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Achieving Regional
Integration in North Africa
Challenges & solutions
African Development Bank Group

AfDB
Moono Mupotola
Division Manager
Regional Integration & Trade Dept.
1
Why it matters
Increased
returns and
competition

Collective
Bargaining
Power

Management of
Shared Natural
Resources

Security

Increased
investments

Economies of
scale

Social
development

Economic
diversification
The dimensions of integration
Physical
infrastructure

Regional
Public Goods

Soft
Infrastructure
What needs to be done
Ensure that integration has a development impact
Strengthen institutional architecture for regional integration;
Enhance physical connectivity through the development of
regional or sub regional infrastructure that adequately connects
production zones with regional markets;

Scale up trade facilitation assistance through harmonization and/or
mutual recognition of regulations, procedures and standards;
Promote business environment reforms that facilitate regional
private sector cooperation and cross border investments;
Accelerate the domestication of regional agreements.
FDI and RI
• Think regionally: Made in the Maghreb? or
Made in UMA?
• Maghreb as single production base: Maghreb
Investment Area (FDI)
• RI provides opportunities for TNCs to expand
in a region and develop value chain
arrangements.
• Hub and spokes model
TF & The rise of Global Value Chains

Source: Boeing Co
6
Regional Integration in NA
Status

Opportunities

Challenges

Renewed political commitment for
Regional Integration

Well developed Services sectors: Finance,
Tourism, Telecommunications

Institutional architecture does not cover
all 6 NA countries

Mixed outcomes arising out of the Arab
spring

High prevalence of NTBs and NTMs
Vibrant private sectors in Tunisia,
Morocco, Egypt
Inadequate cross-border/maritime trade
facilitation

Reliance on oil, natural resources, tourism
and remittances
Surpluses of capital in Lybia, Algeria
Manufactured exports are labor intensive
& low tech

Weak regional institutions

Lowest levels of intra-regional trade in
Africa
Potential to create wealth through high
value added industries

Low domestication of Regional
Agreements
What the Bank plans to do
Our Focus

• Making Africa
Accessible

Our approach

• To leverage the
renewed interest and
mobilize additional
resources in support of
RI

Our priorities
• Improving dialogue;
• Supporting governance
reforms;
• Operationalizing PIDA
Priority Action Plan;
• Trade Facilitation;
• Private Sector
development
• Connecting Africa to
Africa

The Bank is currently developing a Regional Integration Strategy Paper for North Africa
Sample of planned regional operations in PIDA
SECTOR
TRANSPORT

DESCRIPTION
Trans-Maghreb Highway: The programe will cover the following countries:
Morocco to Egypt through Algeria, Tunisia and Libya. It will design and
implement a smart corridor system and install “state of the art” one-stop
border posts.

COST
US$ 75 millions

North Africa Transmission: 2,700 km line from Morocco to Egypt through
Algeria, Tunisia and Libya.

TBD

Nigeria–Algeria Pipeline: 4,100 km gas pipeline from Warri to Hassi R’Mel
in Algeria for export to Europe

1,200 US$ millions

Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System: Implementation of regional strategy
for the use of the aquifer system

TBD

North-West Sahara Aquifer System: Prefeasibility studies for improved
use of the aquifer system

TBD

ENERGY

Water Resources
Management
Connecting Africa to Africa
• Growing middle class; increased purchasing
power;
• Opportunities: Real Estate Development;
financial services, tourism, Energy, Agriculture
and mining.
• More integrated regional blocs & the promise
of the Tripartite: $1 trillion market, 600 million
consumers, 26 Countries, 58% of Africa’s GDP.
• Language is not a barrier!
Thank you!
www.afdb.org/atf
www.afdb.org/en/blogs/integratingafrica/

m.mupotola@afbd.org

(216) 71 10 39 00
(216) 71 10 26 54

afdb_acc

African
Development
Bank Group

AfDB_Group

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Achieving regional integration in north africa by Moono Mupotola - Forum UME 2014

  • 1. Achieving Regional Integration in North Africa Challenges & solutions African Development Bank Group AfDB Moono Mupotola Division Manager Regional Integration & Trade Dept. 1
  • 2. Why it matters Increased returns and competition Collective Bargaining Power Management of Shared Natural Resources Security Increased investments Economies of scale Social development Economic diversification
  • 3. The dimensions of integration Physical infrastructure Regional Public Goods Soft Infrastructure
  • 4. What needs to be done Ensure that integration has a development impact Strengthen institutional architecture for regional integration; Enhance physical connectivity through the development of regional or sub regional infrastructure that adequately connects production zones with regional markets; Scale up trade facilitation assistance through harmonization and/or mutual recognition of regulations, procedures and standards; Promote business environment reforms that facilitate regional private sector cooperation and cross border investments; Accelerate the domestication of regional agreements.
  • 5. FDI and RI • Think regionally: Made in the Maghreb? or Made in UMA? • Maghreb as single production base: Maghreb Investment Area (FDI) • RI provides opportunities for TNCs to expand in a region and develop value chain arrangements. • Hub and spokes model
  • 6. TF & The rise of Global Value Chains Source: Boeing Co 6
  • 7. Regional Integration in NA Status Opportunities Challenges Renewed political commitment for Regional Integration Well developed Services sectors: Finance, Tourism, Telecommunications Institutional architecture does not cover all 6 NA countries Mixed outcomes arising out of the Arab spring High prevalence of NTBs and NTMs Vibrant private sectors in Tunisia, Morocco, Egypt Inadequate cross-border/maritime trade facilitation Reliance on oil, natural resources, tourism and remittances Surpluses of capital in Lybia, Algeria Manufactured exports are labor intensive & low tech Weak regional institutions Lowest levels of intra-regional trade in Africa Potential to create wealth through high value added industries Low domestication of Regional Agreements
  • 8. What the Bank plans to do Our Focus • Making Africa Accessible Our approach • To leverage the renewed interest and mobilize additional resources in support of RI Our priorities • Improving dialogue; • Supporting governance reforms; • Operationalizing PIDA Priority Action Plan; • Trade Facilitation; • Private Sector development • Connecting Africa to Africa The Bank is currently developing a Regional Integration Strategy Paper for North Africa
  • 9. Sample of planned regional operations in PIDA SECTOR TRANSPORT DESCRIPTION Trans-Maghreb Highway: The programe will cover the following countries: Morocco to Egypt through Algeria, Tunisia and Libya. It will design and implement a smart corridor system and install “state of the art” one-stop border posts. COST US$ 75 millions North Africa Transmission: 2,700 km line from Morocco to Egypt through Algeria, Tunisia and Libya. TBD Nigeria–Algeria Pipeline: 4,100 km gas pipeline from Warri to Hassi R’Mel in Algeria for export to Europe 1,200 US$ millions Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System: Implementation of regional strategy for the use of the aquifer system TBD North-West Sahara Aquifer System: Prefeasibility studies for improved use of the aquifer system TBD ENERGY Water Resources Management
  • 10. Connecting Africa to Africa • Growing middle class; increased purchasing power; • Opportunities: Real Estate Development; financial services, tourism, Energy, Agriculture and mining. • More integrated regional blocs & the promise of the Tripartite: $1 trillion market, 600 million consumers, 26 Countries, 58% of Africa’s GDP. • Language is not a barrier!
  • 11. Thank you! www.afdb.org/atf www.afdb.org/en/blogs/integratingafrica/ m.mupotola@afbd.org (216) 71 10 39 00 (216) 71 10 26 54 afdb_acc African Development Bank Group AfDB_Group