SlideShare a Scribd company logo
MPLS Considered
                      Helpful
                      Bruce Davie
                    bsd@cisco.com

Outrageous 2003                     1
• I’m not bitter




    Outrageous 2003   © 2003, Bruce Davie
                                            2
MPLS


• Widely believed to stand for
  “Multiprotocol Label Switching”
  Would it have been more popular if “IP
  switching” were not already taken?
• But in reality MPLS is short for
  “Minneapolis”

                Outrageous 2003   © 2003, Bruce Davie
                                                        3
The Midwestern Grassy Knoll



• As MPLS becomes more and more
  dominant in the IETF, the IETF keeps
  circling back to Minneapolis
• Coincidence or conspiracy? You be
  the judge.

               Outrageous 2003   © 2003, Bruce Davie
                                                       4

Recommended for you

Malleolar
MalleolarMalleolar
Malleolar

This document discusses principles for classifying and treating ankle fractures. It describes two main classification systems - the Danis-Weber (AO) system and the Lauge-Hansen system. Key evaluation factors are the history, clinical exam, and radiographic views. Treatment may involve non-operative or operative approaches depending on the fracture displacement and stability. Surgical principles aim to restore stability and congruency of the ankle joint through techniques like open reduction and internal fixation of the medial, lateral, and posterior malleoli as needed.

CV de Christel rimbaud
CV de Christel rimbaud CV de Christel rimbaud
CV de Christel rimbaud

CV de Christel RIMBAUD, responsable de la mission d'appui pédagogique à l'ENTPE

mapcv
Dr. Martin Christopher “Managing Supply Chain Complexity in an Age of Uncerta...
Dr. Martin Christopher “Managing Supply Chain Complexity in an Age of Uncerta...Dr. Martin Christopher “Managing Supply Chain Complexity in an Age of Uncerta...
Dr. Martin Christopher “Managing Supply Chain Complexity in an Age of Uncerta...

This document discusses the need for supply chain management approaches to evolve from a focus on efficiency and cost optimization to approaches that enable greater flexibility and responsiveness to uncertainty. It outlines how increased volatility, complexity, and shifting market dynamics require supply chains to develop both dynamic flexibility to respond to changes as well as structural flexibility to adapt to fundamental changes. The document advocates approaches like local sourcing, asset sharing, and real options thinking to gain structural flexibility and an adaptable supply chain.

MPLS Trends
                                          MPLS Books Published (p.a.)
                                          MPLS Working Groups

                                          MPLS Internet Drafts

                                            ℵ0


                                          12
                                                   Sigcomm Papers
                                               6




1996 1997 1998 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
                        Outrageous 2003                      © 2003, Bruce Davie
                                                                                   5
MPLS Trends
                                          MPLS Books Published (p.a.)
                                          MPLS Working Groups

                                          MPLS Internet Drafts

                                            ℵ0


                                          12


                                               6




                                                   0 Sigcomm Papers


1996 1997 1998 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
                        Outrageous 2003                      © 2003, Bruce Davie
                                                                                   6
MPLS Benefits #1 & 2

• An intellectual honeypot for demonstrably
  inferior research
• Simplication of Sigcomm Review process
   If (title contains “MPLS”) then
      strong_reject = true
   else
      review paper
• Research on more advanced algorithms
  possible
                  Outrageous 2003   © 2003, Bruce Davie
                                                          7
• I’m not bitter




    Outrageous 2003   © 2003, Bruce Davie
                                            8

Recommended for you

Fibrous Dysplasia & other fibrous lesions
Fibrous Dysplasia & other fibrous lesionsFibrous Dysplasia & other fibrous lesions
Fibrous Dysplasia & other fibrous lesions

FIBROUS LESIONS OF BONE SPECIALLY FIBROUS DYSPLASIA AND NON-OSSIFYING FIBROMA Spheread crook deformity and Cafe au lait spots

orthopaedicsbonetumorsoncology
Speeding up Deep Learning training and inference
Speeding up Deep Learning training and inferenceSpeeding up Deep Learning training and inference
Speeding up Deep Learning training and inference

