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A Brief History of
Communism
in
Russia
Animal Farm
Mrs. Trevizo
Sophomore English
Terms
1. Capitalist System
free enterprise; if you work hard you
can get ahead; you can start your
own business and become a
millionaire, or lose every penny
2. Socialist
a person who wants to change
society
Terms
3. Communist System
everyone works to his or her ability and
receives according to his or her need;
totally economic equality; no one gets
ahead, but no one starves either.
4. Czarist Government
a government ruled by a Czar, who had
absolute powers similar to a king
Terms
5. Deported
sent away from a country into exile
6. Idealistic
overly optimistic thinking
7. Totalitarianism
a one-party-rules-everything type of
government
A Brief History
• In the mid 1800’s , the
capitalist system was
going strong in Europe
and America.
But, the profits of businesses came at the expense
of workers who labored 14 to 18 hours a day
under unsafe conditions. There were no child
labor laws, and wages were barely livable for the
common worker.
This diagram from
1867 perfectly
illustrates the
inherent genius
within the capitalist
system and how it
is indestructible: it
has a strong base
built on inequality.
Like the ancient
pyramids of Egypt,
the capitalist
system is based
upon the pyramid
shape which yields
great unknown
powers and like
those great historic
monuments, was
built from the
sweat and blood of
slaves. If we stay
strong the
capitalism will stay
with us for
thousands of years
to come just like
the great pyramids.
A Brief History…
• In 1847, an
international workers’
group asked Karl
Marx, a German
philosopher, to draw
up a plan for their
organization. The
group was called the
Communist League.
Marx wrote a plan
called The Manifesto
of the Communist
Party.
A Brief History…
• Marx envisioned a
workers’ revolt followed
by a kind of paradise
where each person would
work according to his or
her ability and receive
according to his or her
need. Marx saw the final
stage of his communist
system being total
worldwide economic
equality.
A Brief History…
• About this time, labor laws were
passed in Western Europe and
America that made the work
place more safer and more
tolerable of workers. The
worldwide revolution that Marx
foresaw never came to pass.
A Brief History…
• The people that followed Marx’s thinking were
called Socialists. The Socialists split into two
groups.
• The milder group wanted to bring about
communism slowly by passing new laws.
• The other group (we’ll call them Communists)
stuck to Marx’s original idea of a major worker
revolt. The Communists were a small extremist
group compared to the total number of
Socialists. They formed a political party called
the Bolshevik Party , which was led by a man
named Nikolai Lenin .
A Brief History…
• Russia at this time was
being poorly managed by a
Czarist government, ruled
by Czar Nicholas II .
Most of the Russian
people were still underpaid
workers on land owned by
a small number of wealthy
landlords.
A Brief History…
• In 1917 a revolution occurred in
Russia. The Bolshevik Party
successfully overthrew Czar
Nicholas II. Besides Lenin, there
were two other men who were
leaders in the
Bolshevik party: Leon Trotsky , a
man who believed in using
terrorism, and Joseph Stalin, a
strong ruthless man.
A Brief History…
• In 1926, Lenin died, and there was a power
struggle between Trotsky and Stalin. Stalin gained
control and Trotsky went to Mexico and was later
assassinated. As the new Russian leader, Stalin
deported to Siberia all those who did not agree
with him. His secret police also used random
arrests, torture, and mass executions to maintain
his dictatorship. Anyone could be a victim of these
killings, or “purges” for no apparent reason.
A Brief History…
• The idealistic goals of Marx, had turned
into a system that was in many ways more
terrifying than the rule by the Czars. There
was no freedom in the new system, which
was based on military rule. Forced labor
created wealth for a limited few, while the
lives of most people changed very little or
got worse. Terrorist police prevented
uprisings by unhappy people.
A Brief History…
• The communist type
of government that
came about after the
revolution in 1917
was “totalitarian”.
Totalitarianism is
when one party or
group has total
control of everything.
