SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 29
VAD IN NIGER
NE situation
analysis
The setting
Six rural villages
• Most with gardens
• Two with health posts
• All have a butcher’s shop
• All have a small market selling vegetables
Main occupation
• Agriculture / horticulture (both men & women)
• Men are also “businessmen”
Socio-economic status (not too bad)
• More than half eat meat once a week
• About half the households have a donkey.
The nutrition issue
These groups were known to be at risk of
VAD:
• three quarters of pregnant women
• two thirds of nursing women
• nearly half of children aged 13-16 months
• 62% of children aged 37-72 months
Aims of the
situation analysis
The situation analysis aimed to explore …..
• the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the
population on general diet & vitamin A-rich
foods
• the resources and possibilities (foods
available, possibilities of increasing supply)
• the constraints (cost, acceptability,
seasonality).
….. and to discuss the best ways forward.
1° Step: Literature
review
• The project team read the available
reports and other documents.
• They also consulted national experts and
commissioned food composition studies.
Preliminary findings 1
Foods available to fill the gap
• Fresh green leaves, freshly cooked: available only in the rainy
season. Dried leaves not a good source of VA.
• Red peppers are hot, so the amount consumed cannot
increase much.
• Mangoes are seasonal and expensive.
• Liver is easily absorbed, available all year, also gives folate and
iron. Most villages have good supplies.
• Pumpkin and squash: little information on availability.
NB. To absorb VA from plant foods, some oil or fat is needed.
However there is little fat in villagers’ meals.
Preliminary findings 2
Extending production of DGLVS
Production of fresh DGLVs could be extended by
• growing leaves for home consumption in dry-season
gardens (as well as cash crops)
• growing a second sowing of squash, bean leaves and
red sorrel (new practice)
• growing moringa and harvesting every 2 weeks (but
needs year-round watering) (new practice)
• gathering wild leaf seeds (e.g. amaranth) and sowing
broadcast in the dry season.
Preliminary recommendations
The project decided:
1. To promote the consumption of:
• liver
• dark green leafy vegetables, with added oil
2. To explore pumpkin production
3. To promote increased production of green
leaves using existing practices (dry-season
gardens & wild seeds)
Next step: Planning
the community
enquiry
Deciding
• what to find out
• who to talk to and how
• what questions to ask
What to find out
The team decided to explore the main players’
knowledge, attitudes, practices, perceptions,
resources, constraints and influences re:
• Diet - general and of specific groups
• VAD
• Liver
• DGLVs
Who to talk to and how
The team aimed to talk to the groups in the
communities most affected and most involved in
the production, supply and consumption of the
targeted foods.
They decided how they would gather the
information (e.g. observation, interview, focus
groups, questionnaires, data records).
What questions to ask
The team produced questions for the groups in
question.
They pre-tested them to make sure that they
were short, single, simple, clear and neutral, and
that they were effective in opening up
discussion and gathering information.
Next step: carrying
out the community
enquiry
The project team
• decided how to sample the target population
• trained interlocutors/focus group facilitators
• organized and carried out the enquiry
• cleaned the data
• agreed on the findings and circulated them.
Findings
This is what they found out
• about diet and VAD
• about liver
• about DGLVs
Findings 1: Diet and VAD
The community enquiry found that:
1. Men and women place a high value on getting full
rather than on eating foods for their nutritional value.
2. Both men and women have little knowledge of
nutrition needs of high-risk groups.
3. No special diet is followed during pregnancy and
lactation except that women eat more beans to
encourage milk production
4. No special diet is followed for children under three:
they are expected to feed themselves and eat adult
food as soon as they are able.
5. Diarrhoea, night blindness and low birth weight are
associated with poor diet, but not with specific food
lacks.
Findings 2: Liver
The community enquiry found that:
• Liver is usually purchased by men as a snack for
women and children. Very small quantities are
bought. It is seen as expensive.
• Liver is seen as a “special” food, associated with
curing illness, night blindness and various rituals.
To “cure” night blindness a small piece is held
between the teeth for a while, then either
swallowed or thrown away.
• Plenty of liver is available in the village.
Findings 3: Green leaves
The community enquiry found that:
• Everyone likes dark green leaves. They are
associated with good health.
• They are eaten often, fresh in the rainy season,
cooked and served cold with oil and spices, and
dried in sauces the rest of the year.
• About half the greens are bought and half are
home-grown or gathered.
• Extending the growing season would mean
displacing cash crops from dry-season gardens.
Next steps
• Formulating objectives
• Planning the intervention
• Deciding on baselines
• Establishing intervention and control groups
• Carrying out the intervention
End of story!

