SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Saad Dahleb University – BLIDA –
Blida Institut of Architecture
People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
The US CAPITOL
Produced by :
Bouteldja Abdelbasset
Kolli Lydia
-Work plan :
- Introduction
- Situation
- global description
-History of the capitol
-Space distributon
- Architectural Style
- Materials
- Decoration
Introduction :
The US. Capitol bulding , a home of american democracy and global
symbol of freedom , it is among the most architecturally impressive and
symbolically important buildings in the world.
The capitol building itself reflex the history of USA , growing with the
nations since the first cornerstone was laid .
Situation :
The United States Capitol Building is located in Washington, D.C., at the eastern
end of the National Mall on a plateau 88 feet above the level of the Potomac
River, commanding a westward view across the U.S. Capitol Reflecting Pool to
the Washington Monument 1.4 miles away and the Lincoln Memorial 2.2 miles
away.
Google mapsThe situation of the US Capitol
Global description:
The Capitol Building today covers well over 1.5 million square feet, has over 600 rooms, and
miles of corridors. It is crowned by a magnificent white dome that overlooks the city of
Washington and has become a widely recognized icon of the American people and
government. The U.S. Capitol's design was selected by President George Washington in
1793 and construction began shortly thereafter
It has housed the meeting chambers of the Senate and the House of Representatives for over
two centuries the U.S. Capitol has been built, burnt, rebuilt, extended and restored; today, it
stands as a monument not only to its builders but also to the American people and their
government.
www.aoc.gov
History of the capitol
- The chronologic freize of the US capitol :
1793 1811 1814 1826 1850 1863 1958 2008 2016
The first corner
stone laid by G
Washington
By William
Horton
Construction
of congress ,
Library of
congress
Construction
of the south
wing
British
troops set
fire to the
building
Total
destruction
Architect
Charles Bulfinch
rebuild the
building ( hous ,
senat , copper
dome
Thomas U
Walker ,
designed the
2 wings
Larger dome
constructed ,
and the
statut of
freedom
puted on it
East portico
extension
US capitol
visitor
center had
opened
Restoration
of the
building
Space distribbution
- The underground
U.S. Capitol Visitor Center
. The visitor experience is an intellectual and emotional encounter comprised of
highly personal moments that inform, involve and inspire those who come to see
the U.S. Capitol.
The U.S. Capitol Visitor
Center provides a
welcoming and
educational environment
for visitors to learn about
the unique characteristics
of the House and the
Senate and the legislative
process as well as the
history and development
of the architecture and art
of the U.S. Capitol
A- The First floor :
The Hall of Columns is a dramatic, high-ceilinged corridor over 100 feet long. It runs along the
North-South axis of the first floor of the House wing in the U.S. Capitol, directly beneath the Hall of
the House of Representatives. The hall takes its name from the 28 fluted, white marble columns that
line the corridor.
The capitals in the Hall of Columns are a variation on the Corinthian order, incorporating not only
classical acanthus leaves but also thistles and native American tobacco plants.
Hall of Columns
Brumidi Corridors
- The Brumidi Corridors are part of the new wing of
the U.S. Capitol constructed by Thomas U.
Walter between 1852 and 1859.
ConstantinoBrumidi began making designs for
the corridors in 1856.
- A variety of techniques were employed in the
corridors. Brumidi created the portraits and
historical or allegorical scenes in the
semicircular lunettes over the doorways in the
difficult true fresco technique.
- Decorations in the north corridor include colorful
parrots and trophies on the walls near the
elevator. Near the stairways at either end of the
corridor are pilasters decorated with squirrels
and mice. Monochrome medallion portraits of
Revolutionary War leaders are painted along
the walls.
Crypt
The large circular area on the first floor of the U.S. Capitol Building is called the Crypt.
The 40 Doric columns of brown stone surmounted by groined sandstone arches support
the floor of the Rotunda.
Old Supreme Court Chamber
A masterpiece of architecture and
engineering, The unusual ceiling is formed
by nine lobed vaults held by stone ribs
supported by heavy brick piers and a three-
bay arcade built parallel to the old east
wall. The new masonry ceiling did not
impose any additional weight or put new
lateral pressure on the old walls and thus
was supported independently of the old
work.
The chamber is semicircular and measures 74 feet 8 inches wide and 50 feet deep. Its
vaulted ceiling is divided into lobes by 10 ribs. The windows on the eastern wall originally
looked out on the Capitol Plaza; because the mid 20th-century extension of the Capitol's
east front blocked the windows, they are now artificially lighted.
B- Second floor plan
Senate Chamber ( north wing )
The Senate Chamber is a rectangular, two-story room located in the center of the
north wing of the U.S. Capitol. The nation's 100 senators sit at individual desks
arranged on a tiered semicircular platform facing a raised rostrum. A visitor's gallery
overlooks the chamber on four sides.
House Chamber ( Shouth wing)
with Ionic columns made of black Italian marble with white Alabama marble capitals. An
American flag occupies the center and is flanked by two bronze faces.
The House Chamber, also
known as the "Hall of the
House of Representatives,"
is a large assembly room
located in the center of the
U.S. Capitol's south wing.
Capitol Rotunda
The U.S. Capitol Rotunda is a large, domed,
circular room 96 feet in diameter and 180
feet in height located in the center of the
United States Capitol on the second floor.
The Rotunda is used for important
