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Reactive programming with Spring
Webflux
Eonics Hack Night #21
João Esperancinha
joao.esperancinha@eonics.nl
Origins 1960
Jack Dennis:
● Data Flows concepts during the 1960’s at MIT
● Data stream concept and iteractions
● Data Flow years 1974 – 1975
● Roots in:
○ Asynchronous Digital Logic
○ Control Structures for Parallel Programming
○ Abstract Models for Concurrent Systems
○ Theory of Program Schemes
○ Structured Programming
○ Functional Programming
Ref: http://csg.csail.mit.edu/Dataflow/talks/DennisTalk.pdf
Origins 2010
Eric Meijer:
● Coined the term Reactive Programming in 2010
● Microsoft included C#, Visual Basic, LINQ, Volta
● Reactive programming framework
● Reactive Extensions for .NET.
● Dataflow programming on steroids
Ref: https://channel9.msdn.com/Blogs/Charles/Erik-Meijer-Rx-in-15-Minutes
Reactive Manifesto
Principles (applies to system and applications):
● Responsive
○ It needs to respond quickly. The time of the request itself is independent of this.
● Resilient
○ It must respond well and support Back-Pressure
○ Messages in control
○ Avoid catastrophic failure
● Elastic
○ Automatic Generation of resources. More threads in our case.
● Message Driven
○ Publisher/Subscriber
Ref: https://www.reactivemanifesto.org/
Spring WebFlux Basics
Observer Pattern
Is a behavioral design pattern that lets you define a subscription mechanism to
notify multiple objects about any events that happen to the object they’re
observing.
In other words, we are going to do declarative programming instead of imperative
programming.
Ref: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Observer_pattern
Spring WebFlux Publishers
● Flux
○ A publisher for a stream of objects
○ Used to create lists of objects]
○ Processes one stream end to end
○ Handles stream events
● Mono
○ A publisher for a single object
○ Handles object events
Ref:https://docs.spring.io/spring/docs/current/spring-framework-reference/web-
reactive.html
Flux.just, Flux.from, Flux.fromIterable,
Flux.fromArray, Flux.fromStream,
Flux.zip
Mono.just, Mono.from,
Mono.fromCallable, Mono.zip,
Mono.fromFuture, Mono.fromDirect,
Mono.fromRunnable
Spring WebFlux Parallelism
● Flux and ParallelFlux
○ .parallel(parallelism).runOn(Schedulers.parallel())
● Mono
○ .subscribeOn(Schedulers.parallel())
Ref:https://docs.spring.io/spring/docs/current/spring-framework-reference/web-
reactive.html
Blockhound
● Test Library
● Needs to be installed:
● Detects Blocking calls:
static {
BlockHound.install();
}
Mono.delay(Duration.ofMillis(1))
.doOnNext(it -> {
try {
catController.getCatByIdI(1L);
} catch (IOException e) {
throw new RuntimeException(e);
}
})
.block();
Concerts Project
Tests with JMeter
● Load tests
● Making the world a better place by registering thousands of Nicky Minajs 😉
{
"name": "Nicky Minaj",
"gender": "FEMALE",
"careerStart": 1000,
"birthDate": "a date",
"birthCity": "Port of Spain",
"country": "Trinidad en Tobago",
"keywords": "Rap"
}
X 1000 / s
Comparing Blocking MVC and Reactive MVC
Results of analysis of Response Times
Comparing Blocking MVC and Reactive MVC
Results of analysis of number of requests:
Label # Samples Average Min Max Std. Dev. Error % Throughput Received KB/sec Sent KB/sec Avg. Bytes
WebFlux GET artists 1818 1714 7 22403 2846.73 0.000% 39.69346 4512.75 5.31 116418.6
MVC Get Artists 1510 3320 7 16520 3516.68 0.066% 33.09589 5812.04 4.42 179826.8
WebFlux Post artists 1394 1425 4 14886 2597.78 0.000% 30.97984 10.26 12.49 339.1
MVC Post Artists 1179 2813 5 20344 3265.32 0.000% 26.18371 8.69 10.56 340.0
TOTAL 5901 2276 4 22403 3160.81 0.017% 128.35795 10282.47 32.26 82030.3
Let’s Code!