More Related Content

Viewers also liked

Frontit seminarium: Verksamhetsutveckling från strategi till effekt
Frontit seminarium: Verksamhetsutveckling från strategi till effektFrontit seminarium: Verksamhetsutveckling från strategi till effekt
Frontit seminarium: Verksamhetsutveckling från strategi till effektFrontit
 
Kommunikationsplan sverigesinfoforening110502
Kommunikationsplan sverigesinfoforening110502Kommunikationsplan sverigesinfoforening110502
Kommunikationsplan sverigesinfoforening110502Annika af Trolle
 
Projektledning intro teori 1
Projektledning intro teori 1Projektledning intro teori 1
Projektledning intro teori 1Peter Nydal
 
Att designa för en målgrupp
Att designa för en målgruppAtt designa för en målgrupp
Att designa för en målgruppÅsa Roos
 
Att leda in i framtiden
Att leda in i framtidenAtt leda in i framtiden
Att leda in i framtidenDigJourney
 
100 smarta tips på hur du leder digital transformation i tidig fas
100 smarta tips på hur du leder digital transformation i tidig fas100 smarta tips på hur du leder digital transformation i tidig fas
100 smarta tips på hur du leder digital transformation i tidig fasDigJourney
 
Workshop - praktisk planering av arbetet för kontrollfunktionerna risk och co...
Workshop - praktisk planering av arbetet för kontrollfunktionerna risk och co...Workshop - praktisk planering av arbetet för kontrollfunktionerna risk och co...
Workshop - praktisk planering av arbetet för kontrollfunktionerna risk och co...Transcendent Group
 
Star strategy en inspirerande metod för mål och verksamhetsstyrning
Star strategy en inspirerande metod för mål och verksamhetsstyrningStar strategy en inspirerande metod för mål och verksamhetsstyrning
Star strategy en inspirerande metod för mål och verksamhetsstyrningTranscendent Group
 
Ledning, kultur och riskhantering
Ledning, kultur och riskhanteringLedning, kultur och riskhantering
Ledning, kultur och riskhanteringTranscendent Group
 

Viewers also liked (12)

Syfte Och Mission
Syfte Och MissionSyfte Och Mission
Syfte Och Mission
 
Frontit seminarium: Verksamhetsutveckling från strategi till effekt
Frontit seminarium: Verksamhetsutveckling från strategi till effektFrontit seminarium: Verksamhetsutveckling från strategi till effekt
Frontit seminarium: Verksamhetsutveckling från strategi till effekt
 
Kommunikationsplan sverigesinfoforening110502
Kommunikationsplan sverigesinfoforening110502Kommunikationsplan sverigesinfoforening110502
Kommunikationsplan sverigesinfoforening110502
 
Projektledning intro teori 1
Projektledning intro teori 1Projektledning intro teori 1
Projektledning intro teori 1
 
Att designa för en målgrupp
Att designa för en målgruppAtt designa för en målgrupp
Att designa för en målgrupp
 
Att leda in i framtiden
Att leda in i framtidenAtt leda in i framtiden
Att leda in i framtiden
 
100 smarta tips på hur du leder digital transformation i tidig fas
100 smarta tips på hur du leder digital transformation i tidig fas100 smarta tips på hur du leder digital transformation i tidig fas
100 smarta tips på hur du leder digital transformation i tidig fas
 
Snabbkurs i projektledning
Snabbkurs i projektledningSnabbkurs i projektledning
Snabbkurs i projektledning
 
Workshop - praktisk planering av arbetet för kontrollfunktionerna risk och co...
Workshop - praktisk planering av arbetet för kontrollfunktionerna risk och co...Workshop - praktisk planering av arbetet för kontrollfunktionerna risk och co...
Workshop - praktisk planering av arbetet för kontrollfunktionerna risk och co...
 
