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JCI sep 21 ewaste management.pdf

Ewaste awareness session

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Reboot the earth
All you need to know about Goa’s
E-waste Troubles.
PS: Solutions included!
JCI Sanquelim– 8th September 2021
Ashley Delaney
9823118321
ashley@grouptenplus.com
www.grouptenplus.com
Many types of waste
Municipal waste
Medical waste
E-waste
Industrial
waste
Whats th
e

difference?
They are bot
h

trashed
It is a point of concern considering that many
components of such equipment are considered toxic
and are not biodegradable.
What is E-waste?
According to the e-waste (M&H)
Rules 2016.
‘e-waste’ is defined as “waste
electrical and electronic
equipment, whole or in part or
rejects from their manufacturing
and repair process, which are
intended to be discarded”
Why do we need to recycle E-waste?
Source for Metals: Less energy intensive
and cheaper source for base and precious
metals. Lowers the carbon footprint.
Sustainable: As the demand for metals is
growing recycling would play a major part in
ensuring sustainable development.
Ad

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JCI sep 21 ewaste management.pdf

  • 1. Reboot the earth All you need to know about Goa’s E-waste Troubles. PS: Solutions included! JCI Sanquelim– 8th September 2021 Ashley Delaney 9823118321 ashley@grouptenplus.com www.grouptenplus.com
  • 2. Many types of waste Municipal waste Medical waste E-waste Industrial waste
  • 4. It is a point of concern considering that many components of such equipment are considered toxic and are not biodegradable.
  • 5. What is E-waste? According to the e-waste (M&H) Rules 2016. ‘e-waste’ is defined as “waste electrical and electronic equipment, whole or in part or rejects from their manufacturing and repair process, which are intended to be discarded”
  • 6. Why do we need to recycle E-waste? Source for Metals: Less energy intensive and cheaper source for base and precious metals. Lowers the carbon footprint. Sustainable: As the demand for metals is growing recycling would play a major part in ensuring sustainable development.
  • 7. Limited availability of metals Limited life of virgin resources is an important catalyst for recycling Limited life of virgin resources is an important catalyst for recyclin g ►Conservation of natural resources is now widely considered a critical goal . ►Recycling certain metals is absolutely essential as rising demand could completely exhaust the world’s supply of these precious and rare earths within the foreseeable future. For instance, Copper is expected to last for only 61 years at the current rate of consumption. Supply risks of technology minerals* *Technology minerals include rare earths, antimony, beryllium, cobalt, tantalum, indium, etc. that are consumed by the high-tech industr y Source: EY Report “Material risk: Access to technology minerals”
  • 8. Interesting Facts - 5,000 Olympic and Paralympic gold, silver, and bronze medals made from 80,000 tonnes of recycling electronics. 32 KG of GOLD 3500 KG of silver 2200 KG of Bronze
  • 9. India generates close to 3,000,000 tons e-waste p.a. Expected to touch 34million ton by end 2021
  • 10. Cable Burning in Open Circuit Board Open Burning Acid Stripping • Scrap Dealers from Delhi • As hazardous waste • Incineration at Taloja • Stored at premises 2010 < Ewaste disposal
  • 11. 5% vs 97% - Is this recycling? Circuit Board Open Burning Cable Burning in Open Acid Stripping CRT Cracking & Dumping
