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  1. 1. France Music: Yann Tiersen, Amelie (film)
  2. 2.           Often referred to as L’Hexagone due to it’s shape Capital-Paris. Major cities-Marseille, Lyon, Toulouse, Strasbourg, Nice, Rennes, Lille, Bordeaux. District of Paris region is often referred to Île-deFrance and was renamed as the isle of France France is divided into 27 administrative regions, 22 are in metropolitan France and 5 overseas which are: French Guiana in S.America Guadeloupe in N.America (the Caribbean) Martinique in N.America (Caribbean) Réunion in Africa (the Indian Ocean) Mayotte in Africa (the Indian Ocean) The French Republic is a unitary semipresidential republic with strong democratic traditions
  3. 3.        Francois Hollande – President Jean Marc Ayrualt – Prime Minister Per capita GDP : $34,077 Eiffel Tower, Paris- Most romantic in the world Louvre, Paris- Most visited museum in the world. French Riviera or Côte d'Azur (South western France)– leading destination in France after Parisian region, with well defined coastline and beaches, golf courses, restaurants, yachts fleet. TGV Train à Grande Vitesse –fastest train with a record of 574.8km/hr
  4. 4.    French government has followed the principle of laïcité La Francophonie- govt organisation to promote French and connect Francophones (french speakers) France is famous for its artists
  5. 5. PARIS ! “Capital of the arts,” “the city of lights,” “one of the most beautiful cities in the world,” to name but a few! Paris is worldwide famous for its enormous cultural wealth that it owes not only to its fascinating history but also to its age-long heritage. When considering the city’s monuments, museums, buildings, libraries, or famous residents, visitors are transported through time and space…
  6. 6. Architecture      Gothic or French style spread over all of Europe to build cathedrals. Most popular. Notre Dame Gustave Eiffel-designer Tallest in Paris Public considered it an eyesore while it was being built City planned to tear it down after Eiffel’s permit ended in 1909 but stayed as it helped in communication
  7. 7. When looking at it from the top of the Arc de Triomphe, you will understand why the spot is called “étoile” or “star spot”. Indeed twelve avenues all converge towards the arc. The Monument in memory of the Great Army was ordered by Napoleon. Many soldiers have been honoured and the body of an anonymous soldier who served during WWI is actually buried there. A flame is constantly lit in memory of all those who died at war.
  8. 8. Mona Lisa    Painted by Leonardo da Vinci, Italian Also known as La Jaconde Property of the Louvre Museum, Paris.
  9. 9.       Some interesting facts about France Wine is free with most meals (including lunch) but you have to pay for milk for your coffee. Public toilets usually have no toilet seat, and you have to pay to get in! More tourists visit France each year than any other country in the world, with 67 million annual tourist arrivals (more than the country's population). There are almost as many motorcycles, scooters, and mopeds as cars. France produces over 500 types of cheese! Beer is considered a luxury drink and saved only for special occasions. Wine is essentially everywhere, often free. 12
  10. 10. The most popular destination in the world  Tourism: 6% of the country's income   4% from French tourists 2% from foreign tourists Rank Country International tourist arrivals 1 France 79.22 millions 2 United States 57.94 millions 3 Spain 57.19 millions 4 China 53.05 millions 5 Italy 42.73 millions
  11. 11. Cinema    Auguste and Louis Lumière (known as the Lumiere Brothers) created one of the earliest films. Cannes Festival -the most important and famous film festivals in the world American Hollywood however is now dominant in the film industry even in France
  12. 12. Fashion     Modern haute couture originated in France Chanel, Dior, and Givenchy – great couture houses Yves Saint Laurent famous for prêt-à-porter (ready to wear) Christian Lacroix other famous french names
  13. 13. Gastronomy     Finest in the world Cassoulet (stew or casserole) in the Southwest, Choucroute (cabbage with meat) in Alsace, Quiche(pastry cut pie with cheese, meat and veg) in the Lorraine region, Beef bourguignon in the Bourgogne- regional France's most renowned products are wines, including Champagne, Bordeaux, Bourgogne, and Beaujolais as well as a large variety of different cheeses, such as Camembert (cows milk), Roquefort (blue cheese, sheeps milk) and Brie(cows milk very soft). There are more than 400 different varieties Foie gras- delicacy- gastronomical heritage- duck’s or goose liver
  14. 14. Sports    Popular- Football, judo and tennis Football and rugby team nicknamed as Les Bleux (colour of jersey) Tour de France- most famous bicylce race in the world
  15. 15. The Palace of Versailles  In French it is the Château de Versailles.  When the château was built, Versailles was a country village; today, however, it is a wealthy suburb of Paris. The court of Versailles was the center of political power in France from 1682, when Louis XIV moved from Paris, until the royal family was forced to return to the capital in October 1789 after the beginning of the French Revolution. Versailles is therefore famous not only as a building, but as a symbol of the system of absolute monarchy of the Ancien Régime.