Star strategy en inspirerande metod för mål och verksamhetsstyrning
Star strategy en inspirerande metod för mål och verksamhetsstyrningStar strategy en inspirerande metod för mål och verksamhetsstyrning
Star strategy en inspirerande metod för mål och verksamhetsstyrning
 
Ledning, kultur och riskhantering
Ledning, kultur och riskhanteringLedning, kultur och riskhantering
Ledning, kultur och riskhantering
 
Grundläggande branding
Grundläggande brandingGrundläggande branding
Grundläggande branding
 

Similar to Vad project in niger

To sell or consume? Ecama presentation noora
To sell or consume? Ecama presentation nooraTo sell or consume? Ecama presentation noora
To sell or consume? Ecama presentation nooraIFPRIMaSSP
 
Kansas City Urban Gardens
Kansas City Urban GardensKansas City Urban Gardens
Kansas City Urban GardensKlausGroenholm
 
Nutrition, diet, factors, bmr, food serving
Nutrition, diet, factors, bmr, food servingNutrition, diet, factors, bmr, food serving
Nutrition, diet, factors, bmr, food servingslideshareacount
 
impact of socio-cultural belief of food choice on female menstruation.
impact of socio-cultural belief of food choice on female menstruation.impact of socio-cultural belief of food choice on female menstruation.
impact of socio-cultural belief of food choice on female menstruation.mahee tori
 
Healthy mealsbudget 9_30_2011
Healthy mealsbudget 9_30_2011Healthy mealsbudget 9_30_2011
Healthy mealsbudget 9_30_2011ClevelandFoodbank
 
Food_PublicHealth_Cornell.pptx
Food_PublicHealth_Cornell.pptxFood_PublicHealth_Cornell.pptx
Food_PublicHealth_Cornell.pptxGurumurthy B R
 
Biological farming vs industrial tech farming
Biological farming vs industrial tech farmingBiological farming vs industrial tech farming
Biological farming vs industrial tech farmingFarmFoodAndHealth
 
Dr. Gerald Stokka - Stewardship: A Philosophy of Life, Culture and Business
Dr. Gerald Stokka - Stewardship: A Philosophy of Life, Culture and BusinessDr. Gerald Stokka - Stewardship: A Philosophy of Life, Culture and Business
Dr. Gerald Stokka - Stewardship: A Philosophy of Life, Culture and BusinessJohn Blue
 
The Elephant in the Room: Examining the Link between Food Access and Health O...
The Elephant in the Room: Examining the Link between Food Access and Health O...The Elephant in the Room: Examining the Link between Food Access and Health O...
The Elephant in the Room: Examining the Link between Food Access and Health O...Community Food Security Coalition
 
Nutritional Rehabilitation
Nutritional RehabilitationNutritional Rehabilitation
Nutritional RehabilitationKunal Modak
 
Inpatient Plant Based Nutrition: Review of the History and Challenges for Ap...
Inpatient Plant Based Nutrition:  Review of the History and Challenges for Ap...Inpatient Plant Based Nutrition:  Review of the History and Challenges for Ap...
Inpatient Plant Based Nutrition: Review of the History and Challenges for Ap...EsserHealth
 
Lunch & Learn Presentation
Lunch & Learn PresentationLunch & Learn Presentation
Lunch & Learn Presentationlisacass
 

Similar to Vad project in niger (20)

To sell or consume? Ecama presentation noora
To sell or consume? Ecama presentation nooraTo sell or consume? Ecama presentation noora
To sell or consume? Ecama presentation noora
 
Kansas City Urban Gardens
Kansas City Urban GardensKansas City Urban Gardens
Kansas City Urban Gardens
 
Health Benefits of School and Community Gardens
Health Benefits of School and Community GardensHealth Benefits of School and Community Gardens
Health Benefits of School and Community Gardens
 
Colorado School Gardening Handouts: Integrating Curriculum
Colorado School Gardening Handouts: Integrating CurriculumColorado School Gardening Handouts: Integrating Curriculum
Colorado School Gardening Handouts: Integrating Curriculum
 