ceremonial events as authorized by
concurrent resolution, such as the lying in
state of eminent citizens and the
dedication of works of art
Old Senate Chamber
Located north of the Capitol Rotunda is the richly decorated Old Senate Chamber. Designed
by Benjamin Henry Latrobe, this room was home to the U.S. Senate from 1819 until 1859 and
later to the U.S. Supreme Court from 1860-1935. Today the restored Chamber is used
primarily as a museum, recreating the scene of many significant moments in the evolution of
the United States Senate and the legislative history of the nation.
National Statuary Hall
National Statuary Hall, also known as
the Old Hall of the House, is the large,
two-story, semicircular room south of
the Capitol Rotunda. This historic
space now serves as the main
exhibition space for the National
Statuary Hall Collection.
- Third floor plan
The yhird floor allows acces to the Galleries , wher visitors may watch the senate
and congress
Galleries
We find also offices , press galleries commitee rooms
Capitol Dome
The U.S. Capitol’s dome made of cast
iron was designed by Thomas U.
Walter and constructed from 1855-
1866. Finished at the total cost of
$1,047,291, the Capitol Dome was
constructed with 8,909,200 pounds of
ironwork bolted together in a
masterpiece of American will and
ingenuity.
Architectural Style
The United States Capitol is among the most
symbolically important and architecturally
impressive buildings in the nation
An example of 19th-century neoclassical
architecture, inspired by the use of ancient Greek
and Roman styles in the design of great public
buildings. These styles are recognized by the use of
tall columns, symmetrical shapes, triangular
pediments and domed roofs.
Corinthian Columns
Doric ColumnsIonic ColumnsDome
Materials
Sandstone
Sandstone was a common building
material during the early years of
Washington, D.C., because it could
be found locally in a government-
owned quarry and was easy to cut
to shape. Builders originally used
sandstone for the exterior of the
Capitol as well as for interior
floors, walls and other elements.
Because sandstone is a soft
material, the exterior eventually
wore down and most was either
covered over or replaced with
harder stone; the interior features
remain visible.
Marble
Marble is used throughout the U.S.
Capitol Building, the congressional
office buildings, and many other
government and commercial buildings
for its beauty, durability and relative
ease of carving. It forms exterior
surfaces and such interior elements as
floors, walls, columns and stairways.
Marble is also commonly used for
statues and other sculpture, both
indoors and out.
CastIron
Cast iron was used extensively in the
U.S. Capitol’s mid-19th century
House and Senate extensions and
new dome. In the extensions, it was
used for roof trusses, plumbing and
gas lines, and decorative window and
door trim. The Capitol dome is made
of 8,909,200 pounds of cast-iron
girders, plates, columns and
ornaments. A popular construction
material at the time, it was used for
bridges, pipes, machinery and many
other objects until it was widely
supplanted by steel.
Decoration
Amateis Doors
• The bronze doors are
cast in relief ranging from
very low to high and
consist of a transom, two
valves, and a surrounding
frame.
• The ornamental frame
consists of oak and laurel
leaves, symbolizing
strength and victory
House Bronze Doors
• Each valve consists of
three panels and a
medallion depicting
significant events in
American history. The
descriptions below start
at the top of each valve
and proceed downward.
Senate Bronze Doors
• Each valve consists of three
panels, depicting events in
the life of George
Washington and
Revolutionary War scenes,
and an allegorical
medallion. The
descriptions below start at
the top of each valve and
proceed downward.
The Columbus Doors
• The Columbus Doors,
also called the Rogers
Doors or Rotunda
Doors, stand
imposingly at the main
entrance to the U.S.
Capitol Building
Doors
President’s Room Chandelier
• An elaborate 18-arm bronze chandelier
provides light for the President's Room of the
U.S. Capitol Building
Small Senate Rotunda Chandelier
• This chandelier has hung in the Small Senate
Rotunda since 1965. Imported from Europe
composed by Bronze and crystal
Lighting
Minton Tiles
• In the Old Capitol, stone pavers were used in corridors and other public spaces, such as the Rotunda
and Crypt
• At the extensions of U.S. Capitol Two types of tile were used : plain and inlaid encaustic tiles in a
range of colors. Plain tiles were used as borders for the elaborate inlaid designs or to pave large
corridor areas. They were available in seven colors: buff, red, black, drab, chocolate, light blue and
white. Additional colors, such as cobalt blue, blue-gray, and light and dark green, appear in the inlaid
encaustic tiles that form the elaborate centerpieces and architectural borders. They were made by
"filling indentations in the unburnt tile with the desired colors and burning the whole together."
Paving
Paintings and murals:
Baptism of Pocahontas Declaration of Independence Discovery of the Mississippi
by De Soto
Apotheosis of Washington Brumidi Corridors Frieze of American History
Sculpture:
Collection of statues
Relief Sculpture Relief Portrait Plaques of Lawgivers
The Statue of Freedom
• Statue of Freedom is the crowning
feature of the Dome of the United States
Capitol. The bronze statue stands 19 feet
6 inches tall and weighs approximately
15,000 pounds.
• Statue of Freedom is a classical female
figure with long, flowing hair wearing a
helmet with a crest composed of an
eagle’s head and feathers. She wears a
classical dress secured with a brooch
inscribed "U.S." Over it is draped a
heavy, flowing, toga-like robe fringed
with fur and decorative balls. Her right
hand rests upon the hilt of a sheathed
sword wrapped in a scarf; in her left
hand she holds a laurel wreath of victory
and the shield of the United States with
13 stripes.
Us capitol