  16. 16. Palace of Fontainebleau   The Palace of Fontainebleau, located 55 km from the centre of Paris, is one of the largest French royal châteaux. The palace as it is today is the work of many French monarchs. Fonatinebleau forest is now home to many endangered species of Europe. The château is now home to the Écoles d'Art Américaines, a school of art, architecture, and music for students from the United States. The school was founded by General Pershing when his men were stationed there during the First World War.
  17. 17. Disneyland Paris      Disneyland Paris, originally Euro Disney Resort, is an entertainment resort in Marne-la-Vallée, a new town located 32 km (20 mi) east of the centre of Paris and is the most visited attraction in all of France and Europe. It is owned and operated by Euro Disney S.C.A The resort covers 4,800 acres (19 km2) and encompasses two theme parks, several resort hotels, a shopping, dining, and entertainment complex, and a golf course, in addition to several additional recreational and entertainment venues. Disneyland Park is the original theme park of the complex, opening with the resort on 12 April 1992. A second theme park, Walt Disney Studio Park opened in 2002. The resort is the second Disney park to open outside the United States,
  18. 18. The Louvre       The Louvre is one of the world's largest museums and a historic monument. The museum is housed in the Louvre Palace (Palais du Louvre), originally built as a fortress in the late 12th century under Philip II. The museum opened on 10 August 1793 with an exhibition of 537 paintings, the majority of the works being royal and confiscated church property. Because of structural problems with the building, the museum was closed in 1796 until 1801. The collection was increased under Napoleon and the museum renamed the Musée Napoléon. After the defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo, many works seized by his armies were returned to their original owners. Holdings have grown steadily through donations and gifts since the Third Republic. As of 2008, the collection is divided among eight curatorial departments: Egyptian Antiquities; Near Eastern Antiquities, Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities; Islamic Art; Sculpture; Decorative Arts; Paintings; Prints and Drawings.
  19. 19. Musée d'Orsay     The Musée d'Orsay is a museum in Paris, on the left bank of the Seine. It is housed in the former Gare d'Orsay , a Beaux-Arts railway station built between 1898 and 1900. The museum holds mainly French art dating from 1848 to 1915, including paintings, sculptures, furniture, and photography. It houses the largest collection of impressionist and postimpressionist masterpieces in the world, by painters including Monet, Renoir, Sisley, Van Gogh. Many of these works were held at the Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume prior to the museum's opening in 1986.
  20. 20. Notre Dame de Paris      Notre-Dame de Paris also known as Notre-Dame Cathedral.  The cathedral is widely considered to be one of the finest  examples of French Gothic architecture and among the  largest and most well-known church buildings in the world.  The naturalism of its sculptures and stained glass are in  contrast with earlier Romanesque architecture. Notre-Dame is the parish that contains the cathedra, or  official chair, of the archbishop of Paris,  currently Cardinal André Vingt-Trois.  The cathedral treasury is notable for its relics Crown of  Thorns, a fragment of the True Cross, and one of the Holy  Nails. In the 1790s, Notre-Dame suffered damage during the  radical phase of the French Revolution. An  extensive restoration was later taken place.
