An AED is an Automated External Defibrillator It is a device that shocks the heart to restore a normal heartbeat after a life-threatening irregular rhythm It is safe for children as young as age one!
Sudden cardiac arrest, is a misunderstood worldwide killer. It can affect anyone, anywhere, anytime. Cardiac arrest occurs more than 600 times every day in the U.S. alone. Sudden Cardiac Arrest kills more people than house fires, AIDS, firearms, prostate and breast cancer, and automobile accidents, combined. It is a condition in which the heart stops its regular rhythm and begins to quiver as a result of a malfunction in the heart's so called electrical system.
One known cause of sudden cardiac arrest is called Commotio Cordis. Commotio Cordis is a medical term used to describe the force of an untimely blow to the chest directly over the heart at just the wrong time ………meaning the precise milisecond between heart contractions. This blow to the chest causes the heart to go into a deadly abnormal heart rhythm called ventricular fibrillation. The heart immediately looses rythmn, begins to quiver, resulting in sudden cardiac arrest..
This tragic occurrence takes place mostly in healthy young athletes playing organized sports such as baseball, la crosse, softball, soccer, football etc. It also includes children playing informal sports at school, at home or on the playground. Bottom line any person struck in the chest who becomes unconscious should be immediately evaluated for cardiac arrest. If the victim is unresponsive CPR and defibrillation should be initiated.
Once the heart begins to quiver it is unable to pump blood to the body and brain. Once a heart enters this phase sudden cardiac arrest occurs. When this happens, a victim first loses his or her pulse, then consciousness, and finally the ability to breathe. Cardiac Arrest is not the same as a heart attack although a person suffering a heart attack has an increased risk of sudden cardiac arrest. It all happens quickly - in a matter of seconds. Understand CPR will not restart a heart in sudden cardiac arrest. CPR is a temporary measure used to continue a minimal supply of oxygen to the brain and other organs. When someone is in sudden cardiac arrest….. defibrillation…..which means….. delivering a shock that returns the heart to a normal rhythm…. is the only way to re-establish a regular heartbeat.
For every minute defibrillation is delayed, survival decreases by 7 to 10 percent. Typically, a person in cardiac arrest would have to wait for experienced medical personnel to evaluate if the rhythm requires a shock. The earlier a person receives a shock, the greater the chances of survival. If it’s delayed by more than 10 minutes, the chance of survival is less than 5 percent. It’s all about time and this is why we have AEDs in schools.
An AED uses voice prompts to instruct the rescuer. Once the machine is turned on, the rescuer will be prompted to APPLY THE TWO AED pads to the victim's chest. Once applied, the AED will begin to monitor the victim's heart rhythm. If a &quot;shockable&quot; rhythm is detected, the machine will charge itself and instruct the rescuer to stand clear of the victim. The unit will then count down 3 2 1 and a shock will be delivered. Most of our AEDs are fully automatic meaning the user does not have to push a button to initiate the shock.
AEDs are Safe to use. They are 90% sensitive…… meaning…… they will provide a shock when needed and they are 99% specific which means….. they are able to recommend not shocking when defibrillation is not needed. Even an AED without pediatric pads can be used on children 1 and older.
Many people are concerned with liability when using an AED. There are 3 Levels of Protection that include the: 1. Federal Cardiac Arrest Survival Act of 1999 signed by President Clinton 2. State Good Samaritan Law (Florida Statute 768.1345) 3. (Florida Statute 768.1325) known as the Florida Cardiac Arrest Survival Act.
The Cardiac Arrest Survival Act provides immunity from Civil Liability. According to this Federal Statue. It states: “…any person who uses or attempts to use an automated external defibrillator on a victim of a perceived medical emergency, without objection of the victim , is immune from civil liability for any harm resulting from the use or attempted use of such device…
Each school has an AED Coordinator appointed by the principal. The AED School Coordinator will work with 6 to 10 trained faculty & staff members who serve on the CPR/AED Response Team. Volunteers should include administrators, medical technician, aids, PE teachers/coaches, custodians, extended day coordinator, etc. This group becomes the school’s AED Response Team. Each school is responsible for providing training for their CPR/AED Response Team. Our district has over (your number) American Heart Association and Red Cross Certified trainers that provide training at no cost to the district. Every school must conduct daily, monthly, and yearly AED maintenance checks on each AED unit. Finally AED emergency procedures should be included in your Schools Emergency Operations Plan and your Emergency Preparedness Chart.
As has been stated each school in the district is responsible for having a trained certified AED Response Team composed of 6 to 10 employees. It is important to include staff members working the evening custodial shift. One AED Response Team Drill is required each year and can take place before or after students have left the building.
Annual postings of CPR/AED/First Aid Certified Staff should be placed in classrooms, hallways, cafeteria, auditorium, faculty lounge, and custodial areas with room number and phone numbers of each certified staff employee.
It is the responsibility of the AED Coordinator to assign an individual for daily, monthly, and yearly maintenance checks. We recommend the AED Maintenance log be kept in or next to the AED unit. The AED coordinator should confirm on a regular bases that daily checks are being conducted. At any time you have a question or concern about the AED unit please notify Risk Management. If at any time the AED unit is moved permanently to a different location Risk Management should be notified in writing.
These pictures are school aged students who have died of Cardiac Arrest in the United States. There are thousands more not shown on this page. Every day 600 Americans fall victim to Cardiac Arrest. Many are school aged children.
If you’re interested in becoming CPR/AED certified please see your schools AED Coordinator or building level administrator. We currently have YOUR NUMBER Certified American Heart Association and American Red Cross Instructors throughout the district. We encourage you to volunteer your time to take this 4 hour course. It is offered in many locations on inservice days and could one day save the life of a friend, colleague, family member or student. Thank you and enjoy your day.
ONCE THE HEART LOOSES ITS RHYTHM AND BEGINS TO “QUIVER” IT IS UNABLE TO PUMP BLOOD TO THE BODY OR BRAIN.
It’s all about TIME….. <ul><li>For every minute defibrillation is delayed, survival decreases by 7 to 10 percent. </li></ul><ul><li>If it’s delayed by more than 10 minutes, the chance of survival is less than 5 percent. </li></ul>
AM I LIABLE IF SOMETHING GOES WRONG? <ul><li>Three Levels of Protection </li></ul><ul><li>1. Federal Cardiac Arrest Survival Act </li></ul><ul><li>2. State Good Samaritan Law </li></ul>
CARDIAC ARREST SURVIVAL ACT: IMMUNITY FROM CIVIL LIABILITY (FEDERAL AED LAW) <ul><li>… any person who uses or attempts to use an automated external defibrillator device on a victim of a perceived medical emergency, without objection of the victim, is immune from civil liability for any harm resulting from the use or attempted use of such device… </li></ul>
WHAT ARE THE SCHOOL’S RESPONSIBILITIES RELATED TO TRAINING? <ul><ul><li>1. Provide AED information including purpose, training and location to faculty, staff, students, parents, and the community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Provide CPR/AED training for 6 to 10 faculty & staff employees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Conduct one AED Response Team Drill each school year. </li></ul></ul>
AED Maintenance Check Daily, Monthly, Yearly 2010-2011 School Year Daily-Check the status indicator to ensure that it is green. When GREEN the AED is rescue ready. Please initial Date 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar April May