More Related Content

What's hot

Heydar aliyev cultural center, baku
Heydar aliyev cultural center, bakuHeydar aliyev cultural center, baku
Heydar aliyev cultural center, baku
Palak Khandelwal
 
Chicago School
Chicago SchoolChicago School
Chicago School
mfresnillo
 
Hearst Tower
Hearst TowerHearst Tower
Hearst Tower
misschand
 
Louis Sullivan
Louis SullivanLouis Sullivan
Louis Sullivan
Moksha Bhatia
 
Se cathedral case study
Se cathedral case studySe cathedral case study
Se cathedral case study
VISHAKA BOTHRA
 
Beaux arts architecture (1895 1925)
Beaux arts architecture  (1895 1925)Beaux arts architecture  (1895 1925)
Beaux arts architecture (1895 1925)
Fabrice Amani
 
Jama masjid: An architectural masterpiece
Jama masjid: An architectural masterpieceJama masjid: An architectural masterpiece
Jama masjid: An architectural masterpiece
Ghufran Ahmad Khan
 
Capitol complex, Case Study & (Chandigarh & Brasilia)
Capitol complex, Case Study & (Chandigarh & Brasilia)Capitol complex, Case Study & (Chandigarh & Brasilia)
Capitol complex, Case Study & (Chandigarh & Brasilia)
Saurav Chaudhary
 
ILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY,CHICAGO-LUDWIG MIES VAN DER ROHE
ILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY,CHICAGO-LUDWIG MIES VAN DER ROHEILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY,CHICAGO-LUDWIG MIES VAN DER ROHE
ILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY,CHICAGO-LUDWIG MIES VAN DER ROHE
Nikhil Panicker
 
Ar. frank owen gehry
Ar. frank owen gehryAr. frank owen gehry
Ar. frank owen gehry
RANDA WH
 
Kenzo Tange - Architecture
Kenzo Tange - ArchitectureKenzo Tange - Architecture
Kenzo Tange - Architecture
Mansi Pushpakar
 
Falling water
Falling waterFalling water
Falling water
Clement Seong
 
Sydney opera house acoustical features
Sydney opera house acoustical featuresSydney opera house acoustical features
Sydney opera house acoustical features
Rohit Bhatt
 
High-Rise Iconic Buildings
High-Rise Iconic BuildingsHigh-Rise Iconic Buildings
High-Rise Iconic Buildings
Dania Abdel-aziz
 
Architect Frank Lloyd Wright
Architect Frank Lloyd WrightArchitect Frank Lloyd Wright
Architect Frank Lloyd Wright
Onal Kothari
 
Zaha hadid heydar aliyev cultural centre
Zaha hadid heydar aliyev cultural centreZaha hadid heydar aliyev cultural centre
Zaha hadid heydar aliyev cultural centre
Kumar Snehansu
 
Awadh Architecture (The Later Mughals)
Awadh Architecture (The Later Mughals)Awadh Architecture (The Later Mughals)
Awadh Architecture (The Later Mughals)
Kirtika Gupta
 
Victor horta
Victor hortaVictor horta
Farnsworth house and S.R Crown hall by Mies Van der Rohe- Case study
Farnsworth house and S.R Crown hall by Mies Van der Rohe- Case studyFarnsworth house and S.R Crown hall by Mies Van der Rohe- Case study
Farnsworth house and S.R Crown hall by Mies Van der Rohe- Case study
AnqaParvez
 
Works of mies
Works of miesWorks of mies
Works of mies
Rashi Chugh
 

What's hot (20)

Heydar aliyev cultural center, baku
Heydar aliyev cultural center, bakuHeydar aliyev cultural center, baku
Heydar aliyev cultural center, baku
 
Chicago School
Chicago SchoolChicago School
Chicago School
 
Hearst Tower
Hearst TowerHearst Tower
Hearst Tower
 
Louis Sullivan
Louis SullivanLouis Sullivan
Louis Sullivan
 
Se cathedral case study
Se cathedral case studySe cathedral case study
Se cathedral case study
 
Beaux arts architecture (1895 1925)
Beaux arts architecture  (1895 1925)Beaux arts architecture  (1895 1925)
Beaux arts architecture (1895 1925)
 
Jama masjid: An architectural masterpiece
Jama masjid: An architectural masterpieceJama masjid: An architectural masterpiece
Jama masjid: An architectural masterpiece
 
Capitol complex, Case Study & (Chandigarh & Brasilia)
Capitol complex, Case Study & (Chandigarh & Brasilia)Capitol complex, Case Study & (Chandigarh & Brasilia)
Capitol complex, Case Study & (Chandigarh & Brasilia)
 
ILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY,CHICAGO-LUDWIG MIES VAN DER ROHE
ILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY,CHICAGO-LUDWIG MIES VAN DER ROHEILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY,CHICAGO-LUDWIG MIES VAN DER ROHE
ILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY,CHICAGO-LUDWIG MIES VAN DER ROHE
 
Ar. frank owen gehry
Ar. frank owen gehryAr. frank owen gehry
Ar. frank owen gehry
 
Kenzo Tange - Architecture
Kenzo Tange - ArchitectureKenzo Tange - Architecture
Kenzo Tange - Architecture
 
Falling water
Falling waterFalling water
Falling water
 
Sydney opera house acoustical features
Sydney opera house acoustical featuresSydney opera house acoustical features
Sydney opera house acoustical features
 
High-Rise Iconic Buildings
High-Rise Iconic BuildingsHigh-Rise Iconic Buildings
High-Rise Iconic Buildings
 
Architect Frank Lloyd Wright
Architect Frank Lloyd WrightArchitect Frank Lloyd Wright
Architect Frank Lloyd Wright
 
Zaha hadid heydar aliyev cultural centre
Zaha hadid heydar aliyev cultural centreZaha hadid heydar aliyev cultural centre
Zaha hadid heydar aliyev cultural centre
 
Awadh Architecture (The Later Mughals)
Awadh Architecture (The Later Mughals)Awadh Architecture (The Later Mughals)
Awadh Architecture (The Later Mughals)
 
Victor horta
Victor hortaVictor horta
Victor horta
 
Farnsworth house and S.R Crown hall by Mies Van der Rohe- Case study
Farnsworth house and S.R Crown hall by Mies Van der Rohe- Case studyFarnsworth house and S.R Crown hall by Mies Van der Rohe- Case study
Farnsworth house and S.R Crown hall by Mies Van der Rohe- Case study
 
Works of mies
Works of miesWorks of mies
Works of mies
 

Similar to Us capitol

Neo classical architecture
Neo classical architecture Neo classical architecture
Neo classical architecture
Mahak Gupta
 
Running Head WHITE HOUSE ARCHITECTURE PAGE 6WHITE HOUSE ARCHI.docx
Running Head WHITE HOUSE ARCHITECTURE PAGE 6WHITE HOUSE ARCHI.docxRunning Head WHITE HOUSE ARCHITECTURE PAGE 6WHITE HOUSE ARCHI.docx
Running Head WHITE HOUSE ARCHITECTURE PAGE 6WHITE HOUSE ARCHI.docx
agnesdcarey33086
 
