Filipino
Values and
Moral
Development
Strengths and Weaknesses of
the Filipino Character
Note: This material is from Filipino Values & Moral
Development published by the Economic Development
Foundations in Novem...
Strengths in
the Filipino
Character
What are there in the
Pinoy Character that
maeks us strong as a
people?
Atik!! Naa kah...
Strengths of the Filipino Character 1/8
Pakikipagkapwa-Tao
Filipinos - open
to others and
feel one with
others
regard others
with dignity
and respect
deal with them
as fellow
human ...
Pakikipagkapwa-tao
•basic sense of justice and
fairness
•concern for others.
•ability to empathize with
others
Pakikipagkapwa-tao
•helpfulness and generosity in times of need
(pakikiramay); practice of bayanihan or
mutual assistance,...
• sensitivity to people’s feelings
(pakikiramdam)
• pagtitiwala or trust
• sense of gratitude or utang na
loob.
• very dep...
Strengths of the Filipino Character 2/8
Family Orientation
Filipinos possess a genuine
and deep love for family
•source of
personal
identity,
emotional
and material
support and
•one’s main
commitment
and
responsibility
honor and respect given to parents and elders;
care given to the children; the generosity towards
kin in need, and in grea...
sense of family results in a feeling of
belongingness and rootedness in a
basic sense of security.
Strengths of the Filipino Character 3/8
Joy and Humor
Filipinos have a cheerful and fun-loving
approach to life and its ups and downs
…pleasant disposition, a sense of humor an...
Laughing at ourselves and the mess we are in is an
important coping mechanism. ..playful, sometimes,
disrespectful, we lau...
…manifested in the Filipino’s love for socials and
celebrations, to laugh even in the most trying of
times….The result is ...
Strengths of the Filipino Character 4/8
Flexibility, Adaptability and Creativity
We can adjust and to adapt to circumstances and
the surrounding environment, both physical and
social; adjusts to whatever...
• creative, resourceful, quick
learners; can improvise and
make use of whatever is at
hand in order to create and
produce;...
Strengths of the Filipino Character
5/8
Hard Work and Industry
Who says
Pinoys are
lazy?
• We have the capacity
for hard work given
proper conditions;
• to raise one’s standard
of living and to possess
the essen...
We are willing to
take the risks
with jobs abroad
and, while there,
to work at two or
three jobs.
The result is
productivi...
Strengths of the Filipino Character
6/8
Faith and Religiosity
Filipinos have deep faith in God.
• Our innate religiosity
enables us to
comprehend and
genuinely accept reality
in the context of God’s
will and plan.
• Re...
• tragedy and bad fortune
are accepted and some
optimism characterizes
even the poorest lives.
• related to bahala na
whic...
Strengths of the Filipino Character
7/8
Faith and Religiosity
Our faith and daring was manifest at EDSA
and other times in...
• Our faith and daring
was manifest at
EDSA and other
times in our history;
seen in the
capacity to accept
failure and def...
The results of
the Filipino’s
faith are
courage,
daring
optimism,
inner peace,
as well as the
capacity to
genuinely
accept...
Strengths of the Filipino Character
8/8 Ability to Survive
Filipinos have an
ability to survive.
Filipinos make do
with what is available
in the environment.
…basic optimism,
flexib...
It is manifested in the millions of Filipinos who
bravely live through the harshest economic and
social circumstances. Wha...
Weaknesses
in the
Filipino
Character
What about
weaknesses in
character?
Daghan pod oy!
Pamalandungi
,dong.
Weaknesses of the Filipino Character
1/8 Extreme Personalism
Filipinos view the world in terms of personal
relationship Ho...
Filipinos view the world in terms of personal
relationships; no separation between an
objective task and emotional involve...
We tend to give
personal
interpretations to
actions, i.e., “take
things personally”.
Thus, a sincere question
may be viewe...
There is in fact some basis
for such interpretations as
Filipinos are quite personal
in criticism and praise.
Personalism ...
Weaknesses of the Filipino Character
2/8 Extreme Personalism
Because of this personalistic world view, Filipinos
have diff...
