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Below is an excerpt of report “A Moral
Recovery Program: Building a People,
Building a Nation” submitted on April
27, 1988 by the Task Force to President
Corazon Aquino, the Senate and the
members of the press by the Senator
Litecia Shahani, the moving spirit
behind the program.
The weakness of the Filipino character as
cited in the report as follows:
1.Extreme Family centeredness.
2. Extreme personalism.
3. Lack of Discipline
4. passivity and lack of
initiative.
5. colonial mentality. 6. Kanya-Kanya
7. lack of self analysis 8. emphasis on porma
rather than substance.
Excessive concern for family means using one’s
office and power to promote family interest and
thus functionalism patronage, political dynasties
and the protection of erring family members. It
result in the lack of concern for the common
good, and acts as block to national
consciousness.
Take things personally, cannot separate objective
task from emotional involvement. Because of this
Filipino is uncomfortable with bureaucracy, with
rules and regulation and with standard procedures.
He use personal contacts, and gives preference to
family and friends in hiring service and even
voting. EP leads to the graft and corruption evident
in the Philippine society.
A casual attitude toward time and space, manifested in
lack of precession and compulsiveness, in poor time
management and procrastination. A version to following
procedures strictly results in lack of standardization and
equality control. Impatient result in short cuts, palusot,
ningas cugon. Lack of discipline often result to inefficient
work system, the violation of results and a casual work
ethic lacking follow through.
Waiting to be told what to do, reliance on others (leaders
and government), compliance, lack of a sense of urgency.
There is high tolerance of inefficiency, poor service, and
even violation of one’s basic rights. Too patient and
matiisin, too easily resign to his fate, the Filipino is easily
oppressed and exploited.
Lack of patriotism, or of an
active awareness, appreciation
and love of the Philippines and
an actual preference for things
foreign
The tendency to be superficial and
somewhat flighty. In the dace of serious
personal and social problems, there is
lack of analysis or reflection, and
instead satisfaction with superficial
explanations and solutions
This lack of analysis and
emphasis on form is reinforced
by an educational system that is
more than substance.
The weaknesses are rooted in many
factors:
1. Home
2. Social and economic environment
3. Culture and language
4. History
5. Religion
6. Educational system
7. Mass media
8. Leadership and rule models.
The following goals are
proposed to develop in the
Filipino:
1. A sense of patriotism and national
pride.
2. A sense of the common good.
3. A sense of integrity an accountability.
4. The values and habits of discipline and
hard work.
5. The value and habits of self reflection
and analysis.
In 1988 Senator Leticia Shahani
submitted to the senate this
report titled “A Moral recovery
program,” Building a people,
Building a nation” this report
cites the Strength and
weaknesses of the Filipino
character.
The strength of
Filipino character
are:
1. pakikipagkapwa-tao.
2. Family orientation.
3. Joy and humor.
4. Flexibility, adaptability and
creativity.
5. Hard work and industry.
6. Faith and religiosity.
7. Ability to survive.
The Filipino
character also has
weakness:
1. Extreme family centeredness.
2. Extreme personalism.
3. Lack of discipline.
4. Passivity and lack of initiative.
5. Colonial mentality.
6. Kanya-kanya sendrome.
7. Lack of self analysis and self-
reflection
8. Emphasis on porma rather
than substance.
There is so much good in the
Filipino but so much needs to be
changed, too. Many of our strength
as a people are also source of our
weakness.. Shahani’s report
(1988)explains that family
orientation becomes in-group
orientations that prevents us from
teaching out beyond the family to
the larger community and the
nation.
In our personalism, we are warm and caring but this leads us to
lack of objectivity. We are concerned with the people we know
but unfair to people we don’t know. In our flexibility, we
compromise precession and discipline. We are joyful people
with a sense of humor but we cant take things with humor all
the times with serious problems need serious analysis. Our faith
in God is our source of strength nut this make us dependent
forces outside us, do nothing to make us submissive to god's
will. We are good in pakikipagkapwa-tao and so we can easily
empathize but we cant at the same time be envious of others.