Nutrition, diet, factors, bmr, food serving
Nutrition, diet, factors, bmr, food servingNutrition, diet, factors, bmr, food serving
Nutrition, diet, factors, bmr, food serving
 
Introduction to Nutrition
 Introduction to Nutrition Introduction to Nutrition
Introduction to Nutrition
 
impact of socio-cultural belief of food choice on female menstruation.
impact of socio-cultural belief of food choice on female menstruation.impact of socio-cultural belief of food choice on female menstruation.
impact of socio-cultural belief of food choice on female menstruation.
 
CCIH 2012 Conference, Breatout 4, Pamela Mukaire, Student Session, Growing a ...
CCIH 2012 Conference, Breatout 4, Pamela Mukaire, Student Session, Growing a ...CCIH 2012 Conference, Breatout 4, Pamela Mukaire, Student Session, Growing a ...
CCIH 2012 Conference, Breatout 4, Pamela Mukaire, Student Session, Growing a ...
 
Healthy mealsbudget 9_30_2011
Healthy mealsbudget 9_30_2011Healthy mealsbudget 9_30_2011
Healthy mealsbudget 9_30_2011
 
Food_PublicHealth_Cornell.pptx
Food_PublicHealth_Cornell.pptxFood_PublicHealth_Cornell.pptx
Food_PublicHealth_Cornell.pptx
 
Biological farming vs industrial tech farming
Biological farming vs industrial tech farmingBiological farming vs industrial tech farming
Biological farming vs industrial tech farming
 
Dr. Gerald Stokka - Stewardship: A Philosophy of Life, Culture and Business
Dr. Gerald Stokka - Stewardship: A Philosophy of Life, Culture and BusinessDr. Gerald Stokka - Stewardship: A Philosophy of Life, Culture and Business
Dr. Gerald Stokka - Stewardship: A Philosophy of Life, Culture and Business
 
The Elephant in the Room: Examining the Link between Food Access and Health O...
The Elephant in the Room: Examining the Link between Food Access and Health O...The Elephant in the Room: Examining the Link between Food Access and Health O...
The Elephant in the Room: Examining the Link between Food Access and Health O...
 
REIMAGINING FOOD WASTE
REIMAGINING FOOD WASTEREIMAGINING FOOD WASTE
REIMAGINING FOOD WASTE
 
Nutritional Rehabilitation
Nutritional RehabilitationNutritional Rehabilitation
Nutritional Rehabilitation
 
Inpatient Plant Based Nutrition: Review of the History and Challenges for Ap...
Inpatient Plant Based Nutrition:  Review of the History and Challenges for Ap...Inpatient Plant Based Nutrition:  Review of the History and Challenges for Ap...
Inpatient Plant Based Nutrition: Review of the History and Challenges for Ap...
 
Team6
Team6Team6
Team6
 
Trends
TrendsTrends
Trends
 
Lunch & Learn Presentation
Lunch & Learn PresentationLunch & Learn Presentation
Lunch & Learn Presentation
 
Food
FoodFood
Food
 

More from melivargas25

4 Webinar de la Red ICEAN
4 Webinar de la Red ICEAN4 Webinar de la Red ICEAN
4 Webinar de la Red ICEANmelivargas25
 
Tercer webinar de la Red ICEAN
Tercer webinar de la Red ICEANTercer webinar de la Red ICEAN
Tercer webinar de la Red ICEANmelivargas25
 
Segundo webinar de la Red ICEAN
Segundo webinar de la Red ICEANSegundo webinar de la Red ICEAN
Segundo webinar de la Red ICEANmelivargas25
 
Primer webinar Red ICEAN
Primer webinar Red ICEANPrimer webinar Red ICEAN
Primer webinar Red ICEANmelivargas25
 
Purposes and uses of evaluation
Purposes and uses of evaluationPurposes and uses of evaluation
Purposes and uses of evaluationmelivargas25
 
Examples of visualization
Examples of visualizationExamples of visualization
Examples of visualizationmelivargas25
 
