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KANGAROO MOTHER
CARE
(KMC)
OBJECTIVES
1. Describe the Kangaroo Mother
Care (KMC)
2. Describe the components of KMC
3. Describe the benefits and
procedure of KMC
OUTLINE
I. INTRODUCTION
II. KANGAROO MOTHER CARE
III.COMPONENTS OF KMC
IV.BENEFITS AND PROCEDURE OF
KMC
V. SUMMARY
KMC was started in1983
Bogota, Colombia (Hospital
Materno Infantil) by Drs.
Edgar Rey Sanabia and
Hector Martinez
What is KMC?
• Caring skin-to-skin low birth
weight (LBW) babies
• It promotes
 Effective thermal control
 Breast feeding
 Prevention of infection
 Parental bonding
Teaching Aids: ENC
KMC-
6
Components of KMC
1. Skin-to-skin contact
Early, continuous
and prolonged
skin-to- skin contact
2. Exclusive breast
feeding
Promotes lactation
and facilitates
feeding
Teaching Aids: ENC
KMC-
7
Pre-requisites of KMC
1. Support to the mother
▪ In hospital &
▪ At home
2. Post-discharge follow-up
Teaching Aids: ENC
KMC-
8
Benefits of KMC
to the baby
 Breast feeding
▪ Increased breast
feeding rates
▪ Increased duration of
breast feeding
 Thermal control
▪ Effective thermal
control
▪ Equivalent to
conventional incubator
care in stable babies
Teaching Aids: ENC
KMC-
9
Benefits of KMC
to the baby
 Early discharge
▪ Better weight gain
leads to early
discharge
 Lesser morbidity
▪ Regular breathing
▪ Less apnea
▪ Protection from
nosocomial
infections
Teaching Aids: ENC
KMC-
10
Benefits of KMC
to the mother
• Stronger bonding
with the baby
• Deep satisfaction
• More confident
parents
Teaching Aids: ENC
KMC- 11
Requirements for KMC
implementation
• Skills
Nurses, physicians and other staff
• Educational material
Information sheets, posters and
video films on KMC
• Furniture
Semi-reclining easy chairs
Beds with adjustable back rest
Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 12
Eligibility criteria:
Baby
• Birth weight >1800 gm:
Start at birth
• Birth weight 1200-1799 gm:
Hemodynamically stable – takes a few days
• Birth weight <1200 gm:
need specialized care due to sickness – may
take weeks to initiate
Teaching Aids: ENC
KMC-
13
Hemodynamic stability is a MUST
Eligibility criteria:
Mother
• Willingness
• Lack of significant illness
• Hygiene
• Supportive family
• Supportive community
Teaching Aids: ENC
KMC-
14
Preparing for KMC
• Counseling
 Demonstrate procedure
 Ensure family support
 KMC support group
• Mother’s clothing
 Front-open, light dress as per the local
culture
• Baby’s clothing
 Cap, socks, nappy and front-open
sleeveless shirt
Teaching Aids: ENC
KMC-
15
What should the
baby wear?
• Cap
• Socks
• Nappy and
• front-open
sleeveless shirt
Teaching Aids: ENC
KMC-
16
What should the
mother wear?
