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A New Wood Age…?
Social ecologies and local solutions
Oct 17th 2021
Who we are..
https://woodsforthetrees.org/
Opinions: what are the top priorities….
Land use:
Plant more trees… to European average?
Naturally regenerate woodland?
Keep woodland cover as it is and conserve ancient woodlands?
Plant willow biomass for fuel?
Vote
now!
Opinions: what are the top priorities….
Vote
now!
Wood use:
Use more wood instead of plastics?
Stop using wood to conserve forests and woodlands?
Import more timber?
Recycle wood and timber?
Opinions: what are the top priorities….
Incentives:
Woodland creation schemes?
Government/forestry commission schemes?
Community-driven schemes?
Carbon credits?
Vote
now!
© Bing maps
Cowan Court
Churchill College
Cambridge
6a Architects 2016
Timber assembly 14 weeks
Timber vol: 314 m3
Glulam post and beam frame
CLT and concrete walls
© David Grandorge
© Waugh Thistleton Architects
Fortune Playhouse
London
Peter Streete, Architect
1599
Timber volume 170 m3
© Bing maps/
Ordnance survey
Once upon
a time…
…the
Wood Age
‘Bodgers’
Woodcut by
Clare Leighton
Country Matters
1937
Tritlington
Village,
Northumberland
in 1632
Wellbeck Atlas
Wood Age
technologies
Tools
axe
adze
auger
gouge
plane
saw
hammer
Shipwrights
canoe
raft
mast & sail
keel
rudder
Architecture
mortise & tenon
post & lintel
arch
truss
trestle
Fuel
Pulleys, gears &cams
Metallurgy
Containers
bowl
basket
barrel
Joinery
pegs
wedges
cordage
hoops
Leverage
digging stick
paddle
cantilever
handle
pivot
Dwelling
Wheelwrights
axle & bearing
spokes & felloes
carrriage
shafts
Food
production
Transport
Foragers
digging stick
lever
fire
Cultivators
domestication
ard & plough
hoe & rake
sickle & scythe
Artisans
cooks
potters
weavers
basketmakers
smiths
Fire
hearth
oven
kiln
furnace
Art and crafts
Mills
Presses
Traction
harness
cart
waggon
barrow
boat
Sculpture
Musical instruments
Furniture
Weapons
Les Très Riches
Heures du Duc de
Berry: Février
Wood Age ecologies
Artisans
resource-focused
generalised experiment
specialised experiment
long distance trade
Overlordship
firewood
charcoal production
clay
ores & native metals
coal and coke
central storage
shipping
waggons
transport networks
Architects
old growth timber
underwood
trade &transport
cultivable land
forest gardens
arable clearance
irrigation
swidden
woodpasture
pannage
Foraging
Foragers
seasonal migration
resource mapping
empirical knowledge
Sedentism
Woodlanders
coppice
standards
roots
fruits
game
fish
herds
Farmers
house
compound
paddock
field
pasture
woodland
Stewards
proprietorial rights
legal exclusion
wood tuns
wood pasture
Entrepreneurs
extensive lordship
exploration & colonization
industrial processing
Lordship Conservation
Conservationists
reforestation
curated woodland
sustainable management
habitat restoration
climate control
amenity
education
wildlife
research
What’s missing from this image?
Social ecologies
Productive native trees
+
People
Woodland soil
= habitats, economies, wellbeing
Social ecology
at work
New woodlands: the benefits of planting
Plantation ecologies:
Habitats: birds, amphibians, insects, invertebrates, mammals, fungi, flora
Soil: invertebrates, carbon, drainage
Air conditioning: temperature, humidity, oxygen and carbon
Landscapes with figures: sweat equity, labour, employment, craft skills
Produce:
Edibles: fruit, nuts
Burnables: charcoal, firewood
Buildables: timber, underwood for fencing, hurdles, tools etc
Society:
Wellbeing: physical fitness, stress-relief, companionship
Education: teachers, children, students
Creatives: writers, artists, musicians, artisans
Where will we get all the trees?
Natural regeneration
Importing trees
Seeding trees
Tree nurseries
Schools
Community
Action:
How do people
get involved?
Where will we plant all the trees?