Presentation interventions in a univesity
Presentation interventions in a univesityPresentation interventions in a univesity
Presentation interventions in a univesitymelivargas25
 
Segundo webinar de la Red ICEAN: Guías alimentarias parte 2
Segundo webinar de la Red ICEAN: Guías alimentarias parte 2Segundo webinar de la Red ICEAN: Guías alimentarias parte 2
Segundo webinar de la Red ICEAN: Guías alimentarias parte 2melivargas25
 
Webinar guías alimentarias parte 1
Webinar guías alimentarias parte 1Webinar guías alimentarias parte 1
Webinar guías alimentarias parte 1melivargas25
 
ENACT carrot &stick
ENACT carrot &stickENACT carrot &stick
ENACT carrot &stickmelivargas25
 

More from melivargas25 (12)

4 Webinar de la Red ICEAN
4 Webinar de la Red ICEAN4 Webinar de la Red ICEAN
4 Webinar de la Red ICEAN
 
Tercer webinar de la Red ICEAN
Tercer webinar de la Red ICEANTercer webinar de la Red ICEAN
Tercer webinar de la Red ICEAN
 
Segundo webinar de la Red ICEAN
Segundo webinar de la Red ICEANSegundo webinar de la Red ICEAN
Segundo webinar de la Red ICEAN
 
Primer webinar Red ICEAN
Primer webinar Red ICEANPrimer webinar Red ICEAN
Primer webinar Red ICEAN
 
Purposes and uses of evaluation
Purposes and uses of evaluationPurposes and uses of evaluation
Purposes and uses of evaluation
 
Buying beans
Buying beansBuying beans
Buying beans
 
Examples of visualization
Examples of visualizationExamples of visualization
Examples of visualization
 
Presentation interventions in a univesity
Presentation interventions in a univesityPresentation interventions in a univesity
Presentation interventions in a univesity
 
Segundo webinar de la Red ICEAN: Guías alimentarias parte 2
Segundo webinar de la Red ICEAN: Guías alimentarias parte 2Segundo webinar de la Red ICEAN: Guías alimentarias parte 2
Segundo webinar de la Red ICEAN: Guías alimentarias parte 2
 
Webinar guías alimentarias parte 1
Webinar guías alimentarias parte 1Webinar guías alimentarias parte 1
Webinar guías alimentarias parte 1
 
ENACT carrot &stick
ENACT carrot &stickENACT carrot &stick
ENACT carrot &stick
 
Enam
EnamEnam
Enam
 

Recently uploaded

How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17
How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17
How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17Celine George
 
Improved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio App
Improved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio AppImproved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio App
Improved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio AppCeline George
 
ANTI PARKISON DRUGS.pptx
ANTI         PARKISON          DRUGS.pptxANTI         PARKISON          DRUGS.pptx
ANTI PARKISON DRUGS.pptxPoojaSen20
 
demyelinated disorder: multiple sclerosis.pptx
demyelinated disorder: multiple sclerosis.pptxdemyelinated disorder: multiple sclerosis.pptx
demyelinated disorder: multiple sclerosis.pptxMohamed Rizk Khodair
 
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17Celine George
 
The Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptx
The Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptxThe Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptx
The Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptxNehaChandwani11
 
II BIOSENSOR PRINCIPLE APPLICATIONS AND WORKING II
II BIOSENSOR PRINCIPLE APPLICATIONS AND WORKING IIII BIOSENSOR PRINCIPLE APPLICATIONS AND WORKING II
II BIOSENSOR PRINCIPLE APPLICATIONS AND WORKING IIagpharmacy11
 
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...Denish Jangid
 
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024Borja Sotomayor
 
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...Gary Wood
 
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community PartnershipsSpring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnershipsexpandedwebsite
 
MOOD STABLIZERS DRUGS.pptx
MOOD     STABLIZERS           DRUGS.pptxMOOD     STABLIZERS           DRUGS.pptx
MOOD STABLIZERS DRUGS.pptxPoojaSen20
 