Slides for the AI Conclave https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LWUh3OqAbPE How to speed up deep learning training and inference on aws

mxnetdeep learningaws
Skeletal manifestations in hiv
Skeletal manifestations in hivSkeletal manifestations in hiv
Skeletal manifestations in hiv

1. The document discusses skeletal manifestations in HIV infected patients, including reactive arthritis, Reiter's syndrome, psoriatic arthritis, septic arthritis, HIV-associated arthropathy, and painful articular syndrome. 2. It covers the classification and definition of HIV/AIDS according to the CDC and WHO, including disease progression, opportunistic infections, and CD4 cell counts. 3. The epidemiology of HIV is examined, including transmission routes between people of different ages, from mother to child, and occupational transmission among healthcare workers.

aidsorthopaedicsskeletal
The Shenker Experiment


• Davie, B., and Shenker, S. The impact of
  steganography on service differentiation:
  a game-theoretic approach
• Davie, B., and Shenker, S. Solving the
  major problems in routing, addressing,
  congestion and scaling using MPLS: a
  game-theoretic approach

                  Outrageous 2003   © 2003, Bruce Davie
                                                          9
MPLS Benefit 3: TTL hiding


• Providers can hide the internal
  topology from pesky grad students
• Moving from ATM to MPLS carries no
  “increased hop count penalty”
• Ongoing research: TTL incrementing
  for IP

               Outrageous 2003   © 2003, Bruce Davie
                                                       10
MPLS Benefit 4: Spam
              Protection

• Need an IP address to receive spam
• I’m rejecting all packets that have an IP header
  right above the L2 header
• Here is my MPLS label – don’t tell the spammers
     Appplication data (generic viagra advert)

      Transport Header
      IP Header (optional)
   MPLS label = 01100110001101100101
     L2 Header
                               Outrageous 2003   © 2003, Bruce Davie
                                                                       11
MPLS-based spam protection


• MPLS labels are link-local in scope
   If you tell my label to spammers, I can pick
   another one (new business card needed)
• Research
   How you ensure the right label is on your
   packets when they arrive at my link
   Virtual business card distribution protocols

                   Outrageous 2003      © 2003, Bruce Davie
                                                              12

Recommended for you

Proposition méthodologie d'externalisation
Proposition méthodologie d'externalisationProposition méthodologie d'externalisation
Proposition méthodologie d'externalisation

Notre expertise en matière d’externalisation offshore dans votre domaine d’activité nous permet de vous accompagner sur toute la mise en œuvre de votre Business Case, y compris au niveau de son contrôle qualité en phase opérationnelle

etudecase studiesbusiness case
Excellence opérationnelle PMD
Excellence opérationnelle PMDExcellence opérationnelle PMD
Excellence opérationnelle PMD

Excellence Opérationelle

lean managementperformanceproductivité
Blounts dx presentation22
Blounts dx presentation22Blounts dx presentation22
Blounts dx presentation22

This document outlines a presentation on Blount's disease by Dr. Enejo Joseph. It begins with an introduction defining Blount's disease as a developmental disorder causing bowleg deformity. It then covers the epidemiology, risk factors, classification, clinical features, investigations, and treatment options. Treatment involves bracing for mild cases and corrective osteotomies for more severe cases. Prognosis is generally good if treated early, though recurrence is a risk, especially in adolescent forms of the disease.

• I’m not bitter




    Outrageous 2003   © 2003, Bruce Davie
                                            13

More Related Content

What's hot

Sea Warrior Program (PEO-EIS PMW 240) 8-pg overview story
Sea Warrior Program (PEO-EIS PMW 240) 8-pg overview storySea Warrior Program (PEO-EIS PMW 240) 8-pg overview story
Sea Warrior Program (PEO-EIS PMW 240) 8-pg overview story
Sea Warrior Program (PEO-EIS PMW 240)
 
Bone grafting
Bone graftingBone grafting
Bone grafting
Atanu Kayal
 
QM Handbuch Lange Version
QM Handbuch Lange VersionQM Handbuch Lange Version
QM Handbuch Lange Version
Holger Grosser
 