  • 12. 0 2.5 5 7.5 10 Row 1 Row 2 Row 3 Row 4 Column 1 Column 2 Health Hazards Exposure can cause lung cancer and chronic Beryllium disease. Symptoms of chronic beryllium disease include: breathing difficulties, coughing, chest pain and general weakness. Exposure through ingestion or inhalation can cause central nervous system damage and kidney damage. Long-term exposure may cause lung cancer, nerve damage and various skin diseases. Arsine gas (AsH3), used in tech manufacturing, is the most toxic form of arsenic. Long-term exposure to cadmium can cause kidney damage and damage to bone density. Cadmium is also a known carcinogen. Exposure can cause lung cancer and chronic Beryllium disease. Symptoms of chronic beryllium disease include: breathing difficulties, coughing, chest pain and general weakness. Exposure can cause lung cancer and chronic Beryllium disease. Symptoms of chronic beryllium disease include: breathing difficulties, coughing, chest pain and general weakness. Exposure can cause lung cancer and chronic Beryllium disease. Symptoms of chronic beryllium disease include: breathing difficulties, coughing, chest pain and general weakness. Beryllium Mercury Arsenic Cadmium Lead Barium Polychorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)
  • 13. A Threat? Water Pollution – Contains heavy metals 95% of Ewaste lands up in the Informal sector treated badly!! Air Pollution – We breath Carcinogens
  • 14. We are Responsible for deaths! We give our E waste to Scrap Dealer. where it is treated in an environmentally unfriendly manner If not recycled properly, each electronic gadget used by us leads to increase in the Ewaste generated in India And can cause harm. It reaches informal sector
  • 15. We have to accept that we DO have a problem BUT, it remains a problem until WE deal with it.
  • 17. Modern Roorkee Recycling Plant All content is the proprietary and confidential property of ATTERO Recycling, not to be copy or distributed.
  • 18. E-waste Management and Handling Rules 2016 ➢ Covers everyone right from manufacturer to end consumer to recycler. ➢ E-waste to be recycled compulsory and through authorised recyclers only . ➢ Presence of 3 recyclers in the state.
  • 19. How does the law affect common man? Dealers of electronic equipment need to give their e-waste for recycling. Just 4 computer dealers give – not happening in Goa Everyone Has to give the e-waste only to authorized recyclers Consumer to ensure that he/she has to give it back – no scrapyard dumping or selling to kabbadiwallas EPR (extended Producer responsibility) made mandatory. - give for recycling
  • 20. Do you know what this means?
  • 21. Hazardeous / Non Hazardeous ●Tubelights / CF L ●Ink cartridge s ●Toner s ●Ribbon cartridge s ●All batteries (pen cell, watch etc) ●All IT related items like computers, et c ●Mobiles, wires, usb drives, EPABX, headphones etc . ●TV's, refrigerators, AC's, Microwave
  • 22. How do we manage Ewaste at the workplace? Undertake E-waste accounting. If it's not measured, it cannot be managed. There should be a tracking system for the e-waste being generated in the organization . Educate even the smallest – the organisation is as strong as its weakest link!
  • 23. Why Local Scrap Dealers Pay for E- waste, and is it Really Worth It? ➢ Hazardous Recycling Process ➢ Unsafe Disposal of Residual Components ➢ No Investment in Infrastructure or Safety Equipment ➢ Child Labour ➢ Unregulated Operations ➢Untaxed Establishments ➢ Little or no overheads like ➢rent etc....
  • 24. Our efforts are incomplete until YOU give it the strength it needs ➢ Conduct awareness campaigns in locality, colleges ➢ Conduct E-waste collection drives ➢ Educate shopkeepers and electronic dealers ➢ Stop dumping e-waste at scrapyards, even for a fee ➢ Recycle E-waste responsibly to an authorized recycler.
  • 25. So can we do something?
  • 26. Q 1) Which year did Ewaste Rules come into effect? Ans: May 2012 Q 2 ) How much of Ewaste is recycled by informal sector in India? Ans: 95% Q3 ) Which year / month did Goa gets its Ewaste Solution? Ans: 10/10/10 – 10th October 2010
  • 27. Que 5) What is known as India’s Ewaste recycling capital? Ans: Moradabad. Que 6 ) How many types of Hazardous ewaste are there ? Ans: 5 – Tubelights / CFL / Ink cartridges, Toners / Battries Que 7 ) What component of LCD monitors is in short supply? Ans: Indium – Worldwide production in 2007 was 475 tonnes per year from mining and a further 650 tonnes per year from recycling. - source wikipedia