MSc Ag Genetics & Plant Breeding: Insights from Previous Year JNKVV Entrance ...
MSc Ag Genetics & Plant Breeding: Insights from Previous Year JNKVV Entrance ...MSc Ag Genetics & Plant Breeding: Insights from Previous Year JNKVV Entrance ...
MSc Ag Genetics & Plant Breeding: Insights from Previous Year JNKVV Entrance ...Krashi Coaching
 
Poster_density_driven_with_fracture_MLMC.pdf
Poster_density_driven_with_fracture_MLMC.pdfPoster_density_driven_with_fracture_MLMC.pdf
Poster_density_driven_with_fracture_MLMC.pdfAlexander Litvinenko
 
philosophy and it's principles based on the life
philosophy and it's principles based on the lifephilosophy and it's principles based on the life
philosophy and it's principles based on the lifeNitinDeodare
 
Championnat de France de Tennis de table/
Championnat de France de Tennis de table/Championnat de France de Tennis de table/
Championnat de France de Tennis de table/siemaillard
 
How to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
How to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 InventoryHow to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
How to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 InventoryCeline George
 

Recently uploaded (20)

How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17
How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17
How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17
 
Improved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio App
Improved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio AppImproved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio App
Improved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio App
 
Word Stress rules esl .pptx
Word Stress rules esl               .pptxWord Stress rules esl               .pptx
Word Stress rules esl .pptx
 
ANTI PARKISON DRUGS.pptx
ANTI         PARKISON          DRUGS.pptxANTI         PARKISON          DRUGS.pptx
ANTI PARKISON DRUGS.pptx
 
demyelinated disorder: multiple sclerosis.pptx
demyelinated disorder: multiple sclerosis.pptxdemyelinated disorder: multiple sclerosis.pptx
demyelinated disorder: multiple sclerosis.pptx
 
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...
 
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17
 
The Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptx
The Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptxThe Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptx
The Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptx
 
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdfIncluding Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
 
II BIOSENSOR PRINCIPLE APPLICATIONS AND WORKING II
II BIOSENSOR PRINCIPLE APPLICATIONS AND WORKING IIII BIOSENSOR PRINCIPLE APPLICATIONS AND WORKING II
II BIOSENSOR PRINCIPLE APPLICATIONS AND WORKING II
 
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...
 
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024
 
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
 
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community PartnershipsSpring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
 
MOOD STABLIZERS DRUGS.pptx
MOOD     STABLIZERS           DRUGS.pptxMOOD     STABLIZERS           DRUGS.pptx
MOOD STABLIZERS DRUGS.pptx
 
MSc Ag Genetics & Plant Breeding: Insights from Previous Year JNKVV Entrance ...
MSc Ag Genetics & Plant Breeding: Insights from Previous Year JNKVV Entrance ...MSc Ag Genetics & Plant Breeding: Insights from Previous Year JNKVV Entrance ...
MSc Ag Genetics & Plant Breeding: Insights from Previous Year JNKVV Entrance ...
 
Poster_density_driven_with_fracture_MLMC.pdf
Poster_density_driven_with_fracture_MLMC.pdfPoster_density_driven_with_fracture_MLMC.pdf
Poster_density_driven_with_fracture_MLMC.pdf
 
philosophy and it's principles based on the life
philosophy and it's principles based on the lifephilosophy and it's principles based on the life
philosophy and it's principles based on the life
 
Championnat de France de Tennis de table/
Championnat de France de Tennis de table/Championnat de France de Tennis de table/
Championnat de France de Tennis de table/
 
How to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
How to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 InventoryHow to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
How to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
 