Second-grade pasture
Urban space
Moorland
Community
Action:
How do people
get involved?
Putting people and trees together again..?
Community woodlands
‘Microforests’
Woodland estates
Community
Action:
How do people
get involved?
Any questions?
https://woodsforthetrees.org/
Thanks to CZ2021 for hosting us

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CZ - A New Wood Age

  • 1. A New Wood Age…? Social ecologies and local solutions Oct 17th 2021
  • 3.
  • 4. Opinions: what are the top priorities…. Land use: Plant more trees… to European average? Naturally regenerate woodland? Keep woodland cover as it is and conserve ancient woodlands? Plant willow biomass for fuel? Vote now!
  • 5. Opinions: what are the top priorities…. Vote now! Wood use: Use more wood instead of plastics? Stop using wood to conserve forests and woodlands? Import more timber? Recycle wood and timber?
  • 6. Opinions: what are the top priorities…. Incentives: Woodland creation schemes? Government/forestry commission schemes? Community-driven schemes? Carbon credits? Vote now!
  • 8. Cowan Court Churchill College Cambridge 6a Architects 2016 Timber assembly 14 weeks Timber vol: 314 m3 Glulam post and beam frame CLT and concrete walls © David Grandorge © Waugh Thistleton Architects
  • 9. Fortune Playhouse London Peter Streete, Architect 1599 Timber volume 170 m3
  • 10.
  • 12. Once upon a time… …the Wood Age ‘Bodgers’ Woodcut by Clare Leighton Country Matters 1937
  • 13.
  • 15. Wood Age technologies Tools axe adze auger gouge plane saw hammer Shipwrights canoe raft mast & sail keel rudder Architecture mortise & tenon post & lintel arch truss trestle Fuel Pulleys, gears &cams Metallurgy Containers bowl basket barrel Joinery pegs wedges cordage hoops Leverage digging stick paddle cantilever handle pivot Dwelling Wheelwrights axle & bearing spokes & felloes carrriage shafts Food production Transport Foragers digging stick lever fire Cultivators domestication ard & plough hoe & rake sickle & scythe Artisans cooks potters weavers basketmakers smiths Fire hearth oven kiln furnace Art and crafts Mills Presses Traction harness cart waggon barrow boat Sculpture Musical instruments Furniture Weapons
  • 16. Les Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry: Février
  • 17. Wood Age ecologies Artisans resource-focused generalised experiment specialised experiment long distance trade Overlordship firewood charcoal production clay ores & native metals coal and coke central storage shipping waggons transport networks Architects old growth timber underwood trade &transport cultivable land forest gardens arable clearance irrigation swidden woodpasture pannage Foraging Foragers seasonal migration resource mapping empirical knowledge Sedentism Woodlanders coppice standards roots fruits game fish herds Farmers house compound paddock field pasture woodland Stewards proprietorial rights legal exclusion wood tuns wood pasture Entrepreneurs extensive lordship exploration & colonization industrial processing Lordship Conservation Conservationists reforestation curated woodland sustainable management habitat restoration climate control amenity education wildlife research
  • 18. What’s missing from this image?
  • 19. Social ecologies Productive native trees + People Woodland soil = habitats, economies, wellbeing
  • 21. New woodlands: the benefits of planting Plantation ecologies: Habitats: birds, amphibians, insects, invertebrates, mammals, fungi, flora Soil: invertebrates, carbon, drainage Air conditioning: temperature, humidity, oxygen and carbon Landscapes with figures: sweat equity, labour, employment, craft skills Produce: Edibles: fruit, nuts Burnables: charcoal, firewood Buildables: timber, underwood for fencing, hurdles, tools etc Society: Wellbeing: physical fitness, stress-relief, companionship Education: teachers, children, students Creatives: writers, artists, musicians, artisans
  • 22. Where will we get all the trees? Natural regeneration Importing trees Seeding trees Tree nurseries Schools Community Action: How do people get involved?
  • 23. Where will we plant all the trees? Second-grade pasture Urban space Moorland Community Action: How do people get involved?
  • 24. Putting people and trees together again..? Community woodlands ‘Microforests’ Woodland estates Community Action: How do people get involved?