Roman Republic: the Tabularium
Roman Republic: the TabulariumRoman Republic: the Tabularium
Roman Republic: the Tabularium
ahendry
 
Cvc 19 040-us_capitoland_congressed6_web
Cvc 19 040-us_capitoland_congressed6_webCvc 19 040-us_capitoland_congressed6_web
Cvc 19 040-us_capitoland_congressed6_web
https://www.cia.gov.com
 
The Whispering Gallery, Statuary Hall Unveiled
The Whispering Gallery, Statuary Hall UnveiledThe Whispering Gallery, Statuary Hall Unveiled
The Whispering Gallery, Statuary Hall Unveiled
Xholina Nano
 
Neoclassical (ragini)
Neoclassical (ragini)Neoclassical (ragini)
Neoclassical (ragini)
Ragini Sahu
 
Brief-History-Architecture-NCCourthouses
Brief-History-Architecture-NCCourthousesBrief-History-Architecture-NCCourthouses
Brief-History-Architecture-NCCourthouses
Ava Barlow
 
ROMAN ARCHITECTURE
ROMAN ARCHITECTUREROMAN ARCHITECTURE
ROMAN ARCHITECTURE
Kiruthika Selvi K J
 
Washington D.C.
Washington D.C.Washington D.C.
Washington D.C.
Irene_Ermolova
 
H. Ani-Washington-D.C.
H. Ani-Washington-D.C.H. Ani-Washington-D.C.
H. Ani-Washington-D.C.
StepanyanM
 
Urban Design:of washington DC,River front development
Urban Design:of washington DC,River front developmentUrban Design:of washington DC,River front development
Urban Design:of washington DC,River front development
Ravi Varma reddy
 
St. Paul, MN Capital Building - A Brief History
St. Paul, MN Capital Building - A Brief HistorySt. Paul, MN Capital Building - A Brief History
St. Paul, MN Capital Building - A Brief History
gherm6
 
BOOK
BOOKBOOK
New York.pptx
New York.pptxNew York.pptx
New York.pptx
DjordjeKrsmanovic1
 
Style guide city of chicago
Style guide city of chicagoStyle guide city of chicago
Style guide city of chicago
Linscott Hanson
 
Architecture Midterm*
Architecture Midterm*Architecture Midterm*
Architecture Midterm*
akmeyer
 
Washington City: Myths from the War of 1812
Washington City: Myths from the War of 1812Washington City: Myths from the War of 1812
Washington City: Myths from the War of 1812
anewton8710
 
Washington City: Myths from the War of 1812
Washington City: Myths from the War of 1812Washington City: Myths from the War of 1812
Washington City: Myths from the War of 1812
anewton8710
 
Louis Sullivan
Louis SullivanLouis Sullivan
Louis Sullivan
Ruchi Chourasia
 
Architecture Loadup
Architecture LoadupArchitecture Loadup
Architecture Loadup
bassmanb
 

Similar to Us capitol (20)

Neo classical architecture
Neo classical architecture Neo classical architecture
Neo classical architecture
 
Running Head WHITE HOUSE ARCHITECTURE PAGE 6WHITE HOUSE ARCHI.docx
Running Head WHITE HOUSE ARCHITECTURE PAGE 6WHITE HOUSE ARCHI.docxRunning Head WHITE HOUSE ARCHITECTURE PAGE 6WHITE HOUSE ARCHI.docx
Running Head WHITE HOUSE ARCHITECTURE PAGE 6WHITE HOUSE ARCHI.docx
 
Roman Republic: the Tabularium
Roman Republic: the TabulariumRoman Republic: the Tabularium
Roman Republic: the Tabularium
 
Cvc 19 040-us_capitoland_congressed6_web
Cvc 19 040-us_capitoland_congressed6_webCvc 19 040-us_capitoland_congressed6_web
Cvc 19 040-us_capitoland_congressed6_web
 
The Whispering Gallery, Statuary Hall Unveiled
The Whispering Gallery, Statuary Hall UnveiledThe Whispering Gallery, Statuary Hall Unveiled
The Whispering Gallery, Statuary Hall Unveiled
 
Neoclassical (ragini)
Neoclassical (ragini)Neoclassical (ragini)
Neoclassical (ragini)
 
Brief-History-Architecture-NCCourthouses
Brief-History-Architecture-NCCourthousesBrief-History-Architecture-NCCourthouses
Brief-History-Architecture-NCCourthouses
 
ROMAN ARCHITECTURE
ROMAN ARCHITECTUREROMAN ARCHITECTURE
ROMAN ARCHITECTURE
 
Washington D.C.
Washington D.C.Washington D.C.
Washington D.C.
 
H. Ani-Washington-D.C.
H. Ani-Washington-D.C.H. Ani-Washington-D.C.
H. Ani-Washington-D.C.
 
Urban Design:of washington DC,River front development
Urban Design:of washington DC,River front developmentUrban Design:of washington DC,River front development
Urban Design:of washington DC,River front development
 
St. Paul, MN Capital Building - A Brief History
St. Paul, MN Capital Building - A Brief HistorySt. Paul, MN Capital Building - A Brief History
St. Paul, MN Capital Building - A Brief History
 
BOOK
BOOKBOOK
BOOK
 
New York.pptx
New York.pptxNew York.pptx
New York.pptx
 
Style guide city of chicago
Style guide city of chicagoStyle guide city of chicago
Style guide city of chicago
 
Architecture Midterm*
Architecture Midterm*Architecture Midterm*
Architecture Midterm*
 
Washington City: Myths from the War of 1812
Washington City: Myths from the War of 1812Washington City: Myths from the War of 1812
Washington City: Myths from the War of 1812
 