We can be hardworking and yet can be lazy and passive in the
workplace.
Senator Shahani’s report was given in 1988.but its findings as
reported may still be true today. The Department of Education
has its vision to help develop “Filipino’s who passionately
love their countries and whose values and competences enable
them to realize their full potential and contribute meaningfully
to building the nation” it has its core values – maka-Diyos,
maka-tao, makakalikasan and makabansa. This can be an
uphill battle for Philippine schools to realize these considering
the:
1. Extreme family centeredness.
2. Extreme personalism.
3. Lack od discipline.
4. Passivity and lack initiative.
5. Colonial mentality.
6. Kanya-kanya syndrome.
7. Lack of self analysis and self reflection.
8. Emphasis on porma rather than substance.
So that it will not be “more form than substance” as described
in senator Shahani’s report, Philippine school have to
intensify values education in the curriculum. In fact, in
response to this report, Values Education now Edukasyon
Sapagpakatao in K to 12 curriculum, was introduce as a
separate subject in the basic education curriculum under the
values education framework program of Dr. Lourdes
Quisumbing, then Department of Education Culture, and
Sports Secretary in 1988-1990.
The Values Education Framework was conceptualized in
1987. In 2002, The Basic Education Curriculum (grade 1-6,
and first-fourth year high school) integrated values in the
major learning areas or subjects. Begenning with the K to 12
curriculum in 2013, Values Education was renamed
Edukasyon Sapagpakatao (EsP) FOR GRADE 1-10 in the
Senior High Curriculum (grade 11-12), there is no course with
the title, Values Edducation or Edukasyon Sapagpakatao but
core course such as Introduction to the Philosophy of the
Human Person and Personal Development, are in essence,
Values Education subjects them selves.
Building a People, Building a Nation: Senator Shahani's 1988 Report on the Filipino Character

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Building a People, Building a Nation: Senator Shahani's 1988 Report on the Filipino Character

  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3. Below is an excerpt of report “A Moral Recovery Program: Building a People, Building a Nation” submitted on April 27, 1988 by the Task Force to President Corazon Aquino, the Senate and the members of the press by the Senator Litecia Shahani, the moving spirit behind the program.
  • 4. The weakness of the Filipino character as cited in the report as follows: 1.Extreme Family centeredness. 2. Extreme personalism. 3. Lack of Discipline 4. passivity and lack of initiative. 5. colonial mentality. 6. Kanya-Kanya 7. lack of self analysis 8. emphasis on porma rather than substance.
  • 5. Excessive concern for family means using one’s office and power to promote family interest and thus functionalism patronage, political dynasties and the protection of erring family members. It result in the lack of concern for the common good, and acts as block to national consciousness.
  • 6. Take things personally, cannot separate objective task from emotional involvement. Because of this Filipino is uncomfortable with bureaucracy, with rules and regulation and with standard procedures. He use personal contacts, and gives preference to family and friends in hiring service and even voting. EP leads to the graft and corruption evident in the Philippine society.
  • 7. A casual attitude toward time and space, manifested in lack of precession and compulsiveness, in poor time management and procrastination. A version to following procedures strictly results in lack of standardization and equality control. Impatient result in short cuts, palusot, ningas cugon. Lack of discipline often result to inefficient work system, the violation of results and a casual work ethic lacking follow through.
  • 8. Waiting to be told what to do, reliance on others (leaders and government), compliance, lack of a sense of urgency. There is high tolerance of inefficiency, poor service, and even violation of one’s basic rights. Too patient and matiisin, too easily resign to his fate, the Filipino is easily oppressed and exploited.
  • 9. Lack of patriotism, or of an active awareness, appreciation and love of the Philippines and an actual preference for things foreign
  • 10.