● Cat Care Center
● Bocco and Zuu have been found
● The application is blocking!
● Let’s make it reactive!
● Checkout the repo
● Checkout branch exercise
● Build will fail!
● Make the code reactive!
● Build will run!
git clone git@bitbucket.org:jesperancinha/eonics-hacknight-
webflux.git
git checkout exercise
mvn clean install
Q?
References
● https://content.pivotal.io/springone-platform-2018/full-stack-reactive-with-react-and-spring-webflux
● https://bitbucket.org/jesperancinha/eonics-hacknight-webflux
● https://github.com/reactor/BlockHound
● https://github.com/jesperancinha/sea-shell-archiver
● https://github.com/jesperancinha/concert-demos-root
● http://csg.csail.mit.edu/Dataflow/talks/DennisTalk.pdf
● https://medium.com/swlh/comparing-webflux-and-spring-mvc-with-jmeter-79dc134c3c04
● https://medium.com/swlh/reactive-programming-applied-to-legacy-services-a-webflux-example-4d1c2ad40bd4
● https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Dennis
● https://www.reactivemanifesto.org/
● https://refactoring.guru/design-patterns/observer
● https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.csnip.org%2Fgeneral-
faqs&psig=AOvVaw1jPWBfSEBh65Oci1MZyq9E&ust=1582141566798000&source=images&cd=vfe&ved=0CAIQjRx
qFwoTCPiZyOPu2-cCFQAAAAAdAAAAABBI
● https://www.instagram.com/pechanko_bocco/?hl=nl
João Esperancinha joao.esperancinha@eonics.nl

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Reactive programming with Spring Webflux.pptx

  • 1. Reactive programming with Spring Webflux Eonics Hack Night #21 João Esperancinha joao.esperancinha@eonics.nl
  • 2. Origins 1960 Jack Dennis: ● Data Flows concepts during the 1960’s at MIT ● Data stream concept and iteractions ● Data Flow years 1974 – 1975 ● Roots in: ○ Asynchronous Digital Logic ○ Control Structures for Parallel Programming ○ Abstract Models for Concurrent Systems ○ Theory of Program Schemes ○ Structured Programming ○ Functional Programming Ref: http://csg.csail.mit.edu/Dataflow/talks/DennisTalk.pdf
  • 3. Origins 2010 Eric Meijer: ● Coined the term Reactive Programming in 2010 ● Microsoft included C#, Visual Basic, LINQ, Volta ● Reactive programming framework ● Reactive Extensions for .NET. ● Dataflow programming on steroids Ref: https://channel9.msdn.com/Blogs/Charles/Erik-Meijer-Rx-in-15-Minutes
  • 4. Reactive Manifesto Principles (applies to system and applications): ● Responsive ○ It needs to respond quickly. The time of the request itself is independent of this. ● Resilient ○ It must respond well and support Back-Pressure ○ Messages in control ○ Avoid catastrophic failure ● Elastic ○ Automatic Generation of resources. More threads in our case. ● Message Driven ○ Publisher/Subscriber Ref: https://www.reactivemanifesto.org/
  • 5. Spring WebFlux Basics Observer Pattern Is a behavioral design pattern that lets you define a subscription mechanism to notify multiple objects about any events that happen to the object they’re observing. In other words, we are going to do declarative programming instead of imperative programming. Ref: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Observer_pattern