Washington City: Myths from the War of 1812
Washington City: Myths from the War of 1812Washington City: Myths from the War of 1812
Washington City: Myths from the War of 1812
 
Louis Sullivan
Louis SullivanLouis Sullivan
Louis Sullivan
 
Architecture Loadup
Architecture LoadupArchitecture Loadup
Architecture Loadup
 

More from Abdelbasset and partners

The reuse of capitals in zaitouna mosque, Tunisia
The reuse of capitals in zaitouna mosque, Tunisia The reuse of capitals in zaitouna mosque, Tunisia
The reuse of capitals in zaitouna mosque, Tunisia
Abdelbasset and partners
 
Construction techniques and materials of the roman period in the city of Che...
Construction techniques and materials of the roman period in the city of  Che...Construction techniques and materials of the roman period in the city of  Che...
Construction techniques and materials of the roman period in the city of Che...
Abdelbasset and partners
 
Presentation of Sacre Coeur Cathedral
Presentation of  Sacre Coeur CathedralPresentation of  Sacre Coeur Cathedral
Presentation of Sacre Coeur Cathedral
Abdelbasset and partners
 
Jijel ,Brief history
Jijel ,Brief history Jijel ,Brief history
Jijel ,Brief history
Abdelbasset and partners
 
Ketchawa mosque
Ketchawa  mosqueKetchawa  mosque
Ketchawa mosque
Abdelbasset and partners
 
La construction en pierre
La construction en  pierre La construction en  pierre
La construction en pierre
Abdelbasset and partners
 

More from Abdelbasset and partners (6)

The reuse of capitals in zaitouna mosque, Tunisia
The reuse of capitals in zaitouna mosque, Tunisia The reuse of capitals in zaitouna mosque, Tunisia
The reuse of capitals in zaitouna mosque, Tunisia
 
Construction techniques and materials of the roman period in the city of Che...
Construction techniques and materials of the roman period in the city of  Che...Construction techniques and materials of the roman period in the city of  Che...
Construction techniques and materials of the roman period in the city of Che...
 
Presentation of Sacre Coeur Cathedral
Presentation of  Sacre Coeur CathedralPresentation of  Sacre Coeur Cathedral
Presentation of Sacre Coeur Cathedral
 
Jijel ,Brief history
Jijel ,Brief history Jijel ,Brief history
Jijel ,Brief history
 
Ketchawa mosque
Ketchawa  mosqueKetchawa  mosque
Ketchawa mosque
 
La construction en pierre
La construction en  pierre La construction en  pierre
La construction en pierre
 

Recently uploaded

Statewise Ramsar sites in India By B.pptx
Statewise Ramsar sites in India By B.pptxStatewise Ramsar sites in India By B.pptx
Statewise Ramsar sites in India By B.pptx
B. BHASKAR
 
Climate change & action required action
Climate change &  action required actionClimate change &  action required action
Climate change & action required action
hando2845
 
Vip Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
Vip Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service BangaloreVip Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
Vip Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
sachinkumarji156
 
Exploring low emissions development opportunities in food systems
Exploring low emissions development opportunities in food systemsExploring low emissions development opportunities in food systems
Exploring low emissions development opportunities in food systems
CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Emerging Earth Observation methods for monitoring sustainable food production
Emerging Earth Observation methods for monitoring sustainable food productionEmerging Earth Observation methods for monitoring sustainable food production
Emerging Earth Observation methods for monitoring sustainable food production
CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Call Girls Hyderabad 7023059433 Independent Call Girl Service Hyderabad
Call Girls Hyderabad 7023059433 Independent Call Girl Service HyderabadCall Girls Hyderabad 7023059433 Independent Call Girl Service Hyderabad
Call Girls Hyderabad 7023059433 Independent Call Girl Service Hyderabad
namratasinha41
 
Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service BangaloreCall Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
namratasinha41
 
Mass Production of Trichogramma sp..pptx
Mass Production of Trichogramma sp..pptxMass Production of Trichogramma sp..pptx
Mass Production of Trichogramma sp..pptx
SwastikBhattacharjya
 
INDONESIA Long-Term Strategy for Low Carbon and Climate Resilience 2050
INDONESIA Long-Term Strategy for Low Carbon and Climate Resilience 2050INDONESIA Long-Term Strategy for Low Carbon and Climate Resilience 2050
INDONESIA Long-Term Strategy for Low Carbon and Climate Resilience 2050
Azka Fauzan
 
一比一原版美国迈阿密大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版美国迈阿密大学毕业证如何办理一比一原版美国迈阿密大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版美国迈阿密大学毕业证如何办理
yfvet
 
一比一原版美国加州大学欧文分校毕业证(uci学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国加州大学欧文分校毕业证(uci学位证)如何办理一比一原版美国加州大学欧文分校毕业证(uci学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国加州大学欧文分校毕业证(uci学位证)如何办理
twqryq79
 
Call Girls Dehradun +91-8094342248 Vip Call Girls Dehradun
Call Girls Dehradun +91-8094342248 Vip Call Girls DehradunCall Girls Dehradun +91-8094342248 Vip Call Girls Dehradun
Call Girls Dehradun +91-8094342248 Vip Call Girls Dehradun
teenagarg #v08
 
Good Agricultural Practices Presentation PDF.pdf
Good Agricultural Practices Presentation PDF.pdfGood Agricultural Practices Presentation PDF.pdf
Good Agricultural Practices Presentation PDF.pdf
ronnelapilado23
 
一比一原版美国加利福尼亚大学欧文分校毕业证(ucirvine学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国加利福尼亚大学欧文分校毕业证(ucirvine学位证)如何办理一比一原版美国加利福尼亚大学欧文分校毕业证(ucirvine学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国加利福尼亚大学欧文分校毕业证(ucirvine学位证)如何办理
twqryq79
 
一比一原版美国亚利桑那大学毕业证(ua学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国亚利桑那大学毕业证(ua学位证)如何办理一比一原版美国亚利桑那大学毕业证(ua学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国亚利桑那大学毕业证(ua学位证)如何办理
lyurzi7r
 