We tend to be
uncomfortable with
bureaucracy, with
rules and regulations
and with standard
procedures, all of
which tend t...
Personal contacts
are involved in any
transaction and
these are difficult to
turn down.
Preference is
usually given to
fam...
Extreme personalism thus leads to the graft
and corruption evident in Philippine society.
Weaknesses of the Filipino Character
3/8 Extreme Family Centeredness
Excessive
concern for the
family creates an
in-group to which
the Filipino is
fiercely loyal to
the detriment of
concern f...
Excessive concern
for family manifests
itself in the use of
one’s office and
power as a means of
promoting the
interest of...
Family centeredness results to a lack of
concern for the common good and acts as a
block to national consciousness.
Weaknesses of the Filipino Character
4/8 Lack of Discipline
The Filipino’s lack of discipline is
manifests in a casual and
relaxed attitude towards time
and space which manifests its...
We are impatient and
unable to delay gratification
or reward, resulting in the
use of short-cuts, in skirting
the rules (t...
Our lack of discipline often results in efficient and
wasteful work systems violations of rules leading to
more serious tr...
Weaknesses of the Filipino Character
5/8 Passivity and Lack of Initiative
Filipinos are
generally passive
and lacking in
initiative.
There is strong
reliance on others
(e.g., leaders,
government) ...
There is high tolerance for inefficiency, poor
service and even violations of one’s basic rights.
In many ways, it can be ...
Too easily resigned to one’s fate. Filipinos are
thus easily oppressed and exploited.
Weaknesses of the Filipino Character
6/8 Colonial Mentality
Filipinos have a
colonial mentality
which is made up
of two dimensions:
the first is a lack of
patriotism or an
active awa...
Filipino culture is
characterized by an
openness to the
outside—adapting
and incorporating
the foreign
elements into our
i...
The result is cultural
vagueness or weakness
that makes Filipinos
extraordinarily
susceptible to the
wholesale acceptance ...
The Filipino colonial
mentality is
manifested in the
alienation of the elite
from their roots and
from the masses as
well ...
Weaknesses of the Filipino Character
7/8 Kanya-Kanya Syndrome
Filipinos have a selfish, self-serving attitude that
generates a feeling of envy and competitiveness
toward others, partic...
The kanya-kanya
syndrome is also
evident in the
personal ambition
and the drive for
power and status that
is completely
in...
The public is made to feel that service from these
offices and from these civil servants is an extra
perk that is to be pa...
The kanya-kanya
syndrome results in the
dampening of cooperative
and community spirit and
in the trampling upon the
rights...
Weaknesses of the Filipino Character
8/8 Lack of Self-analysis and Self-
reflection
There is a
tendency in the
Filipino to be
superficial and
even somewhat
flighty. In the
face of serious
problems, both
per...
We joke about the
most serious matters
and this prevents
looking deeply into the
problem. There is no
felt need to validat...
We tend to emphasize on form (maporma)
rather than on substance; to be satisfied with
rhetoric and to substitute this for ...
The Filipino lack of self-analysis and our
emphasis on norms is reinforced by an
educational system that is often more for...
Tenk yo!