  21. 21. Champs-Élysées     The Avenue des Champs-Élysées is a street in Paris.  With its cinemas, cafés, luxury specialty shops and clipped horse-chestnut trees, the  Champs-Élysées is arguably one of the world's most famous streets, and is one of  the most expensive strips of real estate in the world.  Several French monuments are also on the street, including the Arc de  Triomphe and the Place de la Concorde.  The name is French for Elysian Fields, the place of the blessed dead in Greek  mythology. 
  22. 22. Centre Georges Pompidou      Centre Georges Pompidou is a complex of Paris.  It was designed in the style of high-tech architecture. It houses the Bibliothèque publique d'information, a vast public library, the Musée  National d'Art Moderne which is the largest museum for modern art in Europe,  and IRCAM, a centre for music and acoustic research. It is named after Georges Pompidou, the President of France from 1969 to 1974  who commissioned the building. The Centre Pompidou has had over 150 million  visitors since 1977. The sculpture, Horizontal by Alexander Calder, a free-standing mobile that is  twenty-five feet high, was placed permanently in front of the Centre Pompidou by  the architect of the building, Renzo Piano.
  23. 23. La grand arche de la Defense    La Grande Arche de la Défense a monument and  building in the business district of La Défense  in  Paris. The two sides of the Arche house government offices.  The roof section was an exhibition centre, housing  the Musée de l'Informatique (Computing Museum).  The vertical structure visible in the photograph is the  lift scaffolding. Views of Paris are to be had from the  lifts taking visitors to the roof. After a non-injury accident in the elevators in April  2010, the Department of Ecology, owner of the roof  of the Grande Arche, decided to permanently close  the computer museum, restaurant, and viewing deck.  Access to the roof is still possible via the elevators in  the north and south walls, but they are closed to the  public
  24. 24. The Obelisk at the Place de la Concorde    The Luxor Obelisk  is a 23 metre (75 ft) high  Egyptian obelisk standing at the center of the Place de la  Concorde. It was originally located at the entrance  to Luxor Temple, in Egypt. Two 3,300-year-old twin obelisks once marked the  entrance to the Luxor Temple. Muhammad Ali Pasha,  Kingof Egypt, offered the two obelisks to France as a gift  in 1829. The first obelisk arrived in Paris on December 21, 1833.  Three years later, on October 25, 1836, King LouisPhilippe of France had it placed in the center of Place de  la Concorde.
  25. 25. Channel Tunnel     The Channel Tunnel is a 50.5-kilometre (31.4 mi) the United  Kingdom with France runs beneath the English Channel at the Strait of Dover.  At its lowest point, it is 75 m (250 ft) deep. At 37.9 kilometres (23.5 mi), the tunnel  has the longest undersea portion of any tunnel in the world The tunnel carries high-speed Eurostar passenger trains, Eurotunnel Shuttle rollon/roll-off vehicle transport—the largest in the world—and international rail freight  trains. Ideas for a cross-Channel fixed link appeared as early as 1802,but British political  and press pressure over compromised national security stalled attempts to construct  a tunnel. The eventual successful project, organised by Eurotunnel, began  construction in 1988 and opened in 1994. At £4.650 billion, the project came in  80% over its predicted budget. Since its construction, the tunnel has faced several  problems. Fires have disrupted operation of the tunnel.
  26. 26. Mont St. Michel     Mont Saint-Michel in Normandy, France. It is located approximately one  kilometre (0.6 miles) off the country's northwestern coast, at the mouth of  the Couesnon River near. 247 acres (100 ha) in size, the island has a population of  44 (2009).[1] The island has held strategic fortifications since ancient times, and since the eighth  century AD has been the seat of the monastery from which it draws its name.  The structural composition of the town exemplifies the feudal society that  constructed it. On top God, the abbey and monastery, below this the Great halls,  then stores and housing, and at the bottom, outside the walls, fishermen and  farmers' housing. One of France's most recognisable landmarks, Mont Saint-Michel and its bay are  part of the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites and more than 3 million people  visit it each year.