Travis Hills of MN Promotes Practices That Help Farms and Ecosystems Thrive, ...
Travis Hills of MN Promotes Practices That Help Farms and Ecosystems Thrive, ...Travis Hills of MN Promotes Practices That Help Farms and Ecosystems Thrive, ...
Travis Hills of MN Promotes Practices That Help Farms and Ecosystems Thrive, ...
Travis Hills MN
 
一比一原版美国南加州大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版美国南加州大学毕业证如何办理一比一原版美国南加州大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版美国南加州大学毕业证如何办理
yfvet
 
一比一原版美国贝翰文大学毕业证(BU学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国贝翰文大学毕业证(BU学位证)如何办理一比一原版美国贝翰文大学毕业证(BU学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国贝翰文大学毕业证(BU学位证)如何办理
sf3cfttw
 
Call Girls Kolkata 7339748667 Independent Call Girl Service Kolkata
Call Girls Kolkata 7339748667 Independent Call Girl Service KolkataCall Girls Kolkata 7339748667 Independent Call Girl Service Kolkata
Call Girls Kolkata 7339748667 Independent Call Girl Service Kolkata
namratasinha41
 
一比一原版西澳大学毕业证学历证书如何办理
一比一原版西澳大学毕业证学历证书如何办理一比一原版西澳大学毕业证学历证书如何办理
一比一原版西澳大学毕业证学历证书如何办理
yxfus
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Statewise Ramsar sites in India By B.pptx
Statewise Ramsar sites in India By B.pptxStatewise Ramsar sites in India By B.pptx
Statewise Ramsar sites in India By B.pptx
 
Climate change & action required action
Climate change &  action required actionClimate change &  action required action
Climate change & action required action
 
Vip Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
Vip Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service BangaloreVip Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
Vip Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
 
Exploring low emissions development opportunities in food systems
Exploring low emissions development opportunities in food systemsExploring low emissions development opportunities in food systems
Exploring low emissions development opportunities in food systems
 
Emerging Earth Observation methods for monitoring sustainable food production
Emerging Earth Observation methods for monitoring sustainable food productionEmerging Earth Observation methods for monitoring sustainable food production
Emerging Earth Observation methods for monitoring sustainable food production
 
Call Girls Hyderabad 7023059433 Independent Call Girl Service Hyderabad
Call Girls Hyderabad 7023059433 Independent Call Girl Service HyderabadCall Girls Hyderabad 7023059433 Independent Call Girl Service Hyderabad
Call Girls Hyderabad 7023059433 Independent Call Girl Service Hyderabad
 
Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service BangaloreCall Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
Call Girls Bangalore 9024918724 Independent Call Girl Service Bangalore
 
Mass Production of Trichogramma sp..pptx
Mass Production of Trichogramma sp..pptxMass Production of Trichogramma sp..pptx
Mass Production of Trichogramma sp..pptx
 
INDONESIA Long-Term Strategy for Low Carbon and Climate Resilience 2050
INDONESIA Long-Term Strategy for Low Carbon and Climate Resilience 2050INDONESIA Long-Term Strategy for Low Carbon and Climate Resilience 2050
INDONESIA Long-Term Strategy for Low Carbon and Climate Resilience 2050
 
一比一原版美国迈阿密大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版美国迈阿密大学毕业证如何办理一比一原版美国迈阿密大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版美国迈阿密大学毕业证如何办理
 
一比一原版美国加州大学欧文分校毕业证(uci学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国加州大学欧文分校毕业证(uci学位证)如何办理一比一原版美国加州大学欧文分校毕业证(uci学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国加州大学欧文分校毕业证(uci学位证)如何办理
 
Call Girls Dehradun +91-8094342248 Vip Call Girls Dehradun
Call Girls Dehradun +91-8094342248 Vip Call Girls DehradunCall Girls Dehradun +91-8094342248 Vip Call Girls Dehradun
Call Girls Dehradun +91-8094342248 Vip Call Girls Dehradun
 
Good Agricultural Practices Presentation PDF.pdf
Good Agricultural Practices Presentation PDF.pdfGood Agricultural Practices Presentation PDF.pdf
Good Agricultural Practices Presentation PDF.pdf
 
一比一原版美国加利福尼亚大学欧文分校毕业证(ucirvine学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国加利福尼亚大学欧文分校毕业证(ucirvine学位证)如何办理一比一原版美国加利福尼亚大学欧文分校毕业证(ucirvine学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国加利福尼亚大学欧文分校毕业证(ucirvine学位证)如何办理
 
一比一原版美国亚利桑那大学毕业证(ua学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国亚利桑那大学毕业证(ua学位证)如何办理一比一原版美国亚利桑那大学毕业证(ua学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国亚利桑那大学毕业证(ua学位证)如何办理
 
Travis Hills of MN Promotes Practices That Help Farms and Ecosystems Thrive, ...
Travis Hills of MN Promotes Practices That Help Farms and Ecosystems Thrive, ...Travis Hills of MN Promotes Practices That Help Farms and Ecosystems Thrive, ...
Travis Hills of MN Promotes Practices That Help Farms and Ecosystems Thrive, ...
 