Strengthsandweaknessesofthefilipinocharacter 120520082929-phpapp01 (1)
Strengthsandweaknessesofthefilipinocharacter 120520082929-phpapp01 (1)
Strengthsandweaknessesofthefilipinocharacter 120520082929-phpapp01 (1)
Strengthsandweaknessesofthefilipinocharacter 120520082929-phpapp01 (1)
Strengthsandweaknessesofthefilipinocharacter 120520082929-phpapp01 (1)
Strengthsandweaknessesofthefilipinocharacter 120520082929-phpapp01 (1)
Strengthsandweaknessesofthefilipinocharacter 120520082929-phpapp01 (1)
Strengthsandweaknessesofthefilipinocharacter 120520082929-phpapp01 (1)
Strengthsandweaknessesofthefilipinocharacter 120520082929-phpapp01 (1)
Strengthsandweaknessesofthefilipinocharacter 120520082929-phpapp01 (1)
Strengthsandweaknessesofthefilipinocharacter 120520082929-phpapp01 (1)
Strengthsandweaknessesofthefilipinocharacter 120520082929-phpapp01 (1)
Strengthsandweaknessesofthefilipinocharacter 120520082929-phpapp01 (1)
Strengthsandweaknessesofthefilipinocharacter 120520082929-phpapp01 (1)
Strengthsandweaknessesofthefilipinocharacter 120520082929-phpapp01 (1)
Strengthsandweaknessesofthefilipinocharacter 120520082929-phpapp01 (1)
Strengthsandweaknessesofthefilipinocharacter 120520082929-phpapp01 (1)
Strengthsandweaknessesofthefilipinocharacter 120520082929-phpapp01 (1)
Strengthsandweaknessesofthefilipinocharacter 120520082929-phpapp01 (1)
Strengthsandweaknessesofthefilipinocharacter 120520082929-phpapp01 (1)
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Strengthsandweaknessesofthefilipinocharacter 120520082929-phpapp01 (1)

  1. 1. Filipino Values and Moral Development Strengths and Weaknesses of the Filipino Character
  2. 2. Note: This material is from Filipino Values & Moral Development published by the Economic Development Foundations in November, 1992 The study was sponsored by the Philippine Senate and was headed by Senator Leticia Shahani. It was conducted by a task force headed by Dr. Patricia Licuanan. The findings were based on bibliographic surveys and interviews and consultations with researchers and practitioners in the behavioral and social sciences, education and social welfare, journalists and social analysts; a nationwide survey of 2000 respondents; and, focus group discussions among residents of an urban poor resettlement area in Bagong Bayan, Dasmariñas, Cavite. From the study was developed “A Moral Recovery Program – Building a People, Building a Nation” Submitted to the Philippine Senate.
  3. 3. Strengths in the Filipino Character What are there in the Pinoy Character that maeks us strong as a people? Atik!! Naa kaha?
  4. 4. Strengths of the Filipino Character 1/8 Pakikipagkapwa-Tao
  5. 5. Filipinos - open to others and feel one with others regard others with dignity and respect deal with them as fellow human beings. Kapwa-tao = a fellow human being Kapwa-tao = a fellow human
  6. 6. Pakikipagkapwa-tao •basic sense of justice and fairness •concern for others. •ability to empathize with others
  7. 7. Pakikipagkapwa-tao •helpfulness and generosity in times of need (pakikiramay); practice of bayanihan or mutual assistance, Filipino hospitality.
  8. 8. • sensitivity to people’s feelings (pakikiramdam) • pagtitiwala or trust • sense of gratitude or utang na loob. • very dependent on interpersonal relationships; gives sense of security • camaraderie and a feeling of closeness to one another. Pakikipagkapwa-tao is a foundation for unity as well the sense of social
  9. 9. Strengths of the Filipino Character 2/8 Family Orientation
  10. 10. Filipinos possess a genuine and deep love for family
  11. 11. •source of personal identity, emotional and material support and •one’s main commitment and responsibility
  12. 12. honor and respect given to parents and elders; care given to the children; the generosity towards kin in need, and in great sacrifices one endures for the welfare of the family.
  13. 13. sense of family results in a feeling of belongingness and rootedness in a basic sense of security.
  14. 14. Strengths of the Filipino Character 3/8 Joy and Humor
  15. 15. Filipinos have a cheerful and fun-loving approach to life and its ups and downs …pleasant disposition, a sense of humor and a propensity for happiness that contribute not only to the Filipino charm but also to the indomitability of the Filipino spirit.
  16. 16. Laughing at ourselves and the mess we are in is an important coping mechanism. ..playful, sometimes, disrespectful, we laugh at those we love and at those we hate and we make jokes about our good fortune and bad.
  17. 17. …manifested in the Filipino’s love for socials and celebrations, to laugh even in the most trying of times….The result is a certain emotional balance, optimism, a healthy disrespect for power and office and the capacity to survive.
  18. 18. Strengths of the Filipino Character 4/8 Flexibility, Adaptability and Creativity
  19. 19. We can adjust and to adapt to circumstances and the surrounding environment, both physical and social; adjusts to whatever happens even in unplanned or anticipated events. We possess a tolerance for ambiguity that enables us to remain unfazed by uncertainly or lack of information.
