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ECI in Sweden
• Building construction
• Two-stage bilateral ECI with collaboration widely used since early 2000s. Inspiration from UK
via Denmark. Since 2010 also strategic partnering.
• No standard contracts for ECI, but some models and guidelines
• Infrastructure
• Non-contractual collaborative policy developed at industry level in 2004
• Swedish Transport Administration (2010): ”pure client”, DB contracts.
• From 2015, contractors advocated collaborative contracts.
• New STA policy for ECI, <10 pilot contracts, but some (early) mixed results and backlash for
the ECI-model.
• Contractors again advocate collaboration.
• Several cancelled/reconstructed contracts with foreign low-bidding contractors.
• 2023: new ”alliance-inspired” pilots based on contacts with Finland
• Follow-ups indicate that the (still ongoing) ECI-contracts are quite successful
Some remarks and observations
• Weak connection between ECI and lean/IT-based construction
methods
• Little learning between building construction and infrastructure
• New pilot projects but unclear learning
• Need to align practices: Swedish engagement in ISO 44001
• Industry level institutions for learning and development are weak

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ECI in Sweden - A. Kadefors, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm

  • 1. ECI in Sweden • Building construction • Two-stage bilateral ECI with collaboration widely used since early 2000s. Inspiration from UK via Denmark. Since 2010 also strategic partnering. • No standard contracts for ECI, but some models and guidelines • Infrastructure • Non-contractual collaborative policy developed at industry level in 2004 • Swedish Transport Administration (2010): ”pure client”, DB contracts. • From 2015, contractors advocated collaborative contracts. • New STA policy for ECI, <10 pilot contracts, but some (early) mixed results and backlash for the ECI-model. • Contractors again advocate collaboration. • Several cancelled/reconstructed contracts with foreign low-bidding contractors. • 2023: new ”alliance-inspired” pilots based on contacts with Finland • Follow-ups indicate that the (still ongoing) ECI-contracts are quite successful
  • 2. Some remarks and observations • Weak connection between ECI and lean/IT-based construction methods • Little learning between building construction and infrastructure • New pilot projects but unclear learning • Need to align practices: Swedish engagement in ISO 44001 • Industry level institutions for learning and development are weak