The
End
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www.worldofteaching.com
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A brief history of communism in Russia.pptx

  • 1. A Brief History of Communism in Russia Animal Farm Mrs. Trevizo Sophomore English
  • 2. Terms 1. Capitalist System free enterprise; if you work hard you can get ahead; you can start your own business and become a millionaire, or lose every penny 2. Socialist a person who wants to change society
  • 3. Terms 3. Communist System everyone works to his or her ability and receives according to his or her need; totally economic equality; no one gets ahead, but no one starves either. 4. Czarist Government a government ruled by a Czar, who had absolute powers similar to a king
  • 4. Terms 5. Deported sent away from a country into exile 6. Idealistic overly optimistic thinking 7. Totalitarianism a one-party-rules-everything type of government
  • 5. A Brief History • In the mid 1800’s , the capitalist system was going strong in Europe and America. But, the profits of businesses came at the expense of workers who labored 14 to 18 hours a day under unsafe conditions. There were no child labor laws, and wages were barely livable for the common worker.
  • 6. This diagram from 1867 perfectly illustrates the inherent genius within the capitalist system and how it is indestructible: it has a strong base built on inequality. Like the ancient pyramids of Egypt, the capitalist system is based upon the pyramid shape which yields great unknown powers and like those great historic monuments, was built from the sweat and blood of slaves. If we stay strong the capitalism will stay with us for thousands of years to come just like the great pyramids.
  • 7. A Brief History… • In 1847, an international workers’ group asked Karl Marx, a German philosopher, to draw up a plan for their organization. The group was called the Communist League. Marx wrote a plan called The Manifesto of the Communist Party.
  • 8. A Brief History… • Marx envisioned a workers’ revolt followed by a kind of paradise where each person would work according to his or her ability and receive according to his or her need. Marx saw the final stage of his communist system being total worldwide economic equality.
  • 9. A Brief History… • About this time, labor laws were passed in Western Europe and America that made the work place more safer and more tolerable of workers. The worldwide revolution that Marx foresaw never came to pass.
  • 10. A Brief History… • The people that followed Marx’s thinking were called Socialists. The Socialists split into two groups. • The milder group wanted to bring about communism slowly by passing new laws. • The other group (we’ll call them Communists) stuck to Marx’s original idea of a major worker revolt. The Communists were a small extremist group compared to the total number of Socialists. They formed a political party called the Bolshevik Party , which was led by a man named Nikolai Lenin .
  • 11. A Brief History… • Russia at this time was being poorly managed by a Czarist government, ruled by Czar Nicholas II . Most of the Russian people were still underpaid workers on land owned by a small number of wealthy landlords.
  • 12. A Brief History… • In 1917 a revolution occurred in Russia. The Bolshevik Party successfully overthrew Czar Nicholas II. Besides Lenin, there were two other men who were leaders in the Bolshevik party: Leon Trotsky , a man who believed in using terrorism, and Joseph Stalin, a strong ruthless man.
  • 13. A Brief History… • In 1926, Lenin died, and there was a power struggle between Trotsky and Stalin. Stalin gained control and Trotsky went to Mexico and was later assassinated. As the new Russian leader, Stalin deported to Siberia all those who did not agree with him. His secret police also used random arrests, torture, and mass executions to maintain his dictatorship. Anyone could be a victim of these killings, or “purges” for no apparent reason.
  • 14. A Brief History… • The idealistic goals of Marx, had turned into a system that was in many ways more terrifying than the rule by the Czars. There was no freedom in the new system, which was based on military rule. Forced labor created wealth for a limited few, while the lives of most people changed very little or got worse. Terrorist police prevented uprisings by unhappy people.
  • 15. A Brief History… • The communist type of government that came about after the revolution in 1917 was “totalitarian”. Totalitarianism is when one party or group has total control of everything.
  • 17. This powerpoint was kindly donated to www.worldofteaching.com http://www.worldofteaching.com is home to over a thousand powerpoints submitted by teachers. This is a completely free site and requires no registration. Please visit and I hope it will help in your teaching.