Teaching Aids: ENC
KMC- 17
Any front-
open,
light
dress as
per local
culture
(blouse
and sari,
gown or
shawl)
KMC procedure:
Kangaroo positioning
• Place baby between the
mother’s breasts in an
upright position
• Head turned to one side
and slightly extended
• Hips flexed and abducted
in a “frog” position; arms
flexed
• Baby’s abdomen at
mother’s epigastrium
• Support baby’s bottom
Teaching Aids: ENC KMC-
18
KMC procedure:
Kangaroo positioning
Teaching Aids: ENC
KMC-
19
Maintain privacy for the mother
Monitoring during KMC
Check if
• Neck position is
neutral
• Airway is clear
• Breathing is regular
• Color is pink
• Temperature is being
maintained
Teaching Aids: ENC
KMC-
20
Head position in KMC
Initiation of KMC
• Baby should be stable
• Short KMC sessions alright even if
the baby is receiving
 IV fluids
 Oxygen therapy
 Orogastric tube feeding
Teaching Aids: ENC
KMC-
21
Duration of KMC
• Start KMC sessions in the nursery
• Practice at least one hour sessions initially
• Transit from conventional care to longer KMC
• Transfer baby to post-natal ward and
continue KMC
• Increase duration up to 24 hours a day
Teaching Aids: ENC KMC-
22
KMC during sleep
and resting
Resting
• Reclining or semi-recumbent position
• Adjustable bed
• Several pillows on an ordinary bed
• Easy reclining chair
Sleep
• Supporting garment restraint for baby
Teaching Aids: ENC
KMC-
23
KMC during sleep
Teaching Aids: ENC
KMC-
24
KMC during resting
Teaching Aids: ENC
KMC-
25
Position for sleeping
Teaching Aids: ENC
KMC-
26
Any family member
can do it !
Teaching Aids: ENC KMC-
27
Father & other family members can
also provide skin-to-skin care
Father Grandmother
Discharge criteria
• Baby is well with no evidence of infection
• Feeding well (predominant breast milk)
• Gaining weight (15-20 gm/day)
• Maintaining body temperature
• Mother confident of taking care of the baby
• Follow-up visits ensured
Teaching Aids: ENC
KMC-
28
Discontinuation
of KMC
• Term gestation
• Weight ~ 2500 gm
• Baby uncomfortable
 Wriggling out
 Pulls limbs out
 Cries and fusses
Mother can continue KMC after giving the
baby a bath and during cold nights
Teaching Aids: ENC
KMC-
29
Post-discharge
follow up
• Once or twice a week till 37-40 wks / 2.5-3 kg
• Thereafter, once in 2-4 wks till 3 months
chronological age
• Subsequently, every 1-2 months during first
year
• More frequent visits if baby is not growing well
(< 15-20 gm/kg/day up to 40 weeks post-
conceptional age and then < 10 gm/kg/day)
Teaching Aids: ENC
KMC-
30
SUMMARY
• KMC is a safe and effective method for
caring stable LBW babies
• In addition to providing thermal control, it
–Promotes exclusive breastfeeding
–Decreases risk of infections
–Promotes bonding between mother and
baby
Session-17-KANGAROO-MOTHER-CARE_final-blue.pptx

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Session-17-KANGAROO-MOTHER-CARE_final-blue.pptx

  • 2.
  • 3. OBJECTIVES 1. Describe the Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) 2. Describe the components of KMC 3. Describe the benefits and procedure of KMC
  • 4. OUTLINE I. INTRODUCTION II. KANGAROO MOTHER CARE III.COMPONENTS OF KMC IV.BENEFITS AND PROCEDURE OF KMC V. SUMMARY
  • 5. KMC was started in1983 Bogota, Colombia (Hospital Materno Infantil) by Drs. Edgar Rey Sanabia and Hector Martinez
  • 6. What is KMC? • Caring skin-to-skin low birth weight (LBW) babies • It promotes  Effective thermal control  Breast feeding  Prevention of infection  Parental bonding Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 6
  • 7. Components of KMC 1. Skin-to-skin contact Early, continuous and prolonged skin-to- skin contact 2. Exclusive breast feeding Promotes lactation and facilitates feeding Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 7
  • 8. Pre-requisites of KMC 1. Support to the mother ▪ In hospital & ▪ At home 2. Post-discharge follow-up Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 8
  • 9. Benefits of KMC to the baby  Breast feeding ▪ Increased breast feeding rates ▪ Increased duration of breast feeding  Thermal control ▪ Effective thermal control ▪ Equivalent to conventional incubator care in stable babies Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 9
  • 10. Benefits of KMC to the baby  Early discharge ▪ Better weight gain leads to early discharge  Lesser morbidity ▪ Regular breathing ▪ Less apnea ▪ Protection from nosocomial infections Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 10
  • 11. Benefits of KMC to the mother • Stronger bonding with the baby • Deep satisfaction • More confident parents Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 11