Malleolar
MalleolarMalleolar
Malleolar
Orthosurg2016
 
CV de Christel rimbaud
CV de Christel rimbaud CV de Christel rimbaud
Dr. Martin Christopher “Managing Supply Chain Complexity in an Age of Uncerta...
Dr. Martin Christopher “Managing Supply Chain Complexity in an Age of Uncerta...Dr. Martin Christopher “Managing Supply Chain Complexity in an Age of Uncerta...
Dr. Martin Christopher “Managing Supply Chain Complexity in an Age of Uncerta...
Elemica
 
Fibrous Dysplasia & other fibrous lesions
Fibrous Dysplasia & other fibrous lesionsFibrous Dysplasia & other fibrous lesions
Fibrous Dysplasia & other fibrous lesions
Umesh Yadav
 
Speeding up Deep Learning training and inference
Speeding up Deep Learning training and inferenceSpeeding up Deep Learning training and inference
Speeding up Deep Learning training and inference
Thomas Delteil
 
Skeletal manifestations in hiv
Skeletal manifestations in hivSkeletal manifestations in hiv
Skeletal manifestations in hiv
Kommireddy Kumar
 
Proposition méthodologie d'externalisation
Proposition méthodologie d'externalisationProposition méthodologie d'externalisation
Proposition méthodologie d'externalisation
Offshore Developpement
 
Excellence opérationnelle PMD
Excellence opérationnelle PMDExcellence opérationnelle PMD
Excellence opérationnelle PMD
Pierre-Marie DESTREMONT
 
Blounts dx presentation22
Blounts dx presentation22Blounts dx presentation22
Blounts dx presentation22
EnejoJoseph
 
Congenital pseudoarthrosis tibia
Congenital pseudoarthrosis tibiaCongenital pseudoarthrosis tibia
Congenital pseudoarthrosis tibia
Saikrishna Katragadda
 
Orthopedics audit 2016
Orthopedics audit 2016Orthopedics audit 2016
Context2Vec 기반 단어 의미 중의성 해소, Word Sense Disambiguation
Context2Vec 기반 단어 의미 중의성 해소, Word Sense DisambiguationContext2Vec 기반 단어 의미 중의성 해소, Word Sense Disambiguation
Context2Vec 기반 단어 의미 중의성 해소, Word Sense Disambiguation
찬희 이
 
Developmental displasia of hip
Developmental displasia of hipDevelopmental displasia of hip
Developmental displasia of hip
Priyesh Jaiswal
 
Acetabular defects
Acetabular defectsAcetabular defects
Acetabular defects
sandy_unleashed
 
Web-formation | Les outils Lean de pilotage de la performance
Web-formation | Les outils Lean de pilotage de la performanceWeb-formation | Les outils Lean de pilotage de la performance
Web-formation | Les outils Lean de pilotage de la performance
XL Groupe
 
Fractures and dislocations of hand
Fractures and dislocations of handFractures and dislocations of hand
Fractures and dislocations of hand
Aftab Alam
 
Latest Frame interpolation Algorithms
Latest Frame interpolation AlgorithmsLatest Frame interpolation Algorithms
Latest Frame interpolation Algorithms
Hyeongmin Lee
 

What's hot (20)

Sea Warrior Program (PEO-EIS PMW 240) 8-pg overview story
Sea Warrior Program (PEO-EIS PMW 240) 8-pg overview storySea Warrior Program (PEO-EIS PMW 240) 8-pg overview story
Sea Warrior Program (PEO-EIS PMW 240) 8-pg overview story
 
Bone grafting
Bone graftingBone grafting
Bone grafting
 
QM Handbuch Lange Version
QM Handbuch Lange VersionQM Handbuch Lange Version
QM Handbuch Lange Version
 
Malleolar
MalleolarMalleolar
Malleolar
 
CV de Christel rimbaud
CV de Christel rimbaud CV de Christel rimbaud
CV de Christel rimbaud
 
Dr. Martin Christopher “Managing Supply Chain Complexity in an Age of Uncerta...
Dr. Martin Christopher “Managing Supply Chain Complexity in an Age of Uncerta...Dr. Martin Christopher “Managing Supply Chain Complexity in an Age of Uncerta...
Dr. Martin Christopher “Managing Supply Chain Complexity in an Age of Uncerta...
 