一比一原版美国南加州大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版美国南加州大学毕业证如何办理一比一原版美国南加州大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版美国南加州大学毕业证如何办理
 
一比一原版美国贝翰文大学毕业证(BU学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国贝翰文大学毕业证(BU学位证)如何办理一比一原版美国贝翰文大学毕业证(BU学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国贝翰文大学毕业证(BU学位证)如何办理
 
Call Girls Kolkata 7339748667 Independent Call Girl Service Kolkata
Call Girls Kolkata 7339748667 Independent Call Girl Service KolkataCall Girls Kolkata 7339748667 Independent Call Girl Service Kolkata
Call Girls Kolkata 7339748667 Independent Call Girl Service Kolkata
 
一比一原版西澳大学毕业证学历证书如何办理
一比一原版西澳大学毕业证学历证书如何办理一比一原版西澳大学毕业证学历证书如何办理
一比一原版西澳大学毕业证学历证书如何办理
 

Us capitol

  • 1. Saad Dahleb University – BLIDA – Blida Institut of Architecture People's Democratic Republic of Algeria The US CAPITOL Produced by : Bouteldja Abdelbasset Kolli Lydia
  • 2. -Work plan : - Introduction - Situation - global description -History of the capitol -Space distributon - Architectural Style - Materials - Decoration
  • 3. Introduction : The US. Capitol bulding , a home of american democracy and global symbol of freedom , it is among the most architecturally impressive and symbolically important buildings in the world. The capitol building itself reflex the history of USA , growing with the nations since the first cornerstone was laid .
  • 4. Situation : The United States Capitol Building is located in Washington, D.C., at the eastern end of the National Mall on a plateau 88 feet above the level of the Potomac River, commanding a westward view across the U.S. Capitol Reflecting Pool to the Washington Monument 1.4 miles away and the Lincoln Memorial 2.2 miles away. Google mapsThe situation of the US Capitol
  • 5. Global description: The Capitol Building today covers well over 1.5 million square feet, has over 600 rooms, and miles of corridors. It is crowned by a magnificent white dome that overlooks the city of Washington and has become a widely recognized icon of the American people and government. The U.S. Capitol's design was selected by President George Washington in 1793 and construction began shortly thereafter It has housed the meeting chambers of the Senate and the House of Representatives for over two centuries the U.S. Capitol has been built, burnt, rebuilt, extended and restored; today, it stands as a monument not only to its builders but also to the American people and their government. www.aoc.gov
  • 6. History of the capitol - The chronologic freize of the US capitol : 1793 1811 1814 1826 1850 1863 1958 2008 2016 The first corner stone laid by G Washington By William Horton Construction of congress , Library of congress Construction of the south wing British troops set fire to the building Total destruction Architect Charles Bulfinch rebuild the building ( hous , senat , copper dome Thomas U Walker , designed the 2 wings Larger dome constructed , and the statut of freedom puted on it East portico extension US capitol visitor center had opened Restoration of the building
  • 8. - The underground U.S. Capitol Visitor Center . The visitor experience is an intellectual and emotional encounter comprised of highly personal moments that inform, involve and inspire those who come to see the U.S. Capitol. The U.S. Capitol Visitor Center provides a welcoming and educational environment for visitors to learn about the unique characteristics of the House and the Senate and the legislative process as well as the history and development of the architecture and art of the U.S. Capitol
  • 9. A- The First floor :
  • 10. The Hall of Columns is a dramatic, high-ceilinged corridor over 100 feet long. It runs along the North-South axis of the first floor of the House wing in the U.S. Capitol, directly beneath the Hall of the House of Representatives. The hall takes its name from the 28 fluted, white marble columns that line the corridor. The capitals in the Hall of Columns are a variation on the Corinthian order, incorporating not only classical acanthus leaves but also thistles and native American tobacco plants. Hall of Columns
  • 11. Brumidi Corridors - The Brumidi Corridors are part of the new wing of the U.S. Capitol constructed by Thomas U. Walter between 1852 and 1859. ConstantinoBrumidi began making designs for the corridors in 1856. - A variety of techniques were employed in the corridors. Brumidi created the portraits and historical or allegorical scenes in the semicircular lunettes over the doorways in the difficult true fresco technique. - Decorations in the north corridor include colorful parrots and trophies on the walls near the elevator. Near the stairways at either end of the corridor are pilasters decorated with squirrels and mice. Monochrome medallion portraits of Revolutionary War leaders are painted along the walls.
  • 12. Crypt The large circular area on the first floor of the U.S. Capitol Building is called the Crypt. The 40 Doric columns of brown stone surmounted by groined sandstone arches support the floor of the Rotunda.
  • 13. Old Supreme Court Chamber A masterpiece of architecture and engineering, The unusual ceiling is formed by nine lobed vaults held by stone ribs supported by heavy brick piers and a three- bay arcade built parallel to the old east wall. The new masonry ceiling did not impose any additional weight or put new lateral pressure on the old walls and thus was supported independently of the old work. The chamber is semicircular and measures 74 feet 8 inches wide and 50 feet deep. Its vaulted ceiling is divided into lobes by 10 ribs. The windows on the eastern wall originally looked out on the Capitol Plaza; because the mid 20th-century extension of the Capitol's east front blocked the windows, they are now artificially lighted.
  • 15. Senate Chamber ( north wing ) The Senate Chamber is a rectangular, two-story room located in the center of the north wing of the U.S. Capitol. The nation's 100 senators sit at individual desks arranged on a tiered semicircular platform facing a raised rostrum. A visitor's gallery overlooks the chamber on four sides.
  • 16. House Chamber ( Shouth wing) with Ionic columns made of black Italian marble with white Alabama marble capitals. An American flag occupies the center and is flanked by two bronze faces. The House Chamber, also known as the "Hall of the House of Representatives," is a large assembly room located in the center of the U.S. Capitol's south wing.
  • 17. Capitol Rotunda The U.S. Capitol Rotunda is a large, domed, circular room 96 feet in diameter and 180 feet in height located in the center of the United States Capitol on the second floor. The Rotunda is used for important ceremonial events as authorized by concurrent resolution, such as the lying in state of eminent citizens and the dedication of works of art
