw sympathy from even the most heartless. It humanized the slave where they had been only dehumanized in the past. Many Northerners turned against slavery after reading it and many refused to recognize the Fugitive Slave Act. Caused a stir in the South as well, where the book sold out as well. Stowe was once sent the severed ear of a slave. She responded by writing A Key to Uncle Tom’s Cabin, which provided documentation that every event in the novel actually happened.
  • IL Senator Stephen Douglas, a land speculator and railroad director wanted to expand into the new territory. Douglas was able to get southerners to vote for it by adding the Repealed the Missouri compromise. The issue of slavery in these states was left to popular sovereignty. Groups from both sides of the debate flooded into the area. Anti-slavery Lawrence was sacked by proslavery forces. Brown killed 5 in an attack against pro-slavery Pottawatamie.
  • Scott had been a slave under Dr. John Emerson. Emerson died in 1846 and Scott sued for his freedom, claiming he had lived in free states (IL, WI) It landed in the supreme court where three principals points, all blows to abolition. Free or slaves, blacks were not citizens Since Scott never ceased to be a slave and was not a citizen, he was property of his owner Property rights are protected under the 5th amendment. Southerners got all fired up and even started to question the constitutionality of the any law banning slavery
  • Douglas was the incumbent Senator from Illinois who had worked on the Kansas-Nebraska Act. His position was for popular sovereignty. Abraham Lincoln was his challenger. Douglas attempted to making Lincoln seem like a raving abolitionist. Lincoln depicted Douglas as a pro-slavery supporter of the Dred Scott decision. Interesting stuff said on both sides [read quote from Don’t Know Much p.160] Lincoln lost, but he had made his mark.
  • Within days of Lincoln’s election. Reasons: The South felt overpowered by the North politically, economically (banking, industry, railroad) They feared their way of life was being threatened by a Congress controlled by Northerners Racial fears and bigotry. States rights A last resort to block emancipation April 12, 1861 The South Carolina militia bombards a federal garrison - Ft Sumter a horse was killed. = Confederate States of America
  • Events Leading To The Civil War

    1. 1. Events Leading to the Civil War Conflicts and Compromises
    2. 2. Louisiana Purchase - 1803 **War of 1812, US Mexican-War
    3. 3. Missouri Compromise - 1821
    4. 4. Nat Turner’s Rebellion - 1831
    5. 5. The Compromise of 1850 The Fugitive Slave Act, and others
    6. 6. Uncle Tom’s Cabin - 1852 Harriet Beecher Stowe
    7. 7. Kansas-Nebraska Act - 1854 <ul><li>Slavery through popular sovereignty </li></ul><ul><li>“ Bleeding Kansas”, Pottawatomie </li></ul>
    8. 8. Dred Scott Decision 1857 <ul><li>Free or slaves, blacks were not citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves are property </li></ul><ul><li>Property rights are protected under the 5 th amendment. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Lincoln Douglas Debates - 1860
    10. 10. Secession of South Carolina - 1860 <ul><li>Reasons: </li></ul><ul><li>The South felt overpowered by the North politically, economically (banking, industry, railroad) </li></ul><ul><li>They feared their way of life was being threatened by a Congress controlled by Northerners </li></ul><ul><li>Racial fears and bigotry. </li></ul><ul><li>States rights </li></ul><ul><li>A last resort to block emancipation </li></ul>
    11. 11. Arrange these events on a vertical timeline. On one side list the events you would consider to be compromises with a brief explanation why. On the other side, list conflicts. Compromise Conflict