Fibrous Dysplasia & other fibrous lesions
Fibrous Dysplasia & other fibrous lesionsFibrous Dysplasia & other fibrous lesions
Fibrous Dysplasia & other fibrous lesions
 
Speeding up Deep Learning training and inference
Speeding up Deep Learning training and inferenceSpeeding up Deep Learning training and inference
Speeding up Deep Learning training and inference
 
Skeletal manifestations in hiv
Skeletal manifestations in hivSkeletal manifestations in hiv
Skeletal manifestations in hiv
 
Proposition méthodologie d'externalisation
Proposition méthodologie d'externalisationProposition méthodologie d'externalisation
Proposition méthodologie d'externalisation
 
Excellence opérationnelle PMD
Excellence opérationnelle PMDExcellence opérationnelle PMD
Excellence opérationnelle PMD
 
Blounts dx presentation22
Blounts dx presentation22Blounts dx presentation22
Blounts dx presentation22
 
Congenital pseudoarthrosis tibia
Congenital pseudoarthrosis tibiaCongenital pseudoarthrosis tibia
Congenital pseudoarthrosis tibia
 
Orthopedics audit 2016
Orthopedics audit 2016Orthopedics audit 2016
Orthopedics audit 2016
 
Context2Vec 기반 단어 의미 중의성 해소, Word Sense Disambiguation
Context2Vec 기반 단어 의미 중의성 해소, Word Sense DisambiguationContext2Vec 기반 단어 의미 중의성 해소, Word Sense Disambiguation
Context2Vec 기반 단어 의미 중의성 해소, Word Sense Disambiguation
 
Developmental displasia of hip
Developmental displasia of hipDevelopmental displasia of hip
Developmental displasia of hip
 
Acetabular defects
Acetabular defectsAcetabular defects
Acetabular defects
 
Web-formation | Les outils Lean de pilotage de la performance
Web-formation | Les outils Lean de pilotage de la performanceWeb-formation | Les outils Lean de pilotage de la performance
Web-formation | Les outils Lean de pilotage de la performance
 
Fractures and dislocations of hand
Fractures and dislocations of handFractures and dislocations of hand
Fractures and dislocations of hand
 
Latest Frame interpolation Algorithms
Latest Frame interpolation AlgorithmsLatest Frame interpolation Algorithms
Latest Frame interpolation Algorithms
 

Similar to Mpls outrage

End-to-End and IPv6
End-to-End and IPv6End-to-End and IPv6
End-to-End and IPv6
John Loughney
 
Key Considerations for MPLS IP-VPN Success
Key Considerations for  MPLS IP-VPN SuccessKey Considerations for  MPLS IP-VPN Success
Key Considerations for MPLS IP-VPN Success
XO Communications
 
MPLS: Future Proofing Enterprise Networks for Long-Term Success
MPLS: Future Proofing Enterprise Networks for Long-Term SuccessMPLS: Future Proofing Enterprise Networks for Long-Term Success
MPLS: Future Proofing Enterprise Networks for Long-Term Success
ReadWrite
 
MPLS: Future Proofing Enterprise Networks for Long-Term Success
MPLS: Future Proofing Enterprise Networks for Long-Term SuccessMPLS: Future Proofing Enterprise Networks for Long-Term Success
MPLS: Future Proofing Enterprise Networks for Long-Term Success
ReadWrite
 
Mpls Future Proofing Enterprise Networks For Long Term Success Wp101094
Mpls Future Proofing Enterprise Networks For Long Term Success Wp101094Mpls Future Proofing Enterprise Networks For Long Term Success Wp101094
Mpls Future Proofing Enterprise Networks For Long Term Success Wp101094
Erik Ginalick
 
Transition to ipv6 cgv6-edited
Transition to ipv6  cgv6-editedTransition to ipv6  cgv6-edited
Transition to ipv6 cgv6-edited
Fred Bovy
 
Georgi Geshev, warranty void if label removed
Georgi Geshev,   warranty void if label removedGeorgi Geshev,   warranty void if label removed
Georgi Geshev, warranty void if label removed
PacSecJP
 
