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ANTARCTIC REGION
                                 30         30
                                                                                                                                               0                                                            Port Elizabeth                                    SOUTH 30
                       Year-round research station                                                                                                                                                                                                            AFRICA

                        Scale 1:68,000,000                                                                                     South Atlantic
               Azimuthal Equal-Area Projection
                   0      500      1000 Kilometers
                                                                                                                                  Ocean
                                                                                                                                                                            Anta                                                                       40
                                                                                                                                                                                 r c ti   c C
                   0             500               1000 Miles                                                                                                                                 onv
                                                                                                                                                                                                 erg
             Twenty-one of 28 Antarctic consultative nations have                                                                                                                                   enc
             made no claims to Antarctic territory (although Russia
                                                                                                                                                                                                       e
             and the United States have reserved the right to do so)
                                                                                                                                                      Bouvet Island
             and they do not recognize the claims of the other                                                                                             (NORWAY)                                                                                   PRINCE EDWARD ISLANDS
             nations.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          50                                  (SOUTH AFRICA)
                                                         South Georgia and the
                                                         South Sandwich Islands                        BRITISH
                                                             (administered by U.K.,                    CLAIM
                                                            claimed by ARGENTINA)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ÎLES
                                                                                                                           Southern                                                                                                                                            CROZET

                                                     ARGENTINE
                                                                                                                             Ocean                   NORWEGIAN CLAIM
                                                                                                                                                                                                       60
                                                                                                                                                             undefined limit
          Falkland Islands                             CLAIM




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 60
          (Islas Malvinas)
        (administered by U.K.,                   Scotia Sea                Orcadas                                                    SANAE IV                                                                                                                French Southern
      claimed by ARGENTINA)                                              (ARGENTINA)                         Neumayer                 (SOUTH           Novolazarevskaya                                                                                      and Antarctic Lands
                                                                      SOUTH ORKNEY                          (GERMANY)                 AFRICA)                (RUSSIA)
                                                                         ISLANDS                                                                                                                                                                                       (FRANCE)
                                                                                                                                                Maitri
                                              SOUTH                                                                                            (INDIA)                               70       Syowa (JAPAN)
                                            SHETLAND                         area of                                                                                                                    Molodezhnaya
          ARGENTINA                                                        enlargement                                                Queen Maud Land                                                                                                                         ÎLES
                          Ushuaia            ISLANDS                                                                                                                                                         (RUSSIA)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Enderby                                                              KERGUELEN
                                       Drake                                                                                   Halley (U.K.)                                                           Land
                                       Passage                                            Weddell Sea                          Belgrano II
                                                                                                                            (ARGENTINA)                                                                               Mawson                                          Heard Island and
            CHILE                                                                                                                                                                                  Mac. Robertson
                                                                                                                                                                  80
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    (AUSTRALIA)                                       McDonald Islands
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Land
                                                                                   Palmer                                                                                                                                                                                   (AUSTRALIA)
                                                                                      Land           Ronne
                                                                                                    Ice Shelf                                                                                                         Amery Ice Shelf
                                                                                                                                                                                 Zhong Shan(CHINA)
                       CHILEAN                                                                                                                                                      Progress (RUSSIA)                     Davis(AUSTRALIA)
                        CLAIM                      Bellingshausen
                                                           Sea                       Ellsworth
                                                                                                                                                   Amundsen-Scott
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Indian
                                                                                           Vinson Massif
            90 W                                                                                                                                      (U.S.)                                                                                                                              90 E
                                                  Peter I Island
                                                                                   (highest point in Antarctica, 4897 m)
                                                                                                                                 South Pole                                                                                              Mirnyy
                                                                                       Land                                       2800 m.                                                   Vostok                                      (RUSSIA)                            Ocean
                                                                                                                                                                                           (RUSSIA)
                                                                                             Bentley Subglacial Trench                                                                                                d
                                                                                             (lowest point in Antarctica, -2540 m)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Shackleton
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Lan




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      M
                                                                                                      Marie Byrd                                                                            Concordia                                     Ice Shelf




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  C L AI
               South                                                                                    Land
                                                                                                                                                                                          (FRANCE AND
                                                                                                                                                                                              ITALY)
                                                                                                                                           Ross
              Pacific
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 es




                                                                         Amundsen                                                        Ice Shelf                                                                             Casey
                                                                                                                                                                                                            ilk




                                                                           Sea                                                                        80

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             IA N
              Ocean                                                                                                                                        McMurdo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          (AUSTRALIA)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            W




                                                                                                                                                             (U.S.)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        AL
                                                                                                                                            Scott
                                                                                                                                            (N.Z.)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      TR


                                                                                                                                          Ross Sea
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 AU




                                                                                                                 average minimum
                                                                                                                  extent of sea ice                          Victoria Land

Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Poland,
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Dumont d'Urville
                                                       64




Russia, South Korea, Uruguay each have                                                                                                                       70                                          (FRANCE)
a station on King George Island.                                                                                Ant                    Scott
                                                                                                                    arcti
                                                                                                                           c
                                                                                                                                      Island
                                         Esperanza                                                                              Circle                  BALLENY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0
                                       (ARGENTINA)                                                                                                     ISLANDS                                                        FRENCH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  e
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             nc




60                                                  Marambio                                                                          Southern                                                                        CLAIM                                  ge
                                                                                                                                                                                                            AN                                          er
                                                                              66




     Arturo Prat            Bernardo
                                                  (ARGENTINA)
                                                                                        NE                                              Ocean                                                      LI                                            Co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      nv
     (CHILE)                                                                                  W                                                                                                RA
                            O'Higgins                                      55                                                                                                               S T L AI M                                c ti
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             c
                            (CHILE)
                                                                                                    ZEA
                                                                                                             LAN                                                                          AU C                                 ta r
                                                                                                                                                                       60                                                 An
                                                                                                                      D CLA                                                                                                                                            South
                                                                          e
                                                                        rcl




