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THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE
Meaning & Use
Form (structure)
Exercise
Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
Meaning & Use
When do we use the Simple Past tense?
■ We use the Simple Past to express the idea
that an action started and finished at a specific
time in the past.
■What are some common time expressions used
with the past tense?
Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
Examples:
I saw Maria yesterday.
Last Friday, the students took their spelling and
vocabulary tests.
They got married two years ago.
Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
How do we form the simple past tense . . .?
English has two types of
verbs in the past tense: ■ taught
■ walked
■ studied
■ gave
■ became
■ cried
■ lived
■ did
Look at the following
list of past tense
verbs…
which verbs are
regular, and which
are irregular?
 Regular verbs
 Irregular verbs
Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
Regular verbs are verbs that ….
Simple Form Past Tense
Walk
Study
Cry
Live
…end with –ed
Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
Irregular verbs are verbs that . .
. .
…DON’T end with –ed
some irregular verbs
Have a vowel change in the past tense:
Simple Form Past Tense
become became
give gave
drive drove
forget forgot
Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
Doble consonante
■ Agregamos doble consonante cuando la palabra tiene 1
sílaba (sonido) y cuando termina en cosonante + vocal +
consonante. A exepción de las palabras que terminen con W,
X, Y.
Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
Other irregular verbs
Have a different kind of change:
Simple Past
teach taught
bring brought
Leave left
Hear heard
Buy bought
Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
And some irregular verbs
don’t change at all . . .
Simple Past
hit hit
put put
set set
The children set the table every Sunday.
The children set the table last night.
Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
For regular verbs, simply use the –ed form of the
verb in a positive sentence.
When I was a child, I ___________ the piano. (play)
Donna ______________ Paris. (visit)
Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
For irregular verbs, use the correct past tense
form in positive sentences. (We use the same form with different
subjects .)
Last week, I ___________ you a letter. (send)
The students __________an English exam.
(have) They _______ a great job! (do)
Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
For negative sentences, USE
I went to work yesterday.
I didn’t go to work yesterday.
Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
Exception =
VERB BE!
The verb be is special.
Never use DID NOT or DIDN’T with the verb BE. Instead,
just use:
Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
For Yes/No questions, USE
Did you go to work
yesterday?
Did you come yesterday?
Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
Put the verbs (between brackets) into the
correct form (simple past).
Last year, I (spend) ________my holiday in Ireland. It (be)
________great. I (travel)___________ around the city by
car with two friends and we (visit) ________lots of
interesting places. In the evenings, we usually (go)_______
to a café.
We (be) ________very lucky with the weather. It (not /
rain)___________ a lot. We(see) ________some beautiful
rainbows.
I (have) ______ an amazing holiday!
Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
Let’s practice.
■ https://es.liveworksheets.com/worksheets/en/English_as_a
_Second_Language_(ESL)/Past_simple/Simple_Past_Tense
_ts35901ms
■ https://es.liveworksheets.com/worksheets/en/English_as_a
_Second_Language_(ESL)/Pronunciation_of_past_-
ed/SIMPLE_PAST*_Regular_verbs-
_pronunciation_bv1689586pb
■ https://es.liveworksheets.com/worksheets/en/English_as_a
_Second_Language_(ESL)/Irregular_verbs/Tricky_Irregular_V
erbs_vi1070904je
■ https://es.liveworksheets.com/worksheets/en/English_as_a
_Second_Language_(ESL)/Past_tenses/Listening_-
_past_tenses_zk948600sl
■ https://es.liveworksheets.com/ga859647qk
Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán

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Simple+past.ppt

  • 1. THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE Meaning & Use Form (structure) Exercise Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
  • 2. Meaning & Use When do we use the Simple Past tense? ■ We use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past. ■What are some common time expressions used with the past tense? Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
  • 3. Examples: I saw Maria yesterday. Last Friday, the students took their spelling and vocabulary tests. They got married two years ago. Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
  • 4. How do we form the simple past tense . . .? English has two types of verbs in the past tense: ■ taught ■ walked ■ studied ■ gave ■ became ■ cried ■ lived ■ did Look at the following list of past tense verbs… which verbs are regular, and which are irregular?  Regular verbs  Irregular verbs Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
  • 5. Regular verbs are verbs that …. Simple Form Past Tense Walk Study Cry Live …end with –ed Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
  • 6. Irregular verbs are verbs that . . . . …DON’T end with –ed some irregular verbs Have a vowel change in the past tense: Simple Form Past Tense become became give gave drive drove forget forgot Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
  • 7. Doble consonante ■ Agregamos doble consonante cuando la palabra tiene 1 sílaba (sonido) y cuando termina en cosonante + vocal + consonante. A exepción de las palabras que terminen con W, X, Y. Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
  • 8. Other irregular verbs Have a different kind of change: Simple Past teach taught bring brought Leave left Hear heard Buy bought Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
  • 9. And some irregular verbs don’t change at all . . . Simple Past hit hit put put set set The children set the table every Sunday. The children set the table last night. Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
  • 10. For regular verbs, simply use the –ed form of the verb in a positive sentence. When I was a child, I ___________ the piano. (play) Donna ______________ Paris. (visit) Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
  • 11. For irregular verbs, use the correct past tense form in positive sentences. (We use the same form with different subjects .) Last week, I ___________ you a letter. (send) The students __________an English exam. (have) They _______ a great job! (do) Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
  • 12. For negative sentences, USE I went to work yesterday. I didn’t go to work yesterday. Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
  • 13. Exception = VERB BE! The verb be is special. Never use DID NOT or DIDN’T with the verb BE. Instead, just use: Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
  • 14. For Yes/No questions, USE Did you go to work yesterday? Did you come yesterday? Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
  • 15. Put the verbs (between brackets) into the correct form (simple past). Last year, I (spend) ________my holiday in Ireland. It (be) ________great. I (travel)___________ around the city by car with two friends and we (visit) ________lots of interesting places. In the evenings, we usually (go)_______ to a café. We (be) ________very lucky with the weather. It (not / rain)___________ a lot. We(see) ________some beautiful rainbows. I (have) ______ an amazing holiday! Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán
  • 16. Let’s practice. ■ https://es.liveworksheets.com/worksheets/en/English_as_a _Second_Language_(ESL)/Past_simple/Simple_Past_Tense _ts35901ms ■ https://es.liveworksheets.com/worksheets/en/English_as_a _Second_Language_(ESL)/Pronunciation_of_past_- ed/SIMPLE_PAST*_Regular_verbs- _pronunciation_bv1689586pb ■ https://es.liveworksheets.com/worksheets/en/English_as_a _Second_Language_(ESL)/Irregular_verbs/Tricky_Irregular_V erbs_vi1070904je ■ https://es.liveworksheets.com/worksheets/en/English_as_a _Second_Language_(ESL)/Past_tenses/Listening_- _past_tenses_zk948600sl ■ https://es.liveworksheets.com/ga859647qk Profesora Carmen Astorga Montalbán