[ZeroNights] G. Geshev - Warranty Void If Label Removed: Attacking MPLS Networks
[ZeroNights] G. Geshev - Warranty Void If Label Removed: Attacking MPLS Networks[ZeroNights] G. Geshev - Warranty Void If Label Removed: Attacking MPLS Networks
[ZeroNights] G. Geshev - Warranty Void If Label Removed: Attacking MPLS Networks
G. Geshev
 
10 fn s18
10 fn s1810 fn s18
10 fn s18
Scott Foster
 
10 fn s18
10 fn s1810 fn s18
10 fn s18
Scott Foster
 
SD WAN VS MPLS – Which is better for your Business?
SD WAN VS MPLS – Which is better for your Business?SD WAN VS MPLS – Which is better for your Business?
SD WAN VS MPLS – Which is better for your Business?
Phani Kumar
 
10 fn s11
10 fn s1110 fn s11
10 fn s11
Scott Foster
 
10 fn s11
10 fn s1110 fn s11
10 fn s11
Scott Foster
 

Similar to Mpls outrage (13)

End-to-End and IPv6
End-to-End and IPv6End-to-End and IPv6
End-to-End and IPv6
 
Key Considerations for MPLS IP-VPN Success
Key Considerations for  MPLS IP-VPN SuccessKey Considerations for  MPLS IP-VPN Success
Key Considerations for MPLS IP-VPN Success
 
MPLS: Future Proofing Enterprise Networks for Long-Term Success
MPLS: Future Proofing Enterprise Networks for Long-Term SuccessMPLS: Future Proofing Enterprise Networks for Long-Term Success
MPLS: Future Proofing Enterprise Networks for Long-Term Success
 
MPLS: Future Proofing Enterprise Networks for Long-Term Success
MPLS: Future Proofing Enterprise Networks for Long-Term SuccessMPLS: Future Proofing Enterprise Networks for Long-Term Success
MPLS: Future Proofing Enterprise Networks for Long-Term Success
 
Mpls Future Proofing Enterprise Networks For Long Term Success Wp101094
Mpls Future Proofing Enterprise Networks For Long Term Success Wp101094Mpls Future Proofing Enterprise Networks For Long Term Success Wp101094
Mpls Future Proofing Enterprise Networks For Long Term Success Wp101094
 
Transition to ipv6 cgv6-edited
Transition to ipv6  cgv6-editedTransition to ipv6  cgv6-edited
Transition to ipv6 cgv6-edited
 
Georgi Geshev, warranty void if label removed
Georgi Geshev,   warranty void if label removedGeorgi Geshev,   warranty void if label removed
Georgi Geshev, warranty void if label removed
 
[ZeroNights] G. Geshev - Warranty Void If Label Removed: Attacking MPLS Networks
[ZeroNights] G. Geshev - Warranty Void If Label Removed: Attacking MPLS Networks[ZeroNights] G. Geshev - Warranty Void If Label Removed: Attacking MPLS Networks
[ZeroNights] G. Geshev - Warranty Void If Label Removed: Attacking MPLS Networks
 
10 fn s18
10 fn s1810 fn s18
10 fn s18
 
10 fn s18
10 fn s1810 fn s18
10 fn s18
 
SD WAN VS MPLS – Which is better for your Business?
SD WAN VS MPLS – Which is better for your Business?SD WAN VS MPLS – Which is better for your Business?
SD WAN VS MPLS – Which is better for your Business?
 
10 fn s11
10 fn s1110 fn s11
10 fn s11
 
10 fn s11
10 fn s1110 fn s11
10 fn s11
 

Recently uploaded

“Deploying Large Language Models on a Raspberry Pi,” a Presentation from Usef...
“Deploying Large Language Models on a Raspberry Pi,” a Presentation from Usef...“Deploying Large Language Models on a Raspberry Pi,” a Presentation from Usef...
“Deploying Large Language Models on a Raspberry Pi,” a Presentation from Usef...
Edge AI and Vision Alliance
 
Recent Advancements in the NIST-JARVIS Infrastructure
Recent Advancements in the NIST-JARVIS InfrastructureRecent Advancements in the NIST-JARVIS Infrastructure
Recent Advancements in the NIST-JARVIS Infrastructure
KAMAL CHOUDHARY
 
Salesforce AI & Einstein Copilot Workshop
Salesforce AI & Einstein Copilot WorkshopSalesforce AI & Einstein Copilot Workshop
Salesforce AI & Einstein Copilot Workshop
CEPTES Software Inc
 