                                                                                                                            IM
                                                                      Ci




                                                                                                                                                                                            Macquarie Island
62




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Pacific
                                                                    c
                                                                   cti




                                                                                                                                                                                              (AUSTRALIA)
                                                                tar




                                                                                                                                                       Campbell
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Ocean
                                                               An




                              Graham                                                                                                                    Island
                                                                                                                                                      (NEW ZEALAND)               AUCKLAND ISLANDS
65                     Palmer  Land                                                                                                                                                 (NEW ZEALAND)
                       (U.S.)                                                                                                                                                                                              Tasmania
                                                                           60                                                                                                     50
                                  Vernadsky                                                                                                                                                                                      Hobart
                                 (UKRAINE)                                                                                                                                           SNARES ISLANDS
               Antarctic                                       Larsen                                                                                                                  (NEW ZEALAND)                                                                  Adelaide
               Peninsula                                      Ice Shelf                                                                                                                                                                                           Melbourne
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 30




                                                                                                                                                     NEW
     30




                                                                                                     CHATHAM ISLANDS                               ZEALAND                        South Island
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Canberra
                                                                                                        (NEW ZEALAND)                                                  Christchurch
70
           Southern                                      San Martin                                                                       Wellington                                          40                                                                  AUSTRALIA
             Ocean                    15
                                        0   Rothera
                                                       (ARGENTINA)                                                                           180                                                                               Sydney
                                            (U.K.)                                                                                                                North Island
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      803121AI (R02207) 3-05
 64




                                                         68

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World Map - Antarctic

  • 1. ANTARCTIC REGION 30 30 0 Port Elizabeth SOUTH 30 Year-round research station AFRICA Scale 1:68,000,000 South Atlantic Azimuthal Equal-Area Projection 0 500 1000 Kilometers Ocean Anta 40 r c ti c C 0 500 1000 Miles onv erg Twenty-one of 28 Antarctic consultative nations have enc made no claims to Antarctic territory (although Russia e and the United States have reserved the right to do so) Bouvet Island and they do not recognize the claims of the other (NORWAY) PRINCE EDWARD ISLANDS nations. 50 (SOUTH AFRICA) South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands BRITISH (administered by U.K., CLAIM claimed by ARGENTINA) ÎLES Southern CROZET ARGENTINE Ocean NORWEGIAN CLAIM 60 undefined limit Falkland Islands CLAIM 60 (Islas Malvinas) (administered by U.K., Scotia Sea Orcadas SANAE IV French Southern claimed by ARGENTINA) (ARGENTINA) Neumayer (SOUTH Novolazarevskaya and Antarctic Lands SOUTH ORKNEY (GERMANY) AFRICA) (RUSSIA) ISLANDS (FRANCE) Maitri SOUTH (INDIA) 70 Syowa (JAPAN) SHETLAND area of Molodezhnaya ARGENTINA enlargement Queen Maud Land ÎLES Ushuaia ISLANDS (RUSSIA) Enderby KERGUELEN Drake Halley (U.K.) Land Passage Weddell Sea Belgrano II (ARGENTINA) Mawson Heard Island and CHILE Mac. Robertson 80 (AUSTRALIA) McDonald Islands Land Palmer (AUSTRALIA) Land Ronne Ice Shelf Amery Ice Shelf Zhong Shan(CHINA) CHILEAN Progress (RUSSIA) Davis(AUSTRALIA) CLAIM Bellingshausen Sea Ellsworth Amundsen-Scott Indian Vinson Massif 90 W (U.S.) 90 E Peter I Island (highest point in Antarctica, 4897 m) South Pole Mirnyy Land 2800 m. Vostok (RUSSIA) Ocean (RUSSIA) Bentley Subglacial Trench d (lowest point in Antarctica, -2540 m) Shackleton Lan M Marie Byrd Concordia Ice Shelf C L AI South Land (FRANCE AND ITALY) Ross Pacific es Amundsen Ice Shelf Casey ilk Sea 80 IA N Ocean McMurdo (AUSTRALIA) W (U.S.) AL Scott (N.Z.) TR Ross Sea S AU average minimum extent of sea ice Victoria Land Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Poland, Dumont d'Urville 64 Russia, South Korea, Uruguay each have 70 (FRANCE) a station on King George Island. Ant Scott arcti c Island Esperanza Circle BALLENY 12 0 (ARGENTINA) ISLANDS FRENCH e nc 60 Marambio Southern CLAIM ge AN er 66 Arturo Prat Bernardo (ARGENTINA) NE Ocean LI Co nv (CHILE) W RA O'Higgins 55 S T L AI M c ti c (CHILE) ZEA LAN AU C ta r 60 An D CLA South e rcl IM Ci Macquarie Island 62 Pacific c cti (AUSTRALIA) tar Campbell Ocean An Graham Island (NEW ZEALAND) AUCKLAND ISLANDS 65 Palmer Land (NEW ZEALAND) (U.S.) Tasmania 60 50 Vernadsky Hobart (UKRAINE) SNARES ISLANDS Antarctic Larsen (NEW ZEALAND) Adelaide Peninsula Ice Shelf Melbourne 30 NEW 30 CHATHAM ISLANDS ZEALAND South Island Canberra (NEW ZEALAND) Christchurch 70 Southern San Martin Wellington 40 AUSTRALIA Ocean 15 0 Rothera (ARGENTINA) 180 Sydney (U.K.) North Island 803121AI (R02207) 3-05 64 68