  20. 20. • creative, resourceful, quick learners; can improvise and make use of whatever is at hand in order to create and produce; • accepts change; adapts to life in any part of the world, in the ability to make new things out of old scraps, • Creative in cultural sphere The result is productivity, inno-vation, entrepre- neurship, equa-nimity and survival.
  21. 21. Strengths of the Filipino Character 5/8 Hard Work and Industry Who says Pinoys are lazy?
  22. 22. • We have the capacity for hard work given proper conditions; • to raise one’s standard of living and to possess the essentials of a decent life for one’s family
  23. 23. We are willing to take the risks with jobs abroad and, while there, to work at two or three jobs. The result is productivity and entrepreneurs hip for some and survival despite poverty for
  24. 24. Strengths of the Filipino Character 6/8 Faith and Religiosity Filipinos have deep faith in God.
  25. 25. • Our innate religiosity enables us to comprehend and genuinely accept reality in the context of God’s will and plan. • Religious expressions is very tangible expressed everyday; we relate to God like a human being – threaten, thank, ask forgiveness, appease
  26. 26. • tragedy and bad fortune are accepted and some optimism characterizes even the poorest lives. • related to bahala na which may be considered positively as a reservoir of psychic energy, a psychological prop on which we can lean during hard times. This pampalakas ng loob allows us to act despite
  27. 27. Strengths of the Filipino Character 7/8 Faith and Religiosity Our faith and daring was manifest at EDSA and other times in our history even when it was difficult to be brave.
  28. 28. • Our faith and daring was manifest at EDSA and other times in our history; seen in the capacity to accept failure and defeat • we recognize forces external to ourselves as contributing to how events in our lives turn out.
  29. 29. The results of the Filipino’s faith are courage, daring optimism, inner peace, as well as the capacity to genuinely accept tragedy and death.
  30. 30. Strengths of the Filipino Character 8/8 Ability to Survive
  31. 31. Filipinos have an ability to survive. Filipinos make do with what is available in the environment. …basic optimism, flexibility and adaptability, hard work and a deep faith in God.
  32. 32. It is manifested in the millions of Filipinos who bravely live through the harshest economic and social circumstances. What we might be able to do under better circumstances?
  33. 33. Weaknesses in the Filipino Character What about weaknesses in character? Daghan pod oy! Pamalandungi ,dong.
  34. 34. Weaknesses of the Filipino Character 1/8 Extreme Personalism Filipinos view the world in terms of personal relationship Hoy, bata! Hindi dito tinatapon ang basura! Hoy, kung galit ka sa akin, wag mong pagalitan ang bata!
  35. 35. Filipinos view the world in terms of personal relationships; no separation between an objective task and emotional involvement.
  36. 36. We tend to give personal interpretations to actions, i.e., “take things personally”. Thus, a sincere question may be viewed as a challenge to one’s competence or positive feedback may be interpreted as a sign of special affection.
  37. 37. There is in fact some basis for such interpretations as Filipinos are quite personal in criticism and praise. Personalism is also manifested in the necessity for the establishment of personal relationships before any business or work relationships can be successful.
  38. 38. Weaknesses of the Filipino Character 2/8 Extreme Personalism Because of this personalistic world view, Filipinos have difficulty dealing with all forms of personal stimuli.
  39. 39. We tend to be uncomfortable with bureaucracy, with rules and regulations and with standard procedures, all of which tend to be impersonal. we tend to ignore them or we ask for exceptions..
  40. 40. Personal contacts are involved in any transaction and these are difficult to turn down. Preference is usually given to family and friends in hiring, delivery of services and even in voting.
  41. 41. Extreme personalism thus leads to the graft and corruption evident in Philippine society.
  42. 42. Weaknesses of the Filipino Character 3/8 Extreme Family Centeredness
  43. 43. Excessive concern for the family creates an in-group to which the Filipino is fiercely loyal to the detriment of concern for the larger community or for the common good.
  44. 44. Excessive concern for family manifests itself in the use of one’s office and power as a means of promoting the interest of the family, factionalism, patronage and political dynasties, and in the protection of erring family members.