  • 18. Old Senate Chamber Located north of the Capitol Rotunda is the richly decorated Old Senate Chamber. Designed by Benjamin Henry Latrobe, this room was home to the U.S. Senate from 1819 until 1859 and later to the U.S. Supreme Court from 1860-1935. Today the restored Chamber is used primarily as a museum, recreating the scene of many significant moments in the evolution of the United States Senate and the legislative history of the nation.
  • 19. National Statuary Hall National Statuary Hall, also known as the Old Hall of the House, is the large, two-story, semicircular room south of the Capitol Rotunda. This historic space now serves as the main exhibition space for the National Statuary Hall Collection.
  • 21. The yhird floor allows acces to the Galleries , wher visitors may watch the senate and congress Galleries We find also offices , press galleries commitee rooms
  • 22. Capitol Dome The U.S. Capitol’s dome made of cast iron was designed by Thomas U. Walter and constructed from 1855- 1866. Finished at the total cost of $1,047,291, the Capitol Dome was constructed with 8,909,200 pounds of ironwork bolted together in a masterpiece of American will and ingenuity.
  • 23. Architectural Style The United States Capitol is among the most symbolically important and architecturally impressive buildings in the nation An example of 19th-century neoclassical architecture, inspired by the use of ancient Greek and Roman styles in the design of great public buildings. These styles are recognized by the use of tall columns, symmetrical shapes, triangular pediments and domed roofs. Corinthian Columns Doric ColumnsIonic ColumnsDome
  • 25. Sandstone Sandstone was a common building material during the early years of Washington, D.C., because it could be found locally in a government- owned quarry and was easy to cut to shape. Builders originally used sandstone for the exterior of the Capitol as well as for interior floors, walls and other elements. Because sandstone is a soft material, the exterior eventually wore down and most was either covered over or replaced with harder stone; the interior features remain visible.
  • 26. Marble Marble is used throughout the U.S. Capitol Building, the congressional office buildings, and many other government and commercial buildings for its beauty, durability and relative ease of carving. It forms exterior surfaces and such interior elements as floors, walls, columns and stairways. Marble is also commonly used for statues and other sculpture, both indoors and out.
  • 27. CastIron Cast iron was used extensively in the U.S. Capitol’s mid-19th century House and Senate extensions and new dome. In the extensions, it was used for roof trusses, plumbing and gas lines, and decorative window and door trim. The Capitol dome is made of 8,909,200 pounds of cast-iron girders, plates, columns and ornaments. A popular construction material at the time, it was used for bridges, pipes, machinery and many other objects until it was widely supplanted by steel.
  • 29. Amateis Doors • The bronze doors are cast in relief ranging from very low to high and consist of a transom, two valves, and a surrounding frame. • The ornamental frame consists of oak and laurel leaves, symbolizing strength and victory House Bronze Doors • Each valve consists of three panels and a medallion depicting significant events in American history. The descriptions below start at the top of each valve and proceed downward. Senate Bronze Doors • Each valve consists of three panels, depicting events in the life of George Washington and Revolutionary War scenes, and an allegorical medallion. The descriptions below start at the top of each valve and proceed downward. The Columbus Doors • The Columbus Doors, also called the Rogers Doors or Rotunda Doors, stand imposingly at the main entrance to the U.S. Capitol Building Doors
  • 30. President’s Room Chandelier • An elaborate 18-arm bronze chandelier provides light for the President's Room of the U.S. Capitol Building Small Senate Rotunda Chandelier • This chandelier has hung in the Small Senate Rotunda since 1965. Imported from Europe composed by Bronze and crystal Lighting
  • 31. Minton Tiles • In the Old Capitol, stone pavers were used in corridors and other public spaces, such as the Rotunda and Crypt • At the extensions of U.S. Capitol Two types of tile were used : plain and inlaid encaustic tiles in a range of colors. Plain tiles were used as borders for the elaborate inlaid designs or to pave large corridor areas. They were available in seven colors: buff, red, black, drab, chocolate, light blue and white. Additional colors, such as cobalt blue, blue-gray, and light and dark green, appear in the inlaid encaustic tiles that form the elaborate centerpieces and architectural borders. They were made by "filling indentations in the unburnt tile with the desired colors and burning the whole together." Paving
  • 32. Paintings and murals: Baptism of Pocahontas Declaration of Independence Discovery of the Mississippi by De Soto Apotheosis of Washington Brumidi Corridors Frieze of American History
  • 33. Sculpture: Collection of statues Relief Sculpture Relief Portrait Plaques of Lawgivers
  • 34. The Statue of Freedom • Statue of Freedom is the crowning feature of the Dome of the United States Capitol. The bronze statue stands 19 feet 6 inches tall and weighs approximately 15,000 pounds. • Statue of Freedom is a classical female figure with long, flowing hair wearing a helmet with a crest composed of an eagle’s head and feathers. She wears a classical dress secured with a brooch inscribed "U.S." Over it is draped a heavy, flowing, toga-like robe fringed with fur and decorative balls. Her right hand rests upon the hilt of a sheathed sword wrapped in a scarf; in her left hand she holds a laurel wreath of victory and the shield of the United States with 13 stripes.

Editor's Notes

  1. Le Capitole des États-Unis est le bâtiment qui sert de siège au Congrès, le pouvoir législatif des États-Unis.
  2. Il est situé dans la capitale fédérale, Washington DC
  3. The second floor compound:The great rotunda, national statuary hall, old senate chamber, the senate chamber and others rooms
  4. Raised (élelvé) Rostrum (tribune) Overlook (avoir vue sur)
  5. So we have some pictures, Firstble we have: Corinthian columns which are the most ornate, slender and sleek of the three Greek orders. They are distinguished by a decorative, bell-shaped capital with volutes, two rows of acanthus leaves and an elaborate cornice. Secondarily we have: 2) Doric columns typically have a simple, rounded capital at the top; a heavy, fluted or smooth column shaft; and no base, made of sandstone, which support the arches Thirdly we have: 3) The Ionic column is typically identified by its capital, which includes large paired spiral scrolls, or volutes And the dome
  6. So We have some paitings depicting significant and important events in American history.
  7. 3) There is 23 marble Relief Portrait Plaques of Lawgivers depict historical figures noted for their work in establishing the principles that underlie American law: like Hamurabi, Moses, Napoleon 1, Suleimen, Thomas Jefferson and others
  8. Feature (caractéristique)