  • 12. Requirements for KMC implementation • Skills Nurses, physicians and other staff • Educational material Information sheets, posters and video films on KMC • Furniture Semi-reclining easy chairs Beds with adjustable back rest Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 12
  • 13. Eligibility criteria: Baby • Birth weight >1800 gm: Start at birth • Birth weight 1200-1799 gm: Hemodynamically stable – takes a few days • Birth weight <1200 gm: need specialized care due to sickness – may take weeks to initiate Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 13 Hemodynamic stability is a MUST
  • 14. Eligibility criteria: Mother • Willingness • Lack of significant illness • Hygiene • Supportive family • Supportive community Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 14
  • 15. Preparing for KMC • Counseling  Demonstrate procedure  Ensure family support  KMC support group • Mother’s clothing  Front-open, light dress as per the local culture • Baby’s clothing  Cap, socks, nappy and front-open sleeveless shirt Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 15
  • 16. What should the baby wear? • Cap • Socks • Nappy and • front-open sleeveless shirt Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 16
  • 17. What should the mother wear? Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 17 Any front- open, light dress as per local culture (blouse and sari, gown or shawl)
  • 18. KMC procedure: Kangaroo positioning • Place baby between the mother’s breasts in an upright position • Head turned to one side and slightly extended • Hips flexed and abducted in a “frog” position; arms flexed • Baby’s abdomen at mother’s epigastrium • Support baby’s bottom Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 18
  • 19. KMC procedure: Kangaroo positioning Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 19 Maintain privacy for the mother
  • 20. Monitoring during KMC Check if • Neck position is neutral • Airway is clear • Breathing is regular • Color is pink • Temperature is being maintained Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 20 Head position in KMC
  • 21. Initiation of KMC • Baby should be stable • Short KMC sessions alright even if the baby is receiving  IV fluids  Oxygen therapy  Orogastric tube feeding Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 21
  • 22. Duration of KMC • Start KMC sessions in the nursery • Practice at least one hour sessions initially • Transit from conventional care to longer KMC • Transfer baby to post-natal ward and continue KMC • Increase duration up to 24 hours a day Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 22
  • 23. KMC during sleep and resting Resting • Reclining or semi-recumbent position • Adjustable bed • Several pillows on an ordinary bed • Easy reclining chair Sleep • Supporting garment restraint for baby Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 23
  • 24. KMC during sleep Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 24
  • 25. KMC during resting Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 25
  • 26. Position for sleeping Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 26
  • 27. Any family member can do it ! Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 27 Father & other family members can also provide skin-to-skin care Father Grandmother
  • 28. Discharge criteria • Baby is well with no evidence of infection • Feeding well (predominant breast milk) • Gaining weight (15-20 gm/day) • Maintaining body temperature • Mother confident of taking care of the baby • Follow-up visits ensured Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 28
  • 29. Discontinuation of KMC • Term gestation • Weight ~ 2500 gm • Baby uncomfortable  Wriggling out  Pulls limbs out  Cries and fusses Mother can continue KMC after giving the baby a bath and during cold nights Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 29
  • 30. Post-discharge follow up • Once or twice a week till 37-40 wks / 2.5-3 kg • Thereafter, once in 2-4 wks till 3 months chronological age • Subsequently, every 1-2 months during first year • More frequent visits if baby is not growing well (< 15-20 gm/kg/day up to 40 weeks post- conceptional age and then < 10 gm/kg/day) Teaching Aids: ENC KMC- 30
  • 31. SUMMARY • KMC is a safe and effective method for caring stable LBW babies • In addition to providing thermal control, it –Promotes exclusive breastfeeding –Decreases risk of infections –Promotes bonding between mother and baby