Vad project in niger

  • 1. VAD IN NIGER NE situation analysis
  • 3.
  • 4. Six rural villages • Most with gardens • Two with health posts • All have a butcher’s shop • All have a small market selling vegetables Main occupation • Agriculture / horticulture (both men & women) • Men are also “businessmen” Socio-economic status (not too bad) • More than half eat meat once a week • About half the households have a donkey.
  • 6. These groups were known to be at risk of VAD: • three quarters of pregnant women • two thirds of nursing women • nearly half of children aged 13-16 months • 62% of children aged 37-72 months
  • 8. The situation analysis aimed to explore ….. • the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the population on general diet & vitamin A-rich foods • the resources and possibilities (foods available, possibilities of increasing supply) • the constraints (cost, acceptability, seasonality). ….. and to discuss the best ways forward.
  • 10. • The project team read the available reports and other documents. • They also consulted national experts and commissioned food composition studies.
  • 11. Preliminary findings 1 Foods available to fill the gap • Fresh green leaves, freshly cooked: available only in the rainy season. Dried leaves not a good source of VA. • Red peppers are hot, so the amount consumed cannot increase much. • Mangoes are seasonal and expensive. • Liver is easily absorbed, available all year, also gives folate and iron. Most villages have good supplies. • Pumpkin and squash: little information on availability. NB. To absorb VA from plant foods, some oil or fat is needed. However there is little fat in villagers’ meals.
  • 12.
  • 13. Preliminary findings 2 Extending production of DGLVS Production of fresh DGLVs could be extended by • growing leaves for home consumption in dry-season gardens (as well as cash crops) • growing a second sowing of squash, bean leaves and red sorrel (new practice) • growing moringa and harvesting every 2 weeks (but needs year-round watering) (new practice) • gathering wild leaf seeds (e.g. amaranth) and sowing broadcast in the dry season.
  • 14. Preliminary recommendations The project decided: 1. To promote the consumption of: • liver • dark green leafy vegetables, with added oil 2. To explore pumpkin production 3. To promote increased production of green leaves using existing practices (dry-season gardens & wild seeds)
  • 15. Next step: Planning the community enquiry
  • 16. Deciding • what to find out • who to talk to and how • what questions to ask
  • 17. What to find out The team decided to explore the main players’ knowledge, attitudes, practices, perceptions, resources, constraints and influences re: • Diet - general and of specific groups • VAD • Liver • DGLVs
  • 18. Who to talk to and how The team aimed to talk to the groups in the communities most affected and most involved in the production, supply and consumption of the targeted foods. They decided how they would gather the information (e.g. observation, interview, focus groups, questionnaires, data records).
  • 19. What questions to ask The team produced questions for the groups in question. They pre-tested them to make sure that they were short, single, simple, clear and neutral, and that they were effective in opening up discussion and gathering information.
  • 20. Next step: carrying out the community enquiry
  • 21. The project team • decided how to sample the target population • trained interlocutors/focus group facilitators • organized and carried out the enquiry • cleaned the data • agreed on the findings and circulated them.
  • 23. This is what they found out • about diet and VAD • about liver • about DGLVs
  • 24. Findings 1: Diet and VAD The community enquiry found that: 1. Men and women place a high value on getting full rather than on eating foods for their nutritional value. 2. Both men and women have little knowledge of nutrition needs of high-risk groups. 3. No special diet is followed during pregnancy and lactation except that women eat more beans to encourage milk production 4. No special diet is followed for children under three: they are expected to feed themselves and eat adult food as soon as they are able. 5. Diarrhoea, night blindness and low birth weight are associated with poor diet, but not with specific food lacks.
  • 25. Findings 2: Liver The community enquiry found that: • Liver is usually purchased by men as a snack for women and children. Very small quantities are bought. It is seen as expensive. • Liver is seen as a “special” food, associated with curing illness, night blindness and various rituals. To “cure” night blindness a small piece is held between the teeth for a while, then either swallowed or thrown away. • Plenty of liver is available in the village.
  • 26. Findings 3: Green leaves The community enquiry found that: • Everyone likes dark green leaves. They are associated with good health. • They are eaten often, fresh in the rainy season, cooked and served cold with oil and spices, and dried in sauces the rest of the year. • About half the greens are bought and half are home-grown or gathered. • Extending the growing season would mean displacing cash crops from dry-season gardens.
  • 28. • Formulating objectives • Planning the intervention • Deciding on baselines • Establishing intervention and control groups • Carrying out the intervention

Editor's Notes

  1. Ex[plain food composition studies
  2. SMALL PIC OF PUMPKIN (50 francs’ worth per week, to be shared by mother and child) , 2 servings daily with a little oil (this will require an increase in production of green leaves, particularly in the dry season)
  3. Ex[plain food composition studies
  4. Ex[plain food composition studies