Gen-AI in Telcos: Strategies, Challenges & Impact
Gen-AI in Telcos: Strategies, Challenges & ImpactGen-AI in Telcos: Strategies, Challenges & Impact
Gen-AI in Telcos: Strategies, Challenges & Impact
aejazahamed4
 
Quantum Communications Q&A with Gemini LLM
Quantum Communications Q&A with Gemini LLMQuantum Communications Q&A with Gemini LLM
Quantum Communications Q&A with Gemini LLM
Vijayananda Mohire
 
(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Keynote _ Power Digital Identities With AI...
(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Keynote _ Power Digital Identities With AI...(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Keynote _ Power Digital Identities With AI...
(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Keynote _ Power Digital Identities With AI...
Priyanka Aash
 
BLOCKCHAIN FOR DUMMIES: GUIDEBOOK FOR ALL
BLOCKCHAIN FOR DUMMIES: GUIDEBOOK FOR ALLBLOCKCHAIN FOR DUMMIES: GUIDEBOOK FOR ALL
BLOCKCHAIN FOR DUMMIES: GUIDEBOOK FOR ALL
Liveplex
 
find out more about the role of autonomous vehicles in facing global challenges
find out more about the role of autonomous vehicles in facing global challengesfind out more about the role of autonomous vehicles in facing global challenges
find out more about the role of autonomous vehicles in facing global challenges
huseindihon
 
IPLOOK Remote-Sensing Satellite Solution
IPLOOK Remote-Sensing Satellite SolutionIPLOOK Remote-Sensing Satellite Solution
IPLOOK Remote-Sensing Satellite Solution
IPLOOK Networks
 
論文紹介:A Systematic Survey of Prompt Engineering on Vision-Language Foundation ...
論文紹介:A Systematic Survey of Prompt Engineering on Vision-Language Foundation ...論文紹介:A Systematic Survey of Prompt Engineering on Vision-Language Foundation ...
論文紹介:A Systematic Survey of Prompt Engineering on Vision-Language Foundation ...
Toru Tamaki
 
Active Inference is a veryyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
Active Inference is a veryyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyActive Inference is a veryyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
Active Inference is a veryyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
RaminGhanbari2
 
Tirana Tech Meetup - Agentic RAG with Milvus, Llama3 and Ollama
Tirana Tech Meetup - Agentic RAG with Milvus, Llama3 and OllamaTirana Tech Meetup - Agentic RAG with Milvus, Llama3 and Ollama
Tirana Tech Meetup - Agentic RAG with Milvus, Llama3 and Ollama
Zilliz
 
Comparison Table of DiskWarrior Alternatives.pdf
Comparison Table of DiskWarrior Alternatives.pdfComparison Table of DiskWarrior Alternatives.pdf
Comparison Table of DiskWarrior Alternatives.pdf
Andrey Yasko
 
Password Rotation in 2024 is still Relevant
Password Rotation in 2024 is still RelevantPassword Rotation in 2024 is still Relevant
Password Rotation in 2024 is still Relevant
Bert Blevins
 
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) IN MUSIC.pdf
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) IN MUSIC.pdfARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) IN MUSIC.pdf
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) IN MUSIC.pdf
Inglês no Mundo Digital
 
How Social Media Hackers Help You to See Your Wife's Message.pdf
How Social Media Hackers Help You to See Your Wife's Message.pdfHow Social Media Hackers Help You to See Your Wife's Message.pdf
How Social Media Hackers Help You to See Your Wife's Message.pdf
HackersList
 
WPRiders Company Presentation Slide Deck
WPRiders Company Presentation Slide DeckWPRiders Company Presentation Slide Deck
WPRiders Company Presentation Slide Deck
Lidia A.
 
