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EFFECTIVENESS OF SELF EFFICACY INTERVENTION ON SELF CARE ACTIVITIES AND
QUALITY OF LIFE (QOL) OF DIABETICS
Mr. Anvin Thomas
2ND
Year M.sc Nursing, Nitte Usha Institute of nursing Sciences, NITTE (Deemed to be
University)
photo
Introduction
According to WHO in 2008, an estimated 347 million
people in the world had diabetes and the prevalence
is growing, particularly in low and middle income
countries. India had 16.2 million people living with
diabetes as per 2015 data.1
Objectives
1. To assess the diabetes self care activities and QOL
among diabetics.
2. To determine effectiveness of self efficacy
intervention on self care activities and QOL of
diabetics.
Result
Among 35 subjects 63%belongs to the age group 36 to 55
years. Most ofthe (54%)subjects were females.
60% were diagnosed with diabetes for more than two
years.
43% ofthem had a family history of diabetes.
Self care activities have been improved from pretest to
posttest, which has been assessed by using median and
IQR.
QOL has been improved from pretest to posttest, which
has been assessed by using frequency and percentage.
Effectiveness of self-efficacy intervention
n=35 Selfcare activities
Media
n
Wilcoxon sign rank test
“Z” value “P” value
Pre test 24 -5.128
<0.001Post test 62
n=35 Quality of life
Mean “t”
value
“P” value
Pre test 50.91 -6.50
<0.001Post test 61.40
Conclusion
The study has been concluded
as self efficacy intervention
was effective in improving self
care activities and QOL.
References
1 .World Health Organization,
World Health Day 2016:
Diabetes [Internet]. [cited 2017
Dec 28]. Available from:
http://www.searo.who.int/india/
mediacentre/events/2016/en/
Methods and Materials
Study design: One group pre-test post test
Study population: Diabetics for last 3 years
Sampling method: Purposive sampling
Study tool: Demographic proforma, self-care activity scale
and WHO QOL BREF scale.
Data analysis: Mean, Median, SD, IQR, Frequency,
Percentage, Wilcoxon sign rank and Paired “t “test.
Discussion
Self-efficacy is the base for self-
care activities and quality of life.
The findings ofthe present study
supports the study conducted by
Shu Fang Wu etal.

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  • 1. EFFECTIVENESS OF SELF EFFICACY INTERVENTION ON SELF CARE ACTIVITIES AND QUALITY OF LIFE (QOL) OF DIABETICS Mr. Anvin Thomas 2ND Year M.sc Nursing, Nitte Usha Institute of nursing Sciences, NITTE (Deemed to be University) photo Introduction According to WHO in 2008, an estimated 347 million people in the world had diabetes and the prevalence is growing, particularly in low and middle income countries. India had 16.2 million people living with diabetes as per 2015 data.1 Objectives 1. To assess the diabetes self care activities and QOL among diabetics. 2. To determine effectiveness of self efficacy intervention on self care activities and QOL of diabetics. Result Among 35 subjects 63%belongs to the age group 36 to 55 years. Most ofthe (54%)subjects were females. 60% were diagnosed with diabetes for more than two years. 43% ofthem had a family history of diabetes. Self care activities have been improved from pretest to posttest, which has been assessed by using median and IQR. QOL has been improved from pretest to posttest, which has been assessed by using frequency and percentage. Effectiveness of self-efficacy intervention n=35 Selfcare activities Media n Wilcoxon sign rank test “Z” value “P” value Pre test 24 -5.128 <0.001Post test 62 n=35 Quality of life Mean “t” value “P” value Pre test 50.91 -6.50 <0.001Post test 61.40 Conclusion The study has been concluded as self efficacy intervention was effective in improving self care activities and QOL. References 1 .World Health Organization, World Health Day 2016: Diabetes [Internet]. [cited 2017 Dec 28]. Available from: http://www.searo.who.int/india/ mediacentre/events/2016/en/ Methods and Materials Study design: One group pre-test post test Study population: Diabetics for last 3 years Sampling method: Purposive sampling Study tool: Demographic proforma, self-care activity scale and WHO QOL BREF scale. Data analysis: Mean, Median, SD, IQR, Frequency, Percentage, Wilcoxon sign rank and Paired “t “test. Discussion Self-efficacy is the base for self- care activities and quality of life. The findings ofthe present study supports the study conducted by Shu Fang Wu etal.