  • 6. Spring WebFlux Publishers ● Flux ○ A publisher for a stream of objects ○ Used to create lists of objects] ○ Processes one stream end to end ○ Handles stream events ● Mono ○ A publisher for a single object ○ Handles object events Ref:https://docs.spring.io/spring/docs/current/spring-framework-reference/web- reactive.html Flux.just, Flux.from, Flux.fromIterable, Flux.fromArray, Flux.fromStream, Flux.zip Mono.just, Mono.from, Mono.fromCallable, Mono.zip, Mono.fromFuture, Mono.fromDirect, Mono.fromRunnable
  • 7. Spring WebFlux Parallelism ● Flux and ParallelFlux ○ .parallel(parallelism).runOn(Schedulers.parallel()) ● Mono ○ .subscribeOn(Schedulers.parallel()) Ref:https://docs.spring.io/spring/docs/current/spring-framework-reference/web- reactive.html
  • 8. Blockhound ● Test Library ● Needs to be installed: ● Detects Blocking calls: static { BlockHound.install(); } Mono.delay(Duration.ofMillis(1)) .doOnNext(it -> { try { catController.getCatByIdI(1L); } catch (IOException e) { throw new RuntimeException(e); } }) .block();
  • 10. Tests with JMeter ● Load tests ● Making the world a better place by registering thousands of Nicky Minajs 😉 { "name": "Nicky Minaj", "gender": "FEMALE", "careerStart": 1000, "birthDate": "a date", "birthCity": "Port of Spain", "country": "Trinidad en Tobago", "keywords": "Rap" } X 1000 / s
  • 11. Comparing Blocking MVC and Reactive MVC Results of analysis of Response Times
  • 12. Comparing Blocking MVC and Reactive MVC Results of analysis of number of requests: Label # Samples Average Min Max Std. Dev. Error % Throughput Received KB/sec Sent KB/sec Avg. Bytes WebFlux GET artists 1818 1714 7 22403 2846.73 0.000% 39.69346 4512.75 5.31 116418.6 MVC Get Artists 1510 3320 7 16520 3516.68 0.066% 33.09589 5812.04 4.42 179826.8 WebFlux Post artists 1394 1425 4 14886 2597.78 0.000% 30.97984 10.26 12.49 339.1 MVC Post Artists 1179 2813 5 20344 3265.32 0.000% 26.18371 8.69 10.56 340.0 TOTAL 5901 2276 4 22403 3160.81 0.017% 128.35795 10282.47 32.26 82030.3
  • 13. Let’s Code! ● Cat Care Center ● Bocco and Zuu have been found ● The application is blocking! ● Let’s make it reactive! ● Checkout the repo ● Checkout branch exercise ● Build will fail! ● Make the code reactive! ● Build will run! git clone git@bitbucket.org:jesperancinha/eonics-hacknight- webflux.git git checkout exercise mvn clean install
  • 14. Q?
  • 15. References ● https://content.pivotal.io/springone-platform-2018/full-stack-reactive-with-react-and-spring-webflux ● https://bitbucket.org/jesperancinha/eonics-hacknight-webflux ● https://github.com/reactor/BlockHound ● https://github.com/jesperancinha/sea-shell-archiver ● https://github.com/jesperancinha/concert-demos-root ● http://csg.csail.mit.edu/Dataflow/talks/DennisTalk.pdf ● https://medium.com/swlh/comparing-webflux-and-spring-mvc-with-jmeter-79dc134c3c04 ● https://medium.com/swlh/reactive-programming-applied-to-legacy-services-a-webflux-example-4d1c2ad40bd4 ● https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Dennis ● https://www.reactivemanifesto.org/ ● https://refactoring.guru/design-patterns/observer ● https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.csnip.org%2Fgeneral- faqs&psig=AOvVaw1jPWBfSEBh65Oci1MZyq9E&ust=1582141566798000&source=images&cd=vfe&ved=0CAIQjRx qFwoTCPiZyOPu2-cCFQAAAAAdAAAAABBI ● https://www.instagram.com/pechanko_bocco/?hl=nl João Esperancinha joao.esperancinha@eonics.nl