Empowering Businesses in the Digital Age
Empowering Businesses in the Digital AgeEmpowering Businesses in the Digital Age
Empowering Businesses in the Digital Age
Bert Blevins
 
Applying Retrieval-Augmented Generation (RAG) to Combat Hallucinations in GenAI
Applying Retrieval-Augmented Generation (RAG) to Combat Hallucinations in GenAIApplying Retrieval-Augmented Generation (RAG) to Combat Hallucinations in GenAI
Applying Retrieval-Augmented Generation (RAG) to Combat Hallucinations in GenAI
ssuserd4e0d2
 
DealBook of Ukraine: 2024 edition
DealBook of Ukraine: 2024 editionDealBook of Ukraine: 2024 edition
DealBook of Ukraine: 2024 edition
Yevgen Sysoyev
 

Recently uploaded (20)

“Deploying Large Language Models on a Raspberry Pi,” a Presentation from Usef...
“Deploying Large Language Models on a Raspberry Pi,” a Presentation from Usef...“Deploying Large Language Models on a Raspberry Pi,” a Presentation from Usef...
“Deploying Large Language Models on a Raspberry Pi,” a Presentation from Usef...
 
Recent Advancements in the NIST-JARVIS Infrastructure
Recent Advancements in the NIST-JARVIS InfrastructureRecent Advancements in the NIST-JARVIS Infrastructure
Recent Advancements in the NIST-JARVIS Infrastructure
 
Salesforce AI & Einstein Copilot Workshop
Salesforce AI & Einstein Copilot WorkshopSalesforce AI & Einstein Copilot Workshop
Salesforce AI & Einstein Copilot Workshop
 
Gen-AI in Telcos: Strategies, Challenges & Impact
Gen-AI in Telcos: Strategies, Challenges & ImpactGen-AI in Telcos: Strategies, Challenges & Impact
Gen-AI in Telcos: Strategies, Challenges & Impact
 
Quantum Communications Q&A with Gemini LLM
Quantum Communications Q&A with Gemini LLMQuantum Communications Q&A with Gemini LLM
Quantum Communications Q&A with Gemini LLM
 
(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Keynote _ Power Digital Identities With AI...
(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Keynote _ Power Digital Identities With AI...(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Keynote _ Power Digital Identities With AI...
(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Keynote _ Power Digital Identities With AI...
 
BLOCKCHAIN FOR DUMMIES: GUIDEBOOK FOR ALL
BLOCKCHAIN FOR DUMMIES: GUIDEBOOK FOR ALLBLOCKCHAIN FOR DUMMIES: GUIDEBOOK FOR ALL
BLOCKCHAIN FOR DUMMIES: GUIDEBOOK FOR ALL
 
find out more about the role of autonomous vehicles in facing global challenges
find out more about the role of autonomous vehicles in facing global challengesfind out more about the role of autonomous vehicles in facing global challenges
find out more about the role of autonomous vehicles in facing global challenges
 
IPLOOK Remote-Sensing Satellite Solution
IPLOOK Remote-Sensing Satellite SolutionIPLOOK Remote-Sensing Satellite Solution
IPLOOK Remote-Sensing Satellite Solution
 
論文紹介:A Systematic Survey of Prompt Engineering on Vision-Language Foundation ...
論文紹介:A Systematic Survey of Prompt Engineering on Vision-Language Foundation ...論文紹介:A Systematic Survey of Prompt Engineering on Vision-Language Foundation ...
論文紹介:A Systematic Survey of Prompt Engineering on Vision-Language Foundation ...
 
Active Inference is a veryyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
Active Inference is a veryyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyActive Inference is a veryyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
Active Inference is a veryyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
 
Tirana Tech Meetup - Agentic RAG with Milvus, Llama3 and Ollama
Tirana Tech Meetup - Agentic RAG with Milvus, Llama3 and OllamaTirana Tech Meetup - Agentic RAG with Milvus, Llama3 and Ollama
Tirana Tech Meetup - Agentic RAG with Milvus, Llama3 and Ollama
 
Comparison Table of DiskWarrior Alternatives.pdf
Comparison Table of DiskWarrior Alternatives.pdfComparison Table of DiskWarrior Alternatives.pdf
Comparison Table of DiskWarrior Alternatives.pdf
 
Password Rotation in 2024 is still Relevant
Password Rotation in 2024 is still RelevantPassword Rotation in 2024 is still Relevant
Password Rotation in 2024 is still Relevant
 
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) IN MUSIC.pdf
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) IN MUSIC.pdfARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) IN MUSIC.pdf
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) IN MUSIC.pdf
 