  45. 45. Family centeredness results to a lack of concern for the common good and acts as a block to national consciousness.
  46. 46. Weaknesses of the Filipino Character 4/8 Lack of Discipline
  47. 47. The Filipino’s lack of discipline is manifests in a casual and relaxed attitude towards time and space which manifests itself in lack of precision and compulsiveness, in poor time management and procrastination. an aversion for following strictly a set of procedures and this results in lack of standardization and quality control.
  48. 48. We are impatient and unable to delay gratification or reward, resulting in the use of short-cuts, in skirting the rules (the palusot syndrome) and in foolhardiness. We are guilty of ningas cogon, starting out projects with full vigor and interest which abruptly die down leaving things unfinished.
  49. 49. Our lack of discipline often results in efficient and wasteful work systems violations of rules leading to more serious transgressions and a casual work ethic leading to carelessness and lack of follow- through.
  50. 50. Weaknesses of the Filipino Character 5/8 Passivity and Lack of Initiative
  51. 51. Filipinos are generally passive and lacking in initiative. There is strong reliance on others (e.g., leaders, government) to do things for us related to our need for a strong authority.
  52. 52. There is high tolerance for inefficiency, poor service and even violations of one’s basic rights. In many ways, it can be said that the Filipino is too patient and long suffering (matiisin). Filipinos tend to be complacent and there rarely is a sense of urgency about any problem.
  53. 53. Too easily resigned to one’s fate. Filipinos are thus easily oppressed and exploited.
  54. 54. Weaknesses of the Filipino Character 6/8 Colonial Mentality
  55. 55. Filipinos have a colonial mentality which is made up of two dimensions: the first is a lack of patriotism or an active awareness, appreciation and love of the Philippines; the second is an actual preference for things foreign.
  56. 56. Filipino culture is characterized by an openness to the outside—adapting and incorporating the foreign elements into our image of ourselves - not built around a deep core of Philippine history and language.
  57. 57. The result is cultural vagueness or weakness that makes Filipinos extraordinarily susceptible to the wholesale acceptance of modern mass culture which is often Western. Thus there is preference for foreign fashion, entertainment, lifestyles, technology, consumer items, etc.
  58. 58. The Filipino colonial mentality is manifested in the alienation of the elite from their roots and from the masses as well as in the basic feeling of national inferiority that makes it difficult for Filipinos to relate as equals to Westerners.
  59. 59. Weaknesses of the Filipino Character 7/8 Kanya-Kanya Syndrome
  60. 60. Filipinos have a selfish, self-serving attitude that generates a feeling of envy and competitiveness toward others, particularly one’s peers who seem to have gained some status or prestige.
  61. 61. The kanya-kanya syndrome is also evident in the personal ambition and the drive for power and status that is completely insensitive to the common good. Personal and in-group interests reign supreme.
  62. 62. The public is made to feel that service from these offices and from these civil servants is an extra perk that is to be paid for. This characteristic is also evident in the lack of a sense of service among people in the government bureaucracy.
  63. 63. The kanya-kanya syndrome results in the dampening of cooperative and community spirit and in the trampling upon the rights of others.
  64. 64. Weaknesses of the Filipino Character 8/8 Lack of Self-analysis and Self- reflection
  65. 65. There is a tendency in the Filipino to be superficial and even somewhat flighty. In the face of serious problems, both personal and social, there is lack of analysis or reflection.
  66. 66. We joke about the most serious matters and this prevents looking deeply into the problem. There is no felt need to validate our hypotheses or explanations of things. Thus, we are satisfied with superficial explanations and superficial solutions to problems.
  67. 67. We tend to emphasize on form (maporma) rather than on substance; to be satisfied with rhetoric and to substitute this for reality; rhetoric and endless words are very much part of public discourse. As long as the right things are said, as long as the proper documents and reports exist, as long as the proper committees, task forces or offices are firmed, Filipinos are deluded into believing that what ought to be, actually exists.
  68. 68. The Filipino lack of self-analysis and our emphasis on norms is reinforced by an educational system that is often more form than substance and a legal system that tends to substitute law for reality.
  69. 69. Tenk yo!

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