  • 11. The tendency to be superficial and somewhat flighty. In the dace of serious personal and social problems, there is lack of analysis or reflection, and instead satisfaction with superficial explanations and solutions
  • 12. This lack of analysis and emphasis on form is reinforced by an educational system that is more than substance.
  • 13. The weaknesses are rooted in many factors: 1. Home 2. Social and economic environment 3. Culture and language 4. History 5. Religion 6. Educational system 7. Mass media 8. Leadership and rule models.
  • 14. The following goals are proposed to develop in the Filipino:
  • 15. 1. A sense of patriotism and national pride. 2. A sense of the common good. 3. A sense of integrity an accountability. 4. The values and habits of discipline and hard work. 5. The value and habits of self reflection and analysis.
  • 16.
  • 17. In 1988 Senator Leticia Shahani submitted to the senate this report titled “A Moral recovery program,” Building a people, Building a nation” this report cites the Strength and weaknesses of the Filipino character.
  • 18. The strength of Filipino character are: 1. pakikipagkapwa-tao. 2. Family orientation. 3. Joy and humor. 4. Flexibility, adaptability and creativity. 5. Hard work and industry. 6. Faith and religiosity. 7. Ability to survive.
  • 19. The Filipino character also has weakness: 1. Extreme family centeredness. 2. Extreme personalism. 3. Lack of discipline. 4. Passivity and lack of initiative. 5. Colonial mentality. 6. Kanya-kanya sendrome. 7. Lack of self analysis and self- reflection 8. Emphasis on porma rather than substance.
  • 20. There is so much good in the Filipino but so much needs to be changed, too. Many of our strength as a people are also source of our weakness.. Shahani’s report (1988)explains that family orientation becomes in-group orientations that prevents us from teaching out beyond the family to the larger community and the nation.
  • 21. In our personalism, we are warm and caring but this leads us to lack of objectivity. We are concerned with the people we know but unfair to people we don’t know. In our flexibility, we compromise precession and discipline. We are joyful people with a sense of humor but we cant take things with humor all the times with serious problems need serious analysis. Our faith in God is our source of strength nut this make us dependent forces outside us, do nothing to make us submissive to god's will. We are good in pakikipagkapwa-tao and so we can easily empathize but we cant at the same time be envious of others. We can be hardworking and yet can be lazy and passive in the workplace.
  • 22.
  • 23. Senator Shahani’s report was given in 1988.but its findings as reported may still be true today. The Department of Education has its vision to help develop “Filipino’s who passionately love their countries and whose values and competences enable them to realize their full potential and contribute meaningfully to building the nation” it has its core values – maka-Diyos, maka-tao, makakalikasan and makabansa. This can be an uphill battle for Philippine schools to realize these considering the:
  • 24. 1. Extreme family centeredness. 2. Extreme personalism. 3. Lack od discipline. 4. Passivity and lack initiative. 5. Colonial mentality. 6. Kanya-kanya syndrome. 7. Lack of self analysis and self reflection. 8. Emphasis on porma rather than substance.
  • 25. So that it will not be “more form than substance” as described in senator Shahani’s report, Philippine school have to intensify values education in the curriculum. In fact, in response to this report, Values Education now Edukasyon Sapagpakatao in K to 12 curriculum, was introduce as a separate subject in the basic education curriculum under the values education framework program of Dr. Lourdes Quisumbing, then Department of Education Culture, and Sports Secretary in 1988-1990.
  • 26. The Values Education Framework was conceptualized in 1987. In 2002, The Basic Education Curriculum (grade 1-6, and first-fourth year high school) integrated values in the major learning areas or subjects. Begenning with the K to 12 curriculum in 2013, Values Education was renamed Edukasyon Sapagpakatao (EsP) FOR GRADE 1-10 in the Senior High Curriculum (grade 11-12), there is no course with the title, Values Edducation or Edukasyon Sapagpakatao but core course such as Introduction to the Philosophy of the Human Person and Personal Development, are in essence, Values Education subjects them selves.