How Social Media Hackers Help You to See Your Wife's Message.pdf
How Social Media Hackers Help You to See Your Wife's Message.pdfHow Social Media Hackers Help You to See Your Wife's Message.pdf
How Social Media Hackers Help You to See Your Wife's Message.pdf
 
WPRiders Company Presentation Slide Deck
WPRiders Company Presentation Slide DeckWPRiders Company Presentation Slide Deck
WPRiders Company Presentation Slide Deck
 
Empowering Businesses in the Digital Age
Empowering Businesses in the Digital AgeEmpowering Businesses in the Digital Age
Empowering Businesses in the Digital Age
 
Applying Retrieval-Augmented Generation (RAG) to Combat Hallucinations in GenAI
Applying Retrieval-Augmented Generation (RAG) to Combat Hallucinations in GenAIApplying Retrieval-Augmented Generation (RAG) to Combat Hallucinations in GenAI
Applying Retrieval-Augmented Generation (RAG) to Combat Hallucinations in GenAI
 
DealBook of Ukraine: 2024 edition
DealBook of Ukraine: 2024 editionDealBook of Ukraine: 2024 edition
DealBook of Ukraine: 2024 edition
 

Mpls outrage

  • 1. MPLS Considered Helpful Bruce Davie bsd@cisco.com Outrageous 2003 1
  • 2. • I’m not bitter Outrageous 2003 © 2003, Bruce Davie 2
  • 3. MPLS • Widely believed to stand for “Multiprotocol Label Switching” Would it have been more popular if “IP switching” were not already taken? • But in reality MPLS is short for “Minneapolis” Outrageous 2003 © 2003, Bruce Davie 3
  • 4. The Midwestern Grassy Knoll • As MPLS becomes more and more dominant in the IETF, the IETF keeps circling back to Minneapolis • Coincidence or conspiracy? You be the judge. Outrageous 2003 © 2003, Bruce Davie 4
  • 5. MPLS Trends MPLS Books Published (p.a.) MPLS Working Groups MPLS Internet Drafts ℵ0 12 Sigcomm Papers 6 1996 1997 1998 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Outrageous 2003 © 2003, Bruce Davie 5
  • 6. MPLS Trends MPLS Books Published (p.a.) MPLS Working Groups MPLS Internet Drafts ℵ0 12 6 0 Sigcomm Papers 1996 1997 1998 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Outrageous 2003 © 2003, Bruce Davie 6
  • 7. MPLS Benefits #1 & 2 • An intellectual honeypot for demonstrably inferior research • Simplication of Sigcomm Review process If (title contains “MPLS”) then strong_reject = true else review paper • Research on more advanced algorithms possible Outrageous 2003 © 2003, Bruce Davie 7
  • 8. • I’m not bitter Outrageous 2003 © 2003, Bruce Davie 8
  • 9. The Shenker Experiment • Davie, B., and Shenker, S. The impact of steganography on service differentiation: a game-theoretic approach • Davie, B., and Shenker, S. Solving the major problems in routing, addressing, congestion and scaling using MPLS: a game-theoretic approach Outrageous 2003 © 2003, Bruce Davie 9
  • 10. MPLS Benefit 3: TTL hiding • Providers can hide the internal topology from pesky grad students • Moving from ATM to MPLS carries no “increased hop count penalty” • Ongoing research: TTL incrementing for IP Outrageous 2003 © 2003, Bruce Davie 10
  • 11. MPLS Benefit 4: Spam Protection • Need an IP address to receive spam • I’m rejecting all packets that have an IP header right above the L2 header • Here is my MPLS label – don’t tell the spammers Appplication data (generic viagra advert) Transport Header IP Header (optional) MPLS label = 01100110001101100101 L2 Header Outrageous 2003 © 2003, Bruce Davie 11
  • 12. MPLS-based spam protection • MPLS labels are link-local in scope If you tell my label to spammers, I can pick another one (new business card needed) • Research How you ensure the right label is on your packets when they arrive at my link Virtual business card distribution protocols Outrageous 2003 © 2003, Bruce Davie 12
  • 13. • I’m not bitter Outrageous 2003 © 2003, Bruce Davie 13