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Guggenheim museum,newyork

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here, is the brief discussion about guggenheim museum which was designed by great architect frank.l.wright

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Guggenheim museum,newyork

  1. 1.  Solomen R.Guggenhiem museum is the first permanent museum (rather than converted from a private house) built in USA  frank was commissioned to design a building to house the Museum of Non-Objective Painting  This building was immediately recognized as an architectural landmark and the most important building ofWright's late career.  This design got inspired from inverted ziggurat architect FRANK LIOYD WRIGHT LOCATION 1071 FIFTH AVENUE , NEWYORK DATE 1956-1959 BUILDINGTYPE ART MUSEUM CONSTUCTION SYSTEM REINFORCED CONCRETE STYLE CONTEMPORARY STYLE ANNUAL VISITORS 3 MILLIONS
  2. 2. architect Frank LloydWright worked for Louis Sullivan (1856–1924) in his Chicago-based architecture firm. Sullivan is known for steel-frame constructions, considered some of the earliest skyscrapers. Sullivan’s famous axiom, “form follows function,” became the touchstone for many architects. This means that the purpose of a building should be the starting point for its design.Wright extended the teachings of his mentor by changing the phrase to “form and function are one.” “FORM AND FUNCTION SHOULD BE ONE, JOINED IN A SPIRITUAL UNION” - FRANK LLOYD ARCHITECT DESIGNEDTHIS BUILDING WHERE FORMAND FUNCTION ARE FOLLOWINGTOGETHER
  3. 3. (Look down and you find circles in the terrazzo floor beneath your feet. Look up at the underside of the ramp and you see it punctuated by triangular lighting panels. Wright believed that structure created beauty and geometric forms gave his work a consistent and systematic quality. GEOMETRIC FORMS most buildings contain interior spaces that are rectilinear and for wright, geomentry is the basic building of nature Frank LloydWright thought in curves and straight lines which is helding symbolic significance i.e.,triangles—for structural unity circles __suggested infinity spire __aspiration spiral __organic process square __integrity Nearly all of these forms can be found in the architecture of the Guggenheim Museum rectangular form Triangular form Oval formsquare form
  4. 4. PLAN OF MUSEUM: The principle “form and function are one” is thoroughly visible in the plan for the Guggenheim Museum. According toWright’s design, visitors would enter the building, take an elevator to the top and enjoy a continuous art-viewing experience while descending along the spiral ramp. RESTORATION IN BUILDING: In 1990, theWright building was closed to the public to enable the expansion and a major interior restoration, which was overseen by the firm. The restoration opened the entireWright building to the public for the first time, converting spaces that had been used for storage and offices into galleries. This museum was restored and expanded and It contains 4,750 square meters of new and renovated gallery space, 130 square meters of new office space, a restored restaurant, and retrofitted support and storage spaces. FIRST FLOOR PLAN
  5. 5. The tower's simple facade and grid pattern highlight Wright's unique spiral design and serves as a backdrop to the rising urban landscape behind the museum. Frank LloydWright's original plans this Museum called for a ten-story tower behind the smaller rotunda, to house galleries, offices, workrooms, storage, and private studio apartments. Largely for financial reasons, Wright's proposed tower went unrealized.AssociatesArchitects revived the tower plan with its eight-story annex, which incorporates the foundation and framing of a smaller annex SECTION OF MUSEUM:
  6. 6. IMPORTANT FEATURES: impact-echo technology, in which sound waves are sent into the concrete and the rebound is measured in order to locate voids within the walls . Colour of interior walls is not stark white, whichWright hated, but a kind of soft ivory and having a spiral ramp which is wider in top than bottom . the ramp is a helix, complicated helix, being interrupted by a bulging balcony at each revolution. The ramp leans outward, but other elements, such as the structural fins that transfer the weight of the ramp to the outside walls, and rise to support the central skylight, lean in. The cork-screwing balustrade which is slightly tilted is a simple concrete wall with a pleasantly rounded top Ramp described as a simple spiral whose diameter increases as it rises Overlapping curves, complex intersections, a long interval of smooth planes interrupted by the double beat of the vertical cylinders that contain the men's and women's washrooms From street, looks like a white ribbon ribbon,curled into a cylindrical stack which is made up of reinforced concrete
  7. 7. IMPORTANT FEATURES: Internally, the viewing gallery forms a helical spiral from the main level up to the top of the building. A monument to modernism, the unique architecture of the space, with its spiral ramp riding to a domed skylight,continues to thrill visitors and provide a unique forum for the presentation of contemporary art.
  8. 8. LIGHTING: ARTIFICIAL LIGHTING WHICH GIVES BRIGHTNESS ATTHE ENTRANCEOF MUSEUM ARTIFICIAL LIGHTING IN GALLARIES ARTIFICIA L LIGHT IN GALLARIES SKYLIGHTATTHE CENTRE OF THE MUSEUM ISTHE MAIN SOURCEOF NATURAL LIGHT NATURAL LIGHT WILL ALLOW THROUGHT WINDOWSARTIFICIAL LIGHT EMMITING FROM SMALL LIGHTS
  9. 9. DISPLAY METHODS IN MUSEUM: Most of the criticism of the building has focused on the idea that it overshadows the artworks displayed within, and that it is difficult to properly hang paintings in the shallow, windowless exhibition niches that surround the central spiral. The walls of the niches are neither vertical nor flat (most are gently concave), meaning that canvasses must be mounted raised from the wall's surface. The limited space within the niches means that sculptures are generally relegated to plinths amid the main spiral walkway itself. Paintings are displayed along the walls of the spiral and also in exhibition space found at annex levels along the way.
  